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f \ 


O F T H '^ ^ 

Life, CharaAer and Writings 

Of the late Reverend 


O F 


• Had he dropt 

That Eagle-Genius ! O had he let fall 
One Feather as he flew ; I, then, had wrote 
What Friends might flatter, prudent Foes forbear. 
Yet what I can I mufl ; it were profane 
To quench a Glory lighted at the Skies, 
And cslH in Shadows his illuflrious Clofc ! 

Night 'Thoughts 9 No*. 2. 

The Second Edition. 


Printed by J. EDDOWES; 

And ibid by J, Bvgkland, in Pater-noJIer-roiv^ JLonpok. 





[ iii ] 

» I ■ I I ■ ■ ■ ■ 



TH E Lives of worthy and pious Men are 
generally reckoned fome of the moft ufeful 
Books which have been publi(hed. But there feems 
a peculiar Propriety in laying before the World what 
can be known of the Piety, Benevolence and Zeal 
of thofe, who have filled more eminent Stations in 
it; and diftinguifhed themfelves by their Writings in 
the Service of Religion. There is a natural Curiofity 
in Mankind to know fome particulars of the Lives 
of thofe, whofe Works they have read with Plea- 
fure and Advantage. Even minute Circumftances, 
which to others may appear unworthy of public No* 
ticcj are to them tnterefting Events. Nor is this 
Kind of Hiftory merely calculated to entertain and 
amufe, bat is evidently capable of anfwering much 
more valuable Ends. When there appears an exa£t 
Corrcfpondence between a Man's Writings and 
Temper ; between the Duties he recommended to 
others and his own Pradice, his Works are read 
With greater Attention, and are more likely, thro' a 
divine Bleffing, to produce the dcfired Effe£t. < 
The Lives of holy, zealous Minifters are particular- 
A 2 Jy 

iv The P R E F A C E. 

]y ufeful i as in them may be ken a Pattern of 3 
chriftian Converfation for all, and of minifterial 
Faithfulnefs and Adlivity for their Brethren ; and 
thus the good Influence of fuch^ Examples may be 
widely difFufed : And when a Perfon of folid Worth, 
Learning and Piety has been employed in training 
up young Men for Ufefulnefs, efpecialty in the 
Miniftry, his Charafler muft be allowed to demand 
a particular Attention and may be peculiarly bene« 
ficial to the World. It may excite thofe who have 
been under his Care, to recolleft his Inftruftions 
and Example,, and their confequent Obligations. 
His Conduft in that important Office may (ervei in 
fome Degree, for a Model to other l^utors ; and, 
if he hath appeared among Protejiant-d'iffenters^ may 
tend to remove fome Prejudices, if fuch remain,, 
againft their Seminarie5, as if they were Nurferies 
of Schifm, Enthufiafm and Fadion. That thefe fe- 
veral valuable Ends may be anfwered, is the Defign 
®f this Work and the earneft Wifh of its Author. 
He is fenfible that he wants fome Qualifications 
for executing it in fuch a Manner, as to do Juflicc 
to the Chara<2er and Worth of Dr. Doddridge and 
prefent it in a proper Form to the Public. He has 
laboured, but in vain, to engage fome better Hand 
to undertake it ; and hath at length, with Reluc- 
tance, fubmitted to the Reafons urged by tht DoC" 
tors Friends and the Admirers of his Writings; 
among which the principal was, their Apprehenfion 
of its Ufefulnefs to the World. Upon the whole, he 



thought It better to expofe himfelf to Cenfurc for 
attempting it without due Qualifications, than to 
with-hold an excellent Pattern from Mankind, 
when the Influence of every good Example is fo 
needful for their Reformation and Happinefs. 

My Purpofe is to lay before the World, in the 
following Sheets, what appears to me moll indiuc- 
ttve in -his Life and Charader, according to the bed 
Judgment I could form from a long and intimate 
Acquaintance, and the beft Information I could pro- 
cure. A ftriking Likenefs of a Perfon may be 
drawn by a Hand not fkilfulin Colouring; and un- 
able to give the Pidlure that Grace, which would 
render it more generally admired, efpecially by the 
bed Judges. I (hall dwell chiefly on thofe exemplary 
£flFe(Sls, which the fmcere and lively Piety of the 
Do^or*s Heart produced, in a beautiful Correfpon- 
dence to thofe Circumftances in Life in which he 
was placed. Herein perhaps modern Writers of 
Lives have been defefiive ; either from a miftaken 
Apprehenfion, that it was of little Moment, or, as 
I jvould rather hope, thro' Want of Materials, Had 
I fatisfied myfelf with giving an Account of his pub- 
lic and literary Charader, efpecially if I could have 
embeli(hed it with the Beauties of Defcription and 
Language, it might have been more agreeable to 
the modern Tafte, and the politer Part of my Read- 
ers. But I am fully convinced, it is the more private 
Part of a Man's Charafler, from which we may ex.- 
peft the grcateft Benefit. What w it to me, that an- 
A 3 other 

VT The PR EF A C E.^ 

other had a bright Genius, was learned, elegant and< 
polity ? But to fee a Difplay of his Piety, Humility, 
Zeal, Benevolence, and the Principles by which 
they were fupported, this, if it be not my own Fault» 
may be very beneficial to me. I thought I (hould do^ 
the mod real Service to the World by bringing to 
light thofe Graces of the Chriftian, which, tho* 
they do not make the moft Ihining Part of a Cha* 
rafter in the Eyes of Men, are his faireft Ornamenta 
in the Sight of God, and the fureft Proofs of the 
Sincerity of his outward Profeffion. In Order to 
execute this Defign, I have made fuch Extracts 
ftom his Diary and other Papers, written folely for 
his own Ufe, and his Letters to his intimate Friends 
in which he laid open his whole Heart, as I judged 
moft proper to give my Readers a juft Idea of his 
inward Sentiments, and the grand Motives, on 
which he aSed thro' Life. And if thefe appear to 
be, in every Refpe6t, agreeable to his Profeffion and 
public Character, I think it muft be acknowledged 
the ftrongeft Proof that can be given of his Integri- 
ty, and confequently greatly tend to heighten our 
Idea and excite our Imitation of him. 

I am fenfible, it hath been obje£led, that * what 
• was principally written for a Pcrfon's own Ufe, 
< ought not to be made public/ And no doubt a 
prudent Caution fhould be ufed in making Extrads 
from fuch Papers. But (as Mr. Howe hath obferved 
on a like Occafion) what are many of the Pfalms 
of Davidy and V)thcr holy Men j what the Medita- 


'tions of that renowned Philofophcr and Emperor 
Marcus Jntoninusy but Records of the moft fccrct 
Difpofiiions and Motions of the hidden Man of the 
Heart, made public for the Inftruftion of their own 
and fuccceding Ages ? As there is fo much Refem- 
blancc in the Frame of our Minds, nothing certain- 
ly can be of more Advantage, than to fee the fecret 
Workings of the Hearts of great and good Men 
upon different Occafions ; and efpecially to be in- 
formed, what Methods they took to conquer their 
particular Temptations, to improve their religious 
Charafter and to keep alive that facred Ardour of 
Love and Zeal, which carried them thro' fo many 
Labours and Difficulties. The great Advantage, 
which many humble Chriftians have received from 
fuch Extra£b in other Lives, is I think a fufficient 
Vindication of the Ufe here made of them. The 
Acceptance and Ufefulnefs of Mr. P. Henry*i Life 
in particular, encouraged me to purfi^e this Me- 
thod. Some few of thefe Extradls may not be 
thought neceflary to illuftrate Dr. Doddridge^ Cha- 
rafler ; but as they appeared likely to imprefs the 
Reader^s Heart with pious Sentiments, and fo fub- 
fervc my leading Defign, I was not willing to fup- 
prefs them. Some Quotations from his Writings 
are intended to fliew the Confiftency between the 
Rules he gave to others and his own Condud ; and 
they may lead fome to read his Works, who might 
before know nothing or little of them. Accuracy 
/of Style is not to be expeded in what a Perfoh* 
A 4 writes 

viii The P R E F A C E. 

writes merely for his own Ufe, or to his intimate 
Friends; yet it may be as ferviceable toothers^ as 
any of his Publications. I am fenfible thefc Ex- 
tracts and Quotations fpoil the Uniformity of this 
Work and make fome Sentences appear abrupt and 
imperfcft j yet, as they are, in my Judgment, the 
beft Part of it, I could not fatisfy myfelf to omit 
them, merely upon thofc Accounts. 

When I inform my Readers, what were his Sen- 
timents upon particular Subjedls and Occaiions, 
where it is not fupported by his Writings and Pa- 
pers, I can with great Truth aflure them, that my 
Rcprefentation is juft, from the Opportunities I had 
of learning them from his Leftures, Converfation 
orCorrefpondence ; and I am perfuaded, that they, 
who were intimately acquainted with him> will ac- 
knowledge the fame. 

It may be thought an Objeflion to ibme Part of 
this Work, * that the Model here propofed, efpeciaU 
• Jy of devotional Exercifes, is too high for theGe- 
« nerality of Mankind, amidft the neceflary Cares 
' of their refpedive Families and Stations.' And 
it muil be acknowledged, that it is no Man's Duty 
to be in his Clofet, when his Bufmefs in his Shop^ 
Fields or Family demands his Attention : Nor would 
I bind it upon any one*s Confcience to follow the 
particular Method here defcribed top ftridly. Np 
one's Prafticc can ferve as a Model for every oiie. 
That may be a very good Rule for one, which i^ 
not fo for ajioth^r: And therefor^ every one muft 



uiehis own Difcretion in copying after the Examples 
fet before him. He muft confider his Abilities of 
Body and Mind, his Circumftances and Connedioni 
in Life, that every Part of Duty may have proper 
Time allotted to it according to its Importance. 
Neverthelefs, there are few Perlbns but might em* 
ploy more Time than they do, in cultivating their 
Underftandings and improving their Graces, by 
Reading, Meditation and Devotion, without break • 
ing-in upon any of the necefTary Duties of Life, 
if their Hearts were in thefe Exercifes, and they 
were more careful to redeem their Time, from un- 
lieceflary Sleep, Vifits and Recreations ♦. Dr. Dcd^ 
dridge's extraordinary Diligence in the Services of 
his Station, and that conftant Attention which he 
paid to relative Duties, plainly prove, that his 
devotional Exercifes had a good Effedl upon him. 
He found (as Dr. Boerhaave acknowledged he 
found) ' that an Hour fpent every Morning in 

< private Prayer and Meditation gave him Spirit 
* and Vigour for the Bufinefs of the Day, and kept 

< t^is Temper aftive, patient and calm.' .Yet I 

muft, on the other Hand, caution Perfons of a fe- 
rious Spirit, efpecially thofe of a cool Temper and 
a fickly Frame, that they be not uneafy, if they 
find themfelves furpafled by him in the Fervour of - 
Devotion. Allowance mud be made for the^grcat 
Difference of natural Tempers; and Perfons muft 
carefuUy^iflinguifh between that Ardour of pious 

f See &iic and ProgrcTfj &c, CI), zz, § x. 

» the P R E F A C E; 

AfiFedion, which is indeed defirable, and that Sin- 
cerity of Heart, which is efiential to true and ac- 
ceptable Devotion. His Temper was remarkably 
affefUonate and impreffible; and therefore I give 
this Caution for the fake of young and lefs experi- 
enced Chriftians, who make a Confcience of fecret 
'Duty ; and I ihould be forry if any real Chriftians 
fliottld fufpe£l their Integrity, becaufe they do not 
experience an equal Warmth of holy Affedions* 
Neverthelefs, let them prefs on after more lively 
and animated Devotion, as it will afford them the 
fublimeft Pleafure. 

Some, when they have gone thro' this Life, or 
perhaps only dipped into it, may pronounce, or 
think, the Doctor an Enthufiaft, becaufe there was 
io much of a devotional Spirit in him, and he lays 
feme Strefs on his particular Feelings and Impreffi- 
ons. This is the Random-charge oi the Day ; and 
brought by fome, againft every AfFedion of the 
Mind, which hath God for its Objedt, and againft 
every Perfon who hath more Piety and Zeal thad 
the Generality. But here alfo. Allowance muft be 
made for different Tempers. His whole Conduflfe 
was fieady and uniform, and formed upon thofe 
Principles-, which in private he endeavoured to cuU 
*tivate*.His Piety was not a warm Sally of Paffion^* 
fior the Effed of a heated Imagination, leading him 
to do Things^ not warranted by the Dictates ol 
found Senfe and the Word of God ; but a flron^ 
a£tive Principle^ influencing his whole Life, and 


The P R E F A C E; Sr 

leading him to fuch vigorous EfiForts for the Good 
of Mankind. < If there be, faith the judicioiis Dr. 
^ Duchal^ what we may call Raptures in the Love 

* of God, they do not deftroy nor intermpc the 
*• Serenity of the Soul ; but efiablifli it rather, and- 

* raife it into a Temper, which the moft cool re« 

* fle(!ting Thoughts approve, and which jrieldetb a 

* pure and folid Delight*.* 

Some of his Friends may think me too particular 
in the Vindication of hisChara<5ier from fome Afper- 
iions, which were thrown upon it. But as I know 
that Prejudices againft it are dill propagated, to the 
Hindrance of the Credit and Ufefulnefs of his 
Writings, I thought it an A£t of Juftice to plead 
his Caufe and theCaufe of Moderation and Chari- 
ty at the fame Time. If any come to their firft 
Knowledge of the Cenfures caft upon him, from 
this Account, they muft be unacquainted with Scrips 
ture or human Nature, if they are Airprifed, that 
he met with them. 

The Form of this Work may perhaps be objec* 
ted to, and particularly throwing the feveral Parts of 
his private Charader into diftind Se^ions. It may" 
appear like a defigned Panegyrick, and many Things 
may be thought to have been inferted under each 
Head, to make the Article and Character as com- 
plete as poffible. Yet I hope Perfons of Candour 
will find little Reafon for this Reflexion ; becaufe 


* fiiubaVi Sermofis^ Vol. i. p. ^^(^y and Col. Carditiet*s Ltfe^ 

Sv9, p. 78— 8i. 


uriiat is faid upon the fcveral Parts of his Chzrz&tr^ 
is fupported either by Fa(^s or Extrads from his 
own Papers, which are, I think, in many Inftances, 
equivalent to Fads. A general Harangue would, 
in my Opinion, have appeared more like a Pane- 
gyrick. My Defign was not to exhibit a fine Cha- 
lader, but to (hew my Readers that Dr» Doddridge'z 
was fuch ; and by what Method that Charader was 
formed and his^ excellent Spirit maintained. The 
Divifions may be more ferviceable in this VieWy 
than if the whole had been thrown under one gene* 
jral Head. It would probably be a vain Attempt in 
any one, I am fure it would be fo in me, to unite 
the feveral Advantages, attending the different Ways 
in which a Life may be drawn up. A Writer mud 
fix, not fo much on that Method, which may be 
heft in itfelf, as that which is moft fuited to his own 
Temper, Abilities and Manner of Writing 5 and 
this the candid Reader will fuppofe I have done* 

I am apprehenfive many Particulars in the Nar- 
rative, will appear, to fome Readers, minute, tri- 
fling and not worthy a Place in it. Others, 1 know, 
will be of a different Judgment. My own is, that 
fey thefe a Man's Chara6ler and Views may be beft 
known ; and that they contribute to render the Nar- 
rative more extenfively ufeful, than if the Author 
had refled in Generals. The good Effeds which I 
have feen,- heard of, and, I blefs God, experien- 
ced, from fuch Particulars in the Lives of other 
good Men, efpecially Mr. P. Henry ^ have led nve 


The PREFACE. ttfi 

to enfentfon them here. I htve inferted liothrn^ 
but what I thought was, by itfelf or its Connefii'on, 
adapted to anfwer fome important End. It is in (hefe 
little Inftances, that religious Men frequently fail, 
and need the Caution both of Precept and Example. 
It is not to be expedled, that any Work, efpecially 
one of this Kind, which is well known to have its 
peculiar Difficulties, can be equally adapted to Pef- 
Tons of different Taftes and Views. My principal 
Intention was to confult the Advantage of young^ 
Mirtiften and Students in Divinity^ who may be di- 
refled and animated by fo fair a Model, in which 
the Scholar and chriflian Minifler are fo happily 
united : And this View of the Work will (hew th« 
Reafon, why I have fometimes entered into a mote 
particular Detail, than might otherwife have beea 
needful. But I hope that others too, whatever their 
Station and Profeffion may be, will receive Im- 
provement from an attentive Perufal of this Life. 
They will here find an Example, in many Refpeflg 
worthy of their Imitation; and will fee what Care, 
Self-denial andRefolution are neceflary to form the 
chriflian Character. 

So many Years have elapfed fince Dr. Doddridgt 
died, and fince I gave the World, in my Funeral- 
fermon for him, fome Reafon to expe£t a larger 
Account of him, than is contained there, that it 
may be expeded I fhould give the Reafons of tti 
Delay. A deep Conviction of my own Incapacity 
Ibr executing it in the mofi defirable Manner, kept 



v^ ^Bt fivHi dke Abiw^C Afistr I Isad cn!c:rea 
igMt i^ ii v^ ja a giqu arf for MoodkB mi Years 
^ wr a Sbot«c HcaUi sni dbe aeccfinr Dudes 
tf «grSbcia% vAadk took ip ail t&cToBe I could 

r «» SbB6r« It >adk bem ctbea qpKte bid ahde, 
: Hope oi ptviiMg: k s 2»i^ tfiuo* icpatcd 
jton fisoBie INotbiB of Eiaiiiciicc a* 
la—iifc lAorfcKw tt« Ih&ir oslr bjr hb Wridngs, 
ladk ^ ^JMK kcid Ittctm^ keoi iciiuned. As it 
Infill bcm Gtcnfied vl^ grtat Cure and Honeftr, 
mi dnfe of Kj Br^tfcrecH who hare reviled it, 
Imic iIhm^ it alaptsd to f^rre tkc Caufe of Reli* 
I2MI aMi OaritT^ I iiov> notwithftaRding all its 
Defeflks ^Kotore It ^brc^ ioto the World ; follow- 
i^^ k witk ar ejimeft Ptayers, and deiiriog the 
; IslcrctiEiom cf my Ft ieods, that God 

I be pkafed to profper this feeble Attempt to 
dK MiftiSm oif Chrift ia their Lord*a 
Wotkt aad to promote the Holinefs and Happinels 
of alt kk Dilcif!^ into whole Hands it may 

SJrtwi/tmj^ Job Orton^ 




CHAP. I. Page 

irv^. Doddridge's Birth, Education^ early Z)/- " 
''-^ ligence and Fiety ■ * ■' ■ i 

C H A P. n. 
fir/ Entrance en the Miniihy and Settlement in Lci- 
cefterfliire — — — — — — lor 

C H A P. in. 

His Entrance on the Worik of a Tutor — 41 

C H A P. IV. 

His Settlement at Northampton ■■ p 47; 

C H A P. V. 
His Difcharge of his Miniftry at Northampton 57 


lUs Method of Education and Behaviour as a Tutor 74 

C HA P. VH.. 

Some Account of his Genius, Learning and Writings 105 

CHAP- vm. 

Hit privatt Character — — •—— • 129 


tvi C O N r E ]ff T S. 

Sb CT. I. H/s uncommon Diligence, Aftivity and 

Refolution in the Difpatch of Bujsne/s 131 

Sect. 2. His Attempts to do good, and to promote 
and encourage the Zeal of others, beyond 
the Limits of his o^wn Congregation and 
Family ■ ' " ■ 1 46 

Sect. 3. ^/V Catholicifm, Moderation /zir^/ friend* 
ly Behaviour to Perfons of different Sen^ 
timents and Perfuafions — -^ 157 

Sect. 4. /T/V Benevolence, Affability, public Spirit 

««^ Liberality «-^— - 172 

Sect. 5. His Humility and Dependence on divine 

AJJifiances ■ ' 192 

Sect. 6. ffij Patience, Serenity ««</ Cheairftflnef* 
under Affli^ions^ and upon ijuhat Principles 
thffe Graces ivere exercifed and fupported 202 

Sect. 7. His Temper and Behaviour under unjufi 

«W unkind Treatment » ■ ' " 21 r 

Sect. 8. His2xtty toivards GOD, and hisTyevo^ 
tion, as the Support of that, and every 
other Virtue -— — *— 23^4 

His laft Sickness and Death ■ > 26% 

A PoEii tQ his Memory • ■■ ■ 1 ■■■ » 30 j 


t » > 







Dr* Doddridqe's Birth, Eduduion, early Diligenct 
and Piety. 

jr)a()8(^ CANNOT trace the Family from which 
3B( J JgJ Dr. Doddridge fprung very far back ; nor 
}q5 ^ jk ^s it material. Wife and good Men lay 
Vl)BC)BCjm[ very little Strefs on any hereditary Ho- 
nours, but thofe which arife from the Piety and 
Ufefulncfs of their Anceftors. Of what Profcffion 
his Great Grandfather was I cannot learn ; but he 
had a Brother John Doddridge, who was brfed to the 
Lai/j, and made a confiderable Figufe in the Reign 
of King James I. by whom he was knighted and 
muds one of the Judges of the Court of King's BcncK 
B Hi? 

« Tdemmn ^of'theMfi Ch. i. 

He wrote fcveral learned Treatifes in his Profeffion*. 
He left an Eftate of about two thoafand Pounds ptr 
AnnuMf whether hereditary or acquired I 'cannot 
Jea^ ; but it was loft out of the Family in the Time 
of the Ci'vil Wars. The Doaor\ Father, as eldeft 
/urviving Branch of the Family, was Heir at Law to 
it, and often urged by his Friends to attempt to re- 
gain it; but thro' an Appreheniion of the great 
Hazard and Expence attending the Attempt, he 


* He was Wn at or near BdrmJiahU, nt Deoenfiire, and educated 
at Exaer-CollegCy in Oxford ; from whence he removed to the Middk 
'Temple^ where he became fo eminent in the PraAice of the Com- 
«)on Law, that he wat firft mafde Seijeaat at Law to Prince Hettry^ 
;then Solicitor-General to King yawia I; after that, principal So-- 
jeant at Law to the faid King in 1607, and knighted the next 
Year. In x6ix he was conffituted one of the Juftices of the Com^ 
won Pleas, and afterwards iecond Judge of the King^s Bench, ■ 
where he fpcnt the reft of his Days, being 17 Years. He was fb 
'.general a Scholar, that it is hard to iay, whether he were better 
-Artift, Philofopher, Divine, common or civil Lawyer. He had liJce- 
nviie the Chara£ler of a Perfbn of great Integrity and Courage, be- 
ing perfectly Proof againft Intereft and Fear. He died at Ferjiet^, 
near £gham, in Surrey, S(pt, 13, 1628, about the 73d Year of 
■Jus i\ge ; and according to his Defire, was interred in the Ladj^ 
^bafpd of ExeUr-Catbedral, where there is a handfbme Monument 
erefted to his Memory, on which his Effigies is lively pourtrayed in 
iVlabailei, in his Scarlet Oown and Robes, and a Court-Roll in his 
Hand. Jn zd. Efcutcheon are his Arms, fc. Argent, two Pales 
^/v-avy, Axure, between nine Crofs Croflcts, Gula^ with this Epi- 
taph infcribed. 

Learnings adiettj fiar Vodersdge n gone 
To fix his earthly to a heavenly Throne t 
Rich Urn of learned Daft ! fcarce can be found 
More Worth inihrined in fix Foot of Ground. 
KVnC obllt DoDerlgVs JVDeX, 
fsArVs Ami^ities of Exeter, p. 1 51, 152, Fuller's Worthier 
miAtbfn. Oxvu whne' a Lift of his Works may be fccn* 

Ch, I. «/* Dr. D O D D R I D C B. 3 

chofe to decline it. The DoBar fometimcs ackijow- 
Jedged the good Providence of God, in fo ordering 
Events, that the Eftate never came into his Father'% 
PoiTeffion ; as it would then have defcended to him 
at a Time of Life, when, thro' the natural Warmth 
and Gaiety of his Temper, it might have been his 

The Do^or^s Grandfather was John Doddridge^, 
who was educated for the Miniftry at the Univerfity 
of Oxford. He was Min^fter of Shepperton in MrV- 
dlefex^ and was ejedted from thence Auguft 24, 1662, 
by the Aft of Uniformity. Dr. Calamy^ in his Ac- 
tount of the ejeBed Minifiers^ gives him this Cha* 
ra£ter, that * he was an ingenious Man and a Scho- 

* lar, an acceptable Preacher, and a very peaceable 

* Divine*.* Some of his Sermons, which I have 
feen, fhcw him to have been a judicious and feriouS 
Preacher. This his Grandfon in a Letter to a Friend, 
faith of him, * he had a Family of ten Children 

* unprovided for ; but he quitted his Living, which 

* was worth to him about two hundred Pounds per 

* Annum^ rather than he would violate his 'Confci- 

* ence, in the Manner he muft have done, by fub* 

* mitting to the Subfcriptions and Declarations re- 

* quired, and the Ufages impofed, by the A£i of 

* Uuiformityy contrived by fome wicked Politicians 

* to ferve their own Intereft, and moft cfFedually to 

* humble thofc, who had been moft aflive in that 

* general Struggle for public Liberty, in which tlie 

* Family of the Stuarts had fallen.' His Funeral- 
fermon was preached by one Mr. Marricty Septem^ 
her 8, 1689; from thence it appears that he had 

B 2 preached 

• Vol. il. p. 664. 

H Memoirs tf the Life *Ch. \^ 

'preached to a Congregation at or near Brentford y 
that he died fuddenly, and was much refpedled- and 
l>eloved by his People. 

The Doffor^s Father, Daniel Doddridge , was brougia 
nip to Trade,, and was an Oil-man in London ; he had 
*a very large Family, all of which died young, but 
x)ne Daughter*, and the Do^or, who was the twen- 
tieth and laft Child of his Father's Marriage. His 
.'Mother was the Daughter of the reverend Mr. John 
Baumany of Prague 9 in Bohemia. This worthy Con- 
♦feflbr, forefeeing the Troubles, which fo foon fol* 
lowed the ExpuHion of Fredericky EleSor-Palatiney 
left his native Country about the Year 1626. He 
-was then but juft come to Age, and quitted a con- 
^derable Eftatc, and all his Friends, for Liberty of 
-Confcience. He withdrew in the Habit of a Peafant, 
on Foot, carrying with him nothing but a hundred 
ibroad Pieces of Gold, plaited in a leathern Girdle J, 


♦ She married Mr. John TJtUJdmty a Diffenting Miniftcr at 
Ortgar, in Eff^x, and died in the Year 1734. She was a Lady of 
ciii^inguiihed good Senfe and Piety, and bore fome heavy AiHidions 
with great Patience and Tranquillity j under which her Brother be- 
-haved to her with the greateft Jendernefs, and eitcn while at the 
Academy, and in his firft Settlement, generbufly contributed all he 
4»iild fparc out of his (mall Stock for her Afliftance. 

J .It. is obfervablc, that he unhappily left his Girdle behind him 
at the Inn in which he Jay, the firft Night after the Commence- 
ment of his Journey 5 and, not being ufcd to fuch a Cinfturc, did 
•not mifs it^ till he came to his Inn the next Evening. He immedi- 
ately went back to -his former Lodging, with the united painful 
Apprehenfions of being met by Purfuers, and unable to recover his 
Subftance, When he arrived at the Inn, he enquired of the Cham- 
ber-maid, if (he had fecn a Girdle he had left in his Chamber? 
She told him ihc faw it, but, imagining it of no Value, flie had 


Ch, 1. of Dr. DoDDRiDG'E. 5r 

and a Bible o^ Luther* % Tranflation, whkh the Doc- 
tor had. He fpent fome time at Saxe-Gotha^ and* 
•other Parts of Germany ^ and came to England^ in 
what Year is uncertain, with ample Teftimonials 
fjpom many of the principal Divines in Germany* 
He was made Mafter of the Free School- at Kingston 
upon Thames, He died about the Year 1668, and 
left one Daughter, afterwards Mrs. Doddridge^ then 
a little Child. The Do^or thought it a great Ho- 
nour to be defcended from thefe fufFering Ser\'antfi 
of Chrifty who had made fuch Sacrifices to Confci- 
ence and Liberty, The Care of Providence over them 
and their Families was remarkable : For though nonit 
of their Defcendants were rich and great, yet they, 
were all comfortably and honourably fupported. 

Dr. Doddridge was born in* London ^ June 36, 1702.^ 
At his Birth he (hewed fo little Sign of Life, that 
he was. thrown afide as dead. But one of the At- 
tendants, thinking fhe perceived fome Motion or 
Breath, took that neceffary Care of him, upon which, 
in thofe tender Circumflances, the feeble Flame of 
Life depended, which was fo near expiilng, as foon 
as it was kindled. He had from his Infancy an in- 
firm. Conftitution, and a thin confumptive Habit, 
which made him, and his Friends apprchenfive, that 
B 3 h» 

thrown it away and could not recolle£l whcrCi After having told 
her, that he had a great Value for his old Belt, that it wo*ild b^ 
very ufeful to him in the long Journey he had before him, an4 
promifed her a Reward if ihe fi^und it, ihe fearched diligently, and 
at length found it in a Hole under the Stairs, where the Family, 
ufed to throw their worn-out uieleis Furniture* The good Man r 
received his Girdle with great Joy, and purfued his Journey witJt. 
Thaakfiilneft to Providence for its Recovery, and often fpokc of 
k to his Friendi, as a wonderful and fcafonable Merc^« 

6 Memoirs of the Life Ch. i. 

his Life would be very fhort : And therefore I find 
him frequently, efpecially on the Returns of hJs 
Birth-day^ expreffing his Wonder and Thankfulnefs 
that he was fo long preferred. He was brought tip 
in the early Knowledge of Religion by his pious 
Parents, who were, in their Charafter, very worthy 
their Birth and Education. I have heard him re* 
late, that his Mother taught him the Hiftory of the 
Old and Ne-tv Teftamenty before he could read, \sf 
the Affillance of fome Dutch Tiles in the Chimney of 
the Room, where they commonly fat : And her wife 
and pious Reiledions upon the Stories there reprc- 
fented, were the Means of making fome good Im- 
preffions upon his Heart, which never wore out: 
And therefore this Method of Inftrudion he frequent- 
ly recommended to Parents.— He was firft initiated 
in the Elements of the learned Languages under one 
Mr. Btotty a Minifter, who taught a private School 
in London. In the Year 1712 he was removed to 
Kingston upon Thames^ to the School, which his Grand- 
father Bauman had taught, and continued there, till 
the Year 17 ij. During this Period he waa, remark- 
able for Piety and diligent Application to Learning. 
His Father ^v^ July 17, 17 1 5, upon which 4ie made 
this Reflexion, * God is an immortal Father. My 

* Soul rejoiceth in him. He has hitherto helped 

* me and provided for me. May it be my Study 

* to approve myfelf a more aiFedUonate, grateful, 

* dutiful Child!* That his Mother likewife died 
when he was young, appears from a Paflage in his 
Sermon to young People, intitled. The Orphan^ s Hope^ 

* I am under fome peculiar Obligations to deiire and 

* attempt the Relief of Orphans, as I know the 

« Heart 

Ch. 1. ^Z>r. DODDRIDGl- 7 

*- Heart of an Orphan \ having been deprived of 

* both my Parents at an Age, in which it might 

* reafonably be fappofed a Child fhould be moft 

* fenfible of fuch a Lofs*.* About the Time of hi»> 
Father's Death he was removed to a private School 
at S/. Albansy under the Care of a worthy and learned' 
Matter, Mr. Nathaniel Wood. Here he was fo hap- 
py as to commence his firfl Acquaintance with Mr#^ 
(afterwards Dr.) Samuel Clark^ Minifter of the Dii^ 
fenting Congregation there; to whom, under God,- 
he owed his Capaciti^ and Opportunities of Ser- 
vice in the Church. For, while he continued at St, 
Mbansy the Perfon, into whofe Hands the Care of 
his Affairs fell after hb F other* s Death, proved lo 
imprudent, as to wafte the whole of his own and 
Mr. Doddridge^s Subflance. Dr. Clark was an entire 
Stranger to him ; but, with that Condefceniion and 
Benevolence, for which he was remarkable, he took 
Notice of him, and when he heard of his Neceffi* 
ties. Diligence and Serioufnefs, flood in the Place 
of a Father to him. Had not Providence raifed him 
up fuch a generous Friend, he could not have been, 
carried on in the Courfe of hjs Studies. And I' 
hope the wonderful Kindnefs of God to him in this 
Refpeft, will be confidered by Orphans as an Encour--^ 
agement to commit themfelves to that ever-graci- 
ous Being, in whom the Fatherle/s Jindeth Mercy. 

During his Refidence at St. Alhans he began to 

keep a Diary of his Life, in the Year 1716 : From 

thence it appears, that he kept an exaft Account 

kow he fpent his Time, took great Pains to improve 

B 4 his 

* Serm« Vr p. x6i* 

f Memoirs •/ the Life CL i.. 

Itb Underftandingy and make himielf Mafter of the 
fcveral Leaarcs and Books, which he was Uugh't. 
He Hkewife iet himfelf to do good to his School^i- 
feUowSy l^ affiMng them in their Studies, intjFodv^' 
cing religions Difcoorfe, ftrengtbening an]r goodf 
Difpo£tions, which he faw in them, and encourag*- 
ing and affifHng-at focial Meetings for Prayer, efpc- 
cially on the Lord's Day. When he was walking 
alone in the Fidds, he either read, or refleded upoa 
what he had read 3 and would fometimes, in his 
Walks, call upon poor igno/ant Perfons at their 
Houfes, give them a little Money out of his own 
fmall Allowance, converie fcriouily with them, read 
to them and lend them Books. He often mentions 
the great Satisfadion he felt in his own Mind in 
Confequence of thefe Attempts to fcrve them, efpe- 
cially in their beft Interefl, and feme Inftances, in 
which he had Reafon to hope they ha<l not been 

vain. As he had then the Ap/»(/?ry in View, be- 

itdes his Application to the Lajaguages, he read, 
Portions of the Scripturu every Morning and Even- 
ing, with fome Commentary upon them; and thia 
was feldom negledled, whatever were his School-, 
bufinefs, Avocations or Amufements. He recorded 
the Subftance and Dc^igia of the Sermons he heard, 
what Impreffion they made upon his Heart, what 
Refolutions he formed in Confequence of them, and 
what in the Preacher he was moil deftrous of imi- 
tating. It was his fignal Felicity to have fo kind 
and experienced a Friend as Dr. Clarky. to diredl 
him in thefe important Concerns. On February i, 
1718-19, he was admitted to the Lord's Supfer with 
the Church under Dr* CJarJk's Care, who had taken 


Ch. I. tfDr. DODDltiDdB. ^ 

much Pains to give him right Notions of that Or-* 
dinance, and prepare him for it* His own Reflec-» 
tions upon it will ihew the Serioufnefs of his Spirit 
in that early Part of Life ; and I hope, be an En- 
couragement to young Chriftians to make a folemii. 
Dedication of themfelves to the Lord 'in that Ordi* 
nance. * I rofe early this Morning, read that Part 

* of Mr. Henry* i Book on the Lord's Sapper^ .which 

* treats of due approach ta it. I endeavoured to 

* excite in myfelf thofc Difpoiltions and AffedUons, 

* which he mentions as proper for that Ordinance. As 

* I endeavoured to prepas^ my- Heart, according tcr 

* the Preparation of the SanSuoryy though with many 

* Defefts, God was pleaied to meet me, and give 

* me fweet Communion with himfelf, of which I 
' deftre always to* retain a grateful Senfe. I this- 

* Day, in the Strength of Chrift^ renewed my Cove- 

* nant with God and renounced my Covenant withr 
*• Sin. I vowed againll every Sin, and refolved care- 

* fully to perform every Duty. The Lord keep this irt 

* • the Imagination of my Hearty and grant I may iX)t deal 

* treachcroufly with him 1 In the Evening I read and 

* thought-on fonie of Mr. Henry*% DireAions for a. 

* fnitable Converfation after the Lord's Supper c and 

* then prayed ; begging that God would give- me 

* Grace fo to' adl as he requires, and as I have bour.d 

* myfelf. I then looked over tht Memorandumj of thi» 

* Day, comparing the Manner in which I fpentit, an<i 

* in which I defigned to fpend it ; and blefTed be Goo,. 
' I had Reafon to do it with feme Pleafure, tho' in 

* feme Inflances I found Caufc for Humiliationi.'— ^ 
In his Sermons on the Education of Children, he, in a- 
Note, returns his public 'I'hanks to Mr. A%<?, of 

B 5 Kingiijon. 

to Memoirs of the Life Ch. i. 

Kingston in Surrey ^ and Dr. Clark of ^/. Albans^ for 
the many excellent Inflru^tions they had given him 
both in public and private, when under their mini- 
ftcrial Care in the Years of Childhood \ of which he 
«xprefleth his Refolution to retain a grateful and 
afFedionate Remembrance. He often acknowledged 
his great Obligations to the latter of the(b Gentle- 
men^ and, in his Sermon on his Death, fays, * I 

* may properly call him my Friend and Father, if 
■* all the Offices of paternal Tendernefs and Care can 

* merit that Title. To him, I may truly fay, that, 

* under God, I o<we even myjelf, and all my Op- 
^ portunities of public Ufefulneis in the Church ; 
^ to him, who was not only the InftruQor of my 

* Childhood and Youth in the Principles of Reli- 
' gion ; but my Guardian when a helpleis Orphan, 
'* as well as the generous, tender, faithful Friend of 

* all my advancing Years.* He here refers to the 
Influence Dr. Clarh had over him to perfuade him 
to devote himfelf to the Miniftry, the Encourage- 
ment he gave him to purfue his Academical Studies, 
and the fufficient Supply, with which, by his own, 
and his Friends' Contribution, he furnifhed him to 
go through with them. Serious Minds obferve with 
Pleafure and Thankfulnefs the Methods of Piovi- 
dence in leading Perfons into public and ufeful Sta- 
tions, contrary to their own Expeflations. Thofe by 
which Mr. Doddridge was led into the Miniftry were 

In the Year 1718, he had left the School at ^/. 
jSlhans^ and was retired to his Sifter's Houfe to con- 
fider of his future ProfeiSion. He had an Uncle, 
PJiilip Doddridge, after whom he was named, who 


Ch. I. 9f Dr. Doddridge* it 

was bred to the I^nv, was a Stjeward to the Earl» . 
afterwards Dake» of Bedford^ and lived in his . Fa- 
mily at leaH from the Year 1674 to 1689. By this 
Means his Nephew became, intimately acquainted 
with ibme of that noble Family : And while, his 
Mind was in this State of Sufpence, the Dutchefs ' 
of Bedfordf being informed of his Circumflances^ 
Character, and ftrong Inclination to Study, made - 
him an Ofler, that if he chofe to be educated for the 
Miniftry in the Church of England^ and would go to 
cither of its Univeriities, ihc would fupport the Ex- 
pence of his Education ; and, if fhe fhould live till ^ 
he had taken Orders^ would provide for him in the 
Church. He received this Propofal with . the warmed ; 
Gratitude, bat in the moft refpedful Manner de-> 
clined it ; as he could not then fatisfy his Confcience 
to comply with the Terms of minifterial Conformity. 
He continued fome Time in great Difh-efs from an. 
Appreheniion, that he fhould not be able to jprofe- 
cute his Studies for the Miniiby. Thus he writes, 
' I waited upon Dr. Edmund Calamy to beg his Advice 

* and Affiftance, that I might be brought up a ilfiV 

* nifiert which has always been my great Defire. 

* He gave me no Encouragement in it, but advifed 

* me to turn my Thoughts to fomething elfe. It was 

* with great Concern, that I received fuch Advice ; 

\ but I defire to follow Providence and not force \t. . 

* The Lord give me Grace to glorify him in what 

* ever Station he fets me : Then, here am /, let him 

* do nvith me 'what feemeth good in his Sight J* About 
three Weeks after this Difcouragement, he had 
Thoughts of entering on the Study pf the Laiv^ to 

B 6 which 

>lf iMmotrf of" tit Life Ch. r* 

which he was encouraged by the celebrated Mr. Horft'- 
man. He recommended him to a Counfellor, Mr*. 
Eyre^ who made him fome very good Propofals ; and 
he was juft on the Point of determining to fettle witb 
him. But before he petumed hk final A^fwer, he 
devoted one Morning iblemnly to feek to God for 
Piredtion; and while he was anally engaged ii^ 
this Suitable Exercife, the Poft-man called at the Door 
with a Letter IronbDr. Clarke in which he told him». 
Aat he had heard of his DiScultieSy and offered to 
take him under his Care> if he chofe the Miniftry on^ 
Christian Principles : And there were na other that 
in thofe Circumdances could invite him to fuch i^ 
ChoicOi *' TlHs,ji//A hi^ I looked upon almoft as 

* an Anfwer from Heaven ; and, while I live, fliall' 
' always adore fo feaibnable an Interpofition of divine 

* Providence. I have fought God's Diredlion in- alt 
^ this Matter, and I hope I have had it. My only 
^ View in my Choice hath been that of more extent 
< five Service ; and I beg God would make me anr 

* Instrument o£ doing much good in the World.* 
Thus was he led into^ the Miniftry^ and a Foundation 
laid for his eminent Ufefulnefs. He continued fome 
Months at 5/. Albans under the Liftrudions of his 
generous Friend, who furnifhed him with proper 
books', dire^ed him in his Studies^ and laboured to 
cherifli religious. Di^fitions and Views in his Heart. 

In O^oher 1719. he- was placed under the Tuition 
©f tjie xevcrend Mr. John Jennings y who kept an 
i^cad^my at Kih^orth in Leicefterjhirey a Gentleman 
of great Leaf ning,. Piety and Ufefulnefs ; Author of 
t^^'9. Ri/cour/es. on.freaching Qhrifi and particular and. 


C3i. u tfDr. Do'DDRrircB* fj 

experimental Preachings firft pablifhed in 1725**9 and 
alfo a genealogical Table of the Kings of England* 
Scotland, and France, for the Space of 900 Years. 
He was Brother to Dr. Da<vid Jennings^ lately an emi- 
nent Minifter and Tutor in London^ Dr. Doddridge al- 
ways fpoke* with the higheft Veneration and Refpeft 
of his Tutor. During the Courfe of his Studies at 
Kihnvorth,hew3s noted for his diligent Application to 
his proper Buiinefs, ferious Spirit and extraordinary^ 
Care to improve his Time. As a Specimen of his 
vigorous Purfuit of Knowledge, I find, from a Paper 
m which he kept an Account of what he read, that, 
beiides attending^ and ftudying the Academical Lee 
tures, and reading the particular Parts of Books, ta 
which his Tutor referred his Pupils for the Bluftra- 
tion of his Lectures, he had in one half Year read 
/ixty Books, and about as many more in the fame 
Proportion of Time afterwards. Some of thefe were 
hargc Volumes, *vi%, Patrick* s Commentaries ^ Tillotfon\s 
Worksy moft of the Sermons that had been preached at 
Boyl^s EeSure, and aM the refl were learned or ufeful 
Treatifes. Nor did he read thefe Books in a hafty 
carelcfs Manner, but with great Gare and clofe Study. 
Some of them he abridged ; from others he made 


♦ Thefe Difcoiirfes were tranflatcd and publiAed in the German. 
Language by Order of the reverend Dr. Frank, Profeflbr of Divini* 
ty in the Univerfity of Hall'm Saxony, They were reprinted in Lon- 
don 1736, and there was added to them Dr. Dwjnd Jennings' a Tran-- 
ilation of a Latin Letter from the Profcflbr's Father to a Friend,, 
concerning the moft upful Way tf Preaching,. This is a Book that, 
dcferves the ferious Attention of every. Mini ft er j and I have been, 
informed, that at its firft Publication, two Bi(hops.of the Church o£ 
England, with an amiable Candour, publickly recommended it ta 
,1bcPetufil of thdr Clergy, at their Vifitatiojw.. 

14 Memoirs of the Life Ch. i, 

£xtra£b in his Common-piace-Book ; and when he 
found in any of them a remarkable Interpretation 
or lUoftration of a Text of Scripture, he inferted it 
in hia interleaited Teftament or Bible, Thus he laid up 
rich Stores of Knowledge ; and it contributed great- 
ly to his Improvement, that Dr. Clark favoured him 
with his Correfpondence, thro' his academical Courfe, 
and gave him his Refledions and Advices, grounded 
on the Accounts Mr* Doddridge had fent him of his 
Lectures, Studies and particular Circumitances. He 
applied himfelf in this Period to the further Study of 
the Clafficksf efpecially the Greek Writers. I find, 
from his Papers, that he read thefe with much At- 
tention, and wrote Remarks upon them, for the Illuf- 
tration of the Authors themfelves or the Scriptures ; 
and feledled fuch PaiTages, as might be ferviceable to 
him in his Preparations for the Pulpit. His Remarks 
upon Homer in particular, would make a coniiderable 
Volume. ' Thus a Foundation was laid for that So- 
^ lidity. Strength and Corrednefs, both of Sentiment 

* and Style, which muft feldom be expedted, where 

* thofe great Originals are unknown or difregarded.' 
But he ftill kept the Minifby in View and there- 
fore made Di'vinity his principal Study, efpecially 
the Scriptures and the beft pradical Writers. He 
furnifhed himfelf with Clark* s Annotations on the Old 
Teftamenty for the Sake of many valuable Interpreta- 
tions, a judicious CoUedion of parallel Texts, and 
the Conveniency of a large Margin, on which to 
write his own Remarks ; and with an interleaved Tefta- 
mentt In thefe he inferted Illuftrations of Scripture 
which occurred to him in Reading, Converfation or 
Refle^on \ together with practical Remarks, which 


CJi. I. tf Dr. Doddridge. 15 

might be drawn from particular PaiTages, their Con*- 
aedlion with others, or the general Defign of the 
lacred Writers; efpecially thofe which might not, 
on a corfory Reading, appear ib obvious, but on that 
Account might be more ftriking and ufefiil. He laid 
it down as an inviolable Rule (and herein he was an 
excellent Model for Students) to read fome f radical 
Divinity every Day. He laboured affiduoufly to at- 
tain an eminent Degree of the Gi/^ of Proffer, For 
this Purpofe he made a large CoUedion of proper 
Expreffions of Supplication and Thankfgiving, on 
common and fpecial Occaiions, both from Scripture 
and devotional Writers, that he might be qualified 
to perform this part of public Service in a copious^ 
pertinent and edifying Manner. 

While he was thus purfuing his Studies for the Mi- 
niftry, he was intent upon his Work as a Chriftian^ 
and ambitious to improve in all the Graces of the 
chriitian Charader. To this End he fpent much Time 
in fecrit Demotion^ examining the State and Workings 
of his own Heart, and keeping alive an habitual 
Senfe of God, Religion and Eternity. I find under 
his Hand a folemn Form of Oo<venant with God, 
written in this Period, agreeable to the Advice of 
many Writers upon religious Subjeds. There he ex- 
prefieth his Views, Purpofes, and Refolutions with 
Regard to inward Religion, and his whole Behaviour; 
and devotes himfelf, his Time and Abilities to the 
Service of God with the greateil Solemnity and 
Chearfulnefs. It fo nearly refembics the Form he re- 
commends to others in his Rife and Progre/s of Re^ 
ligion^ Chap. 17, that it need not be here inferted. 
At the Clofe, he records his Determination to read 


l6 Memoirs of the Life Ct. I# 

tliis Covenant-engagement over, once a Months a» 
in the Prefence of God» to keep him in mind of 
his Vows. It appears from his Diary ^ that he did fo^ 
and generally the iirft hordes Day of every Month, 
and then made fuch Additions, as in prefent Circum- 
ftances feemed beft calculated to anfwer the great End 
he propofed by it. He drew up fbme Rules for the' 
Dire^ion of his CanduH^ while a Student y which he 
wrote at the Beginning of his interleaved Teftament, 
that he might be often reminded of them and review 
them. I Ihall here infert them, as they may he ufe- 
ful to the rifing Generation^ efpecially Students, * i. 
Let my firft Thoughts be devout and thankful. Let 
me rife early, immediately return God more folemn 
Thanks for the Mercies of the Night, devote my-* 
felf to him, and beg his AiTiftance in the intended. 
Bufmefs of the Day. 2. In this and every other 
Aft of De'voiiony let me recoiled my Thoughts,, 
fpeak diredlly to him, and never give way to any 
Thing internal or external, that may divert my At* 
tention. 3, Let me fet myfelf to read the Scrips 
iures every Morning: In the firft reading let 
me endeavour to imprefs my Heart with a prac- 
tical Senfe of divine Things, and then ufe the Help 
of Commentators ; let thefe Rules with proper Al- 
terations be obferved every Evening. 4.. Never 
let me trifle with a Book^ with which I have no 
prefent Concern. In applying myfelf to any Book, 
let me firft recoiled what I may learn by it and 
then beg fuitable Affiftance from God, and let me 
continually endeavour to make all my Studies. fub- 
fcrvient to pradical Religion and minifterial Ufe- 
fuJofifs. 5.. Never let. me lofc one Minute of Time^ 

* nor 

Ch. I* •fDr. DODDRIDCS. T7 

* nor incur unncccflary Expences, that I may have 
^ the more to ipend for GoD»i^ 6. When I am called 
' abroad let me be deiirous of doing Good and receiv''^ 
' ing Good. Let me always have in Readinefs fome 

* Sabjed of Contemplation, and endeavour to im- 
' prove my Time by good Thoughts as I go along. 

* Let me endeavour, to render myfelf agreeable and 

* uieful to all about me by a tender companionate 

* friendly Behaviour^ avoiding all trifling, imperti- 

* nent Stories ; remembering that Imprudence \& Sin. 

* 7. IiCt me ufe great Moderation at Meals, and fee 
^ that I am not hypocritical in Prayers and Thankf- 
*■ givlngs at them. 8. Let me never delay SLny things 

* unlefs I can prove, that another Time will be more 
' fit than the prefent, or that fome other more im- 

* portant Duty requires my immediate Attendance, pt^ 

* Let me be often lifting up my Heart to God in 

* the Intervals of fecret Worihip, repeating thofe Pe- 

* titions, which are of the greateft Importance, and' 

* a Surrender of myfelf to his Service. 10. Never let 

* me enter into long Schemes ahont future Events^ 

* but in the general refer myfelf to God's Care. 11'. 

* Let me labour after habitual Gratitude and Love 
^ to God and the Redeemer, praftife Self-denialy and 
*- never indulge any Thing, that may prove a Temp- 
< tation to youthful Lufts, Let me guard againft 
^ Pride, and vain Glory, remembering that I have all 

* from God's Hand and that I have deferved the fe- 

* vereft Punilhment. 12. In all my Studies let mo 

* remember^ that the Souls of Men are immortal and 

* that CAri^ died to redeem them. 13. Let me oon-^ 

* fecrate my Sleep and all my Recreations ta God» 

* and feek them for his Sake. ^.14. Let me frequently 

* aik 

«8 Memoirs of the Life CH. i. 

« aik myfclf,. what Duty or what Temptation is now 
•. before 010^^15. Let me remember, that thro' the 
« Mercy of God in a Redeemer, I hope I am. within 

* a few Days of Heaven. i6. Let me be frequently 

* furveying thefe Rules, and my Condud as compared 

* with them. 17. Let me frequently recolleft, which 

* of thefe Rules I have prefent Occaiion to pradtife. 

* 18. If I have grofly erred in any one of thefe Par- 

* ticulars, let me not think it an Excufe for erring 

* in others? Then follow fome Rules about the 
Hours of riling and Study, what Part of the Day to 

be devoted to particular Studies, &c. Such Pains 

did he take to train up himfelf for Ufefulnefs in 
the Church! 

I think it proper here to remind the Reader, once 
for all, that, when fuch specimens as thefe are infertcd 
of the Rules he laid down and the Re/olutions he form- 
ed with Refpc6t to his Conduct, they are to be confi- 
dered chiefly, as fuggefting Hints, that may be ufe- 
ful to others in like Circumftances ; and not a» 
Teftimonies to his Charafter, or a Proof that he, in 
every. Inftance, afted up to fuch a Standard. Yet on 
the other Hand, it muft be owned, that when a Per- 
ibn frequently renews fuch pious Refolutions, and 
examines himfelf by the Rules he has laid down, it 
fliews at Icaft a deep Concern about intuard Religion^ 
and is a fbong Prefumption that he has taken great 
Pains with his own Heart. Tha( this was the Cafe 
-with Dr. Doddridge^ I am well fatisfied from the Pe- 
Tufal of his private Papers, in which he has kept a 
very particular and exa£t Account of the State of 
his Mind, and from which it is eafy to trace the 
evidences of his religious Charaftcr, The Extradls 


£h. )• •fT>r. Doddridge. 19 

wliich I have made from his Manufcripts in this Work, 
when compared together, and taken in Connexion 
with his public Charadler, will enable the Reader to 
judge of this for himfelf, and will I believe convince 
him of the Truth of what I have afferted. It may 
be proper in this Connection, to repeat the Caution, 
already given in the Preface, to the young Chriftian^ 
into whofe Hands this Book may fall, that he is not 
to be difcouraged, becaufe he finds himfelf, after his 
fincere Endeavours, fall fhort of the Standard, which 
fuch Rules hold forth. He fhould remember that the 
Perfbn, of whom he is reading, often faw Reafon, 
as will appear in the Courfe of this Work, to lament 
Jl^is Negleft of fome of lUs own Rnles, and his acting 
in fome Inftances, inconfiftently with his own befl Re- 
folutions. The chriftian Charaftcr is not formed ct 
once ; but thofe who are diligent in watching over 
themielves and uiing the Means of Grace, tho' 
their good Refolutions be fometimes overcome, ihall, 
t)iro' divine Ailiflance, gronv ftrmger and ftronger^ and 
at length Inherit the Reward of the faithful Ser« 





Memoirs of the Life Ch. 

C H A P. n. 

His Entrance on the Miniftry and Settlement in Lei- 

53C^^)^ N 1722 his Tutor, Mr. Jenning5y.rtmo\^^ 
^ I n^ froni Kilnvorth to HinkTey^ in the fame 
Jai^ )fe County, and about a Year after, mix, July 

56(3l^)8( 8, 1723, died in the Prime of his Days, 
to the great Lofs of the Church and World. This his 
Pupil, after a previous Examination by a Committee 
of Minifiers (who gave an ample Tcftimonial to his 
Qualifications for it) entered on the nunifierial JVork^ 
July zzy 1722, being then jufi t<weuty Years old. In 
a Letter to a Friend he thus expreffcth himfelf, « I 
< was ftruek with the Date of your Letter. July iz^ 

* was the Aimi'verfary of my Entrance on the Miniftry* 

* God has been with me and wonderfully fupported' 

* me in the midft of almoft incefTaut Labours for tht 
« Space of tnventy-fe'ven Years. I efteem the Miniftry 

* the moft defirable Employment in the World ; and 

* find that Delight in it,, and thofe Advantages from 

* it, which I think hardly any other Employment 

* upon Earth could give raiQ^ It would be one of the 

* greateft Satisfadions of my Life to fee my Son deli- 

* berately chufing the Miniftry. But I muft leave this 
« with God ; and be thankful for the Honour he has 
' done mey tho' he (hould not fee fit to perpetuate it 
^ in my Family.' He preached his firlt Sermon at 

J' * ' ' Hinkley^. 

Ch. 2, ,ef Dr. T>ODDKibct. k§ 


Ilinkley^ from l Corinthians xvi. 22. If any Mam lovt 
9ot the Lord Jefus Ckrifiy let him be Anathema^ Maran*^ 
eitha:i I find in his Diary that two Perfons afcribed 
their Converfion to the Blefling of God attending 
that Sermon ; with which he appears to have been 
much affe^ed and enconraged. He had continued 
at Hinkley about a Year after this> preaching occa- 
tonally there and in the neighbouring Places, and 
going on with his CouHe of Leflures and Studies, 
when the Congregation at Kib<worth invited him to 
be their Minifler ; a.t the fame Time a like Applica- 
tion was made to him from Cotfentry, But he chofe 
Kilyworthy principally on Account of his Youth, and 
that he might purfue his Studies with greater Advan- 
tage. He fettled there in June 1723. As this Con- 
>gregation was fmall and he lived in an obfcure 
Village, he had much Time to apply himfelf to 
Study, which he did with indefatigable Zeal. Mini- 
fkers in general have been too unwilling, even at 
their Entrance on their Work, to live or preach in 
fiaall Country-places; but he refledled on it with 
Pleafure all his Days, that he had fpent fo many 
Years in a Country -retirement. Soon after his Settle* 
ment at Kih-worthy one of his Fellow-pupils in a Let- 
ter, condoled with him on being buried alive there ; 
to which he makes this feniible and fpirited Reply ; 

* Here I Hick clofe to thofe delightful Studies, which 

* a favourable Providence has made the Buiinefs of 

* my Life. One Day paffeth aw^y after another, and 

* I only know that it paffeth pleafantly with me. As 

* for the World about me, I have very little Concern 
"* with it. I live almoft like a Tortoi/e^ fhut up in 
-^ its Shell, almoft always in the fame Town, the 

"^ fame 

12 Memoirs of the tifi Ch. 2, 

' fame Houfc, the fame Chamber : Yet I live like a 

* Prince 'f not indeed in the Pomp of Greatnefs^ but 

< the Pride of Liberty ; Mailer of my Books, Mailer 

< of my Time, and I hope I may add. Mailer of my- 
« felf. I can willingly give up the Charms of Lon- 
« dony the Luxury, the Company, the Popularity of 

* it, for the fccret Pleafures of rational Employment 
« and Self-approbation ; retired from Applaufe and 
« Reproach ; from Envy and Contempt, and the de- 

* Uruftive Baits of Avarice and Ambition. So that 

* inilead of lamenting it as my Misfortune^ you ihoiild 
« congratulate me upon it as my Happinefs^ that I 

* am confined to an obfcure Village ; feeing it gives 

* me fo many valuable Advantages, to the moil im* 
« portant Purpofes of Demotion and Philofiphy ; and, 

* I hope I may add, Ufefulnefs too.* Here he iludied 
and compofed his Expofitions and Sermons with great 
Care and Exaftnefs, tranfcribed almoil every one of 
them in the neatefl Manner, and thus contrafled a 
Habit of preaching judiciouily, when his other Buii 
nefs would not allow fo much Time for Compo/ition. 
His favourite Authors in this Retirement were Tillot- 

fon^ Baxter* and Ho^e. Thefe he read often and 
carefully. He hath mentioned it as an Advantage to 


• In a Letter written in 17*3 to a Friend, giving him fome Ac- 
count of his Studies, he faith, ' Baxter is my particular Favourite. 

< It is impofliblc to tell you, how much I am charmed with the 
' Devotion, good Senfe and Pathos, which is every where to be 

< found in him. I cannot forbear looking upon him, as one of 

* the greateft Orators, both with Regard to Copioofnefs, Acutenefs 

* and Energy, that our Nation hath produced : And if he hath dc- 

* fcribcd, as I believe, the Temper of his own Heart, he appears 

* to have been io far fuperior to tlie Generality of thofe, whom 

Ch. i. •/* Dr. D O D D R I D c I. 23 

' lum, that having but few Books of his own, he bor« 
rowed of his Congregation what Books they had in 
their Houfes, which were chiefly the pradical Works 
of the earlier Di*vines of the laji Century. By read* 
ing thefe he was led into a ferious, experimental 
and ufeful Way of preaching. 

Fond as he was of his Study, he would often leave 
it, to vifit and inftrudi the People under his Care, i 
find, in his Diary^ Hints* of the Perfons he had vift- 
ted, what he could difcem of their religious Charadler 
and State, what Aflillance they needed in their great 
Concern, and wh^t he had learned in Converfatiom 
with them, which n&ight improve himielf as a Chrif- 
tian and a Minifter. He condefcended to Men of lo^ 
Efiate in his Sermons, Viilts and Manner of Con* 
verfe ; and as his Congregation chiefly coniifted of 
Perfons in the lower Rank of Life, he was careful to 
adapt his Difcourfes to their Capacities. He thus 
exprefleth himfelf in one of his devotional Exerdfis 
at this Time ; * I fear my Difcourfe to-day was too 
*■ abftrufe for my Hearers. 1 refolve to labour after 

* greater Plainnefs and Serioufnefs, and bring down 

* my preaching to the Underftandings of the weak- 

* eft.' Concerning his Settlement at Kib-worthy and 

Care of the Congregation, he thus wrote to his Friend 
and Counfellor Dr. Clark ; * I blefs God that he 

< hath 

* we charitably hope to hegocd Merty that one would imagine God 

* raifed him up to difgracc and comlemn his Brethren 5 to fliew what 
^ a Cbriftian is, and how few in the World defcrvc the Charafter. I 

* have lately been reading his GiULis Sahianus, which hath cut mc 

* out much Work among my People. This will take me off fronj 

* (o clofe an Application to my private Studies, as I could otherwife 
' covet, but may anfwcr forac valuable Ends with regard to others 
' and myfel^* 

'il4 Memoirs of the iffe Ch. i. 

^ hath provided fo comfortably for me here, where 

* I may be doing fome good, and ihall be no longer 
« burdenfome to my Friends. I heartily thank you 

< for the excellent Advices you give me, efpecially 

* relating to Humility, I mull be extreamly unacquain- 
« ted with my own Heart, if I thought that I did 

* not need them. I am fully convinced in my fober 

* Judgment, that Popularity is, in itfelf, a very mean 

< as well as uncertain Thing ; and that it is only 

* valuable, as it gives us an Opportunity to aft for 
"* God with greater Advantage. Yet I find by the 
« little of it that I have tafled> that it is of an intex-- 
^ 2V/7//>f Nature. I defire not to be folicitous about 
« it ; and can honefUy fay, that when I think I have 
"* been inibumentel in making or promoting good 

* Impreflions upon the Hearts of fome of my Hearers, 

* it gives me a much nobler and more laiUng Satif- 

* faftion, than I ever received from any Approbation^ 
« with which my plain Difcourfes have fometimea 
« been entertained. 1 have now taken a particu- 

* lar Survey and Account of the State of Religion 

* in my Congregation, and I blefs God, I find it in 

* a better Condition than I expeded. My Attempts 

* to introduce Prayer and a proper Method of In*- 

* ftruftion into fome Families have, thro' the divine 

* Bleffing, been fo fuccefsful, that I fhall be encou- 

* raged further to purfue my Scheme. The Know- 

* ledge I have obtained of the Temper and Charac- 

* ter of the People, and the Intereil which I have 

< in their A'ffedlions makes me hope, that my Settle^ 

* ment among them will be to mutual Satisfaftion. 

< The Marks which I daily difcem of an honeft un- 

* diiTembled Friendlhip and Refpeft, exprelTcd with 

* the 

Ch. 2* tflir. DoDDRIDGf. 2J 

the greateft Plainnefs and Sincerity, is a thoufand 
times more agreeable to me, than the formal and 
artificial Behaviour, which is to be found in more 
polite Places. And now, 5/>,* I cannot but reflet, 
as I very frequently do, that, under God, I owe 
this Pleafure and Satisfa^on to the Goodnefs of my 
Friends, and particularly to your Generofity and 
Kindnefs. If God had not wonderfully provided 
for me by your Means, inflead of this honourable 
and delightful Employment, which I am now enter- 
ing upon, and which I fhould from my Heart chu(e 
before any other in the World, I ihould in all Proba- 
bility have been tied down to fome dull mechanic^ 
Bufinefs, or at beft been engaged in fome Profeffion, 
in which I fhould not have had any of thefe Ad- 
vantages for improving my Mind, or fo comfortable 
a Profped of Ufefulnefs now, and Happinefs here- 

Tho* he kept up the fame Plan of Devotion^ which 
he had followed, while a Student^ yet upon his Set- 
tlement with- a Congregation, confidering the Im- 
portance and Difficulty of his Work, he thought it 
neceflary to perform fome extraordinary Afts of De- 
votion. Accordingly, having read that moft ufcful 
Treatife, Bennett* s Chriftian Oratory y he came to thefe 
Refolutions ; * i . I will fpend fome extraordinary Time 

* in Devotion every hordes Z)tfy-Moming or Evening, 

< as Opportunity ihall oiFcr, and will then endeavour 

* to preach-over to my own Soul that Dodrine which 

* I preach to others, and confider what Improvc- 

* ment I am to make of it. 2. I will take one other 

< E*vening in the Week, in which I will fpend half an 

* Hour in thefe Excrcifes on fuch Subjedls, as I think 

C • moll 

^ HemMTs rf th$ Llfi Ch. %, 

'* xnofi Tuitable to the prefent Occaiion. 5. At the 
-* Clofe of every Week and Month, I will ipend fomc 
^ time in the JSLevieiv of it; that I may fee how Time 
-* has been improved. Innocence fecured. Duties diA. 

* charged, and whether i get .or lofe in Religion, 
'* 4. When I have an Affair of more than ordinary Im* 
^ portance before me, or meet with any remarkable 

* Occurrence;, merciful or aflUdive, I will fet apart 

* fome Time to think of it and feek God upon it. 
^ 5* I will devote fome time every Friday-e'uening 
^ more particularly to feek God» on Account of 
^ thofe who recommend themielves to my Prayers, 

* and of public Concemaip which I will never totally 
-* exclude. In all the Duties of the Oratory I will 
^ endeavour tx> maintain a ferious and affedlionate 
^ Temper. I am fen£ble that I have a Heart, which 
^, which will incline me to depart from God. May 

* his Spirit ibengthen and iandlify it, that I may 

* fi|id God in this Retirement; that my heavenly 

* Father may now fee me with Pleafure, and at 

* length openly reward me, thro* Jefiu Chriftl 

It will not be unpleafing nor unprofitable to the 
ierious Reader, if I infert fome Specimens of the Man- 
ner, in which he preachedrQver his Sermons to his own 
Soul ; heartily wiihing, that it may excite Miniflers 
to do the like. * July 23, 1727, J this Day preach- 
' ed |:oni:^ning Chriftl as the Phyfidan of Souls from 
^ Jer. viii. 22. and having, among other particulars, 
^ addreiTed to thofe fincere Chriitians, who, thro' a 

* Negledl of the Gofpel-reinedy, are in a had State 
" of fpiritual Healthy it is evident to me, upon a 
*. {brious RevieY^r, that I gm Qf that Number. I know 

^ by 

eh. i» tf Dr. Do D D & 1 1> GlK* vj 

« by Experience, that my. remaining DiAempers are 

< painful. God knows they are the great Afflidion 

* of my Life : fsch an A^dion, that, methinks, if 

* I were free from it^ any worldly Circomftances 

* wolild be more tolerable> and even more delightful^ 

* than that full Flow of Profperity, by which I ant 

< fo often enfnared and injured. I know Chrift is 

* able to help me, and reflore me to more perfed): 
^ Health than I have ever yet attained : and my £x^ 

* perience of his Power knd Grace is a ihameful 

* Aggravation of my Negligence. Therefore, with 
^ humble Shame and Sorrow for my former Indifie* 

* rence and trolly, I would now ferioufly attempt ft 

< Reformation. To this Purpofe I would refolve ; i. 

* That I will carefully examine into my own Soul> 
« that I may know its Ctmftitutiony and its particular 

* Weakneis and Diflempers. 2. I would apply to 

* Chrift^ as my Phy/ician, to heal thefc Di^empers 

* and reftore me to greater Vigour in the Service of 

* GoD« 3. I would remember that he heals by the 
« Spirit ; and would therefore pray for his Influences 

* to produce in me greater Devotion, Humility, Di- 

* ligence. Gravity, Purity, and Steadinefs of JRefolu- 
^ tion. 4. I would wait upon him in the Ufc of 

* appointed Means for this Purpofe $ efpecially Praygr^ 

* the Study of the Scrifituns and the Lorii's Stiff tr^ 

* Lonit if thou ivilft thou canft make me clean^ Pro- 

* nounce the Word, thou great Phyfician, and /ave 

* me for thy Mercy Sake* Thou haft given me n, 

* Degree of bodily Health and Vigour far fuperiour 

* to what, from the Nature of my Conftitution, J 
' had Reafon to exped. Yet I here record it before 

< thee, that I deflre ffiritual Health abundantly more, 

C 2 • I 

A MiMoirs of the Lifk^ Ch. -J. 

I woald rather chufe, if thou feeft it a neCefTary 
Means, to be viiited with any grievous IHnefe, 
that might awaken me to greater* Zeal for thee, 
and be the means of purifying my Soul, than to 
live at a Diftance from thee, and fin againfl thee» 
amidil fuch Health, as I have for many Years en- 
joyed.— —I would further confider my Concern in 
this Subjeft at a Minifter. God has provided a 
Rimedy. He has appointed me to proclaim and in 
fomc Meafure to apply it. Yet numy are not re- 
covered. And why? I can appeal to thee, that I 
•have fidthfuUy warned them. My Heart does not 
upbraid me with having kept back any Thing, that 
may be profitable to them. I have endeavoured 
to fpeak the moft important Truths with all pof- 
£ble Plainnefs and Serioufnefs. But I fear, i. 
I have not followed them fufiiciently with domeftic 
and perfinal Exhortations. 2. I have not been 
fufficiently careful to pray for the Succefs of my 
minifteriai Labours* It has orather been an in- 
cidental Thing, than Matter pf fo]emn Requeft. 3. 
I have lived fo, as to forfeit thofe Influences of 
thy Spirit, by which they might have been ren- 
dered more effeAual. I refplve therefore for the 
Time to come, to be more clofe in applying to 
them inxheir ownHoufcs, to pray for them mor^ 
frequently.'; 4o iet a greater Value upon thy co- 
operating Spirit, and take Care to avoid eveiy 
thing, which may jprovoke him to withdraw him- 
fclf from my Minifbations. Such Caution may I 
always maintain ; and, O, may the Health of my 
People be recovered}* 

Ch, 2* ofT^r, D0DDRtD(77. 29 

* Nov, 12, 1727. I preached this Day from thofe 

* Words, / knthiu youy that ye ha^ve not the Lo*ve of 

* GOD in you, I endeavoured to nx upon unconvcr- 

* ted Sinners the Charge of not loving God, and 

* defcribed at large the Charadler of the Chriftian 

* in the fevcral Expreffions of that Affedlion. My 

* own Heart condemned me of being deficient in 

* niany of them. I humbled myfelf deeply before 

* God, and do now, in the divine Strength, renew 

* my Refolutions as to the following Particulars : i» 
' I will endeavour to think of God more frequently 

* than I have done, and to make the Thought of 

* him familiar to my Mind in Seafbns of Leifure and 
' Solitude. 2. I will labour after Communion with 

* him, efpecially in every Aft of Devotion thro* this 

* Week; For this purpofe I would recoiled my 

* Thoughts before I begin, watch over my Heart ia 

* the Duty, and coniider afterwards how I have fuc» 

* ceeded. 3. I will pray for Conformity to God, 

* and endeavour to imitate him in Wifdom, JufHce, 
« Truth, Faithfulnefs and Goodnefs. 4. I will re^ 

* joice in God's Government of the World, and re* 

* gard his Interpofition in all my perfonal Concerns.. 

* 5. I will pray for Zeal in my Mailer's Intercity 
« and will make the Advancement of his Glory the 

* great End of every Adiion of Life. 6. I will cul- 

* tivate a peculiar Affedion to Chriftians^ as fuch. 

* 7. I will ftudy the divine Will and endeavour to 

* praftife every Duty. 8. I will be diligently upon 

* my Guard againft every Thing which may forfeit 

* the Favour of God and provoke his Difpleafure. 

* I refolve particularly to make thefe Things my 
' Care for the enfuing Week and hope I fhall find 

C 3 'the 

JO Memoirs of the Lift Ch» 2» 

* the Benefit of it, and perceive, at the Clofe, that 

* xny Evidences of the Siinceritj of my Love to Go& 

* are more ^ble and flourifhing, than they at prefcnt 

* are.*— Thus careful was he to maintain the Life 
of Religion in his own Soul, and among his People. 
Nor was he lefs folicitous to improve every other 
Opportunity of doing good. He ihewed a pious Con- 
cern for the Welfare of the Children and Servants in 
the Family where he boarded. From Hints in his 
jpiary it appears, that there were few hordes Days- 
but he had fome Converfation with them in private 
concerning the State of their Souls and xheir religi* 
ous Jnterefts. 

He was remarkably folicitous to redeem his Time% 
and with this View generally rpfe at Fii)$ o^Clock 
through the whc^e Year, and to this he ufed to afcribe 
a great Part of the Progrefs he had made in Learn- 
ing *. He often expreifeth his Grief and Humilia- 
tion before God, that he had made fome unnecef- 
iaiy Vifits, and that in others, he luul not ufed the 


* < I will here record an Ohferoatitty which I have found of great 

* Ufe to fflyfelF, and to which I may fay, that the ProduAion of thit 
*' Work and moft of my other Writings, i« owing ; vix, that the 
*■ Difference between ri/iog at Five and at Seven o^Clock in the 
*■ Morning, for the Space of forty Years, fuppofing a Man to go to 
^ bed at the iame Hour at Night, is nearly equivalent to the 'Ad« 

* dftion of ten Years to a Mbn*8 Life { of which (fuppofing the 

* two Hours in Queftion to be fb (pent) eight Hours every Day 
< ihould be employed in Study and Devotion^* Fam* Exfos, Vol, 
iv. p. 265, Note (k). The Manner of Expreflion here is a little 
ambiguous j but his Meaning is, that they would amount to ten 
Years, made up of Days pf eight Hours each, which is as much 
as moft Perfons would be able, or chufb, to fpend in Study and 
Devotion ; (b that it is the fame as if the ftudytng Hours of ten. 
Veara were added to a Man's life. 

€h. 2. of Dr. iyoDinirDGE,K jf 

Opportunity of introducing profitable Diftourfe ; that 
there had been many vo/V Spaces f which had not bcea 
filled with any Employment, that might turn to a good 
Account. He was accurate and watchful to trace 
out the Caufes of his Lofs of Time, and expreffcth 
the ftrongeft Refolutions to avoid thenr. To pre- 
vent future Waftc of Time, he laid down, at the 
Beginning of every Year, a Plan of Books to read 
Jind Bufinefs to purfne ; of Difcourfes he intended ta 
cojnpofe, and of Methods that w«rc to be takea 
to promote Religion in his Congregation. At the 
End of a Months he took a Review of the Exe- 
cution of his Plan^ from his Diary ; how far he had 
proceeded ; whereut he had failed^ and to what the* 
Failure was owing. He then fet himfelf to reftify 
•the Defedl for tiie next Month, and made fucb 
Alterations in his Plan, as prefent Circumftances re- 
quired. He took a more large and diftindl Review 
of the whole twice a Year, on his Birth-day ^ and 
fJe^'Tear^S'iiayy attended with proper devotionaF 
Exercifes of Humiliation or Gratitude^ according 
as he had failed or fucceeded in it. Thefe Days- 
were entirely devoted to Self-examination and De- 
votion : And upon thefe Occafions, he reviewed the 
Catalogue he kept of the particular Mercies he had 
received, of the Sins and Infirmities into which he 
had fallen, and the various Events relating to him» 
during the foregoing Period. Having exprefled be- 
fore God proper Difpofitions of Mind upon the Re<- 
view, he renewed his folemn Covenant with God 
and entered into frefh Refolutions of Diligence and 

Obedience thro* the enfuing Period. ^Before he 

went to vifit his Friends, and e^cially before he 
C 4 ta* 

$2* Memoirs of the life Cli. l* 

undertook a Joarneyy it was his Cuflom to employ 
fomc Time in fcrioufly confldering, what Oppor- 
tunities he might have of doing good» that he might 
be prepared to embrace and improve them ; to what 
Temptations he might be expofed, that he might be 
armed againft them : And upon his Return, he ex- 
amined himfelf, what his Behaviour had been, and 
whether he had moft Reafon for Pain or Pleafure on 
the Refledion ; and his previous and fubfequent Re-^ 
fledlions were attended with correfpondent Devotions. 
In 03oher 172^5 he removed his Abode to Market* 
Harborough^ near Kihworth. He continued his Rela- 
tion to the Congregation at Kib^orthy and preached 
to them, except when Mr. David Some^ Minifter at 
Harborough (who had taken this fmall Society under 
his pafloral Care, together with his own) went to 
adminifter the Lord*s Supper to them ; and then Mr. 
Doddridge fupplied his Place. He had been long hap- 
py in the Acquaintance and Friendfhip of Mr. Some^ 
and was led to Harborough by his Deiire to be near 
a Perfon offuch uncommon Piety, Zeal, Prudence 
and Sagacity. * In him,* to ufe his own Words, * he 

* had found a iincere, wife, faithful and tender 

* FrUad. From him he had met with all the Good- 

* nefs he could have expeded from a Father, and had 

* received greater Affiftance, than from any Perfon ; 

* except Dr. Clark in the Affair of his Education.* 
This truly reverend and excellent Man died May 29. 
J 737. * God was pleafed to favour him with a 

* ferene and chearful Exit, fuited to the eminent Piety 

* and Ufefulnefs of his Life. I am well fatisiied, that, 

* confidering how very generally he was known, he 

* has left a moft honourable Teftimony in the Hearts 

• of 

Ch. 1. tfl>r. DODDRZDCB. JJ 

* of Thoufandsy that he was one of the brighteft 

* Ornaments of the Go(pel . and the Miniihy, which 

* the Age hath produced ; and that all who had any 

* intimacy with him, muft have efteemed his Friend* 

* (hip amongft the greatefl Bleffings of Life, and the 

* Lofs of him amongft its greateH Calamities*/ Du- 
ring this Period, in Jpril 1727* two young Miniilers 
in the Neighbourhood, who had been his Fellow^ 
pupils and intimate Friends, died. The Lofs of them, 
was very difbeffing to hkn, but hdped to quicken 
his Diligence and Zeal ia his miniflerial Work* 
Concerning the Death of one of them, the only Son 
of Mr. Sof/u of Harborough, he thus writes to a Per- 
fon of Quality, who, in that early Part of Life, ho- 
noured him with her Friendfhip ; * It hath pleafed 

* God to remove my dear Friend,. Mr. Some, after 

* he had lain feveral Days in a very ferene and com- 

* fortable Frame of Mind, and a few Minutes before 

* his Death, expreffed a very chearful Hope of ap- * 

* proaching Glory. He appointed me to preach at 

* his Funerak from P/alm Ixxiii. 26. My Flejh and 
« my Heart faileth : but GOD is the Strength of my 

* Heart and my Portion for ever ; which he often re- 

* peated with great Pleafure in the neareft Views of 

* the eternal World. To refleft, that God is the Por- 

* tion of our Friends who are flceping in yefus, and 

* that he will be our everlafling Portion and Inheri- 

* tance, is certainly the nobleft Support under fuch aa 

* Affliftion ; a Support, which I doubt not but your 
' Ladyfliip hath often felt the Importance of: yet. Ma- 

* dam^ tho' this Confideration may moderate our Sor- 

* rows, a Stroke of this Nature will be fcnfibly feltj^ 

C 5 *elpcciaIJy 

• Doddridge % Scrni. aod Xra^9; VqI* i, p. ix^* 

34 ^ Memoirs of the Lift Ch, f^ 

* eQ>tckUy by Pcrfons of a tender Spirit. For my own 

* Part, tho* I have been in daily Expedlation of his 

* Death feveral Months,, it fbikes nxe deeper than I can 

* eaiily exprcfs^ and^ves me for the prefent, aDifre^ 

* Ii(h to all Entertainments and Employments,, which 

* do not immediately relate to that World, whither he 

* is gone. Yet in the midft of my Sorrows,, it is with 
^ great Pleafure I refleft on the divine Goodnefs in 
^ continuing to me many excellent Friends^ and a< 

* mong them yowr hadyjhlff^ I defire your Prayers ^ 
^ that Goi> would fupport me un,der this Affliftion^ 

* and do me good by it ; and that„ now he hath re- 

* moved a Perfon of fo promifing a Charafter, he 

* would pour out more abundant Influences of his 

* Spirit upon me, and other young l^finifters,. who re^ 

* main, that we may be fitter to fupply the Want of his. 

* Services uponi Earthy and to meet, him with Honour 
^ land Pleafure in Heaven.'— ^The I>ay after he had 
attended Mr* ^itme^^ Funeral, he received the News 
of the Death of the other Friend, Mr. Raggy ajidw 

^as invited to his Funeral. Thefe repeated AfHic> 
tions prcfTed heavy upon his aife^lionate Spirit ; but. 
"it appears, from his Letters and Papers wrote at this 
Time, that they had a happy Tendency to iacreafe 
Jbis Serioufnefs and Fervor^ 

The Account he fcnt to a Fellow-pupil of the laft 
l^cenes t>f Mr.. Raggh Life is fp agreeable and in- 
ftrufUve, that 1 cannot perfuade myfelf to omit iti. 
< Yott defire an Account of the lUnefs and Death 

* of good Mr. Ragg ; and I will tranfmit the moll 

* remarkable Circumftances to you, in the feme Oiv 

* der, ^ they prefent themfelves to my Mind. He 

* xii^tafceni ik about, t^ Mtelktlis before his Deaths 

Ch* 2. rf Dr. DoDDRiDOE. 35 

* and immediately obliged to leave his Place, la 
«• Afliftant to Mr. Watfin of M^unh-SomU both ihi 

* the School and the Pulpit, and was never aftef- 
^ wards capable of public Work. Tho* his Circunf^ 
« ftances were low. Providence took Care of himf^. 
•' fo that he never wanted ; but could fapport the- 
*^ Charge of many expenfive Joumies and Medicines- 
^ PeHbns in plentiful Circumftances and of the moit 
*- valuable Chara£^ers, were fond of an Opportunity. 

* of entertaining him at their Houfes fti a confi- 
*- derable Time, and contributed generoudy to his 

* Support. I mention this^ as an Encouragement to 

* myfelf and you,, to repofe ouHclvcs chearfully oA 
' the Care of Providence, if we fhould be brought 

* into fuch melancholy Circumftances. I faw hint 

* frequently, and my Efteem and AfFedlion for hint 

* rofe, in Proportion to the Intimacy of our Ac- 

* quaintance.— He had formed his Notions of prac- 
*- tical Religion upon a deep and attentive Study ot 
•^ the divine Nature and Perfeftions ; and placed Re- 
*• ligion in the Conformity of our Willi to tlie Will of 
^ GODy rather than in any Height of extatic De^ 
^ votion, which the Calmnefs of his Temper did not 

* fo frequently admit. He confidered S'ltlmiJ^on t<^ 

* affliftive Providences, as a moft confiderable Part 
*^ of it ; and thought it Wifdom to confine his Re- 
*- gards to prefent Duty, without any folicitous Con- 
*cern about future Events, which are in the Hands 
*of God. His powerful Senfe of the divine Per-^ 
^ feftions gave him the moft venerable and exalted 
*• Ideas of that Happinefs, which God hath prepared 
^ for his Favourites ; and it was plain, thro* his whold 
•'life* that he regarded the IntereHs of Time and 

C 6 • * Senfc- 

3^ Mmoirs of the Life Ch. 2. 

* Senfe as nothing when compared with this. As 
^ theie governing Maxims of his Life had engaged 
< him to a very diligent Improvement of his Mind, 
■* and unwearied Endeavours for the Happinefs df 
' others, while he was capable of adive Services, fb 

* under the Decays of Nature, he was remarkably 
' influenced by them. He was always feeble and 

* frequently in Pain ; yet, I never heard one niurmur- 

* ing repining Word, in thofe Months of Vanityy 

* which he was made to poflTefs, and thoTe weart^ 

* fome Nightss which were appointed for him. No^ 

* thing could be more amiable^ than that Serenity of 

* Spirit, which he expreifed thro* the whole Courfb 

< of his Ulnefs. He was as diligent in fearching out 

< proper Afliilance, and as exaft in following the 

* Phyfician's Prefcriptions with Regard to Medicine, 
« Diet and Exercife, as if all his Hopes had been in 

* this Li£s; and yet .to all Appearance, as eafy ia 

* Mind under Difappointments and increaiing Illnefs^ 
'^ as if he felt no Diforder and apprehended no Dan- 

* ger. I once perfuadcd him to pray with me in the 
« Chamber, where we lay together ; and never was 

* I more affeded. Methinks in that Prayer I faw his 
» very Heart. He exprefled the moft entire Refigna- 

* tion to God, and feemed to have no Will, no In- 
f tereft of his own. Under extreme Ulnefs and in the 

* near View of Death, he referred Health, Ufeful- 

* nefs and Life to the divine Di(pofkl with as much 

* Chearfulnefs, as he could in his moft proiperoui 

* Days. W hen his Body was weakeft, his Rea- 

* fon feemed as ftrong as ever. A few Weeks bef()rd 

* his Death, I was talking over with him the Plan 

* of a Sermon on the Perfe^ien of Knowledge iri 

- * Heaveni 

Ch. t* of Dr. DoDDRiOGS^ 37 

* Hfaven ; and when I mentioned this obvious Re« 

* fledion^ How unreafonable is it, that a De£re of 

* Knowledge ihould make any good Man unwilling 

* to die, he obferved, that our prefent Enquiries da 

* not ferve 10 give us full Satisfaftion, as to the 

* Subjeds of them; but rather to make us better 
' acquainted with the Difficulties that attend thofe 

* Subjedb, that fo we may have a more exquifitt Rt" 

* lifli for the Difcoveriesy which fhall be made in a 

* future State. Such a Sentiment was peculiarly 

* beautiful, as coming from the Mouth of a Perfon, 

* who could hardly fpeak or breathe. When we were 

* talking of the Uneaiinefs, which fbme worthy Men 

* give themfclvcs thro' a fond Attachment to parti- 

* cular Schemes, or unfcriptural Phrafes, he faid, 

* Bigotry is certainly a very umvholefome Thing, and 

* I am afraid thefe good Men will ruin their C««- 

* ftitutions by being fo angry with their Brethren. He 

* faid many other good Things with a very agree- 

* ble Air, tho' he was fo very weak ; for he wore 

* an habitual Smile upon his Countenance, which 

* was peculiarly amiable, while he was under fuch 

* a Preflure of Afflidlion. ^I never heard any Per- 

* fon fpeak with a deeper Senfe of the Evil of Sin, 

* than he did the laft Time I was in his Company. 

* He feemed particularly to enter into the aggravated 

* Circumftances, which attended the Sins of Chrif- 

* tians, efpecially Minifters* Innocent and pious as 

* his Life had been, he feemed to have as afFefti- 

* onate an Appreheniion of the Need he had of 

* the Atonement and Intercefiion of the Redeemer, 

* as the moft profligate Sinner could have had in 
■* the like Circumftances.— —There is ^ great Deal 

SS Memirs 9/ the Life Ch. t^ 

of Rcafon to believe, that the Thoughts of Deatk 
had been familiar to his Mind : Frequent Illnefs for 
almoft feiun Years had deeply imprefTed them» Yet 
when it made its nearer Approach^ he fbuted at it. 
In the Beginning of his laft Illnefs, he feemed 
earnelUy to defire it ; and to the laft declared, that 
he ihould deliberately chufe it, rather than the 
Continuance of an ufelefs, afflided Life, and that 
he had no anxious Fears as to the Confequence of 
it. Yet he told me, that he felt Nature recoil at 
the Apprehenfion of it, and that a Life of Vigour 
and Ufefulnefs feemed to have fomething more 
charming in it than he had formerly feen* When 
he found his Sicknef$ £b painful, and as much as. 
he could well endure,, he feemed to fear the more 
fevere Conflid, and dreaded it in one View, while 
he longed for it in another. This Sentiment he ex* 
prefled, naturally enough, in two Lines which hct 
fpoke extempore to me-, as he lay on his Bed, 

* TVrV out ivith Lifers dead Weighty I panting tity 

• A Wretch^ unfit to Iti/e^ a^wk^ward to die* 

* He fmiled at the Oddnefs of the Phrafe, but told me, 

* he could find none that was fitter to exprefs feme 

* Remainder of natural Reluftanqe, in Oppofition to 

* his rational and determinate Choice. This A-wk- 

< twardnefs to die^ as he calJcd it,, proceeded from a 
« Weaknefs of Spirit, which flarted at every Thing 

* Ihocking and violent, and rendered him incapable 

< of thofe lively Views of future Happihefs, which 
^ he had fometimes experienced in more vigorous 

< Days. Tho' he had not thofe tranfporting JoySj^ 
^ which fome good Men have had in their dyin^^ 
« Mocaentsy yet his Heaxt. ikos fixedi^ tnifting itk 

Cli. t* •/ Dr* D O D D R tD C E. 3j 

€ God.— —About a Fortnight before he died> W6 
' kept a Day of Prayer on Account of him and Mr« 
' Scme^ As I went into the Pulpit> he faid to mCf, 

* very affedionateljr. Don't be importunate for my 

* Recovery ; only pray that God would give me a 

< more lively Senfe of his Prefence> and that X mx^ 

< pafs my Trial well, whatever it may be. He appre« 

< handed his approaching End, and calmly deiired 

* to be left alone for fome time« He thicn called* 

* in his Mother and Friends, talked feriottily and 
^ chearfully to them; after a painful Struggle, he 

* revived for a few Minutes, exprefTed his Confi* 
^ dence in God, and humble joyful Expedation of 

* approaching Glory and died very eafily.— I wifh 

* thefe Hints may be of Service towards ftrengthen- 

* ing your Faith, and awakening your Defire afte^^ 

* that glorious World, whither our excellent Brother^ 

* is gone. Ijst us endeavour to exprefs our Friend-.. 
^ ihip by fuch Offices, as may fit us to meet him and 

* .each othpr there, where nothing fhall feparate us, 
^ or impair the Joy of our mutual Converfation.* 

In 1729. he was chofen Affiftant to Mr. Sfime at 
Hurhoroughi the Congregajioa there being defirous 
HQ enjoy his Labours more frequently than before j 
and he preached there, and at Kib-worth alternately. 
■ ■■ I t was highly impiiobable^that £uch a burning and. 
Jhin'tng Light ihould be long confined to & narrov^f 
a Sphere. Some large Congregations having heard 
much, and kn^own fomething, of his Worth, fought 
his Settlement, with them. But his Regard to Mr,. 
^ome^ Lpve to his own Congregation, and Defire ta 
jAve more Time for Study, than he could have had 
jM a f Of ulcus Town aad large Society, led him to^ 


4C Memoirs of the Life' Ch. ±* 

decline their Application. In 1723 he had an In- 
vitation to the pafloral Care of a large Congregation in 
London ; but he thought himfelf too young to under- 
take it ; and was alio difcouraged by the unhappy 
DiHerences which at that Time fubfifted between the 
dijfenting Mintfters there, about fubfcribing or not fub- 
fcribing to Articles of Faith in the Words of Man's 
Device, as a Teft of Orthodoxy ; the Majority of them 
being Nonfuh/cribers, In his Anfwer to die Gentleman 
^ho tranfmitted the Invitation to him, after mention- 
ing fome other Objections to the? Propofal, he adds, 

* I might alfo have been required to fuhfcrihe, which 

* I am refolved never to do. We have no Difputes 
« on that Matter in thefe Parts. A neighbouring Gen-- 

* tleman once endeavoured to introduce a Suh/cription ; 

* but it was effe6lually over-ruled by the Interposition 

* of Mr. Some of Harhoroughy Mr. N orris of Welford^ 

* and Mr. Jennings, my Tutor. I fhal} content myfelf 

* here with being^ a benevolent Well-wifher to the 
« Interefts of Liberty and Peace.* 

In 1728 he received a preifing Invitation from one 
Df the diflenting Congregations at Nottingham, and 
a few Months after, from the other. There were many 
recommending Circumftances in thefe Invitations. The 
AiFedUon many of the People had exprefled for him, 
and the Profpeft of greater Opportunities of Ufeful- 
nefs in fuch a Situation, led him to take fome Time 
to .confider the Affair. It appears, from fome Ac- 
count he hath left of it, that he proceeded in the 
Deliberation with much Caution, and carefully ex- 
amined his Heart, left any mean, unworthy Motives 
fhould influence him. He forefaw fome Inconveni- 
^ncies attending a Settlement there> but profeiTeth 


€h. %» e/ Dr. DoDDRiDGi. 41 

his Readinefs to expofe himfelf to them, if he was 
convinced that Duty required it. After he had weigh- 
ed all Circumflancesy confulted his wifeft Friends and 
fought divine Diredion, he chofe to decline both 
thefe Applications, tho' a Settlement at Nottingham 
would have been greatly favourable to his worldly 
Intereft. • I defire, faith he, upon the whole, to 
' make this Ufe of the Affair, to be fo much the 

* more diligent in Study and watchful in Devotion ; 

* fince I fee, that if ever Providence fixes me with 
« any confiderable Society, I fhall fir.d a great deal 
1 to excrcife my Gifts and Graces, and have lefs 

* Time for Study and Retirement, than I have here/ 

CHAP. in. 

His Entrance on the Work of a Tutor, 

Jl()8(38(SttL^EN he left the Academy, his Tutor 
39( W )^ ^^' J^^^^^Z^y a few Weeks before his 
^ JfiC Death, much preffed him to keep in View 
"^HJSOBC?^ the Improvement of his Courfe of acade- 
mical Lectures ^ and to ftudy in fuch a Manner, as to 
refer what occurred to him, to the Compendiums 
which his Tutor had drawn up, that they might be 
illuftrated and enriched. Mr. Doddridge did not then 
fufpedl, what he afterwards learned, that Mr. Jen-- 
flings had given it as his Judgment, that, if it Ihould 
pleafe God to remove him early in Life, he thought 


4* Memoirf •/ thi^ Lift CB. 5- 

Mr. Doddridge the moft likely of any of his Pupils^ 
to purfue the Schemes which he had fonned ; and 
which indeed were very far from being compleat^ 
as' he died about eight Years after he had undertaken 
that Profefiipn. 

During this hi5 PopiPs Settlement at Kihworth, hc^ 
agreeable to the Advice of hi* Tutor, reviewed hi* 
Courfe of Le£lures with Care. An ingenious young^ 
Gentleman^ Mr, Thomas Bsmyon^ Son of Dr* Samuef 
Benyon a celebrated Minifter and Tutor at Shre^tv/- 
hury^ who died in 1708,. had Thoughts of attempt- 
ing to revive the Scheme of his deceased Father. In 
Converfation bne Day with Mr. DoddridgCy the Dif- 
courfe turned upon die beft Method of conduding 
the preparatory Studies of young Men intended for 
the Miniftry^ Mr» Benyon^ earneftly deffired he would 
write down his Thoughts upon the Subjeft. -Thi» 
he did, as a Letter to his Friend, which grew into 
a confiderable Volume. But when he had juft finifti- 
cd this Work, his Friend, for whofe u£b it was prin-^ 
cipally intended, died, and the Treatife remained in. 
his own Hands. The reverend Mr. Saunders of Ket- 
tering^ happening to fee it in his Study, borrowed, 
it, and fhewed it to the reverend Dr. Watts^ with 
whom Mr. Doddridge had then no perfonal Acquain- 
tance« Dr. TFatts was much pleafed with the Plan, 
made fome Remarks upon it, and fhewed it to feve- 
ral of his Friends^ who all joined with him in an 
Application to Mr. Doddridge^ to folicit his attempt-^ 
ing to carry it into Execution. As they were then 
in a great meafurc Strangers to him, Mr. Sofne was 
the Perfon principally employed in managing thi* 
Affair* He had long been well acquainted with 


Ch. 3« •/Dr. DODDRXDGB* ^ 

Mr. Doddridge^ And knew he had every Important 
tnd defirable Quali£cation for the Inilru^on of 
Youth. He therefore propofed his undertaking it^ 
and prefTed it in the ftrongefl Manner. He would 
by no means allow the Validity of his Plea of In- 
capacity ; but urged, that, fuppofing him lefs capa- 
ble than his Friends believed, he might improve his 
Time in that Retirement, when engaged in fuch a 
Work with a few Pupils, to greater Advantage, than 
without them. Mr. ^oim had likewise, unknown to 
him, engaged the Friends of fome young Men, to 
"T>late them under his Care, and thereby prevented 
another Objedion, which might have arifen ; and 
Mr. Saunders offered his own Brother to be the firfl 
Pupil of this intended Academy . What the State of 
his Mind was, while this AFair was in Agitatioxv, 
will appear from this ExtraS ; * I do moft humbly 
' refer this great Concern to God, and am iincerely 

* willing the Scheme fhould be difappointed, if it be 

* not confiftent with the greater Purpofes of his 

* Glory, yea will not be remarkably fubfervient to 
« them. I depend upon him for Diredlion in this Af- 

< fair, and Affiflance and Succefs, if I undertake it. 
« While I am waiting his Determination, I would ap* 

* ply more diligently to my proper Buiinefs, and aft 

< more fteadily by the Rules I have laid down for 

< my Conduft. May He grant, that in all my Scheme* 

* relating to public Semce, I may, as much as pof* 

* fible, diveft myfelf of all Regard to my own Eafe 

< and Reputation, and fet myfelf feriouily to confi- 

* der, what I can do for the Honour of the Rc- 

* deemer, and the Good of the World. I' 


44 Mmeirs 0/ the tifi Ch. j. 

Before this Affair was quite determined, he ac- 
knowlcdgeth it as a kind Providence, that the dijfent- 
ing Minifters in that Neighbourhood agreed to meet 
at Lutter-worthy April 10, 1729, to fpend a Day 
•in Humiliation and Prayer for the Revival of Reli- 
gion. Upon that Occafion Mr. Some preached that 
admirable Difcourfe, which was afterwards printed^ 
concerning the proper Methods to be taken by Mini' 
Jiers for the Revival of Religion in their refpeftive 
Congregations, from ReveL jii. 2. Mr. Doddridge 
appears to have been greatly imprefled with that 
Difcourfe, as man)' other Minifters have been. It led 
him to form and record fome particular Purpofes, con- 
cerning his Condud as a Minifter, grounded upon 
•the Advices contained in it. To this Alfembly Mr. 
5o«r j)ropofcd the Scheme he had concerted for the 
Eftablifhment of an Academy at Harborough^ under 
the Care of his young Friend. The Minifters unani- 
moufly concurred with him in their Sentiments of 
the Propriety and Ufefulnefs of the Scheme and Mr» 
Doddridgeh Qualifications for conduding it; and 
promifed all the Ailiftance and Encouragement in 
their Power. This had great Weight in forming 
his Determination. He cofifulted fome of his Bre- 
thren and Friends at a diftance, particularly "Dr. Clarke 
They likewife urged his undertaking this Defign, 
and at length he confented to it. One Thing which 
much encouraged him to enter upon this Office, was, 
the Circumftance of his Retreat at Harborough ; the 
paftoral Care of the Congregation there and at Kib^ 
tworthy Mr. Some diligently fulfilled ; fb that he had 
little to do as a Minifter, but to preach once a Week. 
Thefe were fome of his Refledlions and Refolutions 


Ch. i. ^2)r. Do DDfci DC i. 4{ 

upon the Undertaking ; * Providence is op^Alng up^ 

* on nte a Proiped of much greater Ufefulnefs than 

* before, tho* attended with vaft Labour and Diffi>- 

* calty. In divine Strength I go forth to the Work, 
' and refblve upon the moft careful and vigorous 
' Difcharge of all the Duties incumbent upon me, 
' to labour £at the Inftrudion and watch for the Souls 
' of my Fufils% I intend to have fome Difconrie 

* with them on the hordes Day-rvenings upon Sub- 

* jeds of inward Religion. I will endeavour to give 

* a ferious Turn to our Converfation at other Times, 
« and always bear theih on my Heart before God 
^ with great Tendernefs and Affedion. I will labour 

* to keep fttch an Infpe6Uon over thera, as may be 

* neceflary to difcover their Capacities) Tempers and 
' Failings, that I may behave in a fuitable Manner 

* to them. In all I will maintain a humble Depen- 

* dence on divine Influences^ to lead me in the Path 

* of Duty and Prudence ; and enable me to behave 
« in a Way anfwerable to the Charafler in which 

* I appear, and thofe agreeable Expedations, which 

* many of my Friends have entertained' of me. 

* Confidering the Work before me, I would fet my- 
"^ (elf with peculiar Diligence to maintain and in- 
^ creafe the Life of Religion in my own Soul, and 

* a conflaat Senfe of the divine Prefence and Love. 

* For, I find, when this is maintained, nothing gives 
' me any confiderable Difquiet, and I have Vigour 

* and Refolution of Spirit to carry me thro' my 
"* Labours. When I am confcious of the Want of 

* this^ and any Inconfiftency of Behaviour towards 

* the divine Being, it throws a Damp upon my 
^ Vigour and RefolutioB; yea upon all the other 

• Plea- 

46 Memoirs vf the Life Gx. jji 

* fleafures of Life. In Order to maintain this ha* 

* bitual delightful Senfe of God, I would frequent- 

* ly renew my Dedication to him, in that Covenant, 

* on which all my Hopes depend, and my Refolu* 

* tions for univcrfal, zealous Obedience. I will fludy 

* redeeming Love more, and habitually refign my- 

* felf and all my Concerns to the divine Difpofal. I 

* am going to exprefs and leal thefe Refolutions at the 

* Lord^s Table z And may this be the happy Period, 

* from which (hall commence better Days of Religi- 

* on and Ufefulnefs, than I have ever yet knownl * 
He now reviewed his Plan of academical Studies, 

with Dr. Watts^ Remarks, and correfponded with 
him upon the Snbje^. He read t\tT^ valuable Book 
on the Education of Youth, which he could meet 
with, and made fuch Extradls as he thought might be 
ferviceable in carrying on his Defign. Befides which, 
I find he wrote many Letters to Minifters of dif- 
ferent Denominations, with whom he was acquainted, 
defiring their Advice in this great Undertaking ; par- 
ticularly the reverend Dr. Samuel JVright of London^ 
who favoured him with his Sentiments at large, 
cfpecially on the Subjcd of Di^vinity-le^ures* He 
thought it his Wifdom to make Trial firfl in a more 
private Way, with two or three Pupils^ declining to 
receive others, that offered. 

Accordingly, at Midfummety 17«9> he opened his 
Academy. His firil Ledure to his Pupils was of 
the religious Kind; fhewing the Nature, Reafon- 
ablenefs and Advantages of acknowledging GOD m 
their Studies. The next contained Dire^ions for 
ikeir Behaviour to him, to one another, to the Fa- 
mily and all about them; with proper Motives to 


Ch. 4* ^f Dr. DoDORiDGS* 47 

excite their Attention to them : Then he proceeded 
to common Ledtures.—— The wife Obfervers of Pro- 
vidence will fee the Loving-kinduefs of God to the 
Church, in thus leading him into an Office, which 
he difcharged in fo konourable and ufeful a Man* 
aer. What hath been obferved likewife (hews the 
great Caution with which he undertook this Charge, 
and the deep Senfe he had of its Weight and Im- 
portance; and for diefe Reafons I have been fb 
particular in relating the Frqgreft of this A£air« 


His Settliment at North amptok^ 

JmDOGJGmL^' J>oddridge had been employed as a 7i- 
30( vf )0( ^^ but a few Months, when Providence 
)t( )t( dire&ed him to a Station of greater mi* 
"^)80J(r nifterial Ufefulnefs. The diffenting Con- 
gregation at Caftle-hilly in Northampton^ being vacant 
by the Removal of their Pallor, Mr. Tingey^ to Lon* 
-dojiy he preached occaiionally to them, with other 
neighbouring Miniflers. His Services were fo accept- 
able to the People, that they invited and flrongly 
urged him, to accept the paftoral Charge of them. 
Some of his Brethren, particularly Mr. Some^ ad- 
vifed his Continuance at Harh^rough ; as he would, 
by his Connexion with Mr, Forney have more Time 
to apply to his Work as a Tutor, than if he had the 


4S Mmoirs tf thi Life Ch. 4« 

fole Care of a large Congregation.; and there was 
another MiniHer, who, they thonght, would fappl/ 
the Vacancy at Northampton^ tho' not equally to the 
Satisfa^on of the Congregation. I find, in his Pa- 
pers, the Arguments for and againU his Settlement 
there, ftated at large, and his own Thoughts upon 
them ; which (hew with how much Caution he pro- 
ceeded ltd this Affair. The Arguments urged by his 
Friends above-mentioned and their Opinion, had fo 
much Weight with him, that he refolved to con- 
tinue at H4iri$r$Mik. But the fupreme Difpofer de- 
leraiined otkerwife* Mr. S§me, in purfuance of his 
View of the Cafe, went to Nortfumtptw to perfuade 
tkt People to wave their Application. But inflead 
of this, when he faw their Affedion and Zeal in 
the Affair, and heard the Motives on which they 
ndtd, and the Circumftances in which they were, he 
was, as he expreifed it, like Baul among the Prophets^ 
Mid immediately wrote to Mr. Doddridge to prefs his 
Acceptance of the Invitation. Dr. Clark flrongly 
urged him to it. He was neverthelefs, on many 
Accounts, averfe to it ; but was willing to fhew fo 
much Refpeft to that Congregation, as to give them 

his Reafons for declining it in Pcrfon. As this 

was his laft Settlement in Life, his own Account of 
the Manner in which he was conducted to it, will, 
I hope, be agreeable and inftruflive; particularly 
to his Friends. * While I was pleafing myklf with 
^ the View of a Continuance at Harhorough, I little 

• thought how few Days would lead me to a Dcter- 
« mination to remove from it. But Providence had 

• its own fecret Defigns, at that Time invifible to 

• me. I went ,to Northampton the laft Lord^s Day in 

• * November 

CK. 4- e^Dr.T>ot>D%itrst. 4^ 

« November 1729, to take Leave of my good Friends 

* there, as gently as I could ; and preached a Scr- 

* mon, to difpofe them to fubmit to the Will of 

* God, in Events which might be moft contrary to 

* their Views and Inclinations, from J^s xxi. 14. 
. • And ivhen he tvauld not be perfuaded^ «we ceafed^ Jay* 

* ingj The Will of the Lord he done. On the Morn- 

* ing of that Day an Incident happened, which af- 

* feded me greatly. Having been much urged on 

* Saturday-evenings and much imprefled with the 

* tender Intreaties of my Friends, I had, in my f«- 

* cret Devotion, been fpreading the Affair beforei 

* God, tho' as a Thing almoft determined in the 

* Negative ; appealing to him, that my chief Rea- 

* fon for declining the Call, was the Apprehenfion 

* of engaging in more Buiinefs, than I was capable 

* of performing, confidering my Age, the Largenefs 

* of the Congregation, and that I had no Profpedb 

* of an AJfiJiant. As foon as ever this 'Addrefs was 

* ended, I pafled thro* a Room of the Houfe in 

* which I lodged, where a Child was reading to 
« his Mother, and the only Words I heard diftinftly 

* were thefe. And as thy Days^ fo fiiall thy Strength 

* be, Tho' thefe Words were ftrongly imprefled up- 

* on my Mind, and remained there with great Force 

* and Sweetnefs, yet I perfifted in my Refufal. But 

* that very Evening, happening to be in Company 

* with one of the Deacons of that Congregation, he 

* engaged me to promife to preach his Father'' s Fune^ 

* ral'fermon^ from a particular Texty on timely No- 

* tice of his Death ; which it was imagined would 

* be in a few Weeks. It pleafed God to remove 

* him that Night, which kept me there till Wednej^ 

» * day. 

5CI Memoirs of the tife Ch. 4. 

"* day. Going in the Interval to fome Houfes, where 
•* I had been a Stranger, and receiving Viiits from 

* Perfons of the Congregation, whom I had not fo 
"* much as heard of, I was convinced, beyond all 

* Doubt, of the eameft Defire of my Friends there 
^ to have me fettled among them. I fav/ thofe Ap- 

* pearances of a ferious Spirit, which were very af- 

* fe^ng to me. Several attended the FuneraU who 

* were not ftated Hearers there, and expreffed much 

* Satisfaction in my Labours. Before I went away, 

* the young Ferfons came to me in a Body, earneftly 

* in treated my coming among them and promifed 
"* to fubmit to all fuch Methods of Initruftion, as 

* I fliould think proper.' This laft Circumftance he 
acknowledgeth, in his Dedication of his Sermons to 
young People y was the Confideration, which turned the 
Scales for his going to Northampton^ after they had 
long hovered in Uncertainty. * Upon the whole, I 
'* was perfuaded it was my Duty to accept the In- 
^ vitation. It was indeed with great Reludlance ; as 
'* I had gone contrary to the Advice of fome Friends, 
^ for whom I had a high Regard, and it was break- 
-* ing my very agreeable Connexions at Harborough* 
■* I thought theie was a Profpedl of doing good at 

* Northampton^ equal to what I could ever hope to 
'* have as a Minifter ; and was much afraid, if I de- 

* clined the Invitation, the Congregation would be 
^ greatly injured. There were fome Steps in the 

* Leadingis of Providence, which feemed to me ex- 
« ceedingly remarkable ; and tho' fome of my Friends 

* have much blamed and difcouraged me, I could 

* not refufe, without offering the moft apparent In- 

* jury to my own Confclenc^' Some of his Friends 


Ch. 4. rfbr. DoDDRIDOfi. 5t 

here referred to, quickly faw Reafon to approve hi» 
Conduft, and adore the Wifdom of Providence in 
difpofing him to fettle there. 

December 24, 1729. He removed to Northampton 5 
and about three Weeks after entered upon Houfe* 
keeping. Being defirous to begin his new Relation, 
as a Head of a Family, with God, he engaged feve- 
ral of his Friends to fpend an Evening in Prayed 
with him, for the Prefence and Blcffing of God in 
his new Habitation. On that Occafion he expounded 
P/alm ci, and teftified before God and them, what 
were his Purpofes and Refolutions as to Fami/y-gc* 
'vernment.^ t Upon examining into the State of his 
own Mind, he foon found that' Religion had been 
declining in it, thro* his Anxiety about this new 
Settlement, his Concern to leave his Harbcrough*- 
friends, and the Hurries attending his Removal and 
furnifhing his Hpufe. As foon, therefore, as he wa* 
fixed in it, he fet himfelf to revive Religion in his 
Heart ; and, among other Methods, he determined to 
fet apart one whole Day for Fafting^ Humiliation and 
Prayer 9 to animate. his own Soul, and engage the di- 
vine Blefling on his Family, Studies and Labours. It 
may not be unprofitable to infert the Scheme he pur- 
fucd on fuch Days, in his own Words* * The Saturday^ 

* immediately preceding the hordes Day^ on which the 
^ Lord's Supper is to be adminiilered, I propofe to 

* fpend as a Day of extraordinary Denjotion. I will en* 

* deavour to have difpatched all my Bufinefs, and what- 

* ever is neceffary to my Preparation for fuch a Day, 

* on Friday-night ; particularly I will look over my 

* Diary and other Memorandums, which may be of 

* Ufe to me in the Faft itfelf. I will rife early ; endca- 

D a < voor 

%r Memoirs of the Life Ch. 4. 

* VOUI-, while rifing, to fix upon my Mind a Senfe of 

* God and my ownUnworthincfs, and will then folemn* 

* ly addrefs myfelf to God for his Affiftance in all 

* the particular Services of the Day, of which I will 
"* form a more particular Plan than this. I will then 

* read, and afterwards expound in the Family, fome 

* Portion of Scripture, peculiarly foitable to fuch an 

* Occafion, and will make a CoUeftion of fuch Lef- 
^ fons. After Family-woHhip I will retire and pray 

* over the Portion of Scripture I have been explain* 

* ing. I will then fet myfelf, as ferioufly as I can, 
^ to revive the Memory of my paft Conduct; eipeci- 
•* ally fince the laft Seafon of this Kind. I will put 
-* fuch QuefHons as thefe to myfelf,— — ^What Care 
< have I taken in the Exercifes of Devotion ? What 

* Regard have I maintained to God in the IntewaU 

* of it ? What Diligence have I ufed in regarding 

* Pron>idence zxA redeeming Time? What Command 

* have I exercifed over my Appetites and PaJ/ions ? 
« What Concern have I had to difcharge relati've 

* Duties? How have I reliihed the peculiar Doc^ 

* trines of the Gofpel ? And upon the whole, how 

* am I advancing in my Journey to a better World ? 
« I will then record my Sins with their pecu- 

* liar Aggravations, that I may humble myfelf be- 

* fore God for them ; and my Mercies, with the 

* Circumftances that fet them oiF, that I may return 

* fervent Thanks for them. Having made a Cata- 
^ logue of Hints upon both thefe SubjeAs, I will 
'* fpcnd fome time in Meditation upon them ; and 

* having read fome P/alms or Hymnsy which fpeak 

* the Language of godly Sorrow, I will go into the 

* Prefen.ce of God, particularly confcfllng my Sins 

* and 

Ch. 4. 9fT)r. DoDbiitDGB* 53 

* and the Demerit of them, folemnly renouncing 

* them, and renewing my Covenant againil them. I 

* will then confider, what Methods are proper to be 

* taken, that I may avoid them for the future. A 

* devotional Ledure to my Pupils will be an impor- 

* tant Part of the Work of this Day. I will after 

* that fpend fome time in Prayer for them, my Fa» 

* mily and People. The Remainder of my Work 

* fhall be Praifcf with which I think I ought to 

* conclude even Days of Humiliation ; tho' fome- 

* times a larger or fmaller Space of Time fhall be 

* allotted to this Work, as peculiar Circumftances 

* require. After a little Refreihment, I will C(Miverfe 

* with fome of my Pupils privately abDut inward 

* Religion ; which I may do with fome peculiar Ad- 

* vantage, after having been le^luring to them oa 

* fuch a Subjed, and fo particularly praying for them-. 

* I would fpend the Evening in grave Converfati- 

* on with fome pious Friends, with whom I cair 

* ufe great Freedom as to the State of their Souls : 

* And at Night review the whole, and conclude the 
' Day with fome religious Exercifes^ fuited to the 

* Work in which I have been engaged, and the 

* Frame of my own Soul ; and will keep an Account 

* of what paiTeth at thefe Seafons. My God, aflift me- 

* in this important Duty. Make it fo comfortable 

* and ufeful to me, that I may have Reafon to praife 

* thee, that my Thoughts were diredled and my Re- 

* folutions determined to it.' With thefe pious Ex- 
crcifes, and in this folemn Manner, did he enter 
on his Minillry at Northampton. 

That he might be better qualified for, and quick-- 

cned to, that large paftoral Work aow devolved upon: 

D 5 linxi 

(4 Mimcirs •/ the Vtfi Ch. 4. 

hira, he employed fomc of the Time between his 
SettltmtMt and Ordination^ in reading the beft Treatifef 
of the Qualifications and Duties of Miniiiers ; par* 
ticularly Chry/ofiom on the Priefthood^ Bonuhs* Paftot 
fvangelicusi Bnmet on the paftoral Cares and Baxter's 
Gildas Sal^ianut. He likewife lead the Lives of fome 
pious aftive Minifters ; particalarly of Mr. P. Henry^ 
which he often fpoke of as affording him much In- 
ilruftion and Encouragement. He feleded the mod 
important Advices, Refiedions and Motives contain- 
ed in thefe Books, which he fireqaently reviewed. 
He al/b at this Time made a Colledion of thofe 
Maxims of Prudence and Diicretion, which he 
tliought demanded a Minifter's Attention » if he de- 
fired to fecure Efteem and Ufefulnefs. 

About two Months after his Settlement at Nor- 
thampfm^ it pleafed God to vifit him ivith a dan- 
gerous ninefs, which gave his Friends many pain* 
ful Fears, that the Reiidue of his Years of Ufeful- 
nefs to them and to the World would be cut off. 
But, after a few Weeks of languiihing, God merci- 
fully reftored his Health. While he was recovering^ 
but yet in a very weak State, the Time came, which 
had been fixed for his Ordination.. Of the Tran fac- 
tions of that Day, he has preferved the following 
Account. * March 19, 1729-30. The a filiating Hand 

* of God upon nie hindered me from making that 

* Ppeparation for the Solemnity of this Day, which 

* I could otherwife have dcfired, and which might 

* have anfwered fome valuable End. However, I 
"* hope it hath long been my fmcerc Defire to dedi- 

* cate myfelf to God in the Work of the Miniftry\ 
^ and that the Views, with which I determined ta 

*^ under- 

Ch. 4. of Dr. DoDDKiDGit. 55 

* undertake the Office, and which I this Day fo- 
« lemnly profcfTed, have long fince been fixed. The 

* Work of the Day was carried on in a very ho- 

* nourable and agreeable Manner. Mr. Goodrich of. 

* Oundle began with Prayer and reading the Scrip- 

* tures. Mr. Da^vfon of Hinkley continued the Ex- . 

* ercife. Then Mr. Wat/on of Leicefler preached a 

* fuitable Sermon from i Tim, iii. i . This is a true 

* Sayiugt if a Man dejire the Office of a Bijhop^ he- 

* defreth a good Work, Mr. Norris of Wclford then 

* read the Call of the Churchy of which I declared 

* my Acceptance : he took my Confeffion of Faith,. 

* and Ordination-vows and proceeded to fet me a- 

* part by Prayer. Mr. C/ark^of St, Albans gave the 

* Charge to me, and Mr. Saunders of Kettering the 

* Exhortation to the People, Then Mr. Mattock of 

* Davcttiry concluded the whole Solemnity witli Pray- 

* er. I cannot but admire the Goodnefs of God to? 

* me in tlius accepting me . in the Office of a Mini- 

* fery who do not deferve to be owned by him as- 

* one of the meaneft of his Ser<vants. But I firmly 

* determine, in the Strength of divine Grace, that I 

* will be faithful to God, and the Souls committed 

* to my Charge ; and that I will perform what I; 

* have fo folemnly fworn. The great Indifpofitioi^ 

* under which I labour, gives me fome Apprehen- 

* fion, that this Settlement may be very fhort : but^ 

* thro' Mercy, I am not anxious about it. I hav^ 

* fome chearful Hope, that the God, to whom I have 

* this Day been, more folemnly than ever, devoting 

* my Service, will gracioufly ufe me either in thi? 

* World or \ better ; and I am not folicitous about 

* particular Circumftances, where or how* If I know 

D 4 • an]f 

5( Memirs •/ tU Life Ch. 4. . 

*■ any Thing of my Hcart> I apprehend I may adopt 
« the Words of the AptftU^ that it is ny earneft Ex* 

* fetation and Hope, that im nothing t JhaU he afltamed^ 

* hnt that Chrift JhaU he tnagnified in nvf Bedy^ 'whe- 

< ther it he hy Life er fy Death ; that, /• me to li've 
' // Chnftf and te die onipeakable Qeun. May this 

* Day never be forgotten by me, nor the dear Peo- 

< pie committed to my Charge, whom I would 
f humbly recommend to the Care of the great 

* Shepherd!' 

The annual Return of hit Ordineuien^day was ob* 
ferved by him with ibme peculiar Solemnity in his 
fecret Devotions. Thus he writes upon it j * It is 

* this Day, fifteen Years, fince I have borne the/«- 

* floral Office in Ae Church of Chrifl. How many 

* Mercies have I received in this Chara^er! Bat 

* alas I how many Negligences and Sins have I to 

* be humbled for before God ! Yet I can call him 

* to record upon my Soul, that the Office is my 

* Delights and I would not refign the Plcafure of it 

* for any Price, which the greateft Prince upon Earth* 

* oould offer me.* 


Ch. 5. tf Dr. Doddridge. 57 


His Di/charge of his Minifhy at Northampton",. 

JM( jjf ^INL ^* Doddridge having entered on the pafto- 
^ j^T W ral Office with fo mach Scrioufoefs and 
^ M Solemnity, we are now to fee with how 
"^.^^^ much Faithfulncfs and Zeal he perform- 
ed his Vows, and fulfilled the Mimftry he had received 
of the Lord Jefus. I t was his firft Care, as a Paf 
tory to know the State of his Flock. As it was large^ 
and lay difperfed in moft of the neighbouring Vil- 
lages, he had frequent Meetings with the Deacons 
and a few other Perfons belonging to it, of whom 
he made particular Enquiries concerning the Members 
and dated Hearers, their Names, Families, Places 
of Abode, Connedlions and Charadlers. He enter- 
ed in a Book the Refult of thefe Enquiries, and. what 
other Intelligence of this Kind he could honourably 
procure. This Book he often confulted, that he 
might know how, in the moft prudent and effcclual 
Manner, to addrefs them in public and private ;. 
and made fuch Alterations from Time to Time in 
this Lift, as Births, Deaths, Additions, and his in- 
creafing Acquaintance with his People required. 
By this Lift he was direfted in the Courfe of Jiis 
f-ajioral Vif.ts^ and could form fome Judgment what 
Degree of Succefs attended his Labours. Here he 
infcrted the Names and Charafters of the loweft Sen-* 
D 5 lianti. 

5t Mfmai^ ifitiftift eh. y. 

mants in the Families imder his Care, that he might 
. femember, what . Inftntdtionsy Admonitions and En- 
cooragements they needed ; what Hints of Exhor- 
tation he had given to them or others^ how they 
-were received, what Promifes they had made him,, 
and who wanted Bihlts or other religious Books,^ 
/tiiat he might fspply them« By this Liil he was 
di reded how to pray for them« He like wife wrote 
down particular Hints of this Kind, a^ they occurred,, 
which were to be taken Notice of in the hiftoricat 
Jitgifier of his Congregation ; e/pecially when the 
many Revolutions of one Kind or another made it 
neceflary for him to renew it. 

It hadi been already obferved what Care and Pains, 
he took in com^oiing his Sermons^ when he fird en-^ 
fercd on the Miniflry. His Work as a Tutor and 
Vhe paftoral Care of a large Congregation, rendered. 
it next to impoilible that he fhould be fo exad and 
accurate afterwards ^ Nor was it needful ; having 
habituated himfelf for feveral Years to correft Com- 
pofitions,. having laid up fuch a Fund of Knowledge, 
efpecially of the Serif turesy which was daily increaf- 
ing by his Studies and Lectures, he f jmetimes only 
'wrote down the Heads and leading Thoughts of 
his Sermons, and the principal Texts of Scripture 
he defigned to introduce. But he was fo throughly 
Mafler of his Siibjed, and had fuch a ready Ut- 
terance and fo warm a Heart, that perhaps few 
Jlinifters can compofe better Difcourfes than he de- 
livered from thefe ihort Hints. When his other im- 
portant Bufmefs would permit, when he was called 
to preach upon particular Occafions, or found his. 
&pirits. depreifed by bodily Infirmities,^ or other af- 


fii£live Providences^ he thought it his Doty to write' 
his Sermons more largely. Of what kind they were^ 
the World has had a fulEcient Specimen in thoie^ 
which have been publiihed.. And it is imagined all; 
Perfons of Judgment and Candour will allow, that, 
they are well calculated to anfwer the great End 
of preachings The vital Truths of the Gofpel, and. 
its Duties^ as enforced by them, were his favourite- 
Topics. He confidered himfelf as a Minifter of the 
Gofpely and therefore could not fatisfy himfelf with- 
out preaching Chrijt and him crucified. He never- 
puzzled his Hearers with dry Criticifms and abilrufe- 
Difqui/itions ; nor contented himfelf with moral Ef- 
fays and philofophical Harangues, with which the. 
Bulk of his Auditory would have been unafFedled 
and unedified. He thought it Cruelty, to God's 
Children to give them Stones^ when they came for 
Bread, * It is my Defire^ faith hey not to entertain;: 

♦ an Auditory with pretty lively Things, which is 

* comparatively eafy, but to come clofe to their 

♦ Confciencesy to awaken them to a real Senfe of 

* their fpiritual Concerns, to bring them to God,. 

• and keep them continually near to him j which, to. 
' me at leaft, is an exceeding hard Thing.' He 
feldom meddled with contro'verfal Points in the Pul- 
pit ;- never with thofe, with which he might rcafon* 
ably fuppofe his Congregation was unacquainted; 
nor fet himfelf to confute Errors, with which they 
were in no Danger of being infefted* When his. 
Subjeft naturally led him to mention fome Writers y, 
from whom he differed, he fpoke of them and their 
Works with Candour and Tendernefs ; appealing 
conHantly to the Scriptureiy as the Standard,, by 

D 6 whiclk 

to Mmeirt rf the tifi Cfc* y. 

which all Doarines are to be tried. He (hewed hiy 
Hearers of how little Importance moft of the Dif- 
ferences between Proteftants .ziey and chofe rather to 
be a Healer of Breaches ^ than to widen them. He 
4dways fpoke with Abhorrence of paffionately inveigh- 
ing agatnft oar Brethren in the Pulpit^ and making 
chrxftian Ordinances the Vehicle of malignant Paf- 
lk>ns. He thought this equally affronting to God 
and pernicious to Men ; poifoning inftead of feeding 
the Sheep of Chrift. He feldom preached topical^ 
Seemonsy to which any Text of Scripture relating 
to the Subjcft might be affixed ; but chofe to draw 
his Materials and Divifions from the Text itfelf ; and 
this gave him an Opportunity of introducing fome 
uncommon ftriking Thoughts, arifing from the Text, 
its Connexion, or the Defign of the facred Writer. 
When his Subjeft was more comprehenfive, than 
could be well difcufTed on one hordes Day^ he ge- 
nerally chofe a new Text, in order to fapply hinv 
with frefh Materials, keep up the Attention of his 
Hearers and increafe their Acquaintance with their 
Bibles. He chofe fometimes to illullrate the Scrip- 
ture-'hijieriesf and the Charafter of Perfons there re- 
corded. He feleftcd the moft inftrudive Paffhges in 
the Prophets^ relating to the Cafe of the Ifraelitesy or 
fbme particular good Man among them, and ac- 
commodated them to the Circumftanees of Chrifliansy 
where he thought there was a jtxft and natural Re- 
semblance. In thefe Difcourfes he had an Oppor- 
tunity of explaining the Defigns of the Prophecies, 
difplaying divine Wifdom, Faithfulnefs and Grace, 
and fttgjefting many important Inftruftions. Thii 
Metliod produced a Variety in his Difcourfes, and 

Ck. 5- rf T>f- Doodridlge. 6t 

was pleafing and edifying to kb Hearers* He thought 
Mmfelf fully jufUfied in thefe Accommodations by^ 
the Pradice. of the infpired Writers of the Nevj 
^efiament. He was always warm and affectionate in 
the Application of his Sermons, and experimentally 
defcribed the Workings of the Heart, in the varioui- 
Circumftances, which he had Occ^on- to treat of: 
Thus he came home to his Hearers* Bofoms^ and led 
them to fee their real Characters, wherein they were 
defcdive, and how far they might juftly be com- 
forted and encouraged. He gives this Reafon for 
that Warmth of devout AffeClion, with which he ad-^ 
drefled his Hearers ; * While I have any Reverence 
*^ for Scripture or any Knowledge of human Nature,. 

* I fhall never affedl to fpeak of the Glories of 

* Ckrifty and of the ^/^r»a/ Interefts of Meu, as cold- 
^ ly, as if I were reading a Lediure of Mathema-^ 

* ticks^ or relating an Experiment in natural Philo/o^ 
*• phy. It is indeed unworthy the Charafter of a Man 
*" and a Chrillian to endeavour to tranfport Men's. 

* PaJJionSf while the IJnderftanding v&^ left uninformed 

* and the Judgment unconvinced. But fo- far as is 

* confiftent with a proper Regard to this leading 

* Power of our Nature, I would fpeak and write of 

* divine Truths with a holy Fewency, Nor can \ 

* imagine that it would bode well to the Intereft of 

* Religion to endeavour to lay all thofe Paffions 
*■ ajleepy which furely Goi> implanted in our Hearts 
*" to ferve the religious as well as the civil Life, and 

* which, after all, will probably be employed ta 

* fome very excellent or very pernicious purpofes *.* 

• Ten Sennons, VxtL p. xo^ xx*. 


62 Menuirsrf the Ltfl Ch. y,. 

He thought it a Part of miniilerial Prudence to. 
take public Notice of remarkable providential Occur- 
rencesi afFeding the Nation, the Town, .or any con- 
fiderable Number o£ his Ebarers ; any uncommon 
Appearances in Nature^ or other Events, that were 
the Subjed of general Converfatibi^f the Seafons of 
the Year and efpecially the Mercies of Harveft ; and 
he endeavoured in his Difcourfes to graft LeiTons of 

Wifdom and Piety upon them. ^He chofe to 

preach Funeral-fermons for moft of thofe who died 
in Communion with his Church,, even the poorefl ; 
and for others, where there was any thing remarka- 
ble in their Chara£ler or Removal. He imagined 
the Minds of their Relations and Friends were at 
fuch times more difpofed, than ufual, to receive Ad^ 
vice, and would need and drink-in the' Confola- 
tions of the Gofpel. Thefe Difcourfes were alfo ge- 
nerally attended by the Acquaintance and Neighbours 
of the deceafed Perfons, who were not his ftated 
Hearers ; and he endeavoured to improve fuch Oc- 
cafions for conveying fome ufeful Impreffions to their 

Minds.^ ^He never had a ftated AJpftantf but con-~ 

ftantly preached twice every Lord^s Dayj when his. 
Health permitted ; except fome of his /em'or Pupils,. 
who had entered on the Minifky, were difengaged,. 
and then they performed the Services of one Part 
of the Day. But even then, fo iblicitous was h^ 
not. to do the Work of the Lord negligently y. that he> 
often preached in the Evenings A Set of Sermons, 
againft Popery, the laft of which, *i;/«. on the Ahfur^ 
dity and Iniquity of P'erfecution is publilhcd, and hisr 
I>ifcourfes on^ Regeneration, were in the Number of. 
his E*uenittg'leiMuris^ Whatever Scrviceai he had per- 

Ck. $• •/ Dr. DODDRIDCr. % 

fbnned on the Lord's Day» when theie was no Even* 
ing-lediuTy he repeated his Sermons to his own Fa-^ 
milfy and as many of his People and Neighbours a& 
chofe to attend^ at his own Hoaie ; and then fome* 
times entered into a few critical Remarks on hi» 
Texty and learned Refledions on his Snbjed, for the 
Benefit of hb Ptatpils, which wonld have been nn«^ 
profitable to a popular Auditory.— 4t was his ufaal 
Cuftom, on a Lord's Day-morning, before Sermon,, 
to expauxJ fbme Portion of the Scriptures, and draw 
pra&ical Inftm^ons from it ; direding his Hearers,, 
at the fame Time, in what Nfonner they ihould read 
and rcflcA upon the Word of God.— —He had aa 
extraordinary Gift in Prayer, cultivated with great 
Diligence ; and upon particular as well as common 
Occafions expreffed lumfelf with Eafe, Freedom and 
Variety, with all the Evidences of a folid Judgment, 
amidft the greatefl Serioufnefs and Fervour of Spirits 
In the Adminiftration of the hordes Supper he was 
remarkably devout and lively. He endeavoured to 
aff-ft the Hearts and excite the Graces of his FeU 
low-chriiHans by devotional Meditations upon fome 
pertinent PaJJages of Scripture ; that the Subllance of 
what he had faid might be more eafily recolle^d* 
He took the fame Method in adminiihing the Or- 
dinance of Bapti/m, ^The HymnSy which he com- 

pofcd to affift the Devotions of his Congregation,, 
have been publifhed, and are another Infbmce of the 
Pains he took to promote their Piety. 

Befides his ftated Work on a LorJ^s Day and his 
Le3ures preparatory to the Lord's Supper, he main* 
tained a religious Exercife every Friday-evemng at 
Ixi^ Meeting-place,, ot his own Houfe, as the Seafon 

64 Memoirs of the Life Ch. 5. 

o^ the Year, or the Circumftanccs of his Health, 
rendered moll convenient. On thefe Occafions he 
went thro' the Ffalms in a Courfe of E^rpofition ; 
afterwards the Prophecies of the Old Teftament relating 
to the MeJ/iah and his Kingdom; the Promifes of 
Scripture ; and fometimes repeated Sermons he had 
formerly preached, as kis Friends particularly defired 
or might beft tend to keep up an agreeable Variety. 
For feveral Winters he preached a Lefture,. every 
fhurfdaj-eveningy at another Meeting-houfe in the- 
Town, which lying nearer the Centre of it, was> 
more convenient than his own. There he preachect 
a Set of Difcourfcs.. on the Parables of Chrift ; and> 
another on the Nature^ Offices and Operations of the^ 

holy Spirit." As a great Part of his Congregation 

came from the neighbouring Villages he ufed to ^(^' 
once or twice a Year to each of them, and to fome 
oftner, and preach among them. He chofe to make 
thefe Vifits at the ufual Feftivals and their refpeftive. 
Wakes, as the Inhabitants at thofe Seafbns had Lei* 
fure to attend his Services, and were in fome pecu- 
liar Danger of having their Senfe of Religion weake- 
ned. At thefe Vifits he had Opportunities of con- 
verling and praying with the infirm and aged, who 
could, feldom attend his Labours at Northampton^ 
When any of them died, he chofe to preach their 
Funeral-fermons in the Villages, where they had lived, 
that their Neighbours and. Acquaintance might have 
the Benefit of them. 

While I am mentioning his Abilities, Diligence 
and Zeal as a Preacher, I would add, that he was 
much elleemed and very popular. He had an Earnefi- 
ne/s and Pathos in his Manner of fpeaking, which, 


ftt It Aemed to be the natural EfFe^l of a fbong 
ImpreiSon of divine Truths upon his own Heart, 
tended greatly to afFcft his Hearers^ and to render 
his Difcourfes more acceptable and ufeful, than if 
his Delt'very had been more calm and difpaifionate. 
His Pronunciation and A^m were^ by fome Judges, 
thought rather too fbong and vehement; but to 
thoie who were acquainted with the Vivacity of hit 
Temper and his ufual Manner of Converfation, they 
appeared quite natural and unafFefled. 
. He wa& very exad in the Exercife of chriftian DiJ^ 
dpline^ and in feparating from the Church thofe, who 
were a Reproach to their chriftian Profeffion. Ta 
this painful Work he was fomctimes called, and a 
congregational Faft was kept on the fad Occaiion* 

^When the Work of Religion feemed to be at a 

ftand ; when few or none appeared to be under feri- 
ous Impreffionft and ConvitSbions, or there was a viH- 
ble Coldnefs and RemifTnefs among his Hearers, his 
Heart was much affe^ed; he laboured and prayed 
more earneftly, both in public and private ; and 
Days of Prayer were fct apart by the Church, in 
order to obtain of God an Effufion of his Spirit to 
revive Religion among them. 

He had a deep Concern and affectionate Regard 
for the rtfing Generation, Befides an annual Ser- 
mon to young Perfons on iVfw Tear'^s-day^ he often 
particularly addreifed them in the Courfe of his 
preaching ; and in his Converfation alfo, difcovered 
that Senfe of the Importance of the rifing Generation^ 
which he hath exprefled in his Sermon upon that 
Subjeft, and which he hath fo warmly exhorted 
Parents to cultivate, in his Sermotts on the Education 

66. Memoirs of the Life Ch. jV.. 

tf ChiUrtn. He much lamented the growing Ne>* 
gle^t of Miniftcrs to catechife the Children of their 
Congregations; and to this Negleft imputed many 
of the Irregularities, which are to be feen in Youth* 
Many Parents are hardly capable of it ; and many,. 
who are, negled it. He therefore looked upon this,, 
as a moll important Part of his pafloral Work, and 
purfued it, during the Summer-feafons, thro' the 
whole Courfe of his Miniftry, notwithftanding his 
many Avocations. He was fo fenfible of the Ufeful- 
nefs of this Work, and the Skill and Prudence ne» 
ceiTary to conduft it, that I find this, among other 
Refolutions formed at liis Entrance on the Miniftry^ 

* I will often make it my humble Prayer that God 

* would teach me to fpeak to Children in fuch a 

* Manner, as may make early Imprcflions of Reli- 

* gion upon their Hearts.' He had much Satisfac-> 
tion in thefe pious Attempts. Several Children, who 
died while they were under his catechetical Inftruc- 
tions, manifelled fuch a deep Senfe of Religion, fuch 
rational Views and lively Hopes of Glor>', as were 
delightful and edifying to their Parents and Friends. 
^ ■ ■■ H e eftablilhed and encouraged private Meetings 
for focial Prayer ; efpecially religious AJJociations a- 
mong the young Perfons of the Congregation, who 
ufed to meet weekly for Reading, religious Difcourfe 
and jPrayer j and entered into Engagements to watch 
over one another in the Spirit of Meeknefs, and ta 
animate and encourage each other in their chriHian 
Courfe. Thefe Societies were formed according to. 
their different Ages ; and fometimes one young Per- 
fon of the greateft Knowledge and Humility was a 
Kind of Prefident, who kef t up the. Order of the 


Ch. J. ^2)^. 1) ODD RIDGE. 6y 

Society, and gave the Paftor Hints by which he 
might be led to cftablifh thofe who were waver- 
ing, and encourage thofe who who were timorous^ 
in Religion. There was one Society oi young Men^ 
in which fome of his younger Studints were joined^ 
to which he ufed to propofe fome praSiical ^eftion 
Weekly, and they returned an Anfwer in writing the 
next Week. Thefe Anfwers he threw together,, en- 
larged upon and delivered on Friday-enjeningy inftead 
of Kis' ufual Expofition or Sermon as above-men- . 
tioned. He found the Advantage of thefe Aflbcia- 
tions in many Refpedls ; particularly in the Readi- 
nefs, with which thofe, who had belonged to them, 
fet up the Worfhip of God in their own Families, and 
the honourable Manner, in which they conducted it*. 
■ ■ H e was very folicitous to bring fober and fenou» 
young Perfons into Communion with the Ghurchj^ 
and obviate their Objcdlions againft it. His Reafons' 
for thio, and the Arguments by which he urged it, 
may be feen in his Difcourfe to young People, en.-' 
titled, * Religious Touth in-vited to early QomnvMiionK* 

To thofe who were acquain^d with the large 
Sphere of Service in which he was engaged, it waa' 
Matter of Surprize, that he could fpare fo much 
Time, as he did, for paftoral Vifets ; as there were 
few Days in which he was not employed in vifiting 
the fick and afflidled, and other Perfons, with a View 
to their fpiritual Intereii. He knew the Value of 
Time too well, to fpend it in formal, unprofitable 
or long Viiits. He was careful when he went inta 
any Family, to turn the Difcourfe into a religious. 
Channel and leave an Impreffion of Piety behind 
him. He ferioufly exhorted Heads of Families to mind 


€9 Memirs of the Lift Cli. y. 

Religion as the main Concern, to ^uard againft the 
Love of the World, and to command their Children 
and their Hou/hold to keep the Way of the Lord, He 
took Notice o/ the Children and Servants in Fami- 
lies, gave them Hints of Advice and Encouragement, 
propofed to them fome Text of Scripture to remem- 
ber and refled upon, and furnifhed them with Biblei 
and pradical Books. He vifited the Cottages of the 
foory and addrefled them with fo much Condefcen- 
fion and Familiarity, that they would be free in their 
Converfation wirh him upon religious Concerns and 
the State of their Souls. No Viiits gave him more 
Satisfadtion than thefe; and he often. expreiTed his 
Wonder and Grief, that any Minifters fhould negledt 
fuch Perfons, out of too much Regard to thofe who 
were rich ; or to any Studies not eflential to. Ufe- 
fulnefs. ■ B ut finding that, with his utmofl Dili- 
gence, he could not vifit all the Families in fo large 
a^d fcattered a Society, fo often as he wi(hed, he, 
on December 4, 1737, propofed to the Congrega- 
tion to chufe four Perfons of diftinguifhed Piety, 
Gravity and Experience to the Office of Elders ; 
which they accordingly did. He thought there was 
a Foundation for that Office in Scripture ; at leaft, 
that the Circumftances of fome Paltors and Churches 
rendered^ it expedient, that there fhould be fuch Of- 
ficers chofen ; who ihould infpeft the State of the 
Church, and affift the Paftor in fome Part of his 
Work*. Thefe Elders divided the Congregation a- 
mong them, vifited and prayed with the Sick, took 
Notice of and converfed with thofe, who^ feemed to 
be under religious Impreffions or were propofed to 


* ThsoSbgical Le£tuj;es, p. 50a; 

til. J. 9f t>r. Doddridge. jg^ 

Commanion ; and were fometimes employed in ad» 
monifhing and exhorting. They met together weekly, 
and he generally attended them ; that he might re- 
ceive the Obfervations they made, and might give 
them his Affiilance and Advice, where Cafes of pe- 
culiar Difficulty occurred. Thefe Meetings were al- 
ways concluded with Prayer. He found great Com- 
fort and Advantage from their Services, and th« 
Church thought itfelf happy in them. 

It was a Grief to him to find, that the Children 
of fome of his Hearers had never been taught to 
read, thro' the Ignorance or Poverty of their Parents. 
Therefore, in 1738, he perfuaded his People to con- 
cur with him in eftablifhing a Charity-fchooU To 
this End, they agreed to contribute certain Sums, 
weekly or yearly, as their refpeftive Circumftances 
would admit. He had the Satisfaflion to find, that 
this benevolent Defign met with fo much Encourage- 
ment, that there was a Foundation laid for inftruft- 
ing and cloathing t-wenty Boys. Thefe were fele^ed 
and put under the Care of a pious fkilful Mailer, 
who taught them to read, write and learn their Ca- 
techifm, and brought them regularly to public Wor- 
fhip. An annt'verfary Sermon was preached and a 
Colleftion made for the Benefit of the School. Seve- 
ral of the Dolor's Friends at a Diflance, often gave 
generous Benefaftions of Money or Books for the 
Ufe of the School ; by which, and from himfelf, 
the Children were fupplied with Bibles, Catechifms 
and other proper Books. He often vifited the School, 
to fupport the Mailer's Authority and Refpefl, to 
examine the Proficiency of the Children, catechife, 
inftrud and pray with them ; and the Trufttts vifited 


^ Mtmoirs of the Life ' Ch. 5.. 

it weekly by Rotation, to obfcrve the Behaviour and 
Improvement of the Children, and to receive the 
Matter's Report concerning them. This Inftitution 
lias been ferviceable to the temporal and eternal In- 
tereft of many, who might otherwife have been ex* 
pofed to great Ignorance and Wretchednefs ; and it 
is ftill kept-up by the Congregation on the fame 
Plan, tho' it wants fome of thofe Advantages, which 
it derived from the Do^or^s large Acquaintance and 
Influence. ■ ■ ■ T hefe are fome Sketches of the Man- 
ner in which he fulfilled his MiniHry : And I have 
infifted the more largely upon this Subjeft, as it may 
furnifh fome Hints, which may be ufeful to thofe, 
who are engaged in the fame important Work, or 
•are training up for it. 

The DotSor took great Pains to preferve upon his 
Mind a deep Senfe of the Importance of his Office, 
that he might difcharge it in the beft Manner pof- 
iible ; and to maintain a fervent AffeStion for his 
People, as what would contribute to make his La- 
bours eafy to himfelf, and acceptable and ufeful to 
them. He kept a Memorandum-book on his Defk, in 
which he fet down Hints, as they occurred to him, 
of what might be done for the Good of the Con- 
gregation ; of Perfons to be viiited, the Manner of 
addrefling them and many fuch Particulars. At the 
Clofe of every Year he took a large and dillind 
View of its State, wrote fora& Remarks upon it, and 
Jaid down Rules for his future Conduft in his Re- 
lation to it. ^He was pleafed when he had Op- 
portunities of attending the Ordinations of his Bre- 
thren ; and when he returned from them, confidered 
ki« own Concern in them, as a Minifler, and renew- 

C^, 5« ^2>r. DoDDRiDGl. -71 

ed, bcfwc God, kis Engagements to Fidelity, After 
one of thefe Services he thus writes ; * At this Ordi* 

* nation, I preached from Hebrews xiii. 17, TJiej 

* tvatch for jomr Soulsy as they that muft gi<ve Accounts 

* It was a iblemn, ufeful Day, and left fome deep 
^ Impreffions on my Heart. I would remember that, 
« teaching others, I teach myfelf. I have many Cares 

* and Labours. May God forgive me, that I am ib 

* apt to forget thofe of the paftoral Office ! I now rc^^ 

* folve I. To take a more particular Account of the 
< Souls committed to my Care. 2. To viiit, as foon as 

* poffible, the whole Congregation, to learn more par- 

* ticularly the Circumftances of them, their Children 

* and Servants. 3. I will make as exaft a Lift as I can, 

* of thofe that I have Reafbn to believe are unconver- 

* ted, awakened, converted, fit for Communion, a^ 

* well as thofe that are in it. 4. When I hear any 

* Thing particular, relating to the religious State of 

* my People, I will vifit them and talk with them. 5. 

* I will efpecially be careful to vifit the Sick. I will 

* begin immediately with Infpe<ftion over thofe under 

* my own Roof, that I may with the greater Free- 

* dom urge other Heads of Families to a like Care, 

* O my Soul, thy Account is great. It is high Time, 
^ that it be got into better Order. Lord, I hope thou 

* knoweft, I am deiirous of approving myfelf a faith- 
^ ful Servant of Thee, and of Souls. O, watch o'ver 
^ me^ that I may watch o'ver them; and then, all 

* will be well. Continue thefe Things on the Ima- 

* gination of my Heart, that my own Sermon may 

* not another Day, rife up in Judgment againft me.' 

T his is a Specimen of his Reflexions and Re- 
solutions on fuch Occafions, which were anfwered in 
his general CoududU Th« 

•^ Id.-Kz.-T r-':v L:/f Ch. J. 

V-:i A-n,rr V .1 :.rc «?Eder, that, amidft fuch 
j-tj: .2U i::c--iiL2r.'i 7L.Z* ro iVnc his Congregation 
^a. ??*:!i::c: u^tl: Tl^z: iai etcrnil Happinefs, he 
hu'.^w J« ^-.- -»r- .- :wrr t/'./i :^ Lpxe ftir kit ff^orh 
-•■* r.3.^ -:^Lri*-i fr* ?*l:=ii:ers ha^-e been more 
sr ^ -n'Btr^ i::c ■:xjj-'-ri rr dicir People, than he wa* 
jv :..-, .*: i^ irr SiHjesz-ezt among them, his 
A...:..:.— vi* irr:~.,is»i -iih extriordinary Succefe, 
a:: « n^i • %<r^ i.:>irf'i ;r ^be Church ; and during the 
% -rxjic >; ."la-jf jc Hi Serric-*, it continued very nu- 
j^cr>.-u> i.:c frcTLLt^. li :>=* c: them indeed he 
»..w Ji-jc:: >:.iK « s.-ctf T£=r«ys i*Tr« unchariuble ; 
c..:-:> ^ k: v^tz -e-i^ofti r-v lie Errors of the Mcra- 
c . .'.^ ;.rvL » >.*iTr i^ nica^vunfc ic ^-ain to reclaim ; 
i:c 1 ?rw .V irca r^^^i-c cosorioudy vicious : Nor 
•- : x-r.-.s-:^ i!::^: :r ?> lirge a Congregation there 
a:«:w i ^; ?.ir^; ^c-rciiiz: r^ the Word, and incor- 
r- £■ ^.li i.TvKr :^K '>£r 2«£e£=^ asd moil vigorous^ 
x.?*A:^cii.4rs ArmzLTCi w xcliira and fave them; 
>*.: J •:- rcr-r-Alivi ibd* Difirpoinanents for his 
s.- ,xw "• >:-z i,* ir-i rrc-.'riiC K^cae of ihefe Trials, 
r-f i::^?. • v"^ : .' :.i:i -/-^.■tii^i all thefe Gne\-ances 

• :* ^:^r , r.r. r^^t^-^ --r^ ri.rj hcsble, more watch- 

■ :... -r*:*.-^ .-.-•-:. ::-i r. iiii v-iia World, anditslnte- 

• .f .- X* i. 'f . • -.' • - ,::i;5, iijji i ever nrmember to have 

• -^.-rc J'.-:':.:". Hf hi* vv.:»d me from Time to 

■ 1 -T.? -.:?. i-ic.i :^r. =5: Co&iolidor.?, with fuch de- 
' l-^:!::'-! r.£\:2l.-z$ . f iif Lo\Tr* that, in this Con- 
' rr.u?r., I iz: h:> IX"b:cj tor all thele .AffliAions ; 
' cj:d r.ozi uiis i:ro**Lr.^ Ev^^icrxe of his Goodncfs, 

• I zza cr.c.ur-god, ia^i hi^t determined, to leave 
' my fell v.-ith him, and tv"* have no Will, no Intereft 
' of my own, fej^arate ^m his. I have been re- 

* ncwing 

* newing the Dedicatien of myfelf and Services to 

* him, with as entire a Confcnt of Heart, as I think 
/* myfelf capable of feeling ; and with that calm Ac- 

* quiefcence in him, as my Portion and Happinefs, 

* which I would not reiign for ten thoufand Worlds.' 

But in far the greater Part of the Church under 
his Care he had much Comfort, and daily rejoiced 
over them in the Lord, So entire was the Friendfhip 
thaft fubfifted between them, that he declined Invita- 
.tions to fettle in other Places, particularly in London^ 
where his fecular Interefl would have been much ad- 
vanced, out of the Love he bore to his Northampton^ 
friends. His great Concern was to do as much Service 
/or them, and be as little burthenforae to them, as pof- 
lible ; for he fought not theirs^ but them* And moft of 
them, in return, ftudied to honour and ferve him, to 
ilrengthen his Hands, and encourage his Labours. He 
reckoned the Providence, which fixed him with them, 
among the moft (ingular Bleflings of his Life ; and in 
his laft WilU where he could not be fufpe^ed of Flat- 
tery, he bears Teftimony to their Charadler, obferving, 

* that he had fpent the moft delightful Hours of his 

* Life, in aflifting the Devotions of as ferious, as gratc- 

* ful, and as deferving a People, as perhaps any Mi- 

* nifter ever had the Honour and Happinefs to ferve.' 

. 1 mention this Circumftance, as a Motive to thofc 

of them, who yet remain, not to forfeit the Charader 
he gave of them; and principally, as an Encouragement 
to Minifters to imitate his Diligence, Zeal, Modera- 
tion and Contentment, if they wifh to iliare in the 
^Lileem, Comfort and Succefs, with which he was 


E C H A P. 

4/% 9^emoirs 6/ the Lifi 6h. & 

C H A P. VL 

His Mefhod of Education and Behaviour as alvrons 

()8(5ttL T has been already obferved (Chap. IH.) 
J 3^ what Pains Dr. Doddridge took to furnifh 
59C himfelf for this important and difficult 
'^MMr* Office, upon what Principles he had un- 
dertaken it, and what Encouragement he met with 
in it, before his Removal to Northampton, Upon 
his Settlement there, and his Worth beJhg more 
known, the Number of his Pupils increafed, fo that 
in the Year 1734, he needful to have an 
JJ/iftant in this Work, to whom he affigned Part of 
the Care of the Junior-pupils , and the Diredion of 
the Academy, during his Abfence. He was felicitous 
to maintain the Efleem of his fucceffive AJJifiants in 
the Family, by his own Behaviour to them, and tlic 
Refpeft, which he required from the Students to 
them : And they thought themfelves happy in his 
Friendftiip, and the Opportunities they had, by hi^ 
Converfe, Inflrudions and Example, to improve 
themfelves, while they were affifting in the Educa* 
tion of others,. 

As the Method of Education in the Seminaries of 
Proteftant Dijfenters is little known, it may be pro* 
per to give fome general Account of his ; which, 
bears a near Refemblance to others of the Kind. He 
fCbofe to have 2s nxany of his Students in his own 


Ch. 6. •/ Dr. Doddridge* 7^ 

Family as his Houfe would contain, that they might 
be more immediately under his Eye and Government. 
The Orders of this Seminary were fuch, as fuited a 
Society of Students ; in a due Medium between x)\t 
Rigour of School-difcipline, and an unlimited InduU 
gence. As he knew that Diligence in redeeming thei^ 
Time was necelTary to their Attention to Buiinefs, and 
Improvement of their Minds, it was an cllablifhed 
Law, that every Student fhould rife at Six o* Clock in thff 
Summer, and Se^en in the Winter. A Monitor was' 
weekly appointed to call them, and they were to appear* 
in the public Room, foon after the fixed Hour. Thofc 
who did not appear were fubjeft to a pecuniary Pe- 
•nalty, or, if that did not cure their Sloth, to prepare 
an addifional academical Excrcife ; and the Monitcr'9 
Negledl was a double Fine. Their Tutor fet them 
an Example of Diligence, being generally prefent 
wiih them at thefe early Hours. When they were 
thus alTembled, a Prayer was offered up, fuited to 
their Circumftances, as Students, by himfelf when 
prefent, or by them in their Turns. Then, they re- 
tired to their refpeftive Clofets till the Time of Fa- 
mily 'ijjor/hip. The Do^or began that Service with a 
ihort Prayer for the divine Prefence and Blefiing. 
Some of the Students read a. Chapter of the OLi 
Tejiament from Hebrevj into. Englijhy which he ex- 
pounded critically, and drew practical Inferences from- 
it; aPfalm was then fung and he prayed. Baton 
the Lord'^s Day-mornings fomething entirely devoti- 
onal and praftical was read inftead of the ufual Ex- 
pofition. In the Evening, the Worihip was conduced 
in the fame Method, only a Chapter of the Nc-iam 
Tejlament was read by the Students from Greek into 
E 3 Rv^l'Jh 

r»Ii* Cli.6. 

4fc ^^iucsnos icKCL. Tirr, «^ hair-ed in ctlicr 
^mie- 3r sat Txw^* wcrr ^c^ei » artetd his Fa- 
«u»--w«ir.fci^^ ns£ =£« asor Timsj in Rcaiir^ and 
^bsrcr* js m«cl IS 3? perlKirai it ia c!ic fcreral Hocfcs, 
w^esc OK^ !^s«iL Tkoie wiio woe abfent from it 
mece Jiniifi^ » a Fisse, zzmI, if it were fi^uent, to a 
jitc& Kic^RflKxteai bdorr the whole Society. By 
CIS IkEe^mi cf €xmdwBdng the religious Services of 
ia FjokiS-* lis Pcpxis had an Opportunity, daring 
^icr Cccde^ of hearing him expound moll of the OU 
^d^owBC* sad zll the New Teftawunt more than once, 
to ^eir tepnyrement as Students and Chriftians. He 
Ttcommended it to them to take Hints of his UluA 
tratioos and Remarks, as what would be ufeful to 
4hem in fbtorc Life ; eijpedaUy if their Situation or 
Circumftanccs prciented their having the Works of 
the beft Commentators. He adviied them to get the 
Old Teftamcnt and Wajttim^^ Greek Tcftament, in- 
.terleaiped in -Quarto, in which to write the moil con^ 
•fiderable Remarks for the Illttftration of the Scrip- 
tures, which occurred in his Expoiitions, and in 
their own Reading, ConveHati<m and Refle^ons. 
The Famify^expcfimr Sufficiently ihewc, -how worthy 
Jiis Remarks were oi being «Titten and retained, 
and how his Family was daily entertained and in^ 

ftrufted. Soon after Breakfaft, he took the feveraj 

Clafies in their Order and le^ured to each about an 
Hour. His LiSwrt^ were generally confined to the 
Morning; as he chole to devote the Afternoon to 
his private Studies and paAoral Vifits. His JJJifta^t 
was employed at the fame Time itf ledluring to thofe, 
r/hom he had mojpe knmediately under his Care. He 

Ch. 6^ »/ I>r, DODDRIDCB. 77 

has giren fome general Account of the Courfc of hi^ 
Pupils' Studies in his fhort Memoirs of the Life and 
Charader of Mr. Thomas Steffe^ fo that I have little 
more to do on this Head, than tranfcribe it. 

One of the firft Things he expefted from his 
Pupilsy was to learn Riches Short-hand, which- he 
wrote himfelf, and in which his Ledlures were writ- 
ten ; that they might tranfcribe them, make Extra^s 
from the Books they read and confulted, with Eafe 
and Speed, and fave themfelves many Hours in their 
future Compositions. Care was taken in the firll Year 
of their Courfe, that they fhould retain and improve 
that Knowledge of Grtek and Latiti^ which Aey had 
acquired at School, and gain fuch Knowledge of 
Hehrei,M, if they had not learned it before, that they 
might be able to read the Old Tefiament in its ori- 
ginal Language : A Care very important and nccef- 
fary ! To this End, beiides the Courfe of Le£lures in 
a Morning, claffical LeSures were read every Evening, 
generally by his Affiftant, but fometimes by himfelf* 
If any of his Pupils were deficient in their Know- 
ledge of Greekf the Seniors, who were bed fltiiled in 
it, were appointed to inftnift them at other Times. 
Thofe of them, who chofe it, were alfo taught French, 
He was more and more convinced, th« longer he 
lived, of the great Importance of a learned^ as well 
as a pious Education for the Miniftry : And finding 
that fome who came under his Care were not compe- 
tently acquainted with clajjical Knowledge, he form- 
ed a Scheme to affift Youths in their Preparations 
for academical Studies, who difcovered a promifing 
Genius and a ferious Temper. He met with En- 
couragement in this Scheme from the Countenances. 
£ 3 isA 

7* Memoirs of the Life ♦ Ch. 6, 

and Contributions of many of his Friends, and had 
ibme inflruftcd under his Eye ; but as it only com-^ 
menced about two Years before his Deatli, much 

Progrefs could not be made in it. Syftems of Lo- 

^Cy RhcUricy Geography and Metaphyfics were read 
during the firft Year of their Courfe, and they were 
xeferred to particular Paffages in other Authors upon 
thcfe Sul jeilf, which illullrated the Points, on which 
the Leclures had turned. To thefe were added Lec- 
tures on the Principles of Geometry and Algebra. 
Thefe Studies taught them to keep their Attention 
ifixed, to difKnguifh their Ideas with Accuracy and 
to difpofe their Arguments in a clear, concife and 

convincing Manner. ;— After thefe Studies were 

£nilhed, they were introduced to the Knowledge of 
trigonometry^ Conic-feSiom and celefticd Mechanics \ 
A Syftem of natural and experimental Philojhphy, 
comprehending Mechanics, Statics, Hydroftatics, Optics, 
Pneumatics, and Aftronomy, was read to them ; with 
References to the bell Authors on thefe Subje6ls. 
This Syilem was illuftrated by a neat and pretty large 
^hilofo'phical Apparatus ; part of which was the Gift 
of fome of his Friends, and the Remainder purchafed 
^y a fmall Contribution from each of the Students 
at his Entrance on that Branch of Science. Some 
other Articles were touched upon, efpecially Hiftory, 
natural and ci'vil, as the Students proceeded in their 
Courfe, in order to enlarge their Underftandings and 
give them venerable Ideas of the Works and Pro- 
vidence of God. A diflind View of the Anatomy 


* A CoUcftion of important Propofitions, taken chiefly from Sir 
. JJaac Newton, and dcmonftratcd, independent on the reft. They 
relate «fpedally, tho* not only, to centripetal and ttntrifugal Forcw. 

€ii. ^. tfHr. DoDDRiOcJar. ^ 

of the human Body was given them, as it tended to 
promote their Veneration and Love for the great 
Architeft of this amazing Frame, whofe Wonders of 
providential Influence alfo are fo apparent in its 
Support, Nourifhment and Motion : and all concur- 
red to render them agreeable and ufeful in Convert 
fation, and to fubferve their honourable Appearance 

in the Miniftry. A large Syftem of Je-wijh Anti' 

quities^ which their Tutor had drawn up, was read 
to them in the latter Years of their Courfe, in order 
to illuftrate numberlefs Paffages in the Scriptures, 
which cannot be well underftood without a Know- 
ledge of them. In this Branch of Science likewife^ 
they were referred to the beft Writers upon thr 
Subjeft. Lumpers Epitome of tccUfiaftical Hiftory was^ 
the Ground-work of a Series of Lefturcs upon thaft 
Subjed ; as was Buddoei Compendium Hiftorict Philofo- 
phicce of Ledlures on the Doctrines of the ancient 
Philofophers in their various Se£ls. 

But the chief Objeft of their Attention and Study^ 
during three Years of their Courfe, was his Syftem. of 
Di'uimty^ in the largeft Extent of the Word ; inclu- 
ding what is moft material in Pneiimatology and Ethics* 
In this Compendium were contained; in as few Word* 
as Perfpicuity would admit, the moft material Things 
which had occurred to the Author''^ Obfervation, re- 
lating to the Nature and Properties of the human 
Mind, the Proof of the Exiftence and Attributes of 
G O Df the Nature of moral Virtue, the various 
Branches of it, the Means fubfervient to it, and the 
Sanations by which its Precepts, confidered as God's 
natural Law, are inforced ; under which Head the 
natural Evidence of the Immortality of the Soul wa* 
E 4 largely 

Bo Memoirs pf tfu Ltfi Cli^ 6. 

largely fxamlned. To this was added Tome Survey 
of what is, and generally has been, the State of 
Virtue in the World; from whence the Tranfition 
Was eafy to the Need of a Revelation^ the Encourage*- 
ment to hope for it, and the Nature of the Evidence^ 
which might probably attend it. From hence the 
Work naturally proceeded ta the Evidenei produced 
in Proof of that Revelation, which the Scripturef 
contain. The Genurjiene/sy Crediiilitj and In/piration 
of thefe facred Books were then cleared up at large, 
and vindicated from the moil coniiderable Objections, 
which Infidels have uiged. When this Foundation 
was laid, the chief Doctrines of Scripture were drawa 
out into a laige Detail ; thofe relating to the Father ^ 
Son and Spirit, to the original and fallen State of 
Man, to the Scheme of our Redemption by Cltrift, and 
the Offices of the Spirit, as the great Agent in the 
Redeemer's Kingdom. The Nature of the Co'venant 
9f Grace was particularly ftated, and the feveral Pre- 
cepts and Inftitutions of the Gofpel, with the Views 
which it gives us of the concluding Scenes of our 
World and of the eternal State beyond it. What 
fcemed' moft evident on thefe Heads was thrown into 
Utit' Propofitions, fome of which were problematical % 
and the chief Controverfies relating to each were 
thrown into the Scholia \ and all illuftrated by a 
very large Colledtion of References, containing per- 
haps, one Lefture with another, the Subftance of 
forty or fifty 0^a<vO'pages, in which the Sentimenta 
and Reafonings of the moft coniiderable Authors on 
all -thefe Heads, might be feen in their own Words. 
It was the Bufmefs of the Students to read and con- 
trad thefe References, in the Intervals between the 


Ch. 6. of Dr. DoDDRiDXSB. ^t 

Lcfturcs ; of which, only three were given in a Week, 
and fometimes but two. This was the Author's capi- 
tal Work, as a Tutor, He had fpent much Labour 
upon it, and was continually enriching it with hia 
Remarks on any new Produdlions upon the feveral 
Subjefls handled in it. This Syftem his Pupils tranf- 
cribed. It is now publifhed ; and the World will 
judge of its Value and Suitablenefs to anfwer thd 
End propofed, and will obfervc how judicioufly it was 
calculated to lead the Students gradually on from 
the Principles, to the moll important and difficult 
Parts of theological Knowledge*. His Heart was 
much fet upon their diligent Application to the 
Study of this Syftem; and the rather, as he thought 
the Study of Divinity was too much negleded in 
many Seminaries, and other Branches of Science of 
infinitely lefs Importance in themfelves, efpecially to 
Perfons intended for the Miniftry, were too clofely 

purfued. ifiefides the Expositions in the Family 

above mentioned, critical Lectures on the New I'ella,. 
ment were weekly delivered, which the Students 
were permitted and encouraged to tranfcribe, to lead 
them to the better Knowledge of the divine Oracles. 
Thefe contained his Remarks on the Language, 
Meaning and Defign of the facrcd Writers, and th^ 
Interpretations and Criticifms of the moft conlidera- 
E 5 • able 

• I am no Stnn^er to the CharaAer that was given of this Work 
in the Monthly Review, But that Account of it was drawii up in 
ib very injudicious and unrandid a Manner, and the Author of that 
^riicle xj^t:x\td to be fo utterly unacquainted with tiie Sul jcdt he wrcte 
. upon, that no intelligent Reader could be much influenced by ijt. 
The Dolors Friends therefore thoUjjht it needleis to enter inro a par- 
ticular Confutation of it, and thofe to ti^ift the Y^ork to niake it4 
Way by its own VIerit and the Charafler of its Author, 

J2 Memoirs of the Life Ch. 6, 

bic Comihentators. Many of thefe he has inferted 
in the Family'expofitor.'^^'^Polite Literature he by no 
means negledled; nor will it be defpifed by any, 
fcut thofe who know not what it is : yet * he could 
* not think it the one Thing needful : he thought 
'* the facred Scriptures were the grand Magazine, 
"' whence the moft important, and therefore by far 
' the greateft Number of, academical Leftures were to 
'* be drawn*' — ^In the laft Year of the Courfe, a Set of 
Xedures on Preaching and the paftoral Care was given* 
'Thefe contained general Diredions concerning the 
Method to be taken to furni/h them for the work of 
•preaching; the Charader of the beft pradlical Writers 
and Commentators upon the Bible ; many particular 
Rules for the Compoiition of Sermons, their proper 
8tyle, the Choice and Arrangement of Thoughts, and 
the Delivery of them; Direftions relating to public 
Prayer, Expoiition, CatechiUng, the Adminiflration of 
the Sacraments and paftoral Vifits, To thefe were ad-^ 
ded many general Maxims, for their Converfation an4 
Conduft as Minifters, and a Variety of prudential Rules 
for their Behaviour in particular Circumftances and 
Connexions, in which they might be placed. — While 
the Students were purfuing thefe important Studies, 
fome Le6tures were given -them on ci<vil Lawoy thp 
Hieroglyphics and Mythology of the Ancients, the eng-- 
lijJi Hijlory^ particularly the Hiftory of Nonconformity, 
and the Principles, on which a Separation from the 
Church of England is founded. The Tutor princi- 
pally infifttd upon thofe laid down by Dr. Calamy^ 
in his Introdudtion to the fecond Volume of his De- 
fence of moderate Nonconformity ; being of the fame 
Opinion with Mr. Locke, wJio ient Dr. Calamy Word, 


Ch. 6. ff Dr. DoDDRipGE. <3 

that * he had read his Introdudtion, and that while 
« the Protefiant Dijfenters kept clofc to thofe Princi- 

* pies, they would fufficiently maintain their Ground, 

* and juftify their Separation from any eftablifhed, 

* national Church, if that Church (hould afTume an 

* Authority to impofe Things, which ought to be 
« left indifferent*.' 

One Day in every Week was fet apart for public 
Exerci/es. At thefe Times the Tranjlations and Ora-- 
thns of the Junior-ftudents were read and examined. 
Thofe who had entered on the Study of Pneumatology 
and Ethics^ produced in dieir turns The/es on the 
feveral Subjedls alTigned them, which were mutually 
oppofed and defended. Thofe who had finifhed 
Ethics delivered Homilies^ (as they were called, to 
diilinguifh them from Sermons) on the natural and 
moral Perfeflions of God, and the feveral Branches 
of moral Virtue ; while the Senior-ftudents brought 
Analyfes of Scripture, the Schemes of Sermons, and 
afterwards the Sermons themfelves, which they fub- 
mitted to the Examination and Corredion of their 
Tutor. In this Part of his Work he was very exad, 
careful and friendly ; efteeming his Remarks on their 
Compofitions more ^ufeful to young Preachers, than 
any general Rules of Compofition, which could be 
offered them by thofe, who were themfelves moft 
eminent in the Profeffion. In this View, he furnilh- 
ed them with fubordinate Thoughts and proper Scrip- 
tures for Proof or Illudration, retrenching what wa^ 
fuperfluous and adding what was wanting. 

It was his Care, thro' the whole Courfe of their 
Studies, that his Pupils might have fuch a Variety of 
E 6 Lci^ur^j^ 

• vWJiyo's Fwj. S«rm« for Dr, p/iwy, ]p. i6. 

-94 Memoirs of the Life Ch. 6. 

Le^ures weekly, as might engage and entertain their 
Minds without diftrafting them. While they were 
attending and ftudying Le6lures of the greateft Im- 
portance, fome of lefs Importance, tho' ufeful in 
fhemfelves, were given in the Intervals. Thefe had 
generally fome Connexion with the former, and all 
were adapted to make the Man of GO D perfeSiy ' 
thoroughly furnijhed unto all good Works, He contriv- 
ed, that they fhouid have as much to read, between 
each Ledure, as might keep them well-employed ; al- 
lowing due Time for necefTary Relaxations, and the 
reading of praSlical Writers. He often recommended 
it to them and ftrongly infifted upon it, that they 
fhouid converfe with fome of thefe daily, efpecial- 
ly on the Lord^s Day^ in order to fubferve at once 
the Improvement of the Chriflian and the Minifter ; 
and he frequently reminded them, that it argued a 
great Defeft of TJnderftandingy as well as of real 

Fietyy if they were negligent herein. He often 

"examined what Beoks they read^ befides thofe to which 
they were referred in their Leftures, and dire6led 
lliem to thofe, which were beft fuited to their h^c^ 
Capacities and intended Profeffion : And in this Rc- 
Tped, they enjoyed a great Privilege, as they had 
the ufe of a large and valuable Library con filling of 
fevcral thoufaad Volumes : Many of theija the Dodor 
Kad purchafedhimfelf ; others were the Donation of 
yds Friends^ or their feveral Authors ; and each Stu- 
^dcnt at his Admiflion contributed a fmall Sam to- 
wards enlarging the Colledlion : The Student's Name: 
,was inferted in the Bx)k or Books purchafed with 
liis Contribution, and it was confidcred as his Gifr. 
To this Libj^ary the Students had Acccfs at all Times, 

• undc? 

Cii. 6. £/* Z)r. DoDDHlOOf. «5 

under fbme prudent Regulations as to the Time of 
keeping the Books. The Tutor was fenfiblc that a 
well-fumiihed Library would be a Snare, rather than 
a Benefit, to a Student, except he had the Advice 
of a more experienced Friend in the Choice of thofe 
he (hould read; as he might throw-away his Time 
in thofe, which were of little Importance, or antici- 
pate the Perufal of others, which might more pro- ' 
perly be referved to fome future Time. To prevent 
this, he fometimes gave his Pupils LeSlures §n the Books 
in the Library ; going over the feveral Shelves in or- 
der; informing them of the Charafter of each Book 
and its Author, if known ; at what Period of their 
Courfe, and with what fpecial Views, particular Books 
ihould be read ; and which of them it was defirablc 
they ihould be moft familiarly acquainted and furnilh- 
ed with, when they fettled in the World. His Pupils 
took Hints of thefe Le6lures, which at once difplayed 
the furprizing Extent of his Reading and Knowledge, 
and were in many Refpedls very ufeful to them. 

The DoSior*5 Manner of Le^urtng was well adapted 
to engage the Attention and Love of his Pupils, and 
promote their diligent Study of the Ledlures. When 
the Cldfs was affembled, he examined them in the 
laft Ledure ; whether they underllood his Reafoning ; 
what the ^«///orj referred to, faid upon the Subjed; 
whether he had given them a juft View of their 
Sentiments, Arguments and Objeflions, or omitted 
any that were important ? He expe<5led from them an 
Account of the Reafoning, Demonftraticns, Scrip- 
tures, or Fav^s contained in the Le^ure and References^ 
He allowed and encouraged them to propofe any Ob- 
ledions, which might arife in their own Minds, or 


J5 iimolrs of theLifi Ch. 6. 

which they met with in the Authors referred to, of 
which they did not think there was a fufficient So- 
lution in the Lefture: Or to mention any Texts 
that were mifapplied, or from which particular Confe-' 
quences might not be fairly drawn ; and to propofe 
others, which either confirmed or contradicted what 
he advanced : And if at any Time their Objeftiona 
were petulant or impertinent, he patiently heard and" 
mildly anfwered them. He was folicitous, that they 
Ihould thoroughly underftand his Lectures, and what 
he faid for the Illuftration of them : If he obferved 
any of them inattentive, or thought they did not 
fufllciently underfland what he- was faying, he would 
afk them what he had faid, that he might keep up 
their Attention and know whether he exprefTed him*- 
lelf clearly. He put on no magifterial Airs, never 
intimidated nor difcouraged them, but always addref- 
fed them with the Freedom and Tendernefs of a Fa^ 
ther. He never expected nor defired, that they fhould 
blindly follow his Sentiments, but permitted and eni- 
couraged them to judge for themfelves. To affift them 
herein, he laid before them what he apprehended 
to be the Truth with all Perfpicuity, and impartially 
ftated all Objeftions to it. He never concealed thic 
Difficulties, which afFedted any Queftion, but refer*- 
red them to Writers on both Sides, without hiding 
any from their Infpe£tion. He frequently and warm- 
ly urged them, not to take their Syllem of Divinity 
from any Man or Body of Men^ but from the Word of 
God. The BIBLE was always referred and ap- 
pealed to, upon every Point in Queftion, to which it 
could be fuppofed to give any Light. Of his Honclty 
and Candour in this refpeft, the World has had a 


dh. 6* f>f Dr. DoDDRiD^Gj, 87. 

fufficicnt Proof in his Theological Lectures. H e rc- 
iolutely checked any Appe. ranees of Bigotry and 
Uncharitablenefs ; and endeavoured to cure them, by 
(hewing the guilty Perfons theWeakneis of their Un- 
derftandings, and what might be faid in Defence of 
thofe Principles, which they difliked; reminding 
them at the fame Time of the great Learning and 
excellent Charader of many who efpoufed them. Ho 
much difcouraged a haughty Way of thinking and 
fpeaking ; * efpecially when it discovered itfelf in n 

* petulant Inclination to employ their Talents at Sa^ 

* tire, in ridiculing the Infirmities of plain, feriout 
' ChriAians, or the Labours of thofe Miniflers, who 
^ are willing to condefcend to the meanell Cap»* 

* cities, that they may be lui/e to ivin Soulu* 

It was his great Aim to give themya/? and fuh* 
lime Fie-ws of the Miniftry, for which they were pre- 
paring, and lead them to diredl all their Studies j(b 
as to increafe their Furniture and Qualifications fof 
it. To this End he endeavoured * to pofFefs them 

* with a deep Senfe of the Importance of the Go/- 

* pel-fcheme for the Recovery of Man from the Ruins 

* of the Apoftacy, and his Refloration to God and 

* Happinefs, by a Mediator ; to ihevv them that this 

* was the great End of the divine Counfels and 

* Difpenfations ; to point out what Chrift and his 

* ApoHles did to promote it ; to difplay before them 
' thofe generous Emotions of Soul, which ilill live 
*• and breathe in the New Teflament : And then> 
^ when their Minds were warmed with fuch a Sur- 

* vey, to apply to them, as Perfons defigned by Pro- 

* vidence to engage in the fame Work, to fupport 

* and carry on the fame Intereft, who therefore mufl 

88 Memoirs of the Life Ch. 6. 

* be aduated by the fame Views and imbibe the {ame 
' Spirit. He thought fuch as thefe the moll impor- 

* tant Ledures a Tutor could read ; tending to fill 

* the Minds of his Pupils with noble and elevated 

* Views, and to convince them, that the Salvation 
' of one Soul was of infinitely greater Importance, 

* than charming a thoufand fplendid Aflemblies with 

* the moft elegant Difcourfes that ever were delivered. 

* He thought fuch a Zeal and Tendemefs would 

* arife from thefe Views, as would form a Miniller 

* to a popular Addrefs, abundantly fooner and more 

* happily, than the moft judicious Rules which it is 
« poffible to lay down*.' ^He frequently inculca- 
ted upon them the Neceffity oi preaching Chrijl, if 
they defired to fave Souls ; of dwelling much upon 
the Peculiarities of the Gofpel-fcheme, and the Doc- 
trines of Chrift and the Spirit; of confidering /^r/r 
oivn Concern in them, and endeavouring to feel 
their Energy on their own Spirits, that they might 

- appear to their Hearers as giving Vent to the Fulnefs 
of their Hearts on its darling Subjefts. 

He was defirous that his Pupils fhould be experimen- 
tal Preachersj and have thofe peculiar Advantages, 
which nothing but an Acquaintance with Cafe$, and 
an Obfervation of Facls can give : That they fhould 
be well acquainted with the various Exerci/es of the 
Souly relating to its eternal Concerns, by reading the 
beft Writers upon the Subjqd, and carefully oblerv- 
ing the Workings of their own Hearts. He recom- 
mended it to them, frequently to handle thefe Sub- 
jeds with Serioufnefs and Tendemefs, which would 
increafe a People's Efteem for them and their La- 
bours ; 

« SerflBOiu and Tia^, Vol. U« p. 2.SS1 

Ch. 6* df On D6DDR1DG?. 89 

boars ; encourage them to be free in communicating 
the State of their Souls, and contribute to edify and 
comfort their pious Hearers. To qualify them for 
this Part of their Work, he not only gave them 
the bell Direftions, but often took them with him, 
if the Circumflances of the Cafe and the Family 
rendered it proper, when he went to baptize Child- 
ren, to vi/it Perfons under awakenings of Confci- 
cence, religious Impreffions or fpiritual Diftrefs ; or 
thofe that were fick and dying; that they might 
fee his Manner of conver/ing and praying with them, 
and have their own Hearts improved by fuch afFedling 
Scenes* With the fame View he introduced them 
to the Acquaintance of fome ferious Perfons of his 
Congregation. He thought a Knowledge of their 
hidden Worth and Acquaintance with Religion, and 
hearing their Obfervations concerning the Temper, 
Charadler and Labours of deccafed Minifters, would 
improve the Minds of his Pupils^ and increafe their 
Eftecm for the Populace in general. He imagined 
that from their Remarks on Books and Sermons, 
and their Account of the various Exercifes of their 
own Minds, where politer Perfons are generally more 
referved, they might learn how to addrefs to thofe 
of a low Education, and be formed to an experimen- 
tal Strain of Preaching. It was his frequent Cau- 
tion, that they fhould not defpife the common People, 
nor think Condefceniion to them, to be mean and 
unworthy of a Scholar ; that they fhould not refufe 
Settlements, where they might be ufeful, becaufe 
there were few wealthy, judicious and polite in the 
Congregation : It was his Advice, that in fuch Situa- 
tions, they fhould endeavour to improve the Under- 


$d Memoirs of the Lift Cli. 6. 

Handings of their Hearers and make Company of 
them ; afluring them, from his own Obfervation and 
Experience, that they would find plain ferious ChriA 
tians fome of their moft fteady, afFe^ionate Friends, 
and their greateft Joy. He exhorted them to ftudy 
the Temper of their People, that they might, fo far 
as they could with Coiifcience and Honour, render 
themfelves agreeable to them in their Mitiiftrations and 
Converfe. Thus they might hope gradually to bring 
them off their Attachment to particular Pkra/es and 
Modes^ prevent Differences, and fo far fecure their 
Affe£lions, that they would not be difpofed to dif- 
fer with, or complain of, a Minifter, who Ihewed 
Hmfelf moderate and condefcending, and at the fanv« 
time applied himfelf diligently to his great Work, 
tho' their Sentiments and his fhould in fome Refped$ 
difagree.— -That they might be qualified to appear 
with Efteem and Honour in the World, and preiide 
over politer Societies with Acceptance, he not only 
Jed them thro* a Ccurfj of polite Literature \ but 
endeavoured to form them to an agreeable Behaviour 
and Addrefs ; maintaining the ilrideH Decorum in 
his own Family, and animadverting upon every Tref- 
pafs of it. To this End like wife, he obferved their 
Way of fpeaking, inftruAed them in the proper 
Manner of Pronunciation, and laboured to prevent 
their contracting any unnatural Tone or Gellure: 
And while he was cautioning them upon this Head, 
he had the Humility to warn them, not to imitate 
him/elf in an Error of this Kind, which he was fenii- 
ble of, but could not entirely corredt. To affift them 
herein, they often read to him, and he was defirous 
that tjiey fbould fometimes preach before him, that 


Ck. 6. ^ Dr. D O D D !l I D ST. 9t 

he might put them into a Method of corrcfting what 
was improper in their Manner, before it was formtd 
into a Habit. 

Another Kiethod taken to render them able Mini- 
fters of the New Tcllamcnt was this ; The Semen* 
Jiudents for the Mlniftry, before they began to preachy 
ufed, on tue hordes Day-e'veningSy to viiit the neigh- 
bouring Villages, and hold f>ri<vatt Meetings for re- 
ligious V/or/hip in fome licenfed Houfes there. Two 
of them generally went together : A ferious Sermon 
on fome uncontrovcrted and important Subjcft of 
Religion was repeated, and one of them prayed before 
and the other after it, with proper Intervals of fing- 
ing. This Cuftom was very ufeful, both in exer- 
ciiing the Gifts of the Students, giving them a pro- 
per Degree of 0)urage, when they appeared in pub- 
lic AfTemblies; abating the Prejudices fome have en- 
tertained againft the Way of Worfiiip amongft Dif- 
/enters^ fpreading the Knowledge of divine Things, 
and inflrnfling and comforting feme, whofe Circum- 
ftanccs prevented their attending, v/here they would 
have chofen to fpend the Sabbath. When the Ailem- 
bly was difmiiTed, a few ferious People would often 
ftay, and fpend fome time in religious Difcourfe 
with the Perfons who had been officiating. In fuch 
Schools as thefe they learned, what no academical 
Leisures alone could have taught them with equal 

It was ah Inftance of the DoSior'*% great Concern 
for his Pupils* Improvement, that, as often as his 
other Buiinefs would permit, he allowed them Jccefs 
to him in his own Study ; to afk his Advice in any 
Part of their Studies, to mention to him any DifH- 


$£ Mmcirs of the lift Ch. tf; 

culties, which they met with in their private reading, 
or the Ledlures, and which they did not chufe to 
propofe in the Le^ure-^oom. He encouraged them to 
afk his Opinion of any Texts of Scripture, they did 
tiot underftand ; and he explained them and direded 
them to particular Commentators, who threw Light 

tipon them. ^He was felicitous to improve all thofe 

Moments, which he fpent with them, for their Ad- 
vantage. He therefore ufed frequently at Meals to en- 
quire of them, in order, what they had been readin^^, 
or what Texts they had, according to his general Di- 
redlion, chofen for the Subject of that Day's pious 
Meditation ; and would make fuch Reflexions upon 
them, as might be ferviceable to them all as Student* 

and Chriftians. ^From thefe Particulars it appears, 

what Pains he took that they might be qualified for 
Ufefulnefs in the Miniftry, or other Stations, for 

which they were intended, ^He fometimes expref- 

fed'his Fears, left fome of his Pupils, who were in- 
tended for Trade, fhould be fo fond of Books and 
Studies, as to ncgled a proper Application to it ; he 
gave them many friendly Cautions upon this Head, 
and often fuggefted to them important Maxims, by at- 
tending to which, they might carry on their Bufmefs 
with Honour and Succefs, and at the fame Time im- 
prove in a moral and religious CharaAer *. 


* As more of the young PerTons intended for Trade enjoy an aca-^ 
dmical Education now, than formerly, it may be ufeful to fuch to 
read fome Advices, which, in ^ Year 1726, he wrote to a young 
Man, who had a Tafte for reading and learning, and was entering; 
into a Merchant's Compting-houfe, after he had left the Academy. 

* You urge me to fend yon fome Directions about the Management 

* of ycur Studies, I may hereafter give you fome Hints upon the 

* feveral 

Ch. 6. rf Dr. DoDDRiDCB. ^3 

But his main Care, and what he apprehended et- 
fential to their Ufefulnefs, was, that they might be 
fious and holy Men, With this View the flrifteft Re- 
gard was paid to their moral Chara^er^ and their Be- 
haviour out of the Hours of' Study and Ledlure was 
narrowly infpefted. Enquiry was made, both of them 
and his Friends in the Town, what Houfes they fre- 
quented and what Company they kept. No Student 


* feveral Subjedls, ^hich I fuppole you would be inclinable to touch 

* upon. I may open to you a MagiciaiTi Palace, which 1 myfelf 

* have as yet taken bat a tranfient Survey of, without vifiting each 
' of its Apartments to examine the Curiofities contained there. But 

* when I confider how rich the Furniture is, and how exquifite a 
' Reliih you have for the Entertainment which it contains, me- 

* thinks I am afraid you Ihould grow too fond of it. The Bufi- 

* neis therefore of this Letter ihall be, to intreat you to endeavour 

* to bring your Studies under fuch Regulations, that they may not 

* be injurious to Healthy or Trade, or Deootkn. As your Confli- 

* tution is not ^ery athletic, if you fhould bear hard upon it by too 

* clofe an Attention to Books or Thought, the Confequencc would 

* probably be, that, as foon as you had begun to adjuft your Ideas 
^ and fix your Schemes for the future Employment of Life, you 

* would find yourfelf incapable of profecuting them, and may lan- 
' guifli away the Remainder of your Days in Abfence from your 

* Study, when a fmall Acquaintance with it had made you (tn- 
' fible of its Cliarms, and perhaps allured you to expeft a great 

* Deal more Satisfaftion. in it, than you would ever in faft have 

* found. How-ever, you would regret the Lofs in Propoition to the 

* Expeftation you had formed, whether regular or extravagant. I 
« may add, that by impairing your Health, you would become in a 

* great Mcafurc unfit for that Sphere of Life, in which Providence 

' hath placed you. Let us remember, my dear and prudent 

•* Friend, that we are to place our Point of Life, not in an Attempt 
-* to know and to do every Thing, which will certainly be as unfuc- 

■ cefsful, as it is extravagant } but in a Care to do that tvelf, which 
"^ .i'rovideoce hath afilgned us, asovr peculiar Bufiaeie. As 1 am a Mi^ 

94 tiemoirs $f the Life Ch. i. 

was permitted to be from home after Ten •* Clock at 
Night, under the Penalty of a confiderable Forfei- 
ture. When he found any Thing irregular in their 
Behaviour, or thought they were entering into Temp* 
tation, he privately admonifhed them in the moll fe* 
jious, afFedionate Manner ; and, to enforce the Ad- 
monition, prayed with and for them. If thefe private 
Admonitions had not the dcfired Ejff«d, the OiFen* 


* nifter^ I could not tnfwer it to Goi> or my own Confcicnccj 

* if I were to fpcnd a great Deal of Time in ftudying the Depthi 

* of the Lcnvy or in the more entertaining, the* lefs ufeful, Purfuit 

* of the niceft.Criticifms of ciaffical Writcn, I would not be cn-r 

* tirely a Stranger to thefe; but thefe or twenty others, which I 

* would juft look into, would each of them alone, or indeed any 

* fingle Bmnch of them, be the Employment of a much longcc 
'* Life, that I can imagine that Providence hath aligned to me. 
' Should I fufFer my few Sheep in the JVildcrnefs to go on in Ignorance 

* of their Bibles and a ftupid Negledl of their eternal Salvation, 
' while I am too bufy to endeavour to reclaim them, God would 

* cab it but laborious Idlenefs, and I muft give up my Account with 
^ great Confufion. The Thought with a very little Variation may 

* be applied to jou. It is in the Capacity of a TraJefmafif that 
' you are to ferve your Family and Country, and in that, your God, 

* Therefore, tho' I would not have fo fine a Genius entirely dif- 

* couraged from entertaining itfelf with the refined Pleafures of a 
< Student ; yet it would be Imprudence to yourfelf, and an Injury 

* to the World, to fpend fo much Time in your Clofet, as to negle£t 

* your Warehoufe j and to be fo much taken up with Volumes of 

* PhiJofophy or Hiftory, Poetry or even Divinity, as to forget to 
' look into your Books of Accbunts. Above all. Sir, let it be 

* your conflant Concern, that Study may not interfere with Devo^ 

* tion, nor engrofs that valuable Time, which ihould be confecrated 
' to the immediate Service of your God. He is the Father of our 

* Spirits, and it is upon his facred Influences that they depend for 

* Improvement in Knowledge as well as in Holinefs. If we are 

* Condoned by i^im^ our Genius will fiag and ail our Thoughts 

' become 

•Ch. 6. •/* 2)r. Do D D R ID o «. $J 

der was admonifhed before the luhole S§ciety at Fa- 
mily-worfhip ; and if this proved ineffedtual, he waa 
publicly expelled the Society. On one fuch Occafion 
I find him thus writing ; * A very melancholy Scene 
'* opened this Day. We had Tome time fpent in Fafl- 

* ing and Prayer, on Account of an unhappy Youth, 

* whofe Folly and Wickednefs hath obliged me to 
' difmifs him. I pronounced the folemn Sentence of 

' become languid and confufcd. It will be in vain that we feelc 
^ the Ailiftance of Books ; for, when he ceafcth to a£l by them, 

* the moft fprightly Writers will appear dull j the moft perfpicuou», 

* obfcure j and the moft judicious, trifling. Whereas if we main- 

* tain a continued Regard to him, in tWe conftant Exercifes of lively 

* Devotim, wc fliall enjoy his Affiftancc and Blcfling in our Studies ; 

* and then our profiting will quickJy appear to ourfeltes and others j 

* the moft difficult Tafk will be eafy, and wc fhall difpatch more 

* in in Hour, than we could othcrwifc have done in a Day. Bat, 

^ which is ftill more delirable, when we arc converfing with God, 

* wc are preparing for that World of Light, where our Capacities 
' will be moft glorioufly improved ; where v.'c fliall be furrounded 
' with the wifeft and bcft Company, who will be daily opening 

* new Scenes of Knowledge ; and where God will reveal Objefts by 
-* another Kind of Influence upon our Spirits, than that which we 

* have yet known in our brighteft or fcreneft Moments, Let us be 

* conftant and zealous in the Service of God, and we fhall be ex- 

* ccllent Scholars ten thoufand Tears hence j while thofe, who have 

* made the greateft Improvements in human Knowledg,e, yet have 

* lived in Neglcft of Goo and Religion, are forgotten upon Eartk 

* and configned over to the Gloom of everlafting Datknefs. Let us 

* remember, that by every Hour which we take from God to give 

* to our Books, we forfeit fome Degree of future Happincfs, which 
' might have been the Reward of that Hour, hal we fpent it 
' aright : and when we confider that Knowledge is a Part of the 

* Happinefs of Heaven, wc fhall certainly fiid, that upon the 
•* whole, we lofc a great Deal more Knowledge, than wc get, by 

* fuch facrilcgi(us Encroachment; even tho* ©ur Studies fhoulo fuc- 
' oaed mere i-rofpexoufly, than -vs-c have Rcafbn to expc^ they will.' 

* E.r^al:am ocGit ^£31, bdore t&e viiole Academy. I 

* rn.iTTk G^3, I wii earned taro* ^la fad Work 

* Tff'jzL Sciri; ▼« greadj aliFctrd to fee all, that 
« I kid d&ieaTQiB»i to do ^ kis Gocd, thrown 

* ainny spcs. aim. I had aa O yp oi tiii iiCT of feeing in 

* hfs '±& TrraTKTT cf the hamaa Heart, the Nocef- 

* izCT c£ keepE^ near to Gos, and the Tendency 
^ gE bad Pt aakes to debaoch the Principles. God 

* has cieiclM Bi se in this In&ance i^ith great Trou« 

* Die acd Difapfofrxnrent : bat tit DiJcipU is mot 
' cid^cr l£r iLytur, Lord, maj I appiore my Sin- 

* ccrrrr aod Zeal in diy S^ht, tho' it ihoold be in 

* evcnr Trrfairce anlkccefsfiil ! Let me bat hear thee 
« %iBg, WtS-dme gmd mmd fmtkfid Senvamt ! and 
' none can hinder my Joy.' Bntitpleafed God (b 
to fa cccc d his pious Care, that there were very few 
InJbuiccs, in which he was obliged to have Recoorfe 
to lb painliBl an Expedient, to iecnre the Honour 
of his Family and the Safety of his other Pupils. 

But he could not be fatisfied with their external 
regular BehaTiour, except he faw in them the genuine 
Eiridences of real Rdigiom. He thought no one ought 
to be encouraged to undertake the chriftian Miniilr}-, 
who was not a pious Man : Therefore he advifed 
fome of his Pupils, of whofe real Charadler he was 
doubtful, to apply themiclves to /ecular Buiinefs; 
while he grieved that any, who had this beft Qua- 
lification for niiniflerial Ufefulnefs, (hould decline it. 
He often inculcated upon them the abfblute Necef- 
fity of a Heart thoroughly engaged for God and 
Holinefs, in order to purfue their Work with Com- 
fort, Acceptance and Succefs *. * It is my Heart's 

* Dcfire 

♦ Sec bis Tlicological I«e£iures, Introd. ad Jin* 

Cb. 6. rf Dr. DoDDRitret. 97 

* Defire and Prayer to God, faith he, that not one 

* may go out from me without an Underilanding 

* enlightened from above, a Heart fandliiied by di- 

* \int Grace, quickened and warmed with Love to 

* a well-known Je/us, and tenderly concerned for 

* the Salvation of perifhing Souls. What are all our 

* Studies, Labours and Purfuits to this?' For this 
Purpofc he endeavoured to bring them early into 
Communion with the Church under his Care, if they 
had not been admitted elfewhere; that they might 
renew their haptifmal Engagements, and publicly a- 
vow their Refolution to be the Lord's. He took 
Pains to prepare them for an intelligent devout Ap- 
proach to the hordes Supper, and often reminded 
them of their confequent Privileges and Engagements. 

I n Order to preferve and increafe vital Religion 
in their Hearts, all common Ledures were omitted 
on the Saturday, preceding the Lord's Day on which 
the Sacrament was adminiftered ; and the greateft 
Part of that Day was fpent in de'votional Exercifes* 
All the Pupils affembled in the Le6lure-room 5 he 
prayed with them, and then delivered a devotional 
LeSure, or a Difcourfe particularly fuited to their 
Circumftances ; concerning the Nature, Duties, Dif- 
ficulties, Encouragements or Rewards of the Mini- 
llry, the Nature of chriftian Communion, their Ob- 
ligations to Diligence, Prayer, Watchfulnefs, brother- 
ly Love J or fuch other Topics as were moft proper 
for fuch an Affembly. His Difcourfe on the E'vil and 
Danger of negleSing the Souls of Men, was deliveredon 
one of thefe Occafions. After this Leisure was finifti- 
ed, and fmging, he concluded with Prayer. Never 
did his Heart appear more flrongly affcdled, and de- 
F voutly 

<^ ^Hemtrs ef th Lift Ch, 5. 

voady raifed^ than at thefe Seafons. He confiderei 
of how much Importance to the prefent and eternal 
Intereft of thoofands, the Temper and Behaviour of 
fo many yoang Men, intended for the Minifhy, was« 
Ifis Heart overflowed with Benevolence, and he ap- 
peared like an afieddonate Father addrefling his Child* 
xen» and commending them and their Concerns to 
:the Favour of Heaven. Many of iiis Pupils have 
4icknowledged» that they reaped more Advantage by 
fthefe Le&ures, than all the other Methods ufed to 
f)romote their Improvement. The latter Part of the 
J>ay was fpent by the PupiJs themfelves in religious 
£xercifes> agreeable to a Plan which they had laid 
■down, with their Tutof^% Approbation and Encour- 
agement,— The JLwi/'i Day was moft ftridtly and 
Teligiottfly obfiared in his Family: And after the 
public and domeftic Services of it, he often took 
them feparately into his Study ; converfed with them 
•concerning the State of Religion in their Souls, and 
;gave them fuitable Advice. 

He endeavoured to behave to them in fuch a Man* 
«ner, as to gain jkeir AffeSions and engage them to 
open their-Hearts to him without Referve. He often 
reminded them, how much his own Comfort and 
Happinefs depended upon their good Behaviour, Di- 
ligence in their Studies, and Improvement in Know- 
ledge and Piety. When, in the Year 1736, the 
jfwo Colleges of the Univerfity of AberJjen in Scot-- 
land^ had concurred in conferring upon him the De- 
^^rec of J^oQor i« Diitinityy his Pupils thought it a 
proper Piece of Refpedt to congratulate him, in a 
Body, upon the Occalion. He thanked them for their 
.Compliment, and told them, that ' their Learning, 

-» Piety 

* Piety and Zeal would be more his Honour and 

* give him ten thoufand times more Plcafure, than 

* his Degree^ or any other Token of public Eftcem.* 

* H e heard their Difcourfcs and Prayers with great 
Candor> paiTed over little Imperfections, which he 
thought growing Years and Experience would redtify, 
find encouraged them by conunending what was good 
and pertinent* When he thought it his Duty to hint 
to them their Defeds, he did it privately and in the 
moft foft and fnendly Manner. None but a pious, be^ 
tievolent Mind can conceive the Pleafure it gave him> 
to hear fome of the &t&. Sermons of hb Pupils^ who 
iet out with good Qualifications and right Views. Con* 
ceming one of them he thus writes, in fome private 
Memorandums he kept of the State of his own Soul ; 
« This Day Mr% preached one of the beft £cr- 

* mons I ever heard, concerning the Happine/s of tU 

* ChiUren of GOD. I had preached one on the Sub- 
« jeft fome time before ; but when I confidered how 

* much fuperior his was to mine, it ihamed and hum« 
« bled me ; yet I blefs God, it did not grieve me. If any 
« Stirrings of Envy moved, they were immediately 

* fuppre Jed ; and, as foon as I came home, I folemnly 

* returned my Acknowledgements to God, for having 
« raifed up fuch a Minijhr to his Church, and ho^ 

* noured me with his Education. I recommended 

* him to the divine Bleffing with the tendered Af- 

* fedion ; leaving myfelf in the Hand of God ; ac- 

* quiefcing in the Thought of being eclipfed, of 

* being ncgledled, if he (hall fo appoint j at the fame 
« Time adoring him> that, with Capacities inferior 

* to a Multitude of others, I have been providen- 
« tially led into Services fuperior to many of thofe, 

F 1 * in 

lOO X Memoirs cf the Life Ch. 6, 

* in Comparifon with whom, my Knowledge and 

* Learning is but that of a Child.*— He was ten- 
derly careful of his Pupils, when they were iick ; 
and when fome of them, who feemed qualifying fdr 
eminent Ufefulnefs, died, he felt for them and wept 
over them, as a Father for his Child: Jie endea- 
voured, from fuch Events, to excite fuperior Dili- 
gence and Piety in their furviving Brethren, and 
wrote many excellent Letters of Advice and Confo- 
lation to the mourning Parents and Friends of the 

After this Account of his Behaviour to his Pupils^ 
and.Coni:em for their Ufefulnefs and Happinefs, th« 
Reader^ who knows any thing of human Nature and 
ihe attra^ve Influence of Love, will not wonder to 
be XcM^ that they, in general, reverenced and loved 
him as a Fenheri and that his paternal Advices and 
Entreaties weighed more with them, than the Com- 
mands Qf rigid Authority, or the Arguments of a 
cooler Mind, where the Affedion of the Heart was 
not felt, or not tenderly exprefTed. They were moft 
of them ihif Honour and Joy. His principal Defeft 
in this Capacity was, that he had not fufficient 
Refolution of Temper to govern fome untraftable 
Youths, who would not be won-upon by mild and 
gentle Addreffes : And he was fometimes deceived by 
the Appearance of Humiliation and Penitence, and 
fair Promifes of a more orderly Behaviour. The 
, natural Softnefs and Gentlenefs of his Temper made 
it painful to him to ccnfure and reprove : Upon 
every important Occafion indeed, he refolutely fub- 
mitted to this difagreeable Tafk, and performed it 
in a Manner moft likely to be.flfeftualj jet in leffer 


CH. 6. t^Dr. DoDDRIDGt. lOl 

Inftances, where he thought the Charafter and Im- 
provement of his Pupils not fo much concerned, he 
was, perhaps, too eafy in admitting Excufes, and 
not ftrifl: enough in exading an Obfervance of his 
cftablifhed Laws. This, as we fhall hereafter obferve, 
he perceived and acknowledged to be an Error. — ^He 
found it a great Inconvenience, and the Source of 
fome Diforders in his Family, to have young G^>7f/^- 
men of great Fortunes, intended for no particular 
Profefiion, and young Men intended for the Miniftryy 
as Students together. It was difficult to eftablifh ge- 
neral Laws, which would not bear hard upon one 
or the other. Some of thofe who had large Allow- 
ances from their Parents or Guardians, were fome- 
times a Snare to the other Students, efpecially the 
Divinity 'ftudentSf whofe Allowance was generally 
fmall; tho' it is but Juflice to add, that many of 
the former behaved in the moft unexceptionable Man- 
ner. He often expreffed his Wifh, that different 
Places of Education could be provided for Perfon& 
intended for the Miniftry and thofe for other Pro- 
feffions ; as he thought it would be a better Securi- 
ty for the religious CharaAer of the former ; and 
f(5me Indulgences might be allowed to the others, 
efpecially thofe of Rank and Fortune, that were not 
proper for Divinity-ftudcnts, as few of them were 
likely ever to be in affluent Circumftances. But what- 
ever their Rank and Circumftances were, he treated 
them with equal Regard ; they were alike fubjeft to 
the Difciplin« and religious Orders of his Family* 
W hen any of his Pupils, who had behaved well, 
left his Academy, he parted with them with great 
Regret, and by fervent Prayer, commended them, in 
F 3 their 

toz Mem§irt of the Lift Ch. 6. 

their future Concerns and Conne6lions, to the Blefling 
of God. It was ufualy when Tome of them entered 
on the Minifby together, and alfo when they were 
removing to their refpedtive Stations, to have Come 
time fpent in public Prayer, to recommend them to 
the Grace of God, and engage his Bleffing On their 
Studies and Labours. The Elders of his Church, 
together with himfelf and his JJ/tfiant in the Care of 
the Academy, conduced thefe religious Exercifes ; 
and fometimes he had the Concurrence of his Bre"- 
thren in the Neighbourhood. He interefted himfelf 
in their comfortable Settlements, correiponded with 
many of them, and was ready to advife any of them 
in Cafes of Difficulty, in which they defired his Af- 
fjilance. He employed his Intereft with his Friends for 
their Benefit, and was glad to. ferve them in their 
temporal, fpiritual or minifterial Concerns. When they 
had an Opportunity of vifiting him at Northampton^ 
his Houfe and his Heart were always open for their 
Reception : He deiired them to coniider it as a Fa^ 
ther's Houfe, and he treated them there, as a good 
Father would a beloved Child, who came from a 
Piftance to viiit him* He liad the Pleafure to fee 
many of them unanimoufly and affectionately chofen 
by large Congregations as their Paflors ; amongii 
whom they laboured with great Acceptance and Sue* 
cefs. Since his Deceafe, Three of them have beeu 
chofen to prefide over Seminaries of this Kind, and 
are widely diffufing the Benefits they received from 
his Inih-uClions and Example. 

Sq great was his Reputation as a Tutor, that the 
Number of Pupils was lar^ ; C9mmunibus annis, thirty 
four, 9,nd generally increafing. He had fuftained this 


€H. 6. ef Dr. DoDDRiDcr; rey 

Office about tive-rty tivo Years, and daring that Time 
had about tivo hundred young Men under his Care % 
of whom, one hundred and twenty, as far as I can 
learn, entered upon the Miniftry, and feveral intend- 
ed for it died, while under his Inflrudions. He 
had feveral Pupils from Scotland and Holland* One Per*- 
fon, that was intended for the Minifby in the Church* 
ef England, chofe to fpend a Year or two under hi« 
Liftruflions, before he went to the Univerfity ; others, 
whofe Parents were of that Church, were placed in- 
his Family, and they were: readily admitted as Pupil* 
and allowed to attend the eftahlijhed Worfhip 5 for the * 
Confutation of his Academy was perfedlly catholic. 
Some young Divines from Scotland, who had fludied: 
and taken the ufual Degrees^ in the Uni'verjities there, 
and had began to preach, came to attend his Divini-^ 
ty-ledures, and receive his Inftruflions, before they 
fettled with Farijhes in their native Country. During 
their Kefidence with him,, they preached occafionally 
in the diffenting Congregations in that Town and. 
Neighbourhood, and two of them were ordainei^ 

When he had publiihed fome Hints of his Method* 
of Education, in his fhort Memoirs of Mr, Steffe%^ 
Life, he received Letters from fome eminent Divines - 
of the Church of England, expreffing their high Ap- 
probation of his Plan, as affording Students, intended- 
for the Miniftry, fuperior Advantages for appearing 
with Honour in the miniflerial Charadler, than were 
enjoyed in fome more public Seminaries. 

Before I conclude this Chapter, it may be proper tor 
obfervc, that the Account here given of the Do^or^% 
laeftures and Plan, of Education i» taken from whatt 
¥ ^ thqfc 

104 • Memoirs •/ the Life Ch. 6. 

they were between fwenty and thirty Years ago. He 
might, in fome Circumflances, change his Method 
afterwards ; but I believe in no material Point. I 
mention this, left any, who )iave been under his 
Care iince that Period, fhould perceive that my 
Account does not exaftly correfpond with their Know- 
ledge of his Academy, while they belonged to it. 

Thus have I endeavoured to give fome Idea of the 
Manner in which this excellent Perfon filled up this 
difHcuit and honourable Station ; and I am perfuaded 
the pious Reader will, from this Survey, be inclined 
to join with me in acknowledging the Wifdom and 
Goodnefs of Providence, which gradually prepared 
him for, and, by the feveral Steps already pointed 
out, led him into, fo large a Sphere of Ufefulnefs. 
May the fame divine Hand, that fo richly endowed 
him with tkofe Gifts, which qualified him for this 
important Service, raife up, thro' evtry fucceeding 
Period of the Church, others^ who may difcover a 
like Spirit ; and who may be honoured as the In- 
Itraments of forming the Minds of their younger 
Brethren^ and, by this means, of tranfmitting the 
Knowledge and Power of Religion thro* the mod 
diftant Ages ! 


Ch. 7* of Dr. DoDDRXDGS* loj 

CHAP. vn. 

Some Account of Dr. Doddridge's Genius, Learn- 
ing and Writings, 

^)90J(kHOUGH I am chiefly felicitous, in this 
« nn )B( Work, to reprefent Dr. Doddridge under 
)J( )0( the Charafter of a Chriftian and a Mini- 
*^)(()J(?* fter^ as an Example worthy the Imitation 
of others ; yet I cannot, without great Injuilice, pafs 
over in Silence his Charader as a Man of Genius and a 
Scholar, Nor will this View of him be foreign to 
my main Defign; as it will tend, in the Opinion of 
Many, to fet his other Qualities in a more ftriking 
Light ; and will prove, if indeed it needs any Proof, 
that very high Attainments in Piety and Devotion are 
no way inconfiftent with great Eminency in Learning 
and Knowledge, 

The Do^or was poflefTed, in a very high Degree, 
of two Qualities, which are rarely united, *vix. a 
natural ASli'uity and Ardour of Mind, joined to in- 
evincible Refolution and Perfeverance, The one led him 
to form an Acquaintance with the various Brandies 
of Science ; while the other fecured him from the 
Evils attending a boundlefs Curiofity, and kept him 
Heady to thofe Purfuits, which he thought deferved 
his principal Attention. His uncommon Application, 
even with moderate Abilities, would have enabled 
F 5 him 

|o6 Memoes of the Lift Ch. 7. 

liiin to lay ep a large Stock of Knowledge : It is no 
Wonder therefore, that, when it was joined with 
great natural ^chiefs §f Jppreheufion and Strength of 
Memory y it fhoald enable him to make diftinguifhed Ad* 

▼ances in the fcveral Parts of ufefol Learning. His 

Jtcquaintance 'with Books was v«y extenfive. There 
were few of any Importance on the general Subje£la 
©f Literature, which he had not read with Attention 5 
and he could both retain and eaftly recolledi, what 
Was mod remarkable in them. As he cautioned his 
Pupils againU that indolent and fuperficial Way of 
Reading, which many Students ^1 into, fo he took 
Care that his own Example fhould enforce his Pre- 
tepts. His ufual Method was, to read with a Pen 
in his Hand„ and to mark in the Margin partici>> 
lax Pafiages, which ftruck him. Befides which, h« 
often took down Hints of what was moft importanti, 
or made References to them, in a blank heaf of th« 
Book, adding his own Refle^ons on the Author!^ 
Sentiments. Thus he could eafily turn to particular 
FaiTages, and enriched his Ledures with Reference 
to what was moft curious and valuable in the Cour& 

of his reading. But he was not (me of thofe whp 

content themfelves with treafuring up other Men^% 
Thoughts. He knew, and often reminded his Pu- 
pils, that the true End of reading is only to fumiih 
the Mind with Materials to exeicife its own Powers ^ 
and few Men knew better, how to make Ufe of the 
JCnowledge they had gained, and apply it to the 
moH valuable Purpofes^ His Mind was indeed a ricK 
Trcafury, out of which he could, on every proper 
Occafion, produce a Variety of the moft important 
Jbxftru^UofL This G^ualified Um for lefturing to his 


Ch. 7» ^Z)r* i)ODDMDCB# 107 

Pupils in thofe feveral Branches of Science, of which ^ 
his Courie confifted ; it enriched his public Writings, . 
and rendered his private Converfation highly inftruc- 
tive and entertaining. 

In the younger Part of Life he took Pains to cul- - 
tivate a Tafte for polite Literature, which produced 
a remarkable Eafe and Elegance in his Letters \ and 
the Marks of it appear in all his Writings. And» 
confidering the natural Warmth of his Imagination, . 
which muft have rendered thefe Kind of Studies pe- 
culiarly pleaiing to him, it was a great Inftance of 
his Refolution and Self-denial, that he did not fuifer 
them, to ingrofs a difproportionate Share of his Time 
and Attention, but made them fubfervient to the 
more ferious and important Ends he had in View. 
W ith Regard to the learned Languages, tho' he 
could not be called a profound Linguift, he was fuf- 
ficiently acquainted with them to read the mofl va- 
luable Pieces of Antiquity with Tafte and Pleafure, 
and to enter into the Spirit of the facred Writings. 
Of this, the World has had a Proof in his Paraphrafc 
and Notes on the New Teftament, in which he has 
often illuftrated the Force and Beauty of the Original 
with great Judgment and in the true Spirit of Critic 
£ifm. He had alfo nearly compleated a new Tranfla- 
tion of the minor Prophets, in which he has ihewn his 
critical Knowledge of the Hehre-w Language. — ^Tho* 
he feemed formed by Nature for cultivating the mor^ 
polite, rather than the abftrufer. Parts of Science, 
yet he was no Stranger to mathematical and philofo^ 
phical Studies, He thought it inconfiftent with his 
principal Bufinefs to devote any confiderable Part of 
Jus Time to them ; yet it appeared from fome Ef« 
S 6 %», 

lo8 Jdemirs »f fhe Life Ch. 7, 

fays, which he drew up for the Ufe of his Pupils •, 
that he could eaiily have purfued thefe Refearches to 

a much greater Length. ^He was well acquainted 

with ancient Hiftory^ both fi'V/7 zn^ ecclefiajiical i but 
he did not content himfelf with ftoring-up a Num- 
ber of Fafts in his Memory, but made fuch Obferva- 
tions and Refle6lions upon them, as tended either to 
increafe his Acquaintance with human Nature, to 
exemplify the Intcrpofitions of Providence, or to ex- 
plain and illiifh-ate the facred Hiflory, 

But his favourite Study, and that in which his 
chief Excellency lay, was Divinity^ as taken in its 
Jargcft Senfe. Whatever could tend to flrriigthen 
the Evidences of natural or revealed Religion^ to af- 
fift our Conceptions of the divine "Nature^ or enable 
us more perfeftly to underftand the Difcoveries, 
, which Revelation has made, he thought deferved 
the moft ferious and attentive Regard. Tho' he 
made himfelf familiarly acquainted with what others 
had written upon thefe Subjeds, he was not guided 
implicitly by their Authority ; but thought for him- 
felf Vith that Freedom, which became a Fhtlofopher 
and a Chriftian. There were perhaps few Men, who 
had more carefully ftudied the different Syftems of 
Divinity, and could point out, with more Judgment 
and Accuracy, the Defedls of each. This appears 
from his LeSiuresy publifhed fince his Death \ o. Work, 
which is, of itfelf, a fufficient Proof of the Extent 
of his Learning and the Soundnefs of his Judgment, 
and of which fome Account has been already given. 


* In this Number was a Treatife of Jl^eha^ \n which the Rula 
both of .numeral and univerfal Mtbwetii were demoafinted with 
f reat Conciieneis and CJfjunefty 

Ch. 7» £/'i)r. DoDORiDCf.* loj 

He was not one of thofe, who zSeGt to treat the La* 
hours of wife and learned Men, who have gone be« 
fore them, with Contempt, but was always ready 
to receive whatever Light they could afFbrd him ; 
yet in forming his Opinion on all Matters of mere 
Reveladon, he took thi Scriptures for his Guide, and, 
without any Regard to human Syilems, endeavoured 
to find out the feveral Truths they contained. As 
he was no Slave to the Authority of others, fo he 
did not aiFeft to diftinguiih himfelf by any of thofe 
Peculiarities of Opinion, which learned Men are of- 
ten fond of, and which in moft Inflances are rather 
Ingenious than folid. He chofe to reprefcnt the Doc- 
trines of the JViwu I'eftament in the fame Simplicity, 
in which he found them exprefled by the facred Wri- 
ters themfelves : And of this the Reader may judge 
for himfelf by his Writings, already referred to. 
There was no Subjed, which he had laboured with 
more Care, and in which he 'Was a greater Matter, 
than the E'vidences of Revelation. The View he 
has given of them in his LeShires^ is perhaps -the 
moft compleat and methodical of any extant. He 
had read with Attention the moft celebrated Pieces 
on the Side of Infidelity^ and has comprifed, in this 
Work, a concife View of their principal Arguments, 
with the proper Anfwers to them. As he had him- 
felf the fulleft Conviaion, upon the moft mature and 
impartial Examination, of the Truth of the Gofpel, 
and the Weaknefs of all the Attempts, which its 
Adverfaries have made to fubvert it ; fo, he could 
reprefent his own Views in fo forcible a Light, as 
was calculated to produce the fame Conviction in 
the Minds of others. 


119 MttMtri rfthi Lift CL J. 

Upon the wh(rfe; it may, I think, with gr^t Jof- 
tlce be faid of Dr. Doddridge^ that, tho' others might 
exceed him in their Acquaintance with Antiquity or 
their Skill in the Laniuages^ yet in the Extent of 
his Learning, and the Variety of ofefol important 
Knowledge he had acquired, he was forpafled by 

As he had taken fo much Pains to fumifh and 
adorn his own Mind with the moft valuable Know- 
ledge, he was no Icfs happy in his Talent of ctrnmu- 
nicating it to others. He was remarkable for his Com-- 
mand of Language^ and could exprefs himfelf with 
Eafc and Propriety on every Occafion. In his young- 
er Years he fludied the Englijh Language with great 
Care, and had formed his Style upon the beft Models. 
It was remarkably polite and copious, tho* perhaps, 
in his later Writings, rather too diffufe. He excelled 
in the Warm and Pathetic; and there are in his 
pradical Works, many Inftances of true Oratory ^ and 
the moft animated moving Addrefs. He was well 
acquainted with all the Graces of elegant Compoii- 
tion ; but he willingly facrificed a Part of that Re*» 
putation he might have gained as a fne Writer^ to 
the more valuable Confideration of promoting th^ 
Interefts of Piety and Virtue ; and often ftudioufly 
avoided thofe Ornaments of Style, which, tho' eafy 
and natural to him, would have rendered his Works 
lefs ufeful to plainer Chriflians. As his own Ideas, 
on every Subjedl he had iludicd, were clear and 
diftindl, fo his Method of ranging his Thoughts^ when 
he had Occafion to exprefs them in writing, was 
remarkably juft and natural. Perhaps we have few 
Difcourfcs in our Language, where» the Di'vifimu are 


Ch. 7^ {^ /)/*. DODDHIDOB. Ill 

made with greater Accuracy, and the Thoughts more 
Stxi&ly proper to the Subjedt^ than thofe which ht 
delivered in his ufual Courfe of Preaching. 

Such then were the intelledual Endowments with 
which he was honoured, and the valuable Acquit- 
tions he had made. They juftly entitled him to a 
coniiderable Rank in the Uarned World; but, great 
as they were, it may with the ftriAefl Truth be faid, 
that he valued them chiefly, as they made him more 
capable oi femnng the Inter eft of Religion^ and con- 
tributing to the Happinefs of Mankind ; to which 
great Ends he had confecrated all his Time and all 
iiis Talents. He conildered himfelf as a MiniHer of 
Chrifti and therefore thought it to be his principal 
Bufinefs to fave Souls. But he had Scope for exert- 
ing all his Abilities in his Office as a Tutor, and 
opening to his Pufils his ample Stores of Literature. 
By enriching them, he was enriching thoufands in 
different Parts of the Kingdom, and making his 
Learning more extenfively ufeful, than it probably 
would have been, had he publifhed ingenious and 
learned Treatifes, on fpeculative or not very interefl* 
ing Subjedls. 

We are now to confider him as an Author ; in which 
Character he is in much Reputation among many 
of the Friends of Virtue and Religion of varioua 
•Perfuafions, in thefe Nations, in our Colonies and up>- 
on the Continent. He was not fond of Controvert ; 
and was determined, if he could poffibly avoid ity 
never to engage in any of thofe Difputes, which have 
been, and ftill are, agitated among Proteftants. He 
ba4 often feen and lamented this, as the Event of 
many a voluminous Controverfya that * Men of con* 

^ traiy 

Ill Mmnfi of the Lift Chi. fl 

* traty P^es iat domi more attached to their own 
« OpiJikms, than they were at the Beginning, and 
' much more eftranged in their AfFedions/ He there- 
fore left this Work to others. 

The nrft Piece he pnblifhed (except fome Papers in 
the pre/ent State of the Republic of Letters) can fcarcc- 
ly be called controverfial^ tho* it was an Anfwer to 
another. This was entitled. Free Thoughts on the moft 
probable Means of revMng the dijfenting Interefty occa-* 
fiomd by the late Enquiry into the Caufes of its Decay ; 
addrefled to the Author of that Enquiry ^ 1730. He 
treats the Author with great Civility, and, inflead 
of criticifing upon his Performance, offers fbme Re- 
marks which may be of general Ufe : And they de- 
ierve the Regard bf all Minifters. He points out the 
principal Rcafons, why many learned and good Men 
are fo unpopular and unfuccefsful ; and hath ihewn 
great Knowledge of human Nature, and what care^ 
ful Obfervations he had made on the Difpofitions of 
Mankind. This Trad is little known, efpecially by 
our Brethren of the eftablijhed Church ; but at its firit 
Publication, it met with a favourable Reception a- 
mong Perfons of different Parties and Sentiments ; 
and it deferves to be read-, as a Model of a candid^ 
polite Manner of remarking upon another Author'^s 
Writings and Opinions. 

The only proper Controverfy that he was ever en- 
gaged in, was with the Author of a Treatife, entitled^ 
Chriftianity not founded on Argument y &c. publifhed 
in the Year 1742, to whom he wrote three Letter Si^ 
which were publifhed foon after one another in 1743. 
The Author of this Treatife, under the Form 0/ a 
snoft orthodox and zealous ChrifUan> pretends to cry 
\ ■ op 

Ch. 7. •fl>r. Doddridge. iij 

up the immediate Teltimony of the Spirit, and af- 
ferts its abfolute Neccflity in order to the Belief of 
the Gofpel ; while at the fame time he endeavotirs 
to expofe all Kind of rational Evidence by which it 
could be fupported, and advancfes feveral very cun- 
ning Iniinuations againft the Truth of it in the moil 
pernicious View. Dr. Doddridge therefore chofe to 
publiih fome Remarks upon it ; not only to defend 
Chrijiianity in general, but to explain and fupport 
fome important Truths of it, particularly the Agency 
•f the divine Spirit^ which fome had denied, becaufc 
others had mifreprefented. He thought this Trea- 
ti{t: affefled the Foundations of natural as well as 
revealed Religion ; and that the ludicrous Turns 
given to Scriptures in it, and the Air of Burlefque 
and Irony, which runs thro' it, were very unbecom- 
ing a wife and benevolent Man, or the infinite Mo- 
ment of the Quellion in Debate. But, while he 
thought himfelf called by Providence to * plead the 

* Caufe of the Gofpel, in the Name of the GOD 

* of Truths he was careful to do it in a Manner 

* worthy of him, and which might not offend him, 

* as the G O /> £/* Lo've.^ He therefore addrefTes the 
Author with the greatefl Catmnefs, Serioufnefs and 
Compaffion ; endeavouring to awaken his Confcience,. 
while he confuted his Arguments. Thefe Anjhuers 
met with much Acceptance in the World, and he had 
Letters of Thanks for them from fome Perfons of 
diftinguiihed Rank and Abilities. The third Part 
was efteemed by many judicious Perfons, the beft 
lUuftration, and the moft rational, full Defence of 
the Spirit's Influences upon the human Heart, -wUch 
had been publifhed. 


IT4 Mtmnrs §/ tJU Lift Cfi. 7^. 

In 1747, lie pabliihed, /nu nmarkahU Paffages in 
fAt Lift rf Ctlomil Junes Gardiner, 'who *was Jlain hy^ 
fht RgMs at the BattU of Prefton-Pans, Sept. ziy 
1745. He de£gned by this Work, * not merely to 

* perform a Tribute of Gratitude to the Memory oF 

* an invaluable Friend, but of Duty to God and 

* his Fellow-creatures ; as he had a chearful Hope 

* that the Narrative would, under a divine Bleffing, 

* be the Means of fpreading a warm and lively Senft 

* of Religion. He thought the Colonel's Charader 
^ would command fbme peculiar Regard, as it fhone 

* amidft the many Temptations of a military Life.' 
This Piece has gone thro' feveral Editions ; and the 
Author had the Pleafure to hear of fome Inflances,. 
in which it had anfwered his Deiires and Hopes;. 
tho' many thought, and perhaps jufUy, that he too 
much indulged the Emotions- of private FriendQiip^ 
and Affedion in the Compofition*. 


^ Two Funphktt were pnUUhed, one at Londofiy the other at 
SJimimrgkp containing Remarks on this Performance. The/>^, 
which bears the Name of yotm Knmedf^ is too tnfling to defervc 
further Notice. The fitmtd is a rery ihort one. The Writer's prin« 
dpal Defign is to charge our Jimtbor with great Want of Candour 
and Integrity \ and the Paffiige to which he thinks that Charge ap* 
plicable is this, § ill. * iThe moft phufible Obje£lion, that I' 

* ever heard to Col. GjtrJlimBr*% Charader, is, that he was too much 
■ attached to fome r^iimx Pmicifief, eftaUifhed indeed in the 

* Cknrches both of Bi^lmnd and SctUudi but which have, of late 
^ Years,, been much dieted, and from which, it b at lead gene* 
« rally foppoied, that not a few in both have thought proper to de« 
< part ; whatever Expedient they may have found to quiet dieir Con- 

* fciences in fiihfcrihitig tbofe Ftrwaikuits, in which they are plaiajy 

* taught. His Zeal was efpedally apparent in Oppofition to thole 

* Dodrinesy which iecnied to derogate fimn die dinoeHonfins^^^ 


Ch. 7. rfDr. DoDDRiDGi. tij 

Theft were all the Writings our Author publifliedt 
except his pra^cal Ones. ' He efleemed an Endea* 
' vour to fetaMan right in religious Opinions, which 
' we apprehend to be important, the fecond Office of 

* chrillian Friendihip, and that of attempting to re- 

* form his Morals undoubtedly the firjt.^ And he 
attempted the fecond in this public Manner no fur* 


* Zon and Z^lrit of God, and from Ae Freedom of divine Grotty 

* or the Reality and Ncceffity of its Operations in the Converfioa 
'* and Salvation of Sinners** By * being too much attached to fom« 

* religious Prindples, &c.* it appears, from what he adds afterwards, 
and hy what I have heard him intimate, that he only meant, that 
the Caland exprefled himfelf with too much Difpleafure againft fom* 
Miniiters, who denied thc(e Principles ; efpecially fuch as had mod 
Iblemnly profefled to believe, and engaged to teacji, them ; and hi 
might, in the W4rmth of his Zeal, drop fome Words, which might 
be injurious to them on this Account* But the PaiTage which thit 
IVriter moft highly refents is what follows, concerning fome Mini* 
Hers departing from thefe Principles. He calk this ' a murdering. 

< Stroke ; at mufdenng Stroke indeed^ if the traducing of them at 

< arrant Knaves may be reckoned fo ; reprefendng them as a Set of 
.* Men, who fubfcribe that they believe Do£trlnes, from which they 

* have thought proper to depart, to be agreeable to the Word of 
■ God and founded thereupon* (for in thofe Terms docs the Sub- 

* fcription of the Minifters of the Church of Scotland run) and then 

* are employed in finding out Expedients (which you cannot fo 

* much as guefs-at) to quiet their Confclences in fo doing.* He 
Teprefents this, as an Infinuation, as gro^y falfe, as it is maliciouHy 
and artfully thrown out. He denies this to be the Cafe in the 
Church of Scotland, with the Clergy of which, he faith, he hath a 
pretty general Acquaintance ; and aflerts, that f there is a regular 

< and ftri^l Difcipline in that Church, which would fbon pais a 

< Sentence of Deprivation on any one, who fhould by Overt-aAs, or 

< Declarations in Words, /hew, that he was departed from any of 

* their eftabliihed Principles.' It is fuificient to fay, in Anfwer to 
tUis Ch^rge^ that our Aftbor grounded his Suppoiitioa on what the 


t r6 Mmoirs of the Life Ch. 7^ 

thcr, than he thought it ncceflary to fecure the former. 
He gives this weighty Reafon why he publifhed fo 
many Things on praaical Subje^lsy which had been 
handled by various Writers ; * Becaufe I know the 

* Gofpel to be true, and thro' divine Grace, feel 

• in my Heart an ardent Concern for the Salvation 

• of Men's Souls. As in this View, other Cares ap- 

* pear trifling, fo the Limits of one Congregation 

Cohnd himfelf had informed him, from his own Obfervation, of 
the artful Manner in which Teoets, contradifUng the eftabli/hed 
Formularies, had been maintained and infinuated by fbme Minifters 
of that Church, § iia 5 on what he had heard from other PcHbns of 
Judgment and Integrity, who where either Minifters in Sc»tlandy or 
had fpent fome time at the Untverdties there ; and on what he had 
perfonally known of and heard from, fome Divines of that C6m- 
siiunion. And indeed this Writer aUows it to be a Suppoiition 
made by fome among themfelves. That it has been and is the 
Cafe with many Divines of the Church of England, their Writings 
evidently fhew. To which I may add, that fome Writers of both 
Communions fix the Charge upon fome of their Brethren, and blame 
their' Diilimulation and Hypocrify for fuch a Departure ; tho* the 
Reader will allow that our Author fpeaks irery tenderly of them for 
it. He greatly lamented thofe unhappy Terms of Admiffion into 
the Miniftry in both Churches, which expofed Men to the Danger 
of Prevarication and Fal/hood, or led them to fuch quieting Expedi- 
ents, as he could not but fear fat uneafy on their Confciences. He 
thought thefe were * Fetters, under the Weight and Straitnefs of 

* which, however they may be gilded over, the worthieft Perfon* 

* that wear them muft fecretly groan/ The candid Reader will fee, 
from thefe few Remarks on this Letter, why our Author chofe to 
take no public Notice of it. The Affair was too delicate to have 
l>een canvaffed in Print; efpecially aa the Chancers of fome Perfons 
might be toncerned, for whom he had a great Efteem. To which 
may be added, that fome of his Friends in Scotland, and fome too, 
who did n« quite approve the Paffage objefted to, advifed him to 
take no Notice of this Piece ; as it had met with the general Coi>- 
tempt there, which it deferred on Account of its Virulency* 

Ch. 7« tf Dr. DoDDRiDGi. 117 

• or Coontiyy and the little Time which I muft fpcnd 

• in Life, feems too narrow. I would fpeak, if pof- 
' /ible, to the Ends of the Earth, and the End of 

• Time. I efleem it my great Felicity to be engaged 
■ with other worthy Authors, in aflifUng Men's Minds 

* to a fcriptural Religion and a chriftian Temper: 

* And tho' many Provinces may appear much more 
' fplendid in the Eyes of the learned and polite 

* World, I truft ouf'^ will be at leaft as favourably 

* remembered in the Prcfence of the Lord Jefus 

* Chriftf at his coming : And I would have no Stan- 

• dard of Honour, Wifdom and Happinefs, which 

• will not ftand the Teft of that important Day •.' 
The firft pradical Piece he publifhed was Sermons 

9n the Education of Children 1732. This he principal- 
ly intended for the Ufe of his own Congregation, to 
fupply, in fome Mcafure, that Want of more fre- 
quent perfonal Inflrudlions on the Subject, which 
his Care of his Pupils neceifarily occafioned. Thefe 
Difcourfes contained a Variety of important Advices 
and affecting Motives in a little Compafs, and have 
been very ufeful to affift Parents in this difficult 

His tender Concern for the rifing GenerationJhew- 
ed itfelf in his Sermons to young People publifhed in 
1735, and in his Principles of the chriftian Religion in 
Ver/e for the'Ufe of Children and Youth, publifhed 
in 1743. In this Compofition, which was drawn up 
by the Defire of his Friend Dr. Clark, he hath hap- 
pily united Eafe, Plainnefs and Elegance. And here 
I may alfo mention his prefixing a recommendatory 
Preface to a fmall Piece, entitled Familiar Dialogues 

• Tea Scrmwit, Pref, 

Il8 Umolrs fifth lifk Ch. )-• 

far Children^ which is well adapted to inftrudl them 
in their Duty to God and Man, and preferve -them 
from the Vices and Follies of Childhood and Youth> 
at the fame time that it agreeably entertains and 
amufes them. 

In 1736 he pubUfhed fen Sermons on thePonver and 
-Grace of Qhrijiy and the E'uidences of his glorious Go/* 
peL The three laft, on the E'uidences of the GofpeU 
were, in fome later Editions, by the particular Deflr^ 
f)f one of the firft Dignitaries of the Church of £«§"- 
land^ printed fo as to be had feparate from the former. 
They contain a fufiicient Defence of Chr\ftianity^ and 
are well adapted to the \3i^ of thofe, whofe Office calls 
them to defend it. It gave the Author Angular Plea^ 
fure to know, that thefe Sermons were the Means o^ 
convincing two Gentlemen of a liberal Education 
and diftinguiihed Abilities, who had been Deifts^ that 
Chriftianity was true and divine ; And one of them, 
who had fet himfelf zealoufly to pr^udice others z^ 
gainft the Evidences and Contents of the Gofpel, 
became a zealous Preacher and an Ornament of the 
Religion he had once denied and defpifed. 

In 1 741 the Doftor pttblilhed fome praSiical Difi 
tourfes on Regeneration^ He was * very fenfible of the 

* Importance of the Subjeft at all times ; and know* 
« ing that feveral Cbntroveriies had, about that time, 

< been raifed concerning it, he chofe to treat it more 

* largely than he had done before ; left thefe Contro- 

* verfies fhould have been the Means of unfettling 

* Men's Minds, and have led them into fome parti- 

< cular Errors, or into a general Apprehenfion, that 

* it was a mere Point of Speculation, about which 

* it was not nece£ary to form any Judgment at all/ 


Thcfc LiShtresy being preached on Lord^s Daj^eveu*' 
imgSf were attended with uncommon Diligence, by 
many Perfbns of different PerTuaiions ; and God was 
pleafed to make them the Means of producing and ad» 
vancing, in fome who heard them, the Change which 
they defcribed; and fince their Publication, they 
have been ufeful to the fame Purpofe*. 

In 1745 he publiihed another pradtical Treatift' 
entitled. The Rife and Progre/s of Religion in the Sou!^ 
illuibated in a Courfe of ferious and practical Ad« 


* The fiilkwmg is a Tranflation of Part of a Letter fent by Mr. 
'JFiB. Pieffertf one of the Minifters of Amfterdam, to the Printer of 
ihe Dutch Tranflation of this Work; ' Herewith I gratefully return 
^ you the Work of Dr. D» concerning the mw Birtb^ Sahmtion if 

* Grace, &r. which I have read more than once with fuch uncom- 

* noB Pkafore, that I long to fee all that excellent Author hath 
' publiihed. I did not know him before fo much as by Name; but 
"* fxom this incomparable Mafter-piece, in which the Oratory of the 

* Antients ieems to be revived, he appears to be a very great Man. 

* Here Orthodoxy reigns joined with Moderation^ Zeal with Meek* 

* nefsy deep) hidden Wifdom with uncommon Cleamefs) Hete Sim* 
^ plicity ihines without Coldness, Elegance without Painting, and 
'"* Sublimity without Bom baft. Here one is equally charmed with Rea- 
'* £on withaat Pelagianifm and Heavenly-mindednefs without Enthut 
'* iiafin. One fees here^ in a moft lively manner> what is meant 
^ by teaching the Truth in Love, and what that Wifdom produccth, 

* which is from above, &c, I wifli from my Heart, that this Book 
' was u/ed in all Families and read by every one, of whatfoever Party 

* or Perfuafion. For I am not only afiured, that every one, who 
^ has not loft all Manner of Tafte, will find great Satis£»£lion from 

* it, but do not doubt, thro' the divine Blefling, it would be of very 
' general and great Service. 1 think Deijls and even Atheijis theift- 
' felves, by fuch a Manner of preaching and vtriting, miift be ftruck 

* with Awe and Reverence for the chriftian Religion. Happy Land,. 

* where fuch Lights of the World fttine^ in the midft of a croQked 
-* aiidjjcrvcrie CenerationJ' 

lao ^ Mmcsrs tf the Li/i .Ch. j, 

drcfles, fuited to Pcrfons of every Charadlcr and Cir- 
cumftancc, with a devout Meditation or Prayer added 
to each Chapter. Pr. Watts had projeded fucli a 
Work himfelf ; but his growing Infirmities prevented 
his Execution of it. He recommended it therefore 
to Dr. Doddridgtj imagining him the fitteft Perfon 
of his Acquaintance to execute it in a Manner, that 
would-be acceptable and ufeful to the World. It 
was with fome Reludance, he undertook fuch a 
Work, amidft his many other weighty Concerns. But 
Dr. Watts^ Heart was fo much fet upon the Defign, 
and he urged his undertaking it with fo much Im- 
portunity, that he could not deny his Requeft ; after 
having been honoured with his Friendihip for many 
Years and receiving much Affiflance and Encourage- 
jnent from him in feveral of his Undertakings for 
the Good of the Church. After this Work was finifli*- 
cd. Dr. Watts revifed as much of it as his Health 
would admit. It is indeed a Body of praSical Di'vi* 
nity and chriftian Experience; and contains, as it 
were, the Subftance of all the Juthor*s Preaching : 
and, confidering how compreheniive it is, there is 
hardly any fingle Treatife, which may be more fer- 
viceable X.o youngMinifters and Student Sy if they would 
make it familiar to their Minds and form their Dif- 
courfes upon this Model. This Book was received 
with much Efteem, by feveral Perfons of great Emi- 
nence for Rank, Learning and Piety, both Clergy 
and Laity, in the 4ftablt/hed Church ; and who, in a 
very refpedlful Manner, returned the Author their 
Thanks for this Attempt to revive Religion. A 
Perfon of diftinguilhed Learning and Goodnefs al- 
ways carried it with him, declaring, that it was every 


Ch. 7. 9f Dr. Doddridge. 121 

Thing on the Subjedl of ferious and praflical Religi- 
on. The many Editions it has gone thro* in a few 
Years with the Author's Confent, not to mention a 
firated Edition or two, and its having been reprinted 
in AmtricUi and Scotland^ fhew how well it has been 
received in the World. The Author was favoured 
with many Letters from different Parts of thefe King- 
doms, America and Holland^ giving him an Account 
how ufeful it had been for the Converfion, Edificar 
tion and Comfort of many Perfons ; and perhaps 
there is no pradlical Book better calculated for ge- 
neral Ufefulnefs. 

Befides thefe, he publiihed two Sermons on SaU 
njation by Grace y feveral Jingle Sermons \ fome on 
particular Occafions, and Charges ^ delivered at the 
Ordination of fomc of his Brethren. There were 
Circum (lances relating to each, that led him to be- 
lieve they might be ufeful to the Public ; efpecially 
to thofe who deiired the Publication, or to whom 
they were firft addreffed. He thought, that, * as we 
< are fo near the eternal State and muft fo foon be 

* filent in the Duft, nothing (hould be negleded, 

* which looked like a Call of Providence, direding 
« any Opportunity of doing Good ; tho* fome might 

* think, that fuch Publications were an Addition to 

* the Number of unneceflary Books, with which 

« the World was before encumbered.' His plain 

and ferious Addrefs to the Mafter of a Family^ on the 
important Suhje3 of Family-religiony dpferves particu- 
lar Notice ; as it hath pafled thro' feveral Editions^ 
been very ferviceable to Minifters, who by putting" 
it into the Hands of Matters of prayerlefs Families, 
might excite them to their Duty, without beino- 

G cxp jfcd 

fl2t 'Memoirs of the Life Ch. 7. 

expofed to thofc Inconveniences, with wiich a per- 
fonal Admonition might, in fome Cafes and with 
fome Tempers, be attended; and as the Author' % 
^eafoning is fo plain and forcible, as to leave thofc 
inexcufable, who, after reading it, will continue in 

this fhameful and pernicious Negled. Since his 

Deceafe his leffer Pieces have been reprinted in three 
fmall Volumes. 

But his Capital-work was J'he Family-expojitor^ 
xontaining a Ferfion and Paraphrafe of tlie Nenv Tefa- 
.ment, ivith critical Notes and a praSiical Impro'vement 
.of each Se^ion, in Six Volumes, ^arto. He had 
been preparing for this Work from his Entrance 
on the Miniftry, and keipt it in View in the future 
•Courfe of his Studies. The large Lift of Suhfcrihers 
xo the two firft Volumes, and the Names of noble, 
honourable and Llearned Perfons, which ftand in it, 
ihew their Efteem for the Author and Concern for the 
Advancement of Religion* It is natural to expeil, 
that after 2Si Author* % Death, his Friends might be 
iefs folicitous to encourage the remaining Part of a 
Work, than that which the Author himfelf had pub- 
lilhed ; and that others who had no Connedlion with 
him, might negledl 2i pofihutnous Work, which was not 
tdefigned to help a needy Family; Yet the three laft 
Volumes, printed fince the Author's Deceafe, met 
with great Encouragement; and in this View, the 
JLift of Subfcribers to*^them is a moje honourable 
Teftimony to the Merit of the Work than the former 
was. It is in fo many Hands, and daily inftrufting 
and entertaining fo many devout Chriftians and their 
Families, that I need not enlarge on its Excellency 


Ch. 7. of Dr. D0DDRID6E. 123 

and Ufefulnefs, and the Spirit of Piety and Love 
which breathes through the whole. 

It has been already obferved, that his Works have 
been much read and efteemed in thefe Kingdoms 
and our Colonies. I would add, that the moft con- 
fiderable of them have been tranflated into foreign 
languages and publilhed abroad. His Sermons on 
Regeneration^ Saltation by Grace^ on the Ponver and 
Grace of Chrift^ and his Letter on Family-prayer have 
been tranflated into Dutch ; the Memoirs of CoL Gar- 
diner, into the Dutch^ French and German Languages : 
The Rife and Progrefs of Religion into Dutch, Ger^ 
many Danijh and French, It is obfervable, that the 
Tranflation of it into French^ was undertaken by 
the particular Encouragement of the late Prince and 
Princefs of Orange, and many of the Gentry in HcU 
land, A Proteftant Prince of the Empire wrote to the 
Undertaker of it, promifing to recommend it to 
thofe about him. Many Perfons of Quality and rich 
Citizens in Germany and Suoitxerland were Subfcri- 
bers to it. A pious Minifter in Wales, tranflated it 
into the Weljh Language, that it might be read by 
thofe of his Congregation, who did not underfland 
Englijh\ and it would have been printed, could fuf^ 

ficient Encouragement have been procured. Some 

learned Men undertook to tranflate the former Vo- 
lumes of the Family-expoftor into Germany but an 
Oppofition was made to its Rublication by fome of 
the Lutheran Clergy, from an Apprehenflon that his 
Interpretation of particular Paflagcs and his Reflec- 
tions upon them, might not agree with their efla- 
blift^ed Principles or Form of Church- governmcKt. 
Therefore the Perfons concerned in the Tranflation, 
G 2 firll 

124 Memoirs of the Life Ch. 7; 

firft pablifhed his Sermons on Regeneration in that 
Language ; and the Moderation and Candour expref- 
fed in them quieted the Oppofition, and the Work 
was compleated. Thefe Writings thus tranflated and 
publiihed> have been well received abroad, particu- 
larly in Holland^ Germany and S^witzerlandy and, it 
ishopedy have been the Means of fpreading a Spirit 
of Piety and Charity in thofe Parts of the World. 

Since the Author's Death a Volume of his Hymns 
iiath been publifhed, and his Theological Le^uresy of 
which fome Account was given above. He intended, 
had God fpared his Life, to have publiftied a new 
Tranflation of the minor Prophets with a Commentary 
on them; a Sermon to Children^ fome Jacramental Me^ 
Citations, and a Differtation on the JeiAjifli Pro/elytes^ 
defending that Opinion concerning them, which he 
mentions in fome of his Notes upon the JSis of the 
Apoftles. In this laft Traft he had made confiderable 
Progrefs, but it is too imperfedl to appear in the 

Befides his Works above-mentioned, he publifhed 
a fhort Account of the Life of Mr. Thomas Stefc^ 
one of his Pupils, prefixed to fome of his Sermons, 
which were printed by the earneft Deiire of the Con- 
gregation where he was fettled; and a Dedication 
of an Abridgment of Mr. Da'vid Brainerd^s Journal 
of his Miffion among the Indians of Neiv Jerfey and 
Penfylvaniay to the honourable Society for promoting 
chrillian Knowledge in the Highlands of Scotland 
and in Popijh and InJidel-ipTLns of the World; by 
which Society Mr. Brainerd was employed in this 
Work, and of which Society, our Author was one of 
;^hc correfoonding Member^.— —He ailfo publiihed -a 


Ch. f. of Dr. DoDDRiDdE. ii^ 

fmall Piece of Mr. home\ concerning Inoculation for 
the Small Poxy which was written and publifhed 
principally with a View to remove the common Ob- 
jedion from a religious Scruple. 

In 1748 he revifed the Expofitory Works and othei^ 
Remains of Arch-biftiop Leighton^ and tranflated his 
latin PreUaions ; which were printed together in two 
Volumes at Edinburgh, The preparing thefe Volumes 
for the Prefs took up fome of his Time for feveral 
Months, in the Intervals of other Bufinefs. But he 
" was far from repenting his Labour. The Delight 
and Edification, which he found in the Writings of 
this wonderful Man, whom he calls, an Adept in true 
Chriftianityy he eftecmcd a full Equivalent for his 
Pains ; feparate from all the Profpeft of that EfFeft, 
which they might have upon others. He acknow- 
ledges, in his Preface, that he never (pent a quar- 
ter of an Hour in reviewing any of them, but, 
amidft the Interruption which a critical Examination 
of the Copy would naturally give, he felt fome Im- 
preiEons, which he wifhed always to retain. He 
found in them fuch Heart-aiFeding LefTons of Sim- 
plicity and Humility, Candour and Benevolence, 
exalted Piety without the leaft Tindlure of Enthu- 
fiafm, and aa entire Mortification to every earthl/ 
Intereft without any Mixture of fplenetic Refentment, 
as he thougljt could hardly be found any where 
elfe, but in the facred Oracles. He had a chearful 
Hope, that God would make thefe Pieces the Means' 
of promoting the Intereft of true Chriftianity, and 
alfo that Spirit, of Catholicifm, for which the Arch-- 
hi/hop was fo remarkable, and extending it among 
various Denominations of Chriftians in the Northern 
G 3 and 

126 Memoirs of the Life Ch. 7. 

and Southern Parts of our liland. In this View he 
fays, * If the fincereft Language or Adions can ex- 

* prefs the Difpofition of the Heart, it will here be 

* apparent, that a Diverfity of Judgment with re- 

* gard to Epifcopaey and feveral Forms both of Dif- 

* cipline and Worjhip conneded with it, have pro- 
' duced in my Mind no Alienation, no Indifference 

* towards Arch-bijhop Leightoriy nor prevented my 

* delighting in his Works and profiting by them. 

* In this Refped I truft my Brethren in Scotland will, 
' for their own Sakes and that of Religion in gene- 
*' ral, fhew the like Candour. On the other Side, as 

* I have obferved, with great Pleafure and Thank- 

* fulnefs, how much many of the eftablijhed Clergy 

* in this Part of Britain^ are advancing in Modera- 
' tion towards their diffenting Brethren, I am fully 

* aflured they will not like thefe excellent Pieces 

* the worfe, for having pafled thro* my Hands.* 

In Confirmation of what I have faid, in this Chap- 
ter, of Dr. Doddridge"^ literary Charader, I Ihall 
here fubjoin a Letter from Dr. Watts to Mr. Da'vid 
Longue'vilkj Minifter of the Englijh Church at Am- 
Jlerdam, Such an honourable Teftimony to Dr. Dod" 
dridge^s Merit, from fo diftinguifhed a Perfon as Dr. 
JVattSy efpecially as written without his Knowledge, 
may very properly have a Place in this Work. 

* Rev, Sir, It is a very agreeable Employment, to 

* which you call me, and a very fenfible Honour you 

* put upon me, when you defire me to give you 

* my Sentiments of that reverend and learned Wri- 

* ter Dr. Doddridge, to be prefixed to a Tranflation 

* of any of his Works into the Dutch Tongue. I 

* have well known him many Years, and have en- 

* joyed 

Ch. 7. §f Dr. DoDDRiDG^i riY 

« joyed a conftant Intimacy and Friendftiip with him, 

* ever fmce the Providence of God called him to 

* be a Profeflbr of human Sciences, and a Teacher 

* of facred Theology to young Men amongft us, 

* who are trained up for the Miniflry of the Gof-- 
•• pel. I have no need to give you a large Account 

* of his Knowledge in the Sciences, in which I con- 

* fefs him to be greatly my Superior ; and as to the 

* Dodlrines of Divinity and the Gofpel of Chrift^ 

* I know not any Man of greater Skill than himfelf 

* and hardly fuificient to be his fecond. As he hath 

* a moft exaft Acquaintance with the Things of 

* God and our holy Religion, fo far as we are let 

* into the Knowledge of them by the Light of Na- 

* ture and the Revelations of Scripture, fo he hath 

* a moll happy Manner of teaching thofe who arc 

* younger. He hath a mod (kilful and condefccnd- 
*' ing Way of Inftrudlion ; nor is there any Perfon- 

* of my Acquaintance, with whom I am more en- 

* tirely agreed in all the Sentiments of the Dodrine* 

* of Chrift, He is a moft hearty Believer of the great 

* Articles and important Principles of the reformed 

* Church ; a mofl afFeftionate Preacher, and pathetic 

* Writer on the pradicai Parts of Religion ; and in 

* one Word, fince I am now advanced in Age, be- 
' yond my fe^ventieth Year, if there were any Man, 

* to whom Providence would permit me to commit 

* a fecond Part of my Life and Ufefulnefs in the 
^ Church of Chrift^ Dr. Doddridge ftiould be the 

* Man. If you have read that excellent Performance 
^ of his, The Rife and Progrefsy ^c. you will be of 

* my Mind ; his Dedication to me is the only Thing 

* in that Book, I could hardly permit myfelf to ap- 

G 4 * |>rove,^ 

12S Memoirs of the Life Gh. /. 

' prove. Befides all this, he poffefleth a Spirit of 

* fo much Charity, Love and Goodnefs towards his 

* Fellow-chriftians, who may fall into fome lefTer 

* DiiFerences of Opinion, as becometh a Follower of 
' the bleffed Jefusy his Matter and mine. In the 

* pradical Part of his Labours and his. Miniftry, he 

* hath futticiently (hewn himfelf moft happily fur- 

* nifhed with all proper Gifts and Talents, to lead 

* Perfons of all Ranks and Ages into ferious Piety 

* and ftrift Religion. I etteem it a confiderable Ho- 

* nour, which the Providence of God hath done me, 
' when it makes Ufe of me, as an Inttrument in 

* his Hands, to promote the Ufefulnefs of this great 

* Man in any Part of the World : And it is my 

* hearty Prayer, that our Lord Jefus^ the Head of 

* the Church, may blefs all his Labours with moft 
« glorious Succefs, either read or heard, in my na- 
« tivc Language or in any other Tongue. I am, 

* Reverend Sir, with much Sincerity, your faithful 

* humble Servant, and affeftionate Brother in the 

* Gofpel of our common l^rd, I/aac Watts.* 


Ch. 8. ^fP^^ Doddridge, 




His PRIVATE Character. 

A V I N G conlidere^ Dr. Doddridge in his 
public and more important Relations, as 
a MinifteTj Tutor and Author y we are now 
*^^:^^ to take a View of his Temper and Be- 
haviour in pri'vate Life, and the many Virtues, which 
adorned his domefiic and focial CharaAer. 

In December 1730, he married Mrs. Mercy Maris^ 
a Native of Worcefter ; in whom he found a prudent, 
religious and afFeftionate Companion, and whom 
God was pleafed to continue to him thro' his whole 
Life ; tho' he had often been exercifed with pain* 
ful Appreheniions of lofing her by fome threatning 
Diforders. It were eafy to enlarge on the AfFedion 
and Tendernefs, with which he filled up this Rela^ 
tion, if the Subjeft were not of too delicate a Na- 
ture to admit of a particular Detail. It is *fuiHci- 
ent to fay, that his Behaviour in it was founded on 
the fame excellent Principles, which influenced the 
reft of his Conduft ; and difcovered, in a very high 
Degree, that Sweetnefs and Benevolence of Temper, 
for which he was fo remarkable. I fhall only add, 
as it may be a Model to others, that I find him, 
juit before his Marriage, fpending a Day in extra- 
ordinary Devotion, that by the Exercifes of Reperf- 
G 5 tance. 

13© Memoirs of the Life Ch. %, 

tance. Faith and Prayer, he might bring no Guilt 
into that new State to leflen its Comfort, and that 
he might engage the divine Bleffing in it ; and a- 
mong fome Maxims, which he drew up for his Con- 
dufl in his various Relations, in the Advance of 
Life, this is inferted ; * As a Hufbandy it fhall be 

* my daily Care to keep up the Spirit of Religion 
' in my Converfation with my Wife, to recommend 

* her to the divine Bleffing, to manifeft an obliging 

* tender Difpofition towards her; and particularly 

* to avoid every Thing, which has the Appearance of 

* Pettifhnefs, to which, amidfl my various Cares and 
' Labours, I may, in fome unguarded Moments,- 

* be liable.* He kindly interefted himfelf in the Con- 
cerns of her Relations, and when fome of them were 
in Circumftances of very great Affliftion, he exerted 
himfelf for their Affiftance and Relief. 

In the Education of his Children^ he endeavoured 
to aft upon the Advices, which he recommended to 
others in his Sermons upon that Subjed. He behaved 
to them in an affeftionate and condefcending Man- 
ner, encouraged them to ufe a proper Degree of 
Freedom with him, and carefully avoided that for*' 
bidding Air^ which would have kept them at a Dif- 
tance *nd rendered his Inftruftions lefs pleafing and 
acceptable. Tho', thro' the Multiplicity of his Bufi- 
nefs, efpecially in the latter Part of his Life, he had 
lefs Time to employ in their Education, than he could 
have wifhed, yet he was very folicitous to take ^v^ry 
Opportunity of impreffing their Minds with pious 
and virtuous Sentiments. V/hat his Refolutions, with 
Regard to the Difcharge of this important Duty, 
were, will appear from the following Extras from 


Ch. B. •f Dr. DoDDRiDGK. 131 

his Papers. * As a Father^ it fliall be my Care to 

* intercede for my Children daily j to converfe with 
« them often upon fome religious Subjedl ; to drop 

* fome ihort Hints of the ferious Kind, when there 

* is not R^om for large Difcourfe; to pray fome- 

* times with them feparately ; to endeavour to bring 

* them early to Communion with the Church; to 
' ftudy to oblige them, and fecure their Affedlion.* 
He was particularly felicitous to form his Children 
to a catholic, mild and friendly Difpofition, which 
he thought of the utmoft Importance to their own 
Comfort, and their Efteem and Ufefulnefs in the 
World. He had obferved, that * too many, from 

* their tendereft Years, have been taught to place 

* a Part of their Religion in the Se^verity with which 

* they cenfure their Brethren; and that a peccant 

* Humour, fo early wrought into the Conilitution, 

* will not ealily be fubdued by the moft fovereign 

* Medicines.* He was therefore very careful not to 
convey unkind Prejudices into their Minds, but to 
educate them in open and generous Sentiments ; that 
they might learn to reverence true Chriftianity^ where- 
cver they faw it, and to judge of it by EJ/entials ra- 
ther than by Circumftantials. 

He behaved to his Servants with Affability and 
Kindnefs. Reviling and chiding his Nature abhor- 
red; and that Abhorrence increafed, the more he 
ftudied the Gofpel. When any thing was greatly 
amifs in their Behaviour, he privately and calmly 
argued the Matter with them, admoniflied them, and 
attended the Admonition with Prayer. He was efpe- 
cially concerned, that they might be truly pious: 
For this End he gave them Bibles, and praftical 
G 6 Treatifcs, 

132 Memoirs of the Life C5h. i. 

Trcatifcs, and often on the Lord's Day-evening dif- 
courfcd ferioufly with them by themfelves, arid pray- 
ed with them. ^Thus did he oya/i before his Uoufe 

tvith an upright Hearty and laboured that they might 
ferve the Lordy and, when they left his Family, might 
be Bleffings to other Families in which they might 
be fixed. Nothing fevere, four or peevifh was feen 
in his Deportment to any of his Domeftics, He con- 
lidered them all as his Children^ and endeavoured to 
draw them to their Duty with the Cords of Love. 

It would be unpardonable, in this Account of Dr. 
Doddridge^ to omit his Charafler as a Friend, in which 
he ihone fo illuftrioufly. He had a fublime Idea of 
Friendjhipy and a Heart turned to relifli its nobleft 
Joys. He ufed often to fay, * BleiTed be God for 

* Friendfhip, and the Hope of its being perfefted 

* and eternal above ! If it be fo delightful on Earth, 
' amidil our mutual Imperfections, what will it be 

* in Heaven ! ' He thus wrote to his bell Friend Dr. 
Clark, * It is a great Satisfaftion to me to think, 

* that, when you cannot fpeak to me, you can fpeak 

* to God for me: and however Providence may dif- 

* pofe of me for the prefent, I hope we are to live 

* near each other in a better World, where I may be 

* for ever improving by your Converfation ; and for 

* ever acknowledging, and perhaps repaying, thofe 

* Obligations, which do fo immediately relate to 
' that State, that I cannot but think they will be 

* moft gratefully remembered there,' God honoured 
him with many valuable and faithful Friends ; and 
were it proper to mention their Names, it would ap* 
.pear to all, who know them, how juftly he valued 
them and thought himfelf happy in their Efleera 

* ' • ' and 

Ch. 8* of Dr. I^QbDniDoi^* 133 

and Affc£don. His Learning, Piety and Politenefs 
recommended him to the Efteem and Friendfhip. of 
feveral of high Rank and dillinguiihed Learnings both 
among the Clergy and Laity ^ with whom he kept up a 
Correfpondence. From them he received very obli- 
ging Letters, exprcffing in ftrong Terms, the Regard 
they had for his Works, and the Benefit they had 
found from them. The Efteem of fuch Perfons for 
one in his Station, was an ample Teftimony to his 
great Merit ; as nothing but his perfonal Qualifica- 
tions could reconmiend him to their Notice. He 
often improved his Acquaintance with Perfons of fu- 
perior Rank and Fortune to obtain Afliftance for fome 
diftrefTed Objeds, whofe Cafe he knew ; but folici- 
ted no Favours for himfelf. In his Plan of fecret 
Devotion his Friends had a confiiderable Share ; and 
on Days of extraordinary Devotion, he prayed for 
them feparateiy, if there was any Thing peculiar in 
their Circumftances that required his Remembrance. 
He efteemed it the Duty of Friends, daily to pra^ 
for one another^ as a proper Expreffion and the firmell 
Support of their Friendfhip ; and he counted the 
Prayers of his Friends among his moft valuable Trea- 
fures. When he had Occafion to mention fome Per- 
fons of Eminence as his Friends, he would fometimes 
add, * Tho' I do not merit fuch Friends, I know how 

* to value them, and I blefs God for them. ^I am 

* not infenfible of the Blefling, and I hope Ingrati^ 

* tude does not fecretly lurk in any Comer of my 

* Heart.' He always efteemed it the trueft Ad of 
Friendfhip to ufe mutual Endeavours to render the 
CharaSer of each other as blamelefs and as valua- 
ble as poinble. He often acknowledged^ that he 
- * looked 

136 Memirs of fh Life ^ Ch. 8.' 

toaclies mc to the quick ; and when I imagine they 
are out of Humour ; I am fo far from being chear- 
fill, that I can hardly be good-natured. If they 
look upon me a little more coldly than ordinary^ 
while they exprefs their AfFedlion for another, I am 
uneafy ; and a thoufand minute Occurrences, which 
others take no Notice of, are to me fome of the mod 
folid Afiliftions of Life. They unfit me for Pleafure 
and Bufinefs ; may God forgive me \ they unfit me 
for Devotion too. God and the important Concern- 
ments of the eternal World are neglefted and for- 
gotten, while thefe Trifles are admired and purfued. 
And now, if the immoderate Love of the moft 
excellent Creatures hath fuch unhappy Confequen- 
ces, let us learn to place our fupreme Affection. upon 
our Creator ; for it is that alone, which can afford 
us lalting Satisfaftion. And certainly, if we could 
but perfuade ourfelves to love the blefled God, as we 
ought, the Happinefs of this Life, as well as the 
Hopes of the next, would be fixed upon the moft folid, 
unfhaken Bafis. We ihould have all the Tranfports 
of the moft unbounded Paffion, without any of the 
Anguifti and Perturbation of it. He has no Sorrows 
to be condoled, no Unkindnefs to be fufpeded, no 
Change to be feared. The united Power of the 
Creation cannot give Him one Moment's Uneali- 
nefs, nor feparate us one Moment from his Pre- 
fence and Favour ; but the great Object of our 
Wilhes and Hopes would be for ever happy and 
for ever our own. We might converfe with kim in 
the moft intimate and endearing Manner, in tvcry 
Place and in every Circumftance of Life. Every 
AMidion would then be light, and every Duty eaf/. 

« Hovf 

Cll.lL 5^3-:. 3T3 3«r3 T2^ 

* of ttjLlil •**"*'^ "rir^a* V- :' ' i» OI * ^ ' ' ' ^ - ' HIT XglW ^ 

< aadA&rieiL for Hm. '^sc z l.*?iiii -vmui x 

* gifC S3 4LHL1J «■ iMiiMw zititmBEXC. IT Zjxk, :n ^mii- 

' dcr it as f i' mt i na SyiOL lis ^'::^^^^ :. "^iTiT •*iaf jie TTfW 

* it 25 & £iBxZ TsiIdsk It ji£ l.xr^^ 2Zi£ z the ?^e:a|e 

* oi ^""T^ffctHC sxaaxTES? juxce. "-^innbti? wnAi ii .nkir 
' frosld be mmAeacaLj iei^ri^h^ -vbci vc c:iixiii 
' coofidcr it 5k ocs %1bv. as r=rLr=rx^ vro. die Jidb 

* oC oar FiiicxiEs ans 2. accuir ^ftij^ - n^rrr, 3; :i:eit£ 

* an Eccnier a ^ ii* -'jrrnl C-nngsirT, Tg-rrr.uc 
' die Icakhaatml cr 5cmw. ^."Tfrrrcg zr lisiiir&rzicz. 
' It Is a haf^ Sxaaty ioc alaa '. irr F'-.^rui, vicx 

* fhaiSk ve anifs ac ir r £1 zie Tnryr Tbne. Je: 3S 

* cherifh dus Lisve ra Hi3l 22*1 laccur siisr iix-.rt iLi- 
' vatcd DcTCQCs ; btc «e ciazcc htz'S^cl ir. az jcadt 
' for anj Ccadbacr, £1 «e izrs rar^wrr: or rtrx^ 

* ted eierr masutz T^eScnJ 

HaTing ca t k^m ied a> lead 11x7 Readers intc Dr. 
D%iUrUgi^i frvomu imd dtaujtiz Cbarader, aac laii 
open as nuck of b Ctwu^Hsmi 2rd Ctrmj'^nMMirt 
as maj be nlefid, I iuH co«7 proceed C3 gitr fimc 
Acconnt of tbe Manner in vnicli be emplojcd bis 
TVmt, liis leading Firu:z, hli babicnal Tc^^y the 
Graces for which he was 3ic^ eaunent ; and mention 
fome Chrcmm^iDues and Imcidimis^ bv which, it ii ge« 
nerally allowed, a Perfon's real Charader may be 
beft known. I hope, by this Means, to carry on my 
friucifal Defigm^ which is, to propofe a good Ex- 
ample to the World, efpccially to thofc who arc ho- 
nonred with the chriMan Miniftry ; and famiih them 
with iome Maxims of Wifdom and Prudcncr, which 
wiU icfult from the various Lights in which wc ar* 



138 Memirs of the Life' Ch. 8". 

to coniider Him^ and the feveral Scenes^ thro' whicl£ 
he paiTed. 

[To pre^vent fome Inconrveniences arijing from tk 
unavoidable Length of this Chapter, it may he pro 
per to di'vide it into Seflions.] 


His uncommon Diligence, A6livity and Refolution in 
the Difpatch of Bujinefs. 

THIS was the mofl ftriking Part of his, Charac- 
ter, and muft be in general vifible to every 
one, who is acquainted with his Writings^ and con- 
fiders his Relations, as P aft or of a numerous Congre- 
gation, and an InftruSior of Youth, intended for the 
Miniftry. With what Affiduity he applied himfelf 
to his Studies, while a Pupil and during his Retire- 
ment at Kibivorthj has been fhewn, Chap. I. and II. 
Yet fo intent was his Heart upon the great Work in 
which he was engaged, that, while others applauded 
his Diligence in that Period, he deeply lamented his 
Mifpence of much Time. I will infert one of his 
mournful Refledlions on the Subjedl, as a Specimen 
of others, and to fubferve my main Intention ; ' Up- 

* pon reviewing the laft Year I find, that I have 

* trifled away a great deal of Time. Not to fpeak 

* of that which hath been loft in formal Devotion, 

* and 

Se^. I. #/* Dr. DoDDRiDGB. 139 

* and an indolent Temper in the Diijpatch of Ba£* 

* neisy I find, opon Compatation» that I have loft 

* fome hmJred Hoars by onneceflary Sleep. I have 

* loft many in onneceflary Vifits, Journey's of Plea- 
' rare, or of Boftnefs prolonged to an onfeafbnable 
' Length, and by indulging vain roving Thoughts 

* while travelling. A Moltitude of precious Hours 
' have been loft in unprofitable Difcourfe, when I 

* have been neceflarily engaged in Company; for 

* want of taking Care to fumiih myfelf with pro- 

* per Subjeds of Converfation, or not making Ufe 

* of them, or not attending to Opportunities of 

* introducing profitable Difcourfe.* In following 
Years he laments the Mifpence of Time in his 
Youth ; and reflects, what fuperior Improvements he 
might have made in Learning and Piet)', and how 
much more nfeful he might have been, had he ex- 
erted more Diligence in thofe Days, when he had 
fewer Avocations than when he lived in a large Town, 
appeared under a more public Chara6ler, and his La- 
bours and Conne6lions were increafed. He endea- 
voured then to make up, what he thought, his cul- 
pable Deficiency by habitual Diligence in his proper 
Bufinefs. In tliis View he rofe early and fat up late. 
He reckoned the fmalleft Parcels of Time precious, 
and was eager to feize ^\txy Moment, even while he 
was waiting for Dinner, Company, or his Pupili* af- 
fembling together, that he might make fome Ad- 
vance in the Work he was about. Doing nothing was 
his greateft Fatigue. He thought, and often told his 
Pupils, that one good Work was the beft Relaxation 
from another ; and therefore he would not allow any 
Cha/m between the feveral Kinds and Branches of 


140 Memoirs of the Life Ch. 8^ 

Bufincfs he was to tranfaft. He found it an Infe- 
licity to liave his Thoughts divided between two Af- 
fairs which lay before him ; and obferved, that as 
much time had been fometimes fpent in deliberating 
which of the two ihould be entered upon firft, as 
would have finifhed one, if not both. To prevent 
this, he laid as exaft a Plan of Bufenefsy as he could, 
at the beginning of every Year ; but as this alone 
was too complicated and extenfive, he had alfo his 
Plan for every Month and fometimes for every fFee^, 
befides what was to be done in his ftated Courfe 
of Ledlures and public Services. He contrived to- 
have a few Hours every Week, to which no parti- 
cular Bufinefs was allotted : Thefe he fet down, as 
a Kind of Cajh-accounty in which any unexpedled 
AfEair was to be tranfafted, or the Time loft by 
accidental Hindrances might be in fome Meafure 
retrieved, without breaking-in upon his general Plan. 
Thro' all his riper Years he kept an exadt Account 
how he fpent his Time ; when he rofe ; how many 
Hours had been employed in Study or the more pub- 
lic Duties of his Station ; how much Time was real- 
ly, at leaft in his Apprehenfion, trifled away, and 
what were the Caufes of its Lofs. Under this " laft 
particular, I find him lamenting taking up a Book, 
with which he had no immediate Concern, and which 
yet engaged his Attention and fo broke in upon the 
proper Duties of his Study. He laments, on another 
Occafion, purfuing too long fome abftrufe mathema- 
tical Inquiries, the Advantages of which were by no 
means an Equivalent for the Time employed in them. 
He often complains of the Lofs of Time by fome 
ViJitSi which Civility and good Manners obliged him 


St€t. i. of Dr. Doddridge. 141 

to pay; and refolves not to make himfelf fuch a Slavt 
to the Cufloms of the World, as to neglcdl more im- 
portant Duties out of Regard to them. He found 
€ven Friendjhip a Snare to him ; and that the Com- 
pany of his Friends produced fome ill EffeAs, with 
regard to his Bufinefs and religious Frame. * While 

* I have had Company with me, he <writeSf my Work 

* hath been interrupted ; fecret Devotion ftraitened ; 

* the divine Life reduced to a low Ebb, as to its 

* fenfible Workings, tho' my Heart continued right 

* with God.* At another time; * *Too much Com- 

* pany, tho' very agreeable to me, led me to neg- 

* left fome Part of my Bulinefs, and turned that, 

* in which I fo much rejoiced as a very pleafeng Cir- 

* cumflance, into a Mi/chief rather than a Benefit, 

* Had I been refolute to have commanded an Hour 

* or two in the Morning, I (hould have been lefs em- 
< barrafled thro' the Day. I will therefore be more 

* watchful and felf-denying on this Head.* He was 
defirous to do the Work of every Day in its Day^ 
and never defer it till the Morroiv ; knowing there 
would be Buiinefs enough remaining for that Day, 
and all the Days and Hours of his Life. He thought 
(and his own Temper Ihewed it) that * Aiiivity and 

* Ckearfulne/s were fo nearly allied, that one can 

* hardly take a more effedlual Method to fecure the 

* latter, than to cultivate the former; efpecially 

* when it is employed to fow the Seeds of an im^ 

* mortal Harveft, which will be rich and glorious, 

* in Proportion to our prefent Diligence and Zeal.' 
So folicitous was he to improve e'very Moment, that 
one of his Pupils generally read to him, when he was 
dreffing and fhaving. In thefe ihort Intervals he was 

142 Memoirs 0/ th Life Ch. t. 

improving himfelf and them, by remarking on their 
Manner of reading, and pointing-out to them the 
Excellencies or Defefts of Sentiments and Language 
in the Book read. When he was upon a Journey, 
or'occafional Vifits to his Friends, where he ipent 
the Night, he took his Papers with him, and em- 
ployed all the Time he could feize, efpecially his 
Morning-hours 9 in carrying on fome good Work for 
his People, his Pupils or the World. While he was 
preparing his Family-expojitor for the Prefs, he did 
fomething at it daily. When an intimate Friend 
had exprefTed fome Fear, left his Academy fhould be 
neglefted, while he was preparing fome Works for 
the Public, he thus wrote to him; ' So far as I 

* can recoUeft, I never omitted a fingle Le3ure on 
« Account of any of the Books, that I have pub- 
« lifhed. The Truth is, I do a little now and then ; 

* fomething every Day, and that carries me on. I 

* have wrote fome of my Pieces in Short-hand, and 

* got them tranfcribed by*my Pupilsy and thus I do 

* by many Letters. This is a Help to me, and fome 
« confiderable Advantage to thofe whom I employ. 

* I fcarce fail being in the LeHure-room three Hours 

* every Morning; that carries me thro' my ftated 

* Work ; and, with the Concurrence of my Affiftant^ I 

* over-fee the Academy pretty well.' So great was 

his Diligence in his Matter's Work, that he often- 
preached feveral Days in a Week in different Villages 
about Northampton^ and chofe the Evening for thofe 
Services, that his LeAures might not be omitted. 
During his annual Vacation^ which continued t^-Mo 
Months^ one of them was ufually fpent in clofe Study, 
pailoral Vifits, or making little Circuits among the 


Seft. I. «/* Dr. Doddridge. 143 

neighbouring Congregations, by the Defire of their 
refpedtive Pajlors ; preaching to each in his Way, not 
excepting fome of different Sentiments and Denomi- 
nations from himfelf. In the other Month, he vifited 
his Friends in London^ and other Parts of the King- 
dom, finding fuch Excurfions and Journeys fervice- 
able to his Health ; yet he purfued his Studies and 
Writings, and frequently preached occafional Ser- 
mons, efpecially in London and its Environs, almoft 
every Day. I find that in fome Years he preached 
one hundred and forty times, in others many more; 
befides his Repetitions, Expofitions and devotional 
LeAures at home. So that the Exhortations he gave 
-his Brethren, in his Difcourfe on The Evil and Danger 
of negleSing the Souls of Men^ came with peculiar 
•Grace and Propriety from him, as they were illuftra- 
ted by his own Example. 

Nor muft I, in this Connexion, omit his Corref 
fondencei which was almoft large enough to have 
taken up the whole time of a Perfon of common 
Abilities and Induftry. His Letters were principally ot 
Bufinefs, and that of the moft important Kinds. Be- 
fides his Correfpondehce with the Parents and Guar- 
dians of his Pupils^ he had many Letters to write in 
Anfwer to Queftions of Moment, propofed to him 
by his Brethren^ efpecially thofe who had been his 
Pupils J and by Congregations at a Diftance, who ap- 
plied to him for Direftion and Affiftance. His Judg- 
ment was often defired by learned Men ^ concerning 
critical Difficulties, or Works which they were pre- 
paring for the Prefs ; and his own Publications would 
naturally enlarge his Work of this Kind. His Cor- 
reipondence with fame Perfons of the firft Rank for 


144 Memoirs of the Life Ch. ^. 

Wifdom and Learning in the eft ahlijhed Church re* 
quired much Attention and Delicacy. ^t\tx2\. foreign 
Gentlemen and Divines^ who had heard of his Cha- 
rafter and read his Works, fought his epiftolary Ac- 
quaintance, and correfponding with them in La* 
tin or French required fome particular Applica- 
tion. It is furprizing to find how many hundred 
Letters he received and anfwered in the Space of one 
Year. I may fay of him, as Pliny of his Uncle, 

* when I confider his Difpatch of fo much Bufmefs, 

* I wonder at the Multiplicity of his reading and 

* writing; and when I confider this, I wonder at 

* that.* But his Refolution was indefatigable, and 
God had given him a happy Facility in the Di/patch 
of Buiinefs. He was Mafter of the Contents of a 
Book upon a fummary View, and could readily ex- 
prefs his Thoughts upon the moll abftrufe Queilions 
with Eafe and Perfpicuity. It is wonderful that his 
tender Conftitution ihould, for {o many Years, fup- 
port fuch an intenfe Application to Buiinefs, fo un- 
favourable to Health. His Friends were often ex- 
preffing their painful Apprehenfion, that it would 
impair his Health and fhorten his Days, and adc-ref- 
fing him with that carnal Ad'vice^ * Mafter, fpare 
• thyfelf :* And, with regard to his laft Illnefs in 
particular, it might have been happy for them and 
the World had he regarded it. But Love to God 
and Man, and Zeal for the Salvation of Souls bore 
him on. He needed no Recreation \ for his Work 
was his higheft Pleafure. When he faw any Succefs 
of his Labours, and found that his Writings were ufe- 
ful to many, it gave him frelh Spirits and Refolu- 
tidn. When he was advifed, by a Friend, to relax 


SCi^. 1. £/*i)/'. DODDRIDG E. I45 

a little and not preach fo often, his Anfwer was, 

* Be in no Pain about me. I hope that we have the 

* Prefence of God among us, and that he is hearing 

* Tejlimony to the Word of his Grace. I take all the Care 

* of my Health, which is confident with doing the 

* proper Duties of Life ; and when I find myfelf 

* refrejhedi rather than fatigued with thefe Attempts 

* of Service, I cannot think myfelf fairly difcharged 

* from continuing them.' To another Friend he thus 
writes ; * I am indeed fubjed to a little Cough, but 
\ I never preached with more Freedom and Pleafure. 

* I am generally employed, with very fhort Inter- 

* vals, from Morning to Night, and have feldom 

* more than fix Hours in bed ; yet fuch is the Good- 

* nefs of God to me, that I feldcm know what it 

* is to be 'weary, I hope my Labours are not in 

* vain. There are thofe who drink in the Word v/ith 

* great Eagernefs ; and I hope it will be found, 
/ that it is not merely as the barren Sand drinks in 

* the Rain, but rather that it falls on pround, which 

* divine Grace will make prolific. I'his animates 

* me to my Labours.' In fhort, he lived much in 
a little Time; and thought it was better to nuear 
himfelf out in his Mailer's Service, than ruft in lite- 
rary Indolence, or drag on a longer Life, when his 
Vivacity and Activity might be fo much diminifhed, 

as in the Courfe of Nature they generally are.- i 

The Motto of his Family-arms was, Dum <uivimus 
<ui^amus ; under which he wrote the following Lines 
very expreflive of his general Temper : 

K ' Live 

1 4.6 Memoirs of the Life Cli. %. 

* Live, nvhiUyou U^e^ the Epicure luould fay^ 

* JnJfetze the PUafures of the prefent Day *.' 

* Live while you li<vet the facred Preacher cries ^ 
"* And gi<ve to GO D each Moment as it Jiies f .' 

* Lordf in my Fie-ius let both united he ; 

* / live in Pleafure, ivhen I live to Thee.* 

• 1 Cor. XT, 32* f Eat, ix* 10, 


SECT, n. 

tlis Attempts to do good« and to promote and encour^ 
age the Zeal of others, beyond the Limits of his o^wn 
Congregation and FamUy^ 

WE have leen what uncommon and almofl unpa- 
ralleled Diligence Dr. Doddridge exercifed, and 
with what Care he applied himfelf to the Duties of 
his Station, as a Pafor and a Tutor. But that Zeal 
for God and pious Concern for the Salvation of 
Men, which glowed in his Bread and led him to this 
Diligence, carried him yet further ; and excited him 
to embrace every Opportunity of doing good to the 
Souls of his Fellow-creatures. He often converfed 
with Strangersy whom he accidentally met with, about 
their religious Concerns in a prudent and friendly 
Manner. There are fome Inftances of this Kind men- 
tioned in his Papers^ where he had Reafon to hope, 
that a ferious lafting Impreflion was made upon their 
liearts by fuch Conv^rfatioiu— :Hc generally at- 

Se<5l. 2. ff l^r. Doddridge. 147 

tended the condemned Malefa^ors at Northamptony 
with a compaffionate View to promote their Salva- 
tion. Befides converfing and praying with them, he 
expounded and preached to them ; and once he ex- 
pounded the fifty-firft Pfalm to feveral, who were to 
fufFer together, with which they feemed to be much 

afFefted. ^Moreover, he laboured to quicken all, 

to whom he had Accefs, to pious and benevolent 
Services, and to aflift and encourage thofe, who were 

employing their Time and Abilities in them. He 

thought a prudent adUve Zeal for the Intereft of Re- 
ligion, one of the beft E'uidences of a pious Heart. 
Thus, writing to a Friend, he faith, « I am juft re- 

* turned from viiiting your Relation. I find her in a 

* peaceable and happy State, amidft almoft total 

* Blindnefs, Deafnefs and other Infirmities of Age. 

* She is not indeed favoured with fuch fenfible Sup- 

* ports and Manifeftations of the divine Love, as Ihe 

* could Wifh ; but hath, what I think yet more dc- 

* JirabUi 3, moft afTeftionate Zeal for the Glory or 

* God and Good of Men, and talks with fuch a 

* hearty Concern for the Interell of real Religion, as 

* revived my Heart.' He greatly lamented the 

Indolence of many chrillian Minilters ; even feme 
that were moll diftinguifhed for their fhilofcphical and 
critical Learning. While he faw no Evidence that it 
was applied to the grand Ends of the Miniftry^ he 
looked upon it as little better than laborious trifling. 
One of his Brethren of great Abilities was fo fond 
of Retirement and Study, that he was averfe to fet- 
tling with a Con<;regation and to any public Ser- 
vices : To him he thus addreiled in 1724; * lam 

* forry, that you tliink of fpenJing your Life in a 

H 2 

148 Memoirs of the Life Ch. t, 

'* Hermitage, in this learned and polite Luxury. Go© 

* hath endowed you with Capacities, which are not 

* always to be buried in Retirement. So bright a 
•* Lamp was not lighted up to confume in a Sepulchre, 

* but to be fixed on an Eminence, where its Rays may 

* be difFufed with public Advantage, and condudl 

* many thro' this gloomy Defart to the Regions of 

* eternal Glory. I hope therefore and believe, it is 

* your conftant Care to make all your Studies fub- 
"* fervicnt to the Views of fuch Services. When Pro- 

* vidence calls you to a more public Appearance, I 

* hope you will be willing to quit your Cell, charm- 

* ing as it is, that you may enter upon Employments 

* at leaft more important, if not more delicate, than 
'* thofe, which you now purfue. This is a Piece of 

* Self-denial, which Duty requires us to fubmit to ; 
^ and which will be acceptable to God in Propor- 

* tion to our Fondnefs for thofe Elegancies, which 

* we are contented to interrupt and poftpone, that 

* we may attend to the Advancement of his Kingw 
'« dom and Intereft. We know the Applaijfe of oar 

* heavenly Mafter will be an abundant Recompence 

* for all the Pleafures we have given up for his fake ; 

* and before we receive that public Remuneration, 

* we fliall find fuch Entertainment in the Exercife of 
^ Benevolence to our Fellow-creatures, and the Hope 

* of promoting their everlafting Felicity, as we ihall 
■'* never find in converfing with Virgil or Tully, Pliny 

' or Addifon, or any of the Favourite-attendants of 
*« our Solitude.' ^When he faw any of his Pupils 

or younger Brethren indolent, or not applying their 
Time and Talents to the Care of Souls, he would 
fr^ly expoflulate with them \ and if ever his ZeaJ 


Se<5l. 2. of Dr, Doddridgp. r49,> 

was excejft've^ it was here. When he faw, how much 
was needful to be done for Chrift and Souls, and how 
little really was done, by many Perfons of great Abi- 
lities, and religious Charafters, his Spirit was moved 
within him. He took Occaiion, therefore, when he 
preached before his Brethreriy to urge every Confide- 
ration and Motive, that was likely to increafe their 
Activity. His Difcoarfe on The E'vil and Danger of 
negleSiing the Souls of Men, contains many forcible 
Arguments on this Head, fufEcient to roufe the Spirit- 

of e'/ery Minifter, that is not funk into Stupidity. 

He eflcemed it a Fault in fome worthy Mhiijhrsy that 
they were backward to engage in public Ser\'ices, 
at th^ flated AJfemblies of Minifers, and on occafio- 
nal Days of Prayer or TJiankf giving. The Multipli- 
city of his Bufinefs and the Importance of his do- 
meftic Engagements, might have been a rcafonablc 
Apology for his Abfence from fajch Meetings, or for 
being generally excufed from performing any Part of 
the Service : Yet he was feldom abfent, except hun- 
dred by Sicknefs, and made no Difficulty of comply- 
ing with the Defire of his Brethren to take a Share of 
the Work. He thought, that for Minillers to de- 
cline, or to need much Entreaty, to engage onfuch Oc- 
cafionsy was difrefpedlful to their Brethren, and was 
fetting a bad Example before their young Affociates ; , 
while it feemed to fumifli their Hearers with fome- 
thing of a plaufible Pretence for refufing to engage 
in focial Prayer, or even to pray in their own Fami- 
lies : On this Principle he was determined to ail, 
tho' he might be, as he fometimes was, charged with 

Vanity and Love of Applaufe for fo doing. ^In 

Order, to make the Meetings ofMimfters turn to a better 
H 3 Account 

150 Memoirs 0/ the Life Cli. S. 

Account, than he feared they had generally done, he 
endeavoured to promote more regular Jffociations ; 
that the Hands of each other might be ftrengthened 
by united Confultation and Prayer, and that they 
jnight concur in fome Schemes for the Re^vi'ual of 
Religion. What he attempted of this Blind, may be 
feen in the Preface to the Sermon above-mentioned ; 
and the attentive Reader of it will perceive, how 
well it was adapted to promote Piety, Zeal and Love 
among Minifters and their Congregations. 

He was felicitous, that fomething more might be 
done among the diJfeTUing Churches, towards the Pro- 
pagation of Chriftianity abroad, and fpreading it in 
feme of the darker Parts of our own Land. His 
Scheme for this Purpofe may be feen in the fame 
Preface : It would too much fwell this Work to infert 
either of the Plans in it. I mention them in this 
Connexion, as Evidences of his fervent Zeal to ferve 
the Caufe of Chriftianity and vital Religion ; and it 
is hoped the Publication of them hath tended to in- 
fpire a like Zeal into others. With the fame Views, 
he generoufly contributed towards publifhing fome 
pradical Books in the TFelJh Language. He was a 
hearty Friend to the Succefs of a Society in Scotland, 
for propagating chriflian KnonMledge, efpecially in 
North'America, of which he was a cor re/ponding Mem- 
ber. He lamented that there were fo few MiJJionaries 
among the Indians near our Settlements there ; and 
was very defirous to train-up fome ferious Youths of 
good Health and Refolution to' be employed in tliat 
Capacity. Two of his Piipils were educated with this 
View, and would chearfuUy have gone upon the Ser- 
vice; but their neareJt Relations would not permit 


Seft. 2» cf Dr. DoDVKiDGi. 15^8 

them. * Sach, faith he in his Diary, is the Weaknefs^' 

* of their Faith and Love ! I hope I can truly fay^ 

* that, if God would put it into the Heart of my 

* only Son to go under this Gharafler, I could wil- 

* lingly part with him, tho' I were to fee him na 

* more. What are Views of a Family and a Namtr 

* when compared with a Regard to extending my 
- * Redeemer's Kingdom and 'gaining Souls to Chrift?^ 

He was defirous to countenance and encourage- 
all thofe, who appeared to have the Intereft of Reli- 
gion much at Heart, and to be zealous to inflrudl 
and fave Souls, tho' th^y were of different Senti- 
ments and Perfuafions from himfelf. He at nrll en- 
tertained a good Opinion of Count Zinzendorf^ and 
his AfTociates, from the Accounts he had received of 
them, as a late Arthbiftiop of Canterbury, and many 
other wife and pious Men had done ; and he fpoke 
of them in honourable Terms. But what he obferved. 
of his crude Notions of Religion, in an Interview 
he had with* him ; and what he read of them in his 
Sermons and Hymns, convinced him, that, whatever 
the Count's private Views were, his Manner of re- 
prefenting fome Dodlrines of the Gofpel, and par- 
ticularly hisDifrelilh for all of them, but thofe which 
relate to the Lamb, as his Followers generally call our 
blefled Lord, did Chrifl very little Honour and ten- 
ded little to chriftian Edification. He, was cautious- 
of entering into any Intimacy with his Aflbciates ; 

* For, faith he, I would remember, that it is a fup- 

* pofable, yea a probable Cafe, that ill-defigning Men 

* may endeavour to promote Enthufiafm and divide- 
« Churches, merely with the View to enrich and ex- 

* alt themfehtst as Heads of a Party/ But when he 

H 4, heard: 

I5» Memoirs of the Life Ch. S. 

heard that fome of the Count's Followers defpifed 
Prayer, made light of Holinefs, and run into other 
pernicious Errors, he concluded that they were bad 
Men, preaching with mean and interefted Views. 
He was preparing a Letter to Count Zinscendorfy con- 
taining a ferious Addrcfs to him and Expoftulation 
with him ; and warning others againft the Errors 
and Enormities, into which his Followers had run^ 
and which had filled fo many ferious Minds, who 
once thought well of them, with Wonder and Hor- 

He had a favourable Opinion of fome of thofe 
Cler^men of the Church of England^ who went under 
the Name of Methodtfts, By the Converfation he had 
with fome of them, and what he had read of their 
Difcourfes, he was led to hope and believe, that they 
honeflly intended the Advancement of Religion. He 
thought it fome Juflification of their itinerant Preach- 
ing, that they went principally, at leaft at firft, a- 
niong the moft ignorant, rude and profane Perfons, 
who icarce ever attended any Place of Worftiip ; that 
the State of Religion was low and melancholy, and 
there was too little Serioufnefs, Zeal, and a Care to 
infifl upon the peculiar Doftrines of the Gofpel, a- 
mong Minifters, He had feen fome good EiFe<^s of 
their Labours in his own Neighbourhood ; he had 
hsard of more, from fufficient Authority ; and this 
left him no Room to doubt but God had owned 
them. * I cannot but xKmk, faith hcy that by the 

* Succefs X)f fome of thefe defpifed Men, God is re- 
*, buking the Madnefs of thofe, who think them- 

* felves the only ivife Men, and in a remarkable 
^ Manner making bare his mighty Arm.' He was 


Se6l. 2. tf Dr, Doddridge. 153 

very feniible of their Errors and Defeds; but had* 
obferved, in the Hiftory of former Times, that many 
Perfons of great Piety, Zeal and Benevolence had 
been led, partly by their Popularity and Succefs, 
and partly by an ill-judged Oppofition to them, into 
fome unjuftifiable Meafures ; and yet had been In- 
ftruments of great Ufefulnefs in the World, This 
was the Cafe with fome of the Reformers from Popery. 
With Regard to thefe Men, he thought fome of 
their Errors were pitiable, rather than blameable: 
That fome of them were to be imputed to Faults in • 
their Education ; the Want of being led thro' a re- 
gular Plan of Leilures in Di'vinityy and into an or- 
derly Method of ftudying the Evidences, Doftrines 
and Duties of Chriftianity. He hoped that further 
Knowledge of themfelves, the World and Religion, 
would give them more judicious Sentiments ; and 
that the Cenfures and Contempt, which they met with 
from fo many of their Brethren, would make them 
more humble and cautious. He was well aware that 
there was fome Enthujja/m in them and much among 
their Followers : But he thought that, neverthelefs, 
they might be ufeful, as he knew they had been, in 
roufing Men's Attention, engaging them to bend 
their Thoughts towards their eternal Concerns ; in 
leading them to read and ftudy the Scriptures, and 
attend reli2:ious Worfhip in Places, ~where they might 
be better inftrui^ed and edified. * In fome extraor- 

* dinary Converfions, faith hcy there may be and of- 

* ten is a Tinflure of ^yj/Zi/j/Frt/z^/ ; But, having v/eigh- 

* ed the Matter diligently, I think a Man had b-Jtter 

* be a fober, honefl:, chart, induftrious Enthufaft, 

* than live without any Regard to God and Reli- 

H 5 * gion 

Sed. 2. cf Dr. DoDDitiDGB. 155 

he difcouraged to the atmoft. He oftea cxprcffed 
his Wifh, that Miniftcrs, infteod of railing at them- 
from the Pulpit and the Preft, and endeavouring to 
cxpofe them, would imitate them in what was truly 
commendable. As they faw the common People ftruck 
and captivated with their Addrefs and Appearance of 
Zeal, he wiftied their wifer Brethren would plainly 
and ferioufly preach the GofpeU take due Care of the 
Souls committed to them, and labour more abundant* 
ly in their Mailer's Work ; and thereby fecure y^t 
greater Popularity and Acceptance by Means, which 
they themfelves muft think juft and laudable: For 
thefe he thought it their Duty to ufe, whatever their 
particular Sentiments and Stations were*. He was 
feverely cenfured, cfpecially by fome of his Brethren, 
for the Civility and Encouragement he (hewed to fome 
of the Leaders of the Methodifts^ and feveral angry 
Letters were fent him on this Subjeft.' To fuch 
Cenfures he thus anfwered; * I wifh there were 
' lefs Zeal and Rage againft thefe Men. It has al- 

* way5 been a Maxim with me, not to believe any 

H 6 « flying 

* Perhaps tliis important Hint may come more unexceptionably 
from a worthy Clergyman of the Church of England: * The Nation 

* hath been much alarmed of late with Reports concerning the 
< Growth and Increafe of Metkodifm, Would we put a Stop to the 
' farther Progrofs of it ? There is one Way by which it may be 

* done : And let us of the eftablifhed Ciergy join Hand and Heart 

* in the Work ; wx, to live more holily, pray more fer\'cntly, 

* preach more heavenly, and labour more diligently, than the Mc* 

* tbcdifi'VCATLi^ct^ appear to do. Then fliall we foon hear that Field- 

* preaching is at an end ; and Chriftians will flock to the Churches 
' to hear us, as they now flock to the Fields to hear them.* Andre^vx" 
Scrij[>ture'dt6lrine cf Grace, in jinfiver to ths Bf. of Cloucefcr, p^ 
222. o. 

1S6 Memoirs tf the Life Ch. ^, 

' flying Story to the Prejudice of thofe, whom I 

* had apparent Reafon, from what I knew of them, 

* to efieem. I am ready to hope and believe the beft of 

* thofe, who feem to have the Caufe of Religion fa 

* much at Heart. But. I am very far from juftifying 

* them in all the Steps they have taken, or approv- 

* ing all the Lengths they run ; and with their Ana- 

* themas and uncharitable Cenfures I am greatly dif- 

* pleafed. I fee fome of them running into Extrava- 

* gancies, which grieve me to the Heart : And if any 

* will be fo unjull as to impute thefe Things to me, 

* becaufe I dare not join in reviling, cenfuring and 

* judging them, as fome do, amidfl their acknow- 

* ledged Infirmities and Miftakes, I muft wait quiet- 
' ly. till the Day of the Lord: and I humbly hope 

* that He will, in the mean Time, appear to fup- 

* port my Charafter, as far as his Glory and the 

* Good of Souls is concerned in it ; and further than 

* that, I am not anxioufly concerned about it.' By 
adling in this tender, candid Manner, he might, 
perhaps, commend and encourage fome, who ap- 
peared to t)e zealous for the Salvation of Souls, be- 
fore he had fufficient Opportunities of knowing what 
their Principles and Views were; or the Accounts 
he bad received of the Succefs of their Labours 
might be exaggerated ; or they might reprefent him, 
as encouraging them more than he did. He might 
alfo think fome of their Errors of much lefs Con- 
fequence, than his Brethren did. But thefe are of- 
ten the Weakuefies of the beft Minds ; and, as a 
good Judge of human Nature fays, * Ut quisqut 

* eji ViT o^timus^ ita difficillim} efe alios improbos fuf 

Sedt. 3- ^ Dr. Doddridge. 157 

* picatur *. The better a Man himfelf is, the left 

* will he be inclined to fufpedi others of bad De- 

* figns.* 

• Cic, Ep, ad (^Fratr. 

SECT. m. 

His Catholicirm, Moderation and friendly Behaviour 
to Per/ons of different Sentiments and Per/uajions. 

DR. Doddridge had diligently ftudied the Gofpel, 
and had juft Ideas of the Extent and Impor- 
tance of chrtftian Liberty, He had impartially exa- 
mined the Controverfy between the eftablifhed Church 
of England^ and the Proteftant DiJ/enters^ and thought 
it his Duty to adhere to the latter. He thus wrote 
to one of his Fello^w-ftudents on this Subjeft; * I 

* am now more fully ftudying the Bufinefs of Conform 

* mity ; and for that Purpofe am reading the Contro- 

* verfy between - Bilhop Hoadley and Dr. Calamy ; as* 

* indeed I think it neceffary to examine into the' 
' Affair, before I determine upon being ordained 

* among the Dijfenters. Upon the whole, I muft fay, 

* that, as nothing hath had a greater Tendency to 

* confirm my Belief of Chriftianity than the moft 

* celebrated Writings of Jevas and Deifts ; and my 

* adhering to the Protefiant Caufe than the Apolo- 

* gies of many of the Roman Catholics ; fo the Study 

« of 

15^ Memoirs of the Lifk CL 8^ 

* of the bcft Defenders of the Church of England^ 

* which I have yet feen, hath added a great Deal of 

* Weight to my former Perfuafion, not only of the 

* Lawfulnefs but Expediency of a Separation from it. 

* Yet when I fee how many plauiible Arguments 

* may be advanced on the contrary Side, I am not 

* inclinable to cenfure thofe, who yield to the Force 

* of them,' His generous Heart never confined Truth 
and Goodnefs to one particular Se6ly nor in any 
other Refpedl appeared bigotted to that, or uncha- 
ritable to thofe, who differed from him. The Prin- 
ciples on which he a6led will be feen by the follow- 
ing Extrafts from his Writings, * I look upon the 

* diffenting Intereft, faith he^ to be the Caufe of 

* Truthy Honour and Liberty ; and I will add, in a 

* great Meafure, the Caufe of ferious Piety too. It 

* was not merely a generous Senfe of Liberty (which 

* may warm the. Bread of a Deiji, or an Atheift) 

* but a religious Reverence for the di'vine Authority y 
' which animated our pious Forefathers to fo refo- 

* lute and fo expenfive an Oppofition to the At- 

* tempts, which were made in their Days to invade 

* the Rights of Confcience, and the Throne of God, 

* its only Sovereign. And if the Caufe be not ftill 
' maintained on the fame Principles, I think it will 

* hardly be worth our while to be much concerned 
' about maintaining it at all *.' In his Dedication 
of a Sermon to the pious Mr. Herveyy he thus ex- 
preffeth himfelf; * You being, I doubt not, per- 

* fuaded in your own Mind, that Diocefan Epifco- 

* pacy is of divine Original, and that the Church hath 

* Power to decree Rites or Ceremonies and Authority in 

* Con- 
* Fiee Thought^ in Txaas, ^ec, VoU U. p. i66» 

Scft. 3. £/• Dr. Doddridge, 159 

* Contr9verfies of Faith, have folemnly declared that 

* Belief; and, in Confeqnencc of it, have obliged 

* yourfelf to render canonical Obedience to thofe, 

* whom you thereby acknowledge as governing you 

* by an Authority delegated from Chrift ; that thus 

* you may be fuhjeB to every OrtUnance of Man for 

* the Lord^j Sake, and thereby approve your Submif- 
< fion to him. I have declined that Subjedion ; not 

* from any DifrefpeA to the Perfons of the eftabliflied 
*■ ecclefiaftical Governors (many of whom I hold in 

* the higheft Efteem and number among the moft 

* diflinguiflied Ornaments of our common Chriftiani^ 

* ty) and leaft of all from an Unwillingnefs to yield 

* Subje^ouy where I apprehend Chrift to have ap- 

* pointed it ; for, fo far as I know my own Heart, 

* it would be my greateft Joy to bow, with all Hu- 

* mility, to aw^ Authority delegated from him : But 

* I will freely tell you and the World, my Noncon- 

* formity is founded on this, that I affurcdly believe 

* the contrary, to what the Conftitution of the Church 

* of England requires me to declare, on the above- 

* mentioned Heads and fome others, to be the Truth. 

* And I efteem it much more eligible to remain un- 

* der an Incapacity of iharing its Honours and Re- 

* venues, than to open my Way to a Poffibility of 

* obtaining them, by what would, in me, while I 

* have fuch an Appreheniion, be undoubtedly an 

* A(^ of Prevarication, Hypocrify and Falfliood ; re- 

* verencing herein the Authority of God, and re- 

* membering the Account I muft fhortly give in his 

* Prefence.* Yet he behaved with the utmoft 

Candour to the Members of the eft ahlijhed Church. 

* I would be far, faith he, from confining all true 

• Re. 

l6o Memoirs of the Life Ch. 8. 

* Religion to the Members of our own Congrega- 

* tions. I am very well aware, that there are a Multi- 
« tudeof excellent Perfons in the Eftablijhment^ both 

* among the Clergy and Laity ^ who, in their difFe- 
« rent Stations, are burning and Jhining Lights ; fuch 

* as refledl a. Glory on the human Nature and the 
« chriftian Profeffion.* He always fpoke of the efta- 
bliftied Religion of our Country with Refped. In 
explaining thofe Texts of Scripture in his Family- 
expofitor^ in which he could not avoid (hewing his 
Sentiments in fome Points o{ DifcipUne^ different from 
thofe which generally prevail, he confcientioufly^ ab- 
ftained from all Reproaches ; * to which indeed, faith 

* hey I am on no Occaiion inclined, and which I 

* fhould efteem peculiarly indecent, where the reli- 

* gious Eftahlijhment of ' my Country is in Queftion ; 

* and above all, where a Body of Men would be af- 

* fefted, many of whom have been, and are, among 

* the ablell Advocates and brightelt Ornaments of 

* Chriftianity, I have been alfo careful to adjuft my 

* Expreffions with as much Tendernefs and Refpe^y as 
« Integrity and that Reverence, which an honcft 

* Man would owe to the Judgment of his own Con- 
« fcience, were it more iingular than mine, would 
« admit*.' He never made any petulant Objec- 
tions againft the Worfliip or Difcipline of the Church 
of Englandy nor uttered any fevere or unkind Re- 
flexions upon it. Indeed he very fcldom mentioned 
the Grounds of the Diiference between it and the 
jyUknters in the Pulpit ; and when his Subjedl na- 
turally led him to it, he took Occaiion to lliew, how 
Jmall the Things in debate were, compared with 

• Expofitor: Vol. Ill, Prcf. p. is. 

Se£l. 3. •/ Dr. Doddridg£. i6t 

thofe important Principles and Truths, in which they 

agreed. ^He always fpoke in the moft refpe<5lful 

Terms of the worthy Ckrgy of the eilablifhed 
Church; thought himfelf happy in the intimate 
Friendfliip of fome of them, and kept up a friendly 
Correfpondence with others, even with fome of the 
higheft Rank in it. Upon the fame Principles, he 
rejoiced, when he had Opportunity, as he fometimes 
had, of ferving any of them in their fecular or mi- 

nillcrial Interefls. He deeply lamented, that a Se- 

faration from the Communion of that Church was, 
in his Appreheniion and that of many other good 
Men, made fo necefTary. He heartily wilhed and 
prayed for a greater Union among Protefiants ; and 
longed for the happy Time, when, to ufe his own 
Words, * the Queilion would be, not how much may 

* we lawfully impofey and how much may we law- 

* fully difputs? but on the one fide, what may we 

* nvavej and on the other, what may we acquie/ce-in^ 

* from a Principle of mutual Tendernefs and Refpefl, 

* without difpleafing our common Lord, and injur- 

* ing that great Caufe of original Chriftianityy which 

* he hath appointed us to guard.' Having mention- 
ed to one of his Friends a candid Letter he had re- 
ceived from a B /hop, he adds, * O that God would 

* open a Way to a ftriifler Union among P rot, ft ants ^ 

* of every Denomination 1 But the Darknef* of our 

* Minds, the Narrownefs of our Hearts, and our 

* Attachment to private Interell: make it, I fear, in 

* a great Mcafure, imprafticable.' * I greatly rc- 

* joice, /ait A he on another Occa/ionj when I fee ia* 

* thofe, whom upon other Accounts I moft highly 

* ^Heem, as the excellent of the Earthy that their Pre- 

* judice$ 

r62 Memoirs of the Life Ch. S. 

* judices againft their Brethren of any Denomination 

* are fubdued, as mine againft the Writers of the EJla- 

* blifhnunt early were, and that we are coming nearer 

* to the Harmcny, in which I hope we fhall ever be 

* om in Chrift Jejus.* One of his Correfpondcnts 
had informed him of a Report fpread in London^ in 
1750, that he was about to conform to the Church of 
England} to which he thus anfwereth; * Aflure thofe, 

* who may have heard of the Report, that tho' my 

* growing Acquaintance with many excellent Perfons, 

* fome of them of great Eminence, in the Eftahlijh- 

* ment^ increafes thofe candid, refpeftfnl Sentiments of 

* that Body of ChriAians, which I had long enter- 

* tained ; yet I am fo thoroughly perfuaded of the 

* Reafonablenefs of Nonconformity^ and find many of 

* the Terms of minifterial Conformity fo contrary to 

* the Didlates of my Confcience in the Sight of 

* God, that I never was lefs inclined to fubmit to 

* them ; and hope I fhall not be willing to buy my 

* Liberty or my Life at that Price. But I think it my 

* Duty to do my Part towards promoting that mutual 

* Peace and good Will, which I think more likely 

* than any thing elfe, either to reform the Church, 

* or at leaft to promote true Cltriftianity^ both in the 

* Eftablifhment and Separation; to llrengthen the 

* Protejiant Gaufe and defeat the Defigns of our 

* common Enemies. And, confcious that I fpeak and 

* aft from thefe Principles, and that I am approved of 

* God in it, I do not fear the Refentments of any 
< narrow-fpirited Perfons. I would not be a Knight-^ 

* errant in the Caufe of Candour itfelf ; nor would 

* I fo ftar the Imputation of mean and unworthy Dc- 

* fign«> as to be deterred, by the Apprehenfion of it, 

* from 

Seft. 3. bf Dr. Doddridge. 165 

* from what is in itfclf right. For at that Rate, from 

* what may we not be deterred ? I am much more 

* folicitous to deferve well of the Public, than about 

* the Returns I may meet with for doing it.' 

But his catholic Sentiments on this Head will more 
fully appear from a Paflage in his Preface to Arch- 
biftiop Leighton*s expofitory Works, which I think muft • 
give great Pleafure to every benevolent Mind. * It 

* is truly my Grief, that any Thing fhould divide me 

* from the fulleft Communion with thofe, to whom I 

* am united in the Bonds of as tender Affection, as 
' I bear to any of my Fellow-chriftians. And it is 
' my daily Prayer, that God would, by his gentle 

* but powerful Influence on our Minds, mutually dif- 

* pofe us more and more for fuch an Union j as may 

* moft effeftually confolidate the Proteftant Caufe, 

* eftablifti the Throne of our gracious Sovereign, re- 

* move the Scandal our Divificns have occafioned, 

* and ftrengthen our Hands in thofe Efforts, by which 

* we are attempting, and might then I hope more 

* fuccefsfully attempt, the Service of our common- 

* Chriftianity. In the mean Time, I deiire moll hear- 

* tily to blefs God for any Advances that are 
*' made towards it.' He illuflrates and confirms his 
Thoughts and Hopes on this Head, by the Words 
of a familiar Letter he had received, from a worthy 
Member of the Church of England, well-known in- 
the learned World. " I am glad, faith his Correfpon^ 
** dent, that Chriftianity begins fo well to be under-- 
** flood and taught by fo many Men of Parts and 
" Learning in all Se6ls ; £hc Fruits of which appear- 
'Mn a Candour and Charity, unknown to all Ages 
*' oi the Churchy except the primitive ^ I had almoft 

<* faid 

»64 Mmoirs of the Life Ch. g. 

** faid, the apoftolic Age. Doth not this give you a 
** Profpedl, tho' perhaps ftill very diflant, of the 
" Completion of the famous Prophecy^ that fpeaks 
** of the Lion and Lamb lying donjun together in the 
" Kingdom of the MeJJiah ? Lions there have been 
** in all Churches ; but too many fierce, greedy and 
** blood-thirfty Lions, tho' often difguifed like 
" Lamhs'y and fome Lambs there have been iimple 
" enough, to think it expedient for the Flock to af- 
** fume the Habit and Terror of Lions. But I hope 
** they now begin to undeceive themfelves, and to 
** confider Chrijlianity^ as intended to bring back 
** the World to that State of Innocence, which it 
" enjoyed before the Fall. To attain this happy 
** State, all Chriftians fhould unite their amiable 
** Endeavours : And inftead of looking-out for, and 
** infilling upon, Points of Difference and Diftinftion, 
** feek for thofe only, in which they do or may agree. 
** They may at leaft fow the Seeds of Peace and 
«* Unity, tho' they fhould not live to reap the Fruit 
** of it in this World. Bleffed are the Peace-makers y 
«* faith the Prince of Peace, for they fhall he called 
*' the Children of GOD: An Appellation infinitely 
** more honourable than that of Pafor, Bijhop, Arch- 
*' hijhopy Patriarchy Cardinal ox Poje'y and attended 
** with a Recompence infinitely furpafling the richeft 
** Revenues of the highefl ecclejiaftical Dignities." 

* I join, adds the DoSlor, my hearty Wifh and Prayer 

* with thofe of my much eileemed Friend, that we 

* may all more and more defervc this Chara6ler, 
< and attain its Reward.' I am perfuaded, that no- 
thing ever appeared, in his Leftures, Correfpondence 
or private Difcourfe, inconiiftcnt with thefe Senti- 

Se£l. "5. «/• Dr. D o D D R I D E. 165 

ments, which he hath publicly avowed ; efpecially itt 
his Sermon jon chriftian Candour and Unanimity. Hc 
laboured to promote a like candid and friendly Spirit 
in his Pupils. He exhorted them to treat their Bre- 
thren of the Eftablifhment with Refpeft ; never td 
utter any Invedives againil the Conilitution or Forms 
of the Church of England \ and, if Providence fhould 
iix them near humble, peaceable, pious Clergymeuj 
to honour and love them, to cultivate a Friendlhip 
with them, to ftudy to ferve them and promote thcif 
Reputation and Intereft. Thefe were the Advices of 
the LeBure-room : And I have the Pleafure to know, 
that thofe of his Pupils^ with whom I am acquainted, 
have afted upon thefe catholic InftrudUons, and been 
remarkable for their Candour and Moderation, in 
Confequencc of the Pains he took, by his Inftru6li- 
ons and Example, to inttill thefe Virtues into them, 
and his laying before them the Ai;gumcnts on both 
fides of contefted Queftions. 

Whoever confiders how numerous the proteftant T>tf* 
/enters in this Kingdom are ; that they claim a Li- 
berty of chufing their own Minifters, of judging for 
themfelves of the Senfe of Scripture^ and what Rites 
and Modes of Worftiip that enjoins; and where 
there is no particular Rule, of determining for them- 
felves what is moft fubfervient to chriftian Edifica- 
tion; whoever confiders this, will not wonder that 
there have been, and are, different Sentiments among 
them ; that they are ranged under different Deno- 
minations, and that there are fometimes Di^ifions 
-and Contentions among them. Thefe Dr. Doddridge 
iaw and lamented ; and was as careful, as he could 
l)e, conliftently with keeping a good Confcience, to 


l66 Memoirs of the Life Ch. 2. 

be upon friendly Terms with them all, to (hew a 
candid Temper to thofe of a different Perfuafion, and 
promote the like in them. * He was very little in- 
« clined to contend about technical Phrafes of human 

* Invention, which have, with equal Frailty, been 

* idolized by fome and anathematized by others.' 
A rigid Spirit, and a Stiffhefs about indifferent 
Things, he very much difliked ; cfpecially when at- 
tended with Uucharitahlenefs. He thought * there 
« was always Reafon to fufpea thofe Perfons and 

< Principles, that would alienate our Hearts from any 

< of the faithful Servants of Chrift, becaufe they 
' do not agree with our Sentiments about the Cir^ 

* cumftantials of Religion ; and that ChrifHans had 
« great Need to be cautioos, left they abufe their Li- 

* berty to gratify thofe irregular Paifions, which, to 

< whatever high Original they may pretend, were 

* indeed to be traced no higher than a carnal Princi- 

* pie, and to be numbered among the Works of the 
« Fle/h.* It grieved him to fee Impofitions upon Con- 

fcience any where ; efpecially among Diffentersj as 
they were fo evidently contrary to their own Princi- 
ples. * Our Intereft, faith he, hath received great 

* Damage by unfcriptural Impofitions and unchari- 

* table Contentions with each other.' It appears 
from what was faid above of his Behaviour to his 
Pupils f that he thought it unjuft in itfelf, and very 
injurious to the Intereil of Religion, to be rigorous 
with young Minifters and Students about their parti- 
cular Sentiments, and to tye them down to profefs 
their AfTent to Formularies, containing Points of a 
very abflrufe or a very doubtful Nature : He thought 
it alfo foolijh in the Impolcrs, as being likely to pre- 

Se£l. 3* «/* Dr. Doddridge, 167 

judice them againft thofe Points, and drive them 
into the oppoiite, and perhaps worfe, Extreme. 
When therefore the Author of Chrijlianity not found- 
td on Argument had derided this Pradlice, he left 
others to defend it, who were chargeable with it, 
or approved it. It was an inviolable Maxim with 
him, * never to condemn his Brethren as having 
« forfeited all Title to the Name of Chriftians^ be- 

* caufe their Creeds or ConfeJJions of Faith did not 
' come up to the Standard of his own ; yea, he 

■* thought that if it were a Matter that feemed of 

* fo great Iniportance, as to give fome Room to fuf- 

* peft, that the Miftake was fatal (which furely no- 

* thing can be, which docs not greatly affed Men's 

* Temper toward God and each other) even that 

* Conlideration fhould engage us to Gentlcnefs and 

* Tenderncfs , rather than Severity, if peradventurc 

* we may remove their Prejudices *. 

He thought Separations in Churches very feldom 
happened, but there were Errors and Faults on both 
^ides. In fome Inftances of this Kind, both Parties 
made their Appeal to him ; and, upon the mofl im- 
partial Survey of the Grounds of the Difference, he 
Sometimes faw Reafon to blarney and therefore often 
difpleafed, both. In fome of thofe, which came to 
his Knowledge, and which arofe from the People's 
Diilike to their Minifters, he found them owing to 
the Departure of thofe Minifters, from what their 
People apprehended the mofl weighty TrutTis of the 
Gofpcl ; to their Want of a more ferious Spirit, 
and a due Scnfe of the Importance of their Work ; 
CO Jthcif diot addreiling their Hearers in a plain, 

^ ScnnoM on CAndour, in Tra^, Volt III. p, %\^* 

l68 Memoirs of the Life Gh. 8. 

lively Manner ; or to their neglefting a paftoral In- 
fpeftion, and complying too much with fafhionable 
Divcrfions and Follies ; and then ihewing too warm 
a Refentment, if their People exprefled any DijQatif- 
fadion on thefe Accounts. In fome Letters on fuch 
Occafions, he thus cxpreffcth himfelf ; * The Edi- 

* fication and Comfort of Souls does not depend on 

* thofe Niceties of Sentiment and Expreflion, which 

* too often divide wife and good Men ; but on fomc- 

* thing common to them all, which, becaufe we for- 

* get, we quarrel with one another about other 

* Things. It is for want of going fo far, as they 

* reafonably might, and in Duty ought, even upon 

* their own Principles, that fo many rafh young Men 

* ruin their Reputation and Ufefulnefs and the Con- 
< gregations under their Care. I have feen fome In- 

* ftances of Divifions^ which have been owing to the 

* over-bearing Temper of fome wealthy Men, and 

* defpifmg the poorer Sort. No Pains have been 

* taken, by Meeknefs and Condefcenfion, to leiTen 

* their Prejudices ; tho' fome of them are, in other 

* Refpe<5ls, moft excellent Perfons ; and their ZcaU 

* tho' carried perhaps to an extreme, arifeth from 

* a deep Convidion of the Importance of Religion 

* and the Gofpel ; while a great deal of what is 

* called Charity in others, is either Ignorance of Re- 

* ligion or Indifference to it. I have {^^w many Bi- 

* got5 for Liberty^ and remarkable Want of Candour 
« in fome great Pretenders to it. I have knov/n fonic 

* Leaders in that Caufe, which declares moll for Cha- 

* rity^ who have not been very ready to put a chari- 

* table Conftruftion upon the Condudl of thofe, who 
« were not in the farne Sentiments ; but have impu- 

* ted 

fieft. 5- »f DT' Doddridge. 169 

* ted their Zeal to the Love of Money or Power. 

* The boalled Patrons of Liberty would have exclaim- 

* ed> if all the good Things they have done were to 
^ be charged to fome fuch low Motive. We fhould 

* then have heard much of its being the Prerogative 
« 6^ God to judge HeartSy and the like. Such Rea- 

* foning is no lefs true and applicable in one Cafe, 

* than in the other^ What Pity is it we fhould be fo 

* inconfiftent with ourfelves ! ^I think Perfons have 

* a Right to judge for themfelves in the Choice of their 

* Minifters, and that it is a very unwarrantable In* 

* fringement of chriftian Liberty to deny that Right, 

* or fliew any Refcntment towards thofe who make 

* ufe of it ; and in proteftant Diffenters^ quite inex- 

* cufable. In Cafes of Separation^ I think it the Wif- 
« dom and Duty of my Brethren, to treat any Minijler^ 

* whom a Church feparated from theirs fhall chufe, 

* with whatever Degree of Kindnefs and Refped his 

* Temper and Conduft might entitle him to in any 
*• other Situation; without imputing to him any 

* thing, that might feem Matter of Complaint in 

* that Body of Men, from whom he received the In- 

* vitation. It is moll for the Peace of Minifters and 

* the Churches over which they prefide, that thofe, 

* who are difcontented under their Miniftry, fhould 

* have a Place to receive them, rather than continue 

* where they were on uneafy Terms. God knows, 

< I have no Part in dividing Counfels, tho' I have 

< been charged with it, or any Thing that fhould 

* alienate the Hearts of good Men from each other.* 

Upon thefe Maxims he a<5led himfelf, and found 

the Comfort of it. There was a Congregation in 

Northampton, which chiefly confifted of thofe, who 

I had 


'170 Memoirs •/the Li/i C\l. t. 

^had feparated from his, before he fettled there : Ne- 
vcrthelefs he lived upon the moft friendly Terms with 
'them> as he believed they a^ed agreeably to this 
'Convictions of their own Confciences. He rejoiced 
when they had a worthy Minifter of moderate Prin- 
ciples, treated Ynm. in a brotherly Manner and did 
him all the Service in his Power: Particularly, he 
procured for him an annual AllovrznCA ttywards his 
ebetter Support, by th« favourable Reprefentation he 
rmade of his Temper and Charader, and by affuring 
thofe, who were concerned in the Albwance, that 

he fhould take it as no Offisnce to himfelf; He 

"was dcArous to turn the Zeal of his Brethren into a 
..right ChanneU to perfuade them to fuipend at leail 
their Debates upon fmaSUr Matters^ that they might 
with united EiFortd concur in ptofecating that gre/it 
.Defign^ for which the Gofpel was revealed, die Spirit 
given, and their Office inftituted. • Since it is fo 

* evident^ faith he, that Irreligion hath gained Ground 
^ upon us, while we have been attending to other, 
•* and, to be fure, lefler Matters, let us> by a plain, 

* ferious, zealous Way of preaching the moft vital 

* Truths of Chrifiianity, joined with a diligent In • 

* fpeftion of the Souls committed to our Care, try 
^^ what can be done to prevent the Progrefs of this 

•* gro-wing Apofiacy, and recover the Ground we have 

* loft. Ignorant and prejudiced Men may perhaps ac- 
■*• cufe us of Bigotry or Enthuftafm\ but let us do our 
•• beft to convince them of their Error, by the Candour 
•* of our Temper and the Prudence of our Condudt*.' 

While he was thus candid and moderate towards 
ihis proiejlant Brethren, he had a juft Abhorrence of 

♦ ^nnona on R^neration, Pref. p. vii. 

the Tenets cf Popery ^ and efpecially its perfecuting 
Spirit ; as he hath fhcwn in his Comments on thofc 
Paffages of the Nenjo Teftamentf which refer to this 
f^reat Apofiacyy and in his much-admired Sermon, on 
The Ahfurdity and hnquity of Perfecutitm for Confcience 
Sake in all its Kinds and Degrees. How he confidered 
and. eflimated the Difference between the Churches of 
England and Rome^ will be feen in the following Paf- 
fage from one of his Sermons againft Popery y (menti- 
oned above p. 62.) fhewing how reasonable and necef^ 
iary the Reformation was^ and how jufti£able our con- 
tinued Separatim fixMn the i2aw/>^ Church is. * My 

* Brethren^ pardon the Freedom of my Speech. I 
< fhould have thought it my Duty to have feparated 

* from the Church of Romty had flie pretended only 

* to determine thofe Things, which Chrifl has left 

* indifferent : How much more, when (he requires a 

* Compliance with thofe, which he \izxki. expr efsly for^ 

* hid? When fhe has the Infolence to fay, * You 
«< fhall not only confine yourfclf to a prefcribed Form 
«* of Words, but you fhall worfhip in an unkno^wn 
** Tongue : You fhall not only bozv at the venerable' 
** Name of our common Lord, but you fhall ^orjhip 
*^ an Image : You fhall not only kneel at the Com^ 
«* muniony but kneel in Adoration of a Piece of Bread : 
** You fhall not only pronounce, or at leafl appear 
«* to pronounce, thofe accurfedj who do not believe 
" what is acknowledged to be incomprehenfibUy but 
** tliofe who do not believe what is moft contrary to 
" our Reafon and Senfes.' When thefe are the 

* Terms of our continued Communion, the Lord 

* judge beinueen us and them ! Had nothing but /;/- 

* different Things been in Difpute, we fhould have 

I 2 ' doii£ 

^7^ Memoirs of the Xifi Ch. ^. 

* done, as wc do by our Brethren of the Church of 
-• England^ taken our Leave of them with Decency 
-* andRefpeft: We would have loved them as our 

* Brethren J while wc could not have owned them as 

* our Lords. But when they require us to purchafe 

* our Peace, by violating our Confciences and en- 

* dangering our Souls, it is no wonder that we efcape 

* as for our Lives : Retiring, not as in the former * 
^ Cafe, from an inconvenient Lodgings where we are 

* flraitened for want of Room, but from a ruinous 

* Hou/e^ where we are in Danger of being crufhed to 

* Pieces ; or rather, wc retire with Indignation and 

* Horror, as from a Den of Thieves ^ where we muft 

* be either the Aflbciates or the Sacrifices of their 

* Wickednefs. And to all their Terrors and Threat- 

* nings, we oppofe the awful Voice of God, Come 

* out of her, my People, that ye he not Partakers of 

* her Sinsy and that ye receive not of her Plagues ; for 

* her Sins have reached unto Heaven, and GOD hath 

* remembered her Iniquities.^ ReveL xviii. 4,5. 

His benevolence. Affability, public Spirit, and Li- 

DR. Doddridge was very much jpf the Gentleman, 
underftoocl the Decorum of Behaviour, and was 
(blicitous to treat others with thofe Forpas of Civility 
;^d Qom/flai/ance, yfh}f:h are u/ual aaapPg well-bred 


Se«fl. 4. of I>r. DoDDRiDor. P731 

People. « I know, faith he^ that thefe Things are 

* mere Trifles in themfelves, but they are the Out- 
« guards of Humanity and Friendihip, and efFeftually^ 

* prevent many a rude Attack; which, taking its 
« Rife from fome little Circumllance, may neverthe- 

* lefs be attended with fatal Confequences.' The 
Wafpiftmefs of fome learned and good Men, and the 
Acrimony^ with which they treat others,-whom they 
think their Inferiors in Knowledge and Science, or 
who differ from them in Sentiments, were very dif- 
agreeable to him. He had contraAed nothing of that 
Morofenefs and Diftancey which Perfons of great read- 
ing, and thofe who are engaged in a conftant Hurry 
of Bufinefs, are apt to difcover in their Converfe, 
cfpecially with their Inferiors. There was nothing 
uncivil or forbidding in his Behaviour; nothing over- 
bearing or harfh in his Language. He was eajy of 
Accefs to the pooreH, when they came to him about 
their Affliftions or religious Concerns, and would 
leave his moil favourite Studies to hear their Com- 
plaints, to counfel, comfort and pray with them ;. 
he "treated them with Tendernefs, y?t lefFened not 
himfclf by unbecoming Familiarity. He thought fuck 
a Deportment peculiarly incumbent on the Minifters. 
of the Go/pel ;and the Inflrudors of Youth; out of 
Regard to their general Chara6ler, the Influence of 
their Example, and from a Concern to lead all with 
whom they converfed, efpecially thofe under their 
Care, to entertain a favourable Opinion of their Hu- 
mility and Readinefs to ferve them. In Confequence 
of fuch an Opinion, they will be more free in theic 
Converfation with them, efpecially in communica- 
ting their fpiritual Concerns, than they would be, 

1 3 if 

174 Memoirs of th lift Clu 8. 

if they faw them difficult of Accefs or auAere in 
their Manner of converfing.— -— His Temper wa« un* 
fufpicioas, mild and fwcet ; and in hii Tongue w4/ 
the Law of Kindnefs. This, it muft be owned, was 
fometimes carried to an Excefi j cfpecially in younger 
Life. His Candour led iiim to think more favour* 
ably of fome Perfons than they deferred ; particu* 
larly thofe who pofTeffed fome fhining Talents or 
Qualities, cfpecially if they appeared- to be a^ive 
for the Advancement of Religion. At the fame tims 
the Opennefs of his Temper, and a kind of natural 
Complaifance, led him to fay civil and obliging 
Things of tlieir Characters and Views : But in fome 
Inflances he afterwards faw Reafon to alter his Judg- 
ment of them, and be upon the Referve in his Be- 
haviour to them. This produced fome Inconveni- 
ences ; for a few who did not know him, fufpefted 
his Sincerity ; and the Perfons in Queftion thought 
themfelves injured, by his declining an Intimacy with 
them, or a Recommendation of them, from which 
they expedled fome Advantage. While thofe who were 
moft intimately acquainted with his real Charadler 
and the Motives on which he aded, knew him to be 
incapable of that Diffimulation or Inconfiftency, with 
which he was charged. I mention this the rather, 
that it may ferve as a Caution to the good-natured 
Reader, to rellrain the Excefes of Civility and Com- 
pliment ; agreeably to the Advice of a nohle Writer y 

* Be cautious in all Declarations of Friendihip ; as 

• the very common Forms of Civility are too often 
*' explained into undefigned Engagements *•* 


* Lord Orrtrfz Life of Svtiji^ p. 214« 

Soft. 4. rfiyr. Doddridge. 175: 

Btft the Bencvotence of the Doaor*s Temper was* 
not (kewn in Word and Tongue only, but in Deed and 
rn Truth ; and the EfFe€ts of it were fubftantial, love-- 
ly and exteniiv«. His Zeal to do good to the Souls 
f>f Men^ arifing in Part from this bene'volent Princi- 
ple, hath already been mentioned. I am now to add,, 
that his Heart was touched with, the Miferies of the 
Poor, and this led him to de^vi/e liberal Things, No^ 
Man was more free from a covetous Spirit. He never 
fought great Things for himfelf and his Family, nor: 
was ambitious to leave them rich in this World. He- 
often quoted that Saying of his Mafter, as a true 
and precious Monument of apoftolic Tradition ; // is 
more blejfed to gi<ve than to recei'ue. He enquired after 
and relieved diftreffed Objefts ; pleaded the Caufe o£7 
the Poor and Needy in his Sermons and private 
Difcourfes, and ufed all his Interefl with his 
Friends to induce them to do good and communicate. 
But he never, laid any Burthen of this Kind i>pon?. 
others (if perhaps they might think it fo) without- 
bearing more of it himfelf, than, fome may think, 
in Juftice to his Family, he ought to have done. He 
exhorted others, agreeably to the Direftions of the 
Nezv Teftament^ to appropriate fome certain Part and 
Proportion of their Eltate and Revenues to charitable 
Ufes ; with a provifional Increafe, as God fliould< 
profper them in any extraordinary Inftances. By this 
Means they would always have a Fund at hand ; and 
probably be more ready to communicate, when they 
looked upon what was fo dcpofitcd, as not in any 
Senfe their own ; but as already given away to fuch 
Vfts, tho' not yet affixed to particular Objedls. He 
I 4 ««r 

176 Memetrs of the Lift . CL 8. 

exhorted Chriflians to make a Trial for one Year, on 
foch Terms, as they thought in their Confcience^ 
would be moft pleaiing to -God ; and by their Obfer- 
vatlon on that, to fix their Proportion for the next. 
He exhorted them to fpare, to retrench Superfluities, 
and deny themfelves fome of the Ekgancei of Life ; 
not that they might have more to hoard-up, but have 
more to give *. And upon thefe Maxims he afted 
himfelf. In one of his annual Reflexions upon the 
Providences of God to him, his Views, Refolutions, 
&c. he writes ; * I have this Day in fecret Devotion, 
' made a Foiv, that I would confecrate a tenth Part 

* of my Eftate and Income to charitable Ufes, and 

* an eighth Part of all that ihall this Year come- in 

* from my Books or occafional Contributions ; unlefs 

* any Circumftances arife, which" lead me to believe 

* that it will be injurious to others to do it.' At the 
Beginning of the following Year he thus writes ; 

* Having fully difcharged the charitable Account lall 

* Year, I renew the like Rcfolution for this ; and de- 

* fire to obferve how God profpers me, that I may 

* do in Proportion to it.' His Accounts (hew, how 
punAually he fulfilled thefe Engagements, and that 
he often exceeded them : So that, confidering his Fa- 
Tnlly, and the Prccarioufnefs of mod of his Income, 
his Liherality will appear very remarkable. He often 
lamented, that in his Youth he had not been fuffici- 
ently frugal, fo as to leave Room for contributing 
more to relieve the Neceflities of others ; tho', while 
he was at School and the Academy, as he hath 
fometimes informed his Pupils, he never contradled 

• Rile and Progrcfs, Cb, *8. § lo. 

Sedl. 4^ fif T>r. Doddridge. 177 

any Debts, nor fpent Money in what he then thought 
unneceflary Articles. This he reckoned a Piece of 
Juftice to his Benefaflors, and a preparatory Di/cipline 
for appearing reputably, and maintaining good (Eco- 
nomy, when he entered upon public Life ; and tho*" 
his Income was fmall, he had always a little Cafh ia 
Hand at the Clofe of every Year. Yet he afterwards; 
thought, he might have been more frugal, and there- 
by have had more to have done good with. 

Befides the Proportion he devoted to charitable Ufes, 
he was a Lover of Ho/pitalityy entertained his Brethren 
end Friends with great Refped and Kindnefs, and 
fupplied many neceffitous Perfons and Families. After 
a conjiderable Legacy to the Poor in his Willy he adds, 

* I am perfuaded, my dear Family will not be, upon 

* the whole, the poorer for this little Kindnefs to 

* thofe, whom I hope they will conlider as the Friends 

* of Chrijly and will delight, as they can, in doing 

* them good. I have thought it my Duty to lay up. 

* but very little for my oivn Children^ while I have feen 

* fo many of the ChiUren 0/ GOD, and fome of 

* them moil excellent Perfons, in Neceffity.* He had 
great Compaffion for the indufirious Poor, vilited their. 
Families, enquired into their CirCumftances, and.pac- 
ticularly, whether they had Bibles and pra^ical Books ; 
and he beftowed upon them, oj endeavoured to. pro- • 
cure for them, thofe which he judged moft n^ceflary 
and ufeful. He gave away a great Number of his 
/mailer Pieces, among the Poor of xKq Town and 
Neighbourhood where he lived, without Di(tin6Ubn of 

. Parties. 


178 Memoirs 6/ thg Life Ch. 8. 

He drew up, and printed at his own Expence, J 
friendly Letter to the friimte Soldiers of a Regiment of 
Foot J which was one of thofe engaged in the impor- 
tant and glorious Battle of Culloden^ concerning the 
deteftable Vices of /wearing and curfing^ to which 
they were addifted. It is now printed with his other 
fball Pieces ; and it is much to be wifhed, that Qf 
Jicers^ and other Gentlemen of Fortune would diflrfbutc 
$t among Soldiers with the fame benevolent Defign. 

Many wealthy Perfons, from a Convidlion of hi? 
Integrity and Prudence, and a Defire to gratify his 
Ijenevolent Temper, put con/iderable Sums into his 
Hands for charitable Purpofes ; and he kept a moft 
faithful aud circumilantial Account, how that Money 

was diftributed. ^He was very afdve in fetting on 

foot the County-ho/pital at Northampton : He not only 
contributed generoufly to it himfelf, but fpent much 
Time (more valuable to him than Money) in ripen- 
ing that excellent Deiign. He preached and printed 
a Sermon in Favour of it, in which he pleads its 
Caufe with forcible and infinuating Arguments. He 
often refle(^ed, with great Satisfadion, on the Pains 
he had taken to eflabliih this Charity y and the good 
EfFefts he had feen of it ; in relieving fo many, who 
are the <vjorthieft Objefts of Charity, and promoting a 
fecial and catholic Spirit among Perfons of different 
Parties and Perfuafions, by their Union in carrying 
on a benevolent Defign. It gave him particular Plea- 
fure to refledl, that the Souls of the Patients might 
be inftrufted, awakened and improved by the reli- 
gious Advantages, with which they were favoured in 
the Hoffitaly while the Cure of their bodily Diforders 
was proceeding. 


Sc£k. 4. of Dr. Do D ki D G E. 179 

As a farther IniUnce of his Benevolence and public . 
Spirit. I might mention the Part he aded at the Re*-, 
hellion in 1745 ; exerting himfelf with great Zeal 
and at a confiderable Expence in the Caufe of his 
King and Country. When a Regiment was railing iii 
Northamponfliire^ to be under the Command of thd ■ 
Earl of Halifax^ he wrote many Letters to his Friends^ 
in that County and Neighbourhood to excite their 
Concurrence ; he went about among his own People to 
encourage proper Perfons to enlift, and had the Plea- 
fure to find many of them chearfully engaging in the 
DeSgn. To which I may add, that he took Pains to 
cherifti in his Pupils a hearty Loyalty and JJe^ion to 
his late Majeftjy who governed us in Righteoufnefs 
and Peace ; and embraced the many Opportunities, 
which his Lectures of ci^vil and ecclefiaftical Htftory 
gave him for that Purpofe. Thofe who knew hini 
beft are fully convinced, that what he faid on this 
Subjeft, in his Sermons on fome puhlU Occafions, 
which were publiflied, and the Dedication of his Fa- 
smlj-expofitor to the Princefs of Wales ^ was the genuine 
Sentiment of hi» Heart \ and there was nothing in- 
confiftent with it in any of his Lectures or private 

I have already taken Notice of his eftablilhing a 
Chdrity-fchool at Northampton ; to which I have now 
only to add, that he Was a conftant Contributor to it, 
befides the Pains he took to fuperintend and affifl the 

Education of the Scholars. He educated feveral 

young Men of good Genius and Difpofitions for the 
Miniftryy in a great Meafure at his own Expence ; 
and had the Satisfadlion to fee them entering upon 
the Work with proper Furniture and great Accep- 
X 6 tance; 

I So Memcirs of the Life Ch. %. 

tance; and to receive from them ftfch grateful Re- 
turns, as were in their Power*. 

But his generous Heart was moft open to encour- 
age any Schemes for propagating Religion, and fpread- 
ing the Gofpel among thofe, who were Strangers to 
it. Here he led the Way, and exerted all the Force 
of Perfuafion to engage others to concur in them.. 
Thus, writing to a Friend, concerning his Plan for 
propagating the Gofpel, he faith, * It is much better 

* and more delightful to do a little for our Redeemer^ 

* than to do nothing. Who that considers, what a 

* precious Jewel he poile^th in that beft of Friends,, 

* would not wiih, that all the World fhared with him 

* in it? What is our Time, or what our Money, 

* worth, but that fome confiderable Part of both may 

* be employed for him ? O, when ihall his Knowledge 

* <o*ver the Earth, as the Waters co*ver the Sea, and 

* carry along with it richer Treafures and Bleffings, 
' than the $ea ever bor^ ! May it in the mean Time 

* rule 

* I will \tit% the Reader'^s Leave Xxi mention, in this Conne^lion, 
a Circuniilance, which refle^ls great Honour on the worthy Perfbn, 
to whom it refers. He had been educated for the Miniftry under 
the DoSIer^s Tuition, by the Affif^ance of fome charitable Dona- 
tions; and, tho* ftrongly inclined to purfue it, was obliged, thro* 
an unconquerable Excefs of Modefty and Diffidence, to decline it^ 
and turn his Thoughts to Trade, Having purfued his Bufinefs with 
great Diligence and Oeconomy, and a little increafed his fmall Ca- 
pital, he thought himfelf bound in Juiiice to return the Money, 
which had been allotted to his Education: Accordingly he fent his 
~^ut(>r a larger Sum, than had been expended in it; defiring him to 
cmplcy it in the Education of fome yoimg Man for the Miniftry, 
who might need tlie AiFiftancc; which was done. An Example, 
^^hich pediaps many others ought to follow, if their Circumftances 
will admit J and efpccial.'y thofe, who have been educated for iLke 
J^in»/lry and thcugiit proper to decline it. 

Sc£l. 4. ©/"Dr. Doddridge. 181 

* rule in our Hearts ; and may we have the Pleafure 
« of wifliing, prayimg and labouring for the Spread 

* of his Xingdpm, tho* we cannot advance it as we 

* would I' ^An Event of a public, uncommon Na- 
ture, in which he was particularly concerned, de« 
ferves to be related here, as an Evidence of his great 
Benevolence, and for the Sake of the ufeful Refledi- 
ons he makes upon it. * Jfrzl 5, 1741. At our Af* 

* fizes laft Month, one Bryan Connelly an Irijh Papifi^ 

* was convidled of the Murther of Richard Brymley, 

* of Weedon^ about two Years ago. The Evidence 

* againfl him at his Trial feemed full and llrong ; but 

* it chiefly depended on the Credit of an infamous 

* Woman, who owned ihe had lived with him in 

* Adultery fome Years. There were fome remarka- 

* ble Circumftances in the Courfe of the Trial, in 

* which I thought the Pro'vidence of GOD wonder- 

* fully appeared. The Prifoner told a long Stoiy of 

* himfblf ; but it was fo ill fupported, that I ima- 

* gine, no one Perfon in Court believed it. I viflted 

* him after his Convidion, with a companionate View 

* to his eternal Concerns ; but inftead of being able, 

* by any Remonftrances, to perfuade him to con fefs 

* the Fad, I found him fixed in a moft refolute De- 

* nial of it. He continued to deny it the next Day 

* with fuch folemn, calm, but earneft Appeals to 

* Heaven, and fervent Cries that God would infpire 

* fome with the. Belief of his Innocence, that I was 
' much imprefTed. As he defired to leave with me, 

* at the Time of his Execution, a Paper, in which 

* he would give an Account of the Places where, and 

* the Perfons with whom, he was, when the Murther 

* was committed, I v/as fo ftruck with tht AiFair, that I 

* ob- 

l8* Memoirs of the Life Ch. t. 

* obudned Time of the Under-Jheriff to make Enquiry 

* into the Truth of what he had told me. Having 
< fent a wife and faithful Friend to ft^hitthurch and 
' Chefter^ to examine the Evidence he appeialed to, I 

* found every Circumftance which the Convifl had 

* afTcrted, proved ; and the concurrent TefKmony of 

* fi<ve credible Perfons attefted, that he was in Chefliire, 

* when the Murther was committed. Thefe TefHmo- 

* nies I laid before the Judge by whom he was con- 

* demned, for the Deliverance of what in my Con- 

* fcience I believed, and do ftill believe, to be inno^ 

* cent Blood. But the Judge did not think himfelf 
« warranted to reprieve him ; as the Evidence given 

* againft him by the wicked Woman was materially 

* confirmed by two other Witneffes ; and bccaufe he 

* thought the moil dangerous Confequences might at- 

* tend fuch an Examination of the Affair as J pro- 

* pofed. The Con^ui^ was accordingly executed. 1 

* had labdured with unwearied Pains and Zeal, both 

* for the Deliverance of his Life and the Salvation of 

* his Soul» What made the Cafe more affefting to 

* me was, that nothing could be more tender than 

* his Expreffions of Gratitude, and nothing more 

* chearful than his Hope of Deliverance had been. 

* Among other Things I remember he faid, * Every 
** Drop of my Blood thanks you, for you have had Com^ 
*' paffion on every Drop of it.' He wiihed he might, 

* before he died, have Leave to kneel at the Thre- 

* fhold of ray Door to pray for me and mine ; which 

* indeed he did on his Knees, in the moft earneft 

* Manner, as he was taking out to be executed. 
** You, faith he^ are my Redeemer in one Senfs (a 
*« poor, impotent Redeemer !) and you have a Right 

«< to 

S«a. 4- ^Z)r. Do UDniD OB. 183 

«* to me. If I live I ain your Property^ and I wiU 
<< be a faithful Subjedl.' The Manner in which he 
« fpoke fA what he promifed himfelf from my Friend- 
' ftip, if he had been fpared, was exceeding natural 

* and teaching. Upon the whole, I never pafTed thro* 
< a more ftriking Scene. I defii-e it may teach me the 

* following LefTons : i. To adore the awful JufiUe of 

* GODiti caufmg this unhappy Creature thus in- 

* famoufly to fall by her, with whom he had fo fcan- 

* daloufly finned, to the Ruin of a very loving and 

* virtuous Wife. Thus God made his own Law ef- 

* fedlual, that the Adukertr Jkould die. 2. To ac- 

* knowledge the Depths of the divine Counfels ; which 

* in this Affair, when I think on all the Circum- 

* ftances of it, are to me impenetrable. 3. To con- 

* tinue refolute in nvett-dnngy tho' I fhould be, as in 

* this Inftance I have been, reproached and reviled 

* for it. Some have faid, that I am an Irijh Papift ; 

* others have ufed very contemptuous Language, and 

* thrown out bafe Cenfures fdr my interpofing in this 
« Affair ; tho' I am in my Confcience perfuaded, that 

* to have neglefted that Interpofition, in the View I 

* then had of Things, would have been the moft 

* criminal Part of my whole Life. 4. May I not 

* learn from it Gratitude to him, who hath redeemed 

* and delivered me ? In which, alas ! how far fhort 

* do I fall of this poor Creature ! How eagerly did 

* he receive the News of a Reprieve for a few Days ! 

* How tenderly did he exprefs his Gratitude ; that he 

* fhould be mine ; that I might do what I pleafed with 

* him ; that I had Sought him ; fpoke of the Delight 
' with which he fhould fee and ferve me ; that he 

* would come once a Year from one End of theKing- 

* dom 

t^ Mmoirs of the Life Ch. 8. 

* dom to the other to fee and thank me, and ihould 

* be glad never to go out of my Sight I O, why do 
' not' our Hearts overflow with fuch Sentiments on- 

* an Occafion infinitely greater! We were all dead 

* Men. Execution would Coon have been done upoa 

* us: But Chriji has redeemed, us to GOD nvith his 

* ^lood. We are not merely refrieved but pardoned y 

* not merely pardoned but adopted \ made Heirs of 

* eternal Glory and near the Borders of it. In Con- 

* fequence of all this, we are not our own^ but bought 

* iL'ith a Price. May we glorify GOD in our Bodies 

* and Spirits y which are his P 

There was no Inflance, in which the Benevolence of 
his Temper appeared in a more ftriking Light, than 
in the Tendernefs and Affedion, with which he^;w- 
pathixed with others, and efpecially his Friends, under 
their DiftrelTes. His Heart felt for them : He entered 
into their Sorrows, bore their Burthens, and was ever 
ready to aflift and relieve them to the utmoft of his 
Power; and, where the Cafe admitted of no other 
Relief, to fupport and comfort them. As a Speci- 
men of this, I will add a Letter which, in the Year 
1724, he wrote to a Lady on the Death of her Brother^ 
who was a pious, ufeful Minifter ; and I hope it will 
be ferviceable to others in the like Circumftance of 
Diftrefs. ' My Heart is fo full of the Thought of 

* your dear Brother*^ Death, that I know not how to 

* commnnd my Pen to any other Subjed. Believe 

* me, Madam y I fee that heavy Affliftion in many of 

* its moil iiggravated Circumftances. But need I men- 

* tion them to you, who have, no doubt, a much 
< tenderer Senfe of them ? Or need I mention thofe 

* common Confolations, wluch Chriftianity aiTords 

* us 

Sc£l. 4. of Hr. D0DDRID(?E. iSj 

* us under all our Calamities, or thofc, which the 
« Circumftances of the Cafe before us do moft pe- 

* culiarly admit ? I know you have already given 

* them their Weight, and are well fumiflied with 

* Confolations upon this Head ; having been obliged, 

* 6y fuch Afflii^ions, frequently to have Recourfe to 

* them. ^No doubt, you have often been thinking, 

* that, as we are Ckrifiiansj we are not to be fo much 

* concerned about the different Kinds of providential 

* Difpenfations, which we are now exercifed with, 

* whether of a profperous or a calamitous Nature, as 

* about the Correfpondency of our Behaviour to them. 

* The Law of Chriftianity, not to fay of Nature it- 

* felf, requires that we fhould not only be filent and 

* compofed, but chearful and thankful under our 

* AiHiftions. This indeed is what the Generality of 
' Chriilians are wanting in; but that is no Proof, 

* that tt is an irrational or impoffible Demand, but 

* rather a fublime Attainment in Religion. It is evi- 

* dent that nothing can be more grateful to God, and 

* edifying to the World, than to fee, that a Chriftian, 

* under the hea^'y Preffure of Calamity, can not only 

* reftrain the Excefs of Sorrow, and fupprefs thofe 

* indecent Complaints, which the Corruption of Na- 

* turc would be too ready to fuggeft, but can mingle 
' Praifes with his Tears, and love and rejoice in, his 

* heavenly Father, even when he feels the Smart of 

* his correfting Rod. Let me fuggeft a few Hints 
' upon this Head, which you will eafily enlarge up- 

* on in your own Thoughts to greater Advantage. 

* God hath feen fit to take away your Brother i 

* and is not this a proper Seafon to be thankful^ that 

* you fo long enjoyed him ? No doubt, you have been 

* thint 

its Uemirs rf ih life Cli. %\ 

tkinkiBg of Ids Oiaia6fcer tn the mod advantageous 
ParticBlars of it^ and peiiiaps have confidered it aa 
a great A^ncmtion of your Affliftion, that you 
have loft lb exceUent a Buother. But inay you not 
ROW pBefs-in each of thefe aiiidiag Thoughts to 
fubferre the Purpofes of Thankfulnefs and Joy ? 
Do you not refled> that the more excellent he was, 
the more fui^risdmg was the Goodnefs of God in 
beftowing him upon you and continuing him fo long 
to yon ? When you fay, it may be with Tears in 
your Eyes, * How few are there in the World 
that could have fuHained fuch a Lof« !* What it 
it but to fay in other Words, how few are there in the 
World, on whom God ever beftowed fo valuable 
a Friend, as he gave to me ? Let common Senfe 
judge, whether that be Matter of Complaint or 
Prtife.— — You fhould be thankful to God, that 
for fo many Years you had a conftant Shanp in his 
Prayers. The more religious he was, the more fre- 
quently and earneftly he prayed, and the more fa- 
vourably did God regard him. No doubt but his 
Prayers are ftill in Remembrance before God ; 
and as he moft frequently afked thofe Bleffings for 
you, which are of the moft excellent and permanent 
Nature, much of the good EiFed of thefe Addreifes 
may be ftill behind. You know not how many 
refrefhing Vifits of his Grace, how many favourable 
Interpofitions of his Providence, how high a De- 
gree of Holinefs in this World and of Ufefulncfs 
in the next, God may now be preparing to beftow 
upon you, in Anfwcr to the Prayers of this excel*- 

lent Man. Once more, let the Providence of 

Cop in jtmoving youjr Brother be improved to a 

< morp 

S^d. 4. 0/ Dr. ]>0ODRIDCE« ity 

* more dbankfull Scnie of his Goodndk in coMthmmg 

* ydur furvi'uing Bnthtr^ whofe Lot is call fo much 

* nearer to yon. If you take die Matter in this View, 

* it brings your Paiions to a Balance ; for yxm can 

* nev^ imagine, that we are to lament any Degree 

* of Afflifition in a ^^^?/*r Proportion than we rcjoke 

* in an equal Degree of Comfort.— You fee, Mjodami 

* you have Cauie of Thankfulnefs, tho* your Brother 
' he dead ; and that many of the Coniiderations» 
' with which you feed your Sorrows, are capable of 

* being made fubfervient to the nobler Exercifes of 
' Gratitude and Love. But what if I fhould advance 

* ftill further, and fay, that the Death of your Bro- 

* ther fhould not only allow you to be thankful for 
' your other Mercies, but itfelf fhould be made the 

* Matter of Praife ? I think I fhould fay no more, 

* than the Apoftle hath faid, when he exhorts us, in 

* e^ery Thing to give Thanks : Nay I fhould fay no 

* more, than, 1 am confident, your deliberate Reafon 

* mufl fubfcribe to. — —Arc you not the Servant of 

* GoDj and have you not yielded yourfelf to him ? 

* Was it not the Bufinefs of the laft Sacramertt-day f 

* And are you not renewing the Dedication every Day 

* of your Life ? When you confecrate yourfelf to 

* God, you give up every feparate Intereft of your 

* own ; and refolvc all into this one great Petition, 

* that his Name may be glorijiedy particularly in all 
< you are and all you have. Now, do you imagine, 
^ that God would have removed fo eminent a Saint, 

* fo ufeful a Minifler, and afflidlcd a numerous and 

* religious Family, as well as a Multitude of fympa* 

* thixing Friends, if he had not known that it was 

* for his QUryf When you have been faying, as 

* you 

ifiS ' Uinioirs 6f the Life CL %^ 

* you have daily faid. Father^ thy Will he done ; were 

* you not then praying for the Lofs of your deareft 

* Comforts, even for the Death of your Brother, and 

* of every other Friend you have, upon Suppofi- 

* tion that it were the Will of God ? You certainly 
' were ; unlefs you meant to fay. Let thy Will be 

* done, fo far as it is agreeable to my own. Now t 

* leave you to judge, whether the Anfwer of Prayer 

* be the Matter of Complaint or of Praife. ^I know 

* it is very dilHcult to apprehend, how fuch a Difpen- 

* fation as this fliould be for th Glory of GO 0. 

* But have we known fo little of the Nature of the 

* great God, as to queition the Wifdom of his pro- 

* vidential Difpenfations, merely beoiufe they appear 

* unaccountable to us ? We ufe ouriclves to a con- 

* trafted Way of thinking and reafoning upon this 

* Head; much like a fmall Congregation in the 

* Country, that fancy the Intereft of Religion is very 

* much damaged, by the Removal of a ufeful Mini- 

* fler from them, tho' it be to a Sphere of much 

* more extenlive Service. Becaufe this Earth is our 

* Habitation, we fondly imagine it to be a Place of 

* very great Importance ; whereas if we confider the 

* Number and Excellency of the Inhabitants of Hea- 

* ven, we mufl be forced to confefs, that it is very 

* probable, thofe Revolutions may be very fervice* 

* able to the whole Creation, which are detrimental 

* to fome particular Part, in its higheil and moH im- 

* portant Intereft. And of this Nature, I take the 

* Removal of excellent Minifters to be : efpecially in 

* the Prime of their Strength and Ufefulnefs. 1 

* may add, that there are certain Views both with 

* Relation to him and yourfclf, which will further 

< evince 

Sfeft. 4. of t>r, DODDRIDCE. 189 

* evince your Obligations to Thanfulnefs. With Re- 

* gard to your Brother^ you eafily apprehend a Foun- 

* dation for Thankfulnefs, tho* perhaps you have not 

* confidered his prefent Happinefs in that particular 

* View. You believe, with the grcateft Reafon, that 

* Death was inconceivably advantageous to him, and 

* that now he is ahfent from the Body, he is prefent 

* nvith the Lord. Now> with all your tender Friend- 

* fhip, <an you queftion, whether it be your Part to 

* rejoice with him in that Glory and Felicity, which 

* he now enjoys ? Or, can you imagine, that you are 

* to be fo much concerned that he is not <vjith you, 

* as to forget to rejoice that he is 'with GOD? Was 

* it more for you to lofe a Brother, than for the 

* Apoftles to part with Chrtft Jhimfelf ? And yet he 

* (ays the very fame Thing, which ihocked you fo 

* much a few Lines above ; if ye loved me ye 'would 

* rejoice hecaufe I go to the Father, When your Bro- 

* ther was alive, you did not only take Pleafure in 

* him, when he was in the fame Houfe and Room 

* with yourfelf, but at the Diilance of above a hun^ 

* dred Miles. You rejoiced to think that he was well ; 

* that he was furrounded with agreeable Friends, 

* furniihed with plentiful Accommodations ; and/ a- 

* bove all, laying himfelf out with Vigour and Suc- 

* cefs in the Service of our great common Matter. 
^ And will you entertain fo mean an Idea of the Pre- 

* paration, which the God of Heaven and Earth has 

* made for the fupreme Happinefs of his beloved 

* Children, as to queftion, whether he be now raifed 

* X.0 more valuable Friends, more delightful Entcr- 

* tainment and a Sphere of more extenfive Service ? I 
' am confideata Madam, you would have been thank« 

• fd 

t^o lltmhrrrf$hi Life Cli« t^ 

fill from your Heart for roar Brother's Recovery : 
And wenld it kave been a greater Mercy tcx hrm^ to 
kave been raiied from a. languiihitig Illnefsy to a 
State of ccm£pmed Healtb, anidft the Vanity and 
HAfepy of this State of Moptalky, than to be exal« 
ted to immortal Mesdth and Vigowr, anudft tihe £n« 
tertainment of Angels, and the Enjoyment of Gan ? 
Or has fo generaut-fpiriied a Per(bn as yoorfrlf 
begun now to imaginCy diat yoo are to be thankful 
on the Account of none bat ymffdf? So fiu- from 
that, you think it a gi^eat Matter of Thankfiilnefs, 
and* no doubt, yen aif^e ficfuently praifing God for 
it, that you have an ^PceHenc Brorfier left, fo agr^- 
ably fetded, fo nntverfaUf reQ>edod, and fo zea-- 
loufly and fucce^friUy ^igaged in the moft honour- 
able Senrice. But is it not more, that you have an^ 
other Brother among the bleflfed Angels in Htaven ? 
How diiferent are the Services, which the ont is 
paying to the Throne of Grace and the other to 
the Throne of Glory ! When they are both engaged, 
it may be at the very fame Moment, in the Con- 
templation of God and divine Things, how vaftly 
do you think the younger Brother has now the Ad- 
vantage of the elder ? May there not be the fame 
Difference in Accuracy, Solidity and manly Plea- 
fure between the Thoughts of the bleffed Saint in 
Heaven and the Philofopher upon Earth, as between 
the fublimeft Thoughts of that Philofopher, and 
the roving Imagination of a little Infant, in which 
Reafon is but juft beginning tp dawn ? Certainly 
it ihould be a conftant Source of Delight to us, 
araidft all the Difturbances and Calamities of Life, 
that we have fo many Friends in Heaven^ whofe 


Sea. 4» tf Dr. Dodd^hid^g*. 191 

* Joy and Glory (hoxiid be to 09 as our ovnu ■ Y oa 

* muft BOW gim me Leave to add, that you have 

* ReaToB to be thankfiil for this Difpenfation of Pro^ 

< vidence, not only from a Principle of Zeal far God 
' and FmndBup to yoar Brathcr ; bat froni a Regard 

* ta your onm. perfonal Interefi. The Go^l teacheth 

< its fincere Frofeffiirs to regard every Pioridence a< ^ 

* Mercy, wkea. it tdls diem, that aU Things JhaH 
^.'wsrk t9gether for good to tJtem that lovo QOD: 
« And thfirefbre dio' yon. could notr fee Miercy in this 

* particular Stroke, Religion would- neFeitheleis re* 

* ^pxire yon tnti bdisve and acknowledge it. But can- 

* not yon yanrfelf pccceire fya» Mercy in it? Has 

< it not, as you aie plea&d to intimate in. your Letter, 

* an apparent Tendency to wean your AiFe(5Uons from 

* this World, and to raiie them to the heavenly Fe- 

* licity ? Do you not find the Thoughts of Death 

* moretolerable,. more delightful to you> fince God 
« has removed fo powerful an Attractive from Earth, 

* and tranflated it to Heaven ? Nay, do you not find 

* it a confiderable Exercife of Patience to be abfcnt, 

* it may be for fcveral Years, from this dear happy 

* Brother, whofe Image continually prefents itfelf to 

* your Mind in fo much the more charming a Light, 

* as your Heart is melted with Grief for his Death ? 

* Now, if an Indifference to this World, and a moft 

* affedionaJte Dcfire of a happy Immortality, be an 

* important Branch of the chrillian Temper ; if the 

* Scriptures are fo frequently inculcating it upon us, 
^ and we fo continually praying for the Increafe and 
** lamenting the Deficiency of if, how reafonable is 
** it that we Ihould be thankful for thofe Providences, 
** which, of all others, have the greatell Tendency 

• to 

f 9« Mmosrj i>f t%i tt/e Ck, i. 

« to promote it? 1 write thefe Things, Madam^ 

« not with the Coldnefs of a Stranger^ but with the 
« tender Sympathy of a Friend i and with fo much 
« the greater Sympathy, as, fince I began this Letter, 

* I have loft a very agreeable and valuable Perfon out 

* of my Congregation, with fome Circumftances, 

* which render the Stroke peculiarly furprizing and 

* affliding. May God teach us fo to bear and im- 

* prove all our AfHidtions, both in ourfelves and our 

* Friends, that we may have Reafon to refleft upon 

* them, as the moft valuable Mercies of our Lives ; 

* and that they may fit us for that happy World, , 

* where we ihall be above the Need, and then, un- 
< doubtedly, above the Reach of them !' 



JHlis Humility and Dependence on di'vine JJJtftances. 

DR. Doddridge^ with all his Furniture, Efteem 
and Succefs, was truly humble. He thought, to 
ufe his own Words, * the Love of popular Applaufc 

* a Meannefs, which a Philo/ophyy far inferior to that 

* of our divine Mafter, might teach Men to conquer. 
< But that to be efteemed by eminently great and 

* good Men, to whom we are intimately known, is 

* not only one of the moft folid Atteftations of fome 

* real Worth, but, next to the Approbation of God 

* and our own Confciences, one of its moft valuable 

* Re< 

6eft. 5« of Dr. Do DDiLiDGU, -I93 

« Rewards*.' This Happinefs he enjoyed. He was fo- 
licitous to fecure the Efteem of others, out of Re- 
gard to his Ufefulnefs in the World; and this lie 
fought, not by deftroying or difparaging the Reputa- 
tion of others ; nor by any fmful or mean Compli- 
ances, but by a friendly condcfcending Behaviour to 
all, and faithful Endeavours to ferve them. He dif- 
liked the Temper of thofe, who indulged their own 
Humour and purfued their own Schemes, without ca- 
ring what the World faid or thought of them. He 
reckoned this an Affront to Mankind, and. fuch an 
Evidence of Pride, as not only defeated the Ends 
they intended to anfwer, but expofed them to general 
Contempt. A feniible Writer hath fo well exprelled 
what I know were his Sentiments on this Head, and 
which he often inculcated upon his Pupils^ that I fhall 
infert his Words. * Reputation is in faft the great In- 

* ftrument, by which a Man is capable of receiving 

* any Good from the World, or doing any Good in it. 

* His moft generous, tendereft Deiigns will be cenfu- 

* red, his beft Actions fufpefted, his moil friendly Ad- 

* vices and gentleft Reproofs mifconftrued and llight- 

* ed, unlefs his Perfon be efteemed and his Charader 

* reverenced. So valuable a Property then, as a good 

* Name^ may well deferve to be guarded with Care. 
' Nay, we may furely be allowed to feek for eminent 

* Degrees of Regard from thofe about us, in order to 

* be of more eminent Advantage to them. This Con- 

* fideration pleads, with peculiar Force, for a Degree 

* ofTendernefs and even Jealoufy of Reputation in 

* thofe, who are the Salt of the Earth. Much Regard 

* muu be paid by them to the Sentiments ; fomc, even to 

K <'the 

• Rife and Progrefs, Ded, p. iv. 

194 Memoirs of the Life Ch. 8. 

* the Prejudices of thofe, that they have to do with *.» 
Thefe Maxims Dr. Doddridge endeavoured to keep in 
his View ; and there were few Perfons, in hh Station, 
who enjoyed fo great a Share of the public Eflecniy 
and whofe Writings were in fo much Reputation ; and 
rtherefore few, in whom fomc Degree of Self-compla- 
cence might have been more eaiily excufed. The 
Defire of extending his Ufefulnefs, falling-in with 
the natural Courteoufnefs of his Temper, might per* 
haps incline him to fet too high a Value upon the 
:good Opinion of the World in general, and render 
him too folicitous to obtain it. It is hard even for 
a wife and good Man always to diilinguiih between 
z, Defire of Popularity on its own Account, and that 
€loncern about his RepuUtion, and the Acceptablenef^ 
of what he offers to the Public, which is neceffary 
to render him ferviceable to it : And while he thinks 
^c is only influenced by the latter of thefe Princi- 
pies, he may, unawares to himfelf, be in fome Dc«- 
gree under the Power of the former. How far this 
-was the Cafe with Dr. Doddridge ^ it is impoffible for 
any one to fay, unlcfs he could have looked into his 
Breaft, and feen the fecret Springs of his Adbions. I 
Am fully perfuaded, that the grand and governing 
Principles, on which he adted, were thofe of the 
nohUft Kind ; and that no Defire of Popularity or Ap- 
plaufe could influence him in any Cafe, in which he 
thought the Intereft of Truth or Religion concerned, 
Thefe he always \^\^ facredj; and, compared with 
thefe, he confidered even Reputation and Efteem as 
of no Account. This I may venture to aflert, frqm 
^ long and intimate AcquaioXance with him ; and 

* J^^htrgiW^ SorxnoQS^ No. Xi 

Sefi. 5. ^f 1^' DoDDitiDCE. t95 

from a View of his private Papers, in which he lays 
open, with the greateft Impartiality, all that pafled 
in his own Mind upon a Variety of Occafions. In 
them the fecret Springs *of his Adions do, in Effed, 
appear; and from them it is evident, that the Eileem 
of the World, inftead of elating his Mind, produced 
deeper Humiliation before God, and higher Admira- 
tion of divine Favour and Grace manifefted to him. I 
iind him, in fome Hints of his devout Reflections and 
Exercifes in fecret, often bewailing his Negligence, 
Miipence of Time, and how little he had done for 
Goo, in Comparifon with what he fhould and might 
have done ; and exprefling the greateft Self-abafement, 
in acknowledging fome Inftances of Refped and Suc« 
cefs, which God had given him. * June z^^ 172S, 
« It grieves ine, faith hy and fills me with Remorfe, 
'* to think, that a Creature born in a chriftian Coun- 
try and a pious Family, fumiihed with Capacities 
and Endowfitents for confiderable Service, early 
devoted to God, not only by the Aftion of its Pa- 
rents, but its own folemn Engagements ; a Creature 
taken Care of by God in fo remarkable a Manner* 
when forfaken by earthly Parents ; viiited with con- 
tinual Inftances of Goodnefs ; blefled with Health, 
tho' of a weak Conftitution; furrounded with Plen- 
ty, tho' without any certain Subfiftencej beloved 
and efteemed by Friends, notwithftanding much 
Perverfenefs to forfeit their Regards ; a Creature em- 
ployed in the public Services of the Miniflry ; and 
purfuing it often with the Appearances of the 
warmeft Zeal for God, and the tendereft Compaf- 
fion for Souls ; fhould after all behave in fa un- 
worthy a. Manner as I have done. It confounds me 

K 2 * 159 

-195 iimmrs of:ihe Lifi Ch. 8. 

* to think how often I have forgotten God, and dealt 

* falfly in his Covenant ; to rcfled on the Formality 

* of my Devotions, the Mifpence of my Time, and 

* the Indulgence of irregular Paffiohs. I confefs my 

* Guilt and Unworthinefs before God, and humbly 
' call myfelf on his forgiving Grace, and on the 

* powerful Mediation of my bleiTed Redeemer, as the 

* only Things which can give me a Foundation of 

* Hope.* * I thank you, faith he in a Letter to a 

* Friend^ for your Congratulation on the Acceptance 

* of my Book on the Rife and-Progrefs of Religion in 
'* the Soul. I have had Accountii from feveral o£ my 
'* Friends of its being the Inftruttaent o£ converting 
•' and «edifying many. But I blefsOoD, I have ncTt 
'* found my Heart inwardly exalted on this Occaiion ; 

* but rather deeply and affedkionately humbled before 
^* Him, ^under this Inftance of his Goodnefs to an 

* unworthy Sinner, as I know myfelf to be ; and a 
•* weak ignorant Creature, who every Day fee the 
•• very narrow Limits of my own Underftanding, and 

* my great Want of Furniture of every Kind, ade^ 

* quate to the Station, in which I am fixed. The 
'. great Favour he -ihewed me in my late Sicknefs, in 

-* the extraordinary Comfort which he gave me in my 
'^ Soul, and that ilea4y joyful View of Heaven, a- 
*^ midft all the Agitation of the moft painful Difeafe, 
-* did really operate to humble me deeply in his Pre- 
fence. And I think if ever I -have, been enabled to 
bring the Glory of any Thing in me, or done by 
me, to che Foot of the Throne and leave it there, 
it has moll fcnfibly been .the Cafe with Refpeft to 
this Book. And this I fay without any AiFeftation, 
and to you, as my end.ared Friendt to whom I can 

* .moH 

Se£i. 5. ^Z)r..DoDD RIDGE. 197' 

* moft afFedlionately open my Heart without Referve.*' 

To another of his Friends he thus writes ; * I' 

* have juft been explaining, and I have great Need 

« of ufiiig, t\it Publican*^ Prayer j GOD be mercifttV 

* to me a Si finer; to me an unprofitable Servant, who 
•have defervcd long-fincc to have teen caft out of 
*■ ixis Family. You talk of my Strength and Ufeful- 

* nefs ; Alas ! I am weak and unftable as Water. My 

* frequent Deadnefs and Coldnefs in Religion fome- 

* times preiTeth me down to the Duft. And, me- 

* thinks, it is bell when it doth fo. How could I 

* bear, to ; look' up to Heaven, were it not for the 

* Righ^eoufiiefs ' and Blood of a Redeemer ? I have 

* been reading the Life of excellent Mr. Brainerdy 

* and it has greatly humbled and quickened me. Pray 

* for me, that God may fill my Soul with his Pre-~^ 

* fence ; that Chrift may live and reign in- my Heart, 

* and that Love to him and Zeal for him may fwallow 

* up every other Paifion ; that I may have more con« 

* firmed Refolutions for that beft of Matters; of 

* whom, when I get a lively View, I know not how. 

* to have done thinking or (peaking of him.' He 

had a deep Senfe of the Weight of his Undertakings. 
and the Neceffity of divine- Ajjiftance to flrengthen 
him for his Labours and make them fuccefsful. * I 

* hope, faith hey I can truly fay, my God is exciting 

* in my Heart fome gfowing ^eal for his Service, 

* both as a Minifter and a Tutor. But really a Senfe 

* of the vaft Weight of thefe Ofiices, when united^ 

* is fometimes more than I know how to bear. It is 

* of fuch infinite Importance, that young Minijlert . 
< come out in the Spirit of the GofpeU which is Hu- 

* mility, Simplicity, Love, Zeal, Devotion and Dili- 

K 3 * gencc, , 

19^ Mim^ifst/thi Life . Ch. 8. 

* gence, in a Degree fer beyond what is commonly 

* feen ; and it ia fo difficult to bring them to it and 
' keep them in it, thro* the Pride and Folly of the 

* human Heart, that fometimes I am almoft ready to 
' fmk under the difcouraging Scene*—? — ^I hope God 
■* will keep me under a conftant Senfe of my own 
' ImperfeSions ; and, if he calls me out to any parti* 

* cular Services, ihew his Strength in Weaknefs and 
' his Grace in Unworthincfs* I know, that with Re- 
' gard to academical and minifterial Labours, all de* 
^ pends on the Increafe, which God is pleafed to 

* give. He has taught me this by Briars and 

* Thomsj tho'I thought; I wai fenfible of it before. 

* He has ihewed me by fome painfull Inflances, how 
^ precarious the moft promifing Hopes are; that I 
'■ may trufl, not in myfeif, nor in Man, but in hk 

* Grace in Chriji Ji/us^ on which I defire to live 
' more and more myfeif, and to which I would daily 
•recommend my Pupils, my Children and all my 
•• Friends,' 

I am fenfible, that fome may be apt to think, that 
fuch very humbling ExpreiHons, when ufed by a Per- 
fon in his Letters to his Friends, favour too much of 
an JffeSiation of Humility ^ which, it mull be owned, 
is widely different from the Thing itfelf But when it 
is confidered, that the fame Language is ufed by him 
ill thofe Papers, which he intended only for his own 
Perufal, and which relate to what paffed between 
God and his own Soul, I think the candid Reader 
will fee no Reafon to doubt, but they both alike ex- 
prefTed his real Sentiments. 

While he had a deep Senfe of his o*wn Defe£b, he 
was difpofed to do full Juftice to the Abilities and 


Seel. 5. of Dr. Doddridge. 199 

good Qualities of others. When he hearid of the Piety 
and Zeal of other Minifters and Tutors^ it gave him 
Pleafure: He heartily rejoiced in their Succefs and. 
gave God Thanks for it. I find. Notice taken of 
fome fuch Inftances in his devotional Exerci/es, la a 
Letter to one of hi? Brethren, he writes ; * Methinks^ 

* I envy the Happinefs of thofe faithful Servants of. 

* Chriil, who, thro' many Labours and Dangers, are 

* fprcading his Name j and I would fain have fome 

* Fcliowfliip with them in their Labours of Love.. 
"* How much do we owe to that kind Providence,. 
** which has alfo afligncd a Province of Service to- 

* us ; and no narrow or inconfider^ble Sphere ! Let 
^ us take Courage : His Spirit does not move upon 
^ our Hearts in vain. It is not given to grieve and 

* afilid, by raiiing unfuccefsful Defires ; but it is an. 
-* Earneft, that he will work mightily hy us, in Pro- 
■* portion to the Degree in which he works upon us, 
^ May God give me more of this Spirit; for fure L 
*' dim, there is not a Day, in which I have not Reafoop 

* to lie in the Duft before him, as a g;uilty Creature, 
*^ as a flothful, and, in many InHances, an unprofita- 

* ble Servant. I blefs God I do feel fomething of a*-. 

* growing Zeal in this beft of Caufes, and have feen- 
♦- fome Inilances of the Sijccefs of my Miniftry, tho* 
*• but few. Perhaps God may remove me in the- 

* midft of Life and Services, and caufe. the Intereft of 

* Religion, here and elfe where, to flourifh much more 

* after my Death, than it has ever done in my Life i 

* and give thofe, who may moft lament me, abun- 
' dantly more Edification, by thofe who may fucceed 

* me, as a Miniver or a Tutor, than they ever had , 

* during my Life and Labours, And I heartily pray,^ 

K. 4 * xh^X 

aoo Memirs of the Life Ch. 8, 

* that if he docs fo remove me, this may be the happy 

* Confequencc. I hope, I can truly fay, I fhall be 

* glad to be forgotten in the much fuperior Services 

* of my SucceiTors. I would live and die f riving for 
*;/W Faith of the GofpeU for the Converfion of Souls, 

* for the Good of my Friends, my Neighbours, my 

* Countrymen, and the whole World, This Joy no 

* Man fhall take from me, while God continues to 

* pour forth upon an unworthy Creature that Spirit 

* of Lo've, which, thro*' his aftonifhing Grace to me, 

* I feel.' 

I may mention, as an Evidence of- his Humility , 
his Behaviour to his Pupils, as above defcribed ; par- 
ticularly his Readinefs to hear any Objeftions they 
had to make to his Sentiments, as expreiTed in his 
LeSlures\ and his Freedom from a dogmatical impe^ 
ricusy o'ver-hearing Spirit, for which he was very re- 
markable, and which feems to me a very eflential 
Part of Humility, efpecially in a learned Man and a ' 
Teacher ; as the contrary is the very EfTence of Pride. 
In this Light alfo muft be confidered, his relating to 
his Pupils his own juvenile Indifcretions, both in his 
' Compofitions, and Conduft, as a Caution to them. 
Yea, fo great was his Humility, that he deflred his 
Friends, the Elders of his Church, and even his 
Pupils y freely to inform him, what they thought amifs 
in his Conduft ; and hc'^ankfuUy accepted their Ad- . 
monitions : Being fenfiblc, that amidft the Variety of 
his Cares, fome important Bufinefs might be neglefted, 
or have too little of his Time ; fome Errors might 
efcape his Notice, and fome Irregularities of Temper 
be indulged, which he would be glad to redlify. 
Patience of Reproof is certainly a Branch of HumiLty 


Se£t. 5. tf Dr, DoDDttiDCE. 201- 

and a very important one ; and this he difcovered. 
When he had once received an Admonition froih a 
faithful Friend, he thus writes to him ; * I do fuch 

* Juflice to your experienced Friendfhip, that you 

* need not give yourfelf the Trouble of gilding a Re- 
' proof or Caution, but may advance it in the plainefi: 

* Terms and with the atmoft Freedom. For indeed, 

* I know I have many Faults, and I think it one of 

* the greateft Felicities of Life to be put into a Way 

* of corrcddng any of them : And when a Friend 

* attempts . this, I place it to the Account of the 

* greateft Obligations ; even tho', on the ftrifteft Ex- 

* amination, I fhould apprehend, that fome mi{^ - 

* taken View of Things had been the immediate Oc- 

* cafion of fuch a generous and felf-denying Office 

* of Friendfhip.' As a ftronger Evidence that he was 
polTefTed of this amiable Temper, I would add, that 
in one of his Diaries^ there is an Account of an Ad- 
monition he had received from a Friend, concerning 
an improper Gefture in his public Prayers, which 
feemed to denote a Want of due Reverence for God : 
Upon which he writes ; * I would engrave this Ad- 

* monition upon my Heart. May it not be owing to 

* the Want of that habitual Reverence for God, 

* which I ought to feel in my own Mind ? I deilre 

* to be very thankful for fo feafonable a Reproof; 
' refolving by divine Affiftance to lay it ferioufly to 

* Heart and examine myfelf for the future, in fome 

* fpecial Regard to it.' Such was the ftrong Se'nfe • 
this excellent Man exprefled of his own Weakriefs, 
Imperfciflions and Defedsj at the fame Time that 
fome, who knew him moft intimately, were ready 
to admire the Zeal, A<^ivity and Succefs, with which 

K 5 he 

202 Mmoirs of Ae Life Ch. %. 

Ac exerted himfelf in his Mailer's Work. In him 
was eminently fulfilled that faying of our Lord, Hi 
that humbkth himfelf^ /hall be exalted. 


'JJis Patience, Serenity and Chearfulnefs umier Affile^ 
tionsj and upon ivhat Principlet the/e Graces ivert 
exereifed and fupporfed. 

IN all Ages God hath been pleafed to vifit thofe 
with AiHidtions, who have been deareft to him, and 
•jnoft aftive in fcrving him. By purging and pruning 
the Branches f which bring forth Fruit, he hath enabled 
^hem to bring forth more Fruit. This was the Cafe 
ivith Dr. Doddridge ; and we are now to fee how his 
Heart was afFecled with his AfRidlions, how he was 
fupported under them, and improved by them. 

His Health was not often interrupted fo as to ren- 
-der him incapable of Bufmefs ; and he frequently 
recorded and devoutly acknowledged the Goodnefs of 
God in this Refpcil. But he was vifited with fome 
threatning Fei/ers, which might have been prevented, 
or fooner removed, had lie taken due Precautions in 
time. But the Ardtur of his Spirit in his Mailer's 
Work made him too much difregard the Body; and, 
as he found fome public Services gave him a frefent 
Flow and Chearfulnefs of Spirits, he did not fufficient- 
ly coniidcr, how much his Health.might be impaired, 


Se£L 6. ff P^* Doao^RiDOB, 203^- 

and beginning Diforders increafed by neglefting a 
timely Recefs from Bufinefs, and the Ufe of proper 
Remedies. He once lay long under a violent Fever, 
which gave his Family and Friends many painful 
Fears. But he bore the AffliAion with great Patience ; 
and, as foon as he was able to write, he gave an inti- 
mate Friend an Account of his Recovery ; to which he 
added ; * It is impoffible to exprefs the Support and 

* Comfort, which God gave, me on 'my fick Bed.. 

* His Promifes were my continual Feaft. They feem— 

* ed, as it were, to be all united in one Stream of- 

* Glory, and poured into my Heart. When I thought 

* of dying, it fometimes made my very Heart to leap 
< within me, to think, that I was going home to my 

* Father and my Savioury to an innumerable Company of 

* Angels y and the Spirits of juft Men made perfeSi^ Ani- 

* mal Nature was more than once in great Commo^ 

* tion ; my Imagination, juft at the Height of the 

* Fever, hurried in the ftrangeft Manner I ever knew, , 

* Yet even then, Satan was no^ permitted to fuggeft 

* one iingle Fear with Regard to my eternal State, 

* I can never be fufiiciently thankful for this, Affift . 

* me in praiiing God upon this Account. O, may 

* \ come out of the Furnace like Gold!* Speaking of' 
another Illnefs feme Months after, he faith ; * I did . 

* not experience To much of the Prefence of God in 

* this Illnefs, as I did in the former; but I blefs 

* God, I have not been left «ither to Dejedion or 
^ Impatience.' Concerning another he faith, * I have 

* been confined of late by a thrcatning Diforder ; 

* but I thank God, thro' the Prayers of my Friend? 

* and a BlelTing upon the Ufe of Means, I am nojv 
« well. AUifc Kic in acknowledging the divine Good- 

Iv 6 * JQCf$W 

204 Memoirs of the Lift Ch, S, 

* ncfs. He hath filled my Soul with Joy by the Light 

* of his Countenante^ and given me, I hope, more and 

* more to rife above every Thing feljifh and temporal^ 

* that my Soul may kx, on what is di'vine and immor- 

* taL The great Grief of my Heart is, that I can 

* do no more for him. O, that my Zeal may increafe ; 

* that I may know how, on every Occafion, to think 

* and fpeak and aft for God in Chrift, and may fpend 

* all the Remainder of my Day* and Hours upon 

* Earth, in what may have the moft dircd Tendency 

* to people Heaven ! I am fo crouded with Cares, 

* that they almojft bear me down ; yet if they may 

* but be Cares for GOD^ they arc welcome.' 

He had much Afiliftion in the Sickneffes and other 
piftrefes of his Friends and near Relations, with 
whom he aiFeftionately fympathized and for whom he 
earneftly prayed. He thus cxprefieth himfelf to a 
Friiend concerning the dangerous Illnefs of his Wife 
and the Anxiety he had upon her Account ; * I blefs 
God, my Mind is kept in ferfeSl Peace y and fweet 
Harmony of Refignation to fo wife and gracious a 
Will. And indeed, the lefs Will we have of our 
own for any Thing but to pleafe him, the more 
Comfort we (hall find in what' ever Circumftances 
He is pleafed to allot us. Self-denial, Mortification 
and taking up the Crofs, giving up our own 
Schemes, and being fcmetimes cenfured and con- 
demned, even for Things in themfelves right, and, 
in the Circumftances in which they were done, re- 
quifite, is a very <wholefome Part of Difcipline. Tho* 
this be fometimes diftafleful Food, the Soul often 
thrives by it, as I hope I have in many Inilances 

found.'- Upon another afiiidive Occafion^, he thus 


Se£l. 6. of Dr. Doddridge. 205 

exprefleth himrdf ; * I am ready to refign my agrce- 

* able Circumftances, and to come, if fuch were the 

* Will of my Lord, to Bread and Water and to a Dun- 

* geon, if his Name may but be glorified by it ; 

* provided He will but look thro' the Gloom and 

* chear me with the Light of his Countenance. Yea, 

* I am willing to fubmit in the midft of inivard as 
« well as out-ward I>2irknc{s, if his Name may but be 

* glorified. And when I feel this, as, I blefs God, 

* at fome times I do, then a living Fountain of Con- 

* folation iprings up in my Soul, and the Waters of 

* Life do, as it were, overflow me.* His Heart 

was fo affedionate and tender, that the Death of fome 
of his Brethren in the Miniftry, his Friends in private 
Life, and his Pupils, wounded him deeply. In his 
Reflexions on one of his Birtk-days, he thus writes ; 

* Moft awful Things God hath (hewed me fince the 

* laft Birth-day ; fuch as all the Years of my Life 

* can. hardly equal : The Death oi four fuch valuable 

* Friends, that I queflion, whether the whole Sum 

* of my remaining Comforts could, all Things con- 
' fidered, furnifli out fuch another Field of Slaugh- 

* ter. My Hands are indeed weak this Day, and 

* have long been fo. How foon He may add me to 

* the Number of my Fathers and Brethren, He only 

* knows. I thankfully own, that I am not fplicitous 

* about it. I truft, thro* his Grace, that I have in 

* the Sincerity of my Soul devoted myfelf, and my 

* Labours to him. Him do I honour and love above 

* all ; and it is the Joy of my Heart to ferve him 

* ivith my Spirit in the Gofpel of his Son. I hereby 

* leave it under my Hand before him, that lam his 

* Property ; that I have no greater Ambition than to 

' be 

2o6 Memoirs of the Life Ch. 8. 

^ be difpofed of by him ; to be filent till He com- 

* mands me to (peak ; to watch his Eye and Hand. 

< for every Intimation of his Will, and to do it and 
« bear it, as far as my little Strength will carry me ; 

* waiting upon him for further Strength in Propor- 

* tion to renewed Difficulties : And all my Intereft* 

* and Concerns I do moft cordially lodge in his Hands^ 

* and leave myfclf and them to his wife and gracious 

* Difpofal.'— — In one of his Refledions on the Frame 
of his Spirit in the Services of a Sacrament-day ^ he 
writes ; * This Day my Heart hath been almoft torn 

in Pieces with Sorrow i yet, bie/Ted be God, not 
a hopelefsy not a repining Sorrow ; but fo foften- 
ed and fo fweetened, that, with all its Diftrefs, I 
number it among the beft Days of my Life ; if 
that be good which teacheth us Faith and Love^ 
and which cherifheth the Sentiments of Piety and 
Benevolence* I defire very thankfully to acknow- 
ledge, that Days of the fharpeft Trial have often 
been Days of fingular Comfort. The repeated Views 
I have had of a dear dying Friend, who is ex- 
preffing fo much of the divine Prefence and Love^ 
have comforted rather than dejefted me. Bleflcd be 
God, who hath fealed us both with his Grace, as 
thofe that are to be Companions in eternal Glory ! 
A Thought, which now hath a Relilh, that nothing 

can exceed, nothing can equal.' la a Letter to 

one of his Pupils, concerning the Joy and Triumph 
with which one of his Friends had died, he faith ; 

* O, what a Go/pel is this ! / proteft by our rejoici?ig 

< in Chrift J ejus, that I fee and feel more and more 

* of its Excellency ; that I efteem it the greatell Mad- 

* nefs in tlie World to oppo/e it, and, next to that, to 

* tiegUi3 

Se£i. 6. tf T>T, DoDDRiDce. 207 

* negleS it. Who would not rejoice in that Gofpel, 

* which is fuch a Csrdial to the Soul, when every 
« Thing elfe lofeth its Relilh ? Who would not de- 

* light to preach it, and adore that gracious Hand* 

* which imparts the Confolations of it to our Com- 

* panions in the Ways of Religion, when their Flefb 

* and Heart faileth ? Thus, do I hope He will com- 

* fort us, when we are capable of labouring no longer 

* for him ; and convey us into a blifsful Eternity un- 

* der his fenfible Smiles : But if not, we knonv <wkom 

* we have beUe<vedy and the Surprize of Glory will 

* be but fo much the greater.' At another Time he 
tlus writes ; * Such Things have lately befallen me 

* in the Death of fome Friends and the Removal of 

* others to a Diftance, that had I not been peculiarly 

* fupported, I know not how I fhould have borne 

* them ; but, thro' the undeferved Goodnefs of a 

* gracious God, I have found very great Confola- 

* tion. The divine Prefence hath made my Work 
' my Joy amidft all its Fatigues, and hath caufed my 

* Soul to over-flow with fuch unutterable Delight, 

* that I have hardly known how to quit it. Other 

* Things, that ufed to be pleafant, have been pain- 

* ful to me, as feparating me from that delightful 

* Intercourfe with God thro* Chrift, which I hav« 
, * known in Prayer, Meditation and reading devo- 

* tional Pieces. It hath been like a Fire glowing in 

* my Heart ; {q that I could fcarce forbear fp aking 

* to every one I met with, about their Souls and di- 

* vine Things ; and have longed for Opportunities, 

* both in public and private, of imparting the Ful- 

* nefs of what I felt within.' 


2oS Memoirs of the Life Ch. 8. 

But there was no AfHi^on which lay with great- 
er Weight upon his Mind, than the Death of hts 
eldeft Daughter^ who lived long enough to give him 
\txy agreeable Hopes as to her pious Difpofition. In 
the Sermon he publilhed on that Occafion, the World 
hath feen how his Heart was affefted, and what 
Confiderations fupported him under that Afflidion ; 
and many mourning Parents have been comforted 
and inftruded by the Arguments and Confolations he 
hath fuggefted in it. I wifh fuch may reap a like 
Advantage from viewing Tome of the Workings of 
his Heart in fecret, which he recorded at once for 
his Humiliation and Thankfulnefs : And then my 
Defign will be anfwered ; tho' others, who are Stran- 
gers to the tender Feelings of Nature on fuch an 
Occafion, may be unimpreifed with his Refleftions. 

* I have been preaching from thefe Words, Is it nvell 

* luith the Child? And /he anfwered y It is nvelL But 

* furely, there never was any Difpenfation of Pro- 

* vidence, in which I found it fo difficult to fay it. 

* Indeed fome hard Thoughts of God were ready to 

* arife ; and the Apprehenlion of his Difpleafut-e 

* againft me brought my Mind into a painful Situa- 

* tion. But it pleafed God to quiet it, and lead 

* me to a iilent, cordial Submiffion to his Will. I 

* fee that I doted too much upon her ; my Heart was 

* opened to her with a fond flattering Delight. And 

* now, O my Soul, one of thy earthly Delights is 

* gone. Seek thy greateft Delight in Heaven, where 

* I truft my Child is ; where I am fure my Swviour 

* is ; and where I truft, thro' Grace, notwithftand- 

* ing fame Irregularities of Heart on this Occafion, 
< I ihall fhortly be. This Circumftance I muft re- 

* cord. 

Se£l. 6. of Dr. Doddridge. 209 

* cord, thatl recolledled this Day, at the Lord^s Ta-^ 

* hky that I had feme time ago taken the Cup at that 

* Ordinance with thefe Words, * Lord, I take this 
*^ Cup as a public, folemn Token, that, having rc^ 
" ceived fo ineftimable a Blefling as this, I will re- 
" fufe no other Cup, which Thou fhalt put into my 
** Hands.' I mentioned this again to-day, and pub- 

* licly charged the Thought on myfelf, and chriftian 

* Friends who were prefent. God hath taken me at 

* my Word ; but I do not retrad it. I repeat it again 

* with Regard to every future Cup. Much Sweetnefs 

* is mingled with this bitter Potion, chiefly in the 
' Views and Hopes of the eternal World. May not 

* this be the Beauty of this Providence, that inftcad 

* of her living many Years upon Earth, God may 

* have taken her away, that I may be better fitted for 

* and reconciled to, my o-wn DifTolution, perhaps 
' nearly approaching ? Lord, thy Will be done ! May 
< my Life be ufed for thy Service, while it is conti- ' 
' nued ; and then, put thou a Period to it, when- 

* ever thou pleafeft.' The next Evening, after the 

Funeral, he add^, * I have now been laying the De- 

* light of my Eyes in the Duft, and it is for ever 

* hid from them. We had a fuitable Sermon from 

* thofe Words, Do^ thou injell to he angry for the 
^ Gourd? God knows, that I am not angry; but for^ 

* rowful he furely allows me to be. .BlefTed Lord, I 
^ truft thou haft received my Qhild, and pardoned 

* the Infirmities of her ihort, childiib, afflifled Life. 

* I love thofe, who were kind to her, and thofe that 

* weep with me for her : Shall I not much more love 

* Thee, who art at this Moment taking Care of her, 

* and opening her Infant-faculties for the Bufinefs 

' an4 

^10 Memoirs of thg life Ch. 1. 

• and Bleflednefs of Heaven r Lord^ I would confider 

• myfelf as a dying Creature. My iiril-born is laid 
« in the Dull ; I ihall lliortly follow her, and we fball 

• lie down together. But, O, how much Plcafure doth 
"* it give mc to hope, that my Soul will reft vvith her, 

• and rejoice in her for ever 1 But let me not center my 

• Thoughts here: It is a Refl Tv/Vy/, and in, God, 

• that is my ultimate Hope. Lord^ may thy Grace 

• fecure it to me ; and in the mean Time give me a 

• holy Acquiefcence of Soul in Thee ; and now my 

• Gourd is withered, ihelter me under the Shadoiv of 

• thy Wings,^ 

Thus did this good Man obferve the Hand of 
GOD in all the affliftive Events, in which he was 
concerned ; and fo careful was he to improve every 
fudi Occurrence, in order to ftrengthen his Submif- 
fion to the divine Will, to weaken his Attachment 
to the World and to increafe his Value for the Sup- 
ports and Confolations of Religion. And how happy 
an EiFedl this had to render his Trials eafy, and to 
make them fubfervient to his fpiritual Improvement) 
will b« eafily imagined by every pious Reader. 

S E C T. 

Se6l. 7? #/*Dr. DoDDMDon Zti 

SECT, vn, 

bis Temper and Behaviour under unjuft and unkind 

THE State of the World muft be much altered 
for the better, and the Malice of the Accufer 
df the Brethren and his Influence upon Mankind, much 
le/Tened in modern Times, if a Perfon who difcovercd 
fo much Piety, and Zeal for the Happinefs of Men, 
as Dr. Doddridge did, ftiould pafs thro' Life without 
Per/ecution ; at leaft by thofe milder Methods, which 
alone the Lenity of our Laws allows, but which the 
Law of Chrift abfolutely condemns. He knew the 
Hiftory of Man and the State of the World too well, 
to expeft the Efteem and good Word of ally even 
for the moft upright and friendly Intentions and At- 
tempts, He thought that the Obfervation of St. 
Paulf that all 'who ivill li<ve godly in Chriji JefuSy /hall 
Suffer Ferfecutiony was not to be confined to the pri- 
Miti've Age, but was verified in the beft of Men in 
e'very Age *. He expefted his Share of this Kind of 
Trouble, as many of his Fathers and Brethren had 
theirs j and he prepared himfelf to receive and im- 
prove it with a chriftian Temper. The following Ex- 
traft from a Letter to a Friend, will ihew what were 
his Sentiments on this Head. * I fettle it as an efla- 

* bliflied 
• family-cxpofitor. Volt lit § X76» note («)# 

21 • 'Memoirs nf fhe Lift . Ch. g*. 

* blifhed Point with me, that the more diligently and 

* faithfully I ferve Chrijt, the greater Reproach, and 

* the more Injury I muft expeft. I have drank deep 

* of the Cup of Slander and Reproach of late ; but 

* I am in no wife difcouraged : No, nor by, what is 

* much harder to bear,- the Unfuccefsfulnefs of my 

* Endeavours to mend this bad World. I confider it 

* as my great Care, to let my dear Mailer (who hath 

* bought me with his precious Blood) fee, that I 

* have a grateful Senfe of his Benefits, and that his 

* Name and Caufe lie near my Heart. If the Labours 

* of many Years, whether they do or do not fucceed, 

* may fecure this, it is well. Nay indeed, in this 

* Cafe, Labor ipfe Voluftas, I /hall not be furprized 

* if more Afflidlions come upon me : I need them 

* ail ; and the Cup is in the Hand of my wife and 

* gracious Father; for that God is fuch, I afluredly 

* know. Let us give Diligence to feize every Oppor- 

* tunity we have of ferving his Intereft, in that of 

* his Son, while we are here ; and then nothing in 

* Life or Death needs much to move us.' The ill 

Treatment he met with might have been pafled over 
in Silence, were it not fo commonly the Lot of the 
moft aSii'vey ufeful Men, and an Affliftion, which 
perhaps they find it more difficult to bear than any 
other. Some Account of his Sufferings of this Kind, 
his Re/leSiions upon them and Beha'viour under them, 
may properly be given ; as they illuftrate his Cha- 
rafter, fhew his Companions in the Tribulation ofChriJly 
that their Cafe is not Angular, and may fugged to 
them the proper Behaviour under it. 

No fooner was he fettled at Northampton^ with the 
pleafing Profped of great Ufefulnefs, by his Relation 


Sea. 7- ef Dr. DoDomncft. sij 

to Co lar^e a Congregation and the Increafe of his 
Academy, than he met with injurious Treatment from 
/lis Neighbours. Not to mention Tome Infuits which 
he and his Family loiFered from the FuJgar^ thro' the 
Influence of a Party-fpirity a more formidable Attack 
was made upon him from another Quarter, whence 
he expeded more Candour and Moderation. A Pro- 
fecution was commenced againft him in the ecclefiafiical 
Courts by fome Dignitaries of the Church of England 
for teaching an Academy. Perfons of the befl Senfe 
among different Parties were fnrprized at this Step ; 
and feveral Gentlemen of the eftahlijhed Church of 
considerable Rank and public Charadters, warmly de- 
clared their Difapprobation of it. Nay, the rvery Per* 
Jon^ in whofe Name the Profecution was carrjied on, 
came to the DoSor to affure him of his Abhorrence of it ; 
and to know, before it commenced, whether he coold 
with Safety to himfelf, being then Church-ivarden^ 
refufe to fign the Pre/entmenty or in any other Way 
make the Matter eafy to him. But the Clergy feemed 
determined to carry on the Profecution with Vigour; 
notwithftanding many Acknowledgments they made 
of his Learning and Moderation^ and many Compli- 
ments they perfonally paid him on that Account. Thi* 
gave him a painful Alarm, left his Ufefulnefs as a 
Tutor Ihould have been entirely prevented, or greatly 
leffened ; or he fhoi^ld have been obliged to remove 
from his Congregation to fome other Part of the 
Kingdom, where he might have been out of the Reach 
of his Perfecutors, But his loyal, peaceable and mo- 
derate Principles «Jid Charadler, being fairly repre- 
fented to his late Majcjiy, by fome Pcribns Cj( Rank 
.and Influence* »v/ho had Accefs -to him zniHijijfz well 


ai+ Memifs'if the Life Ch. 8. 

acquainted with the Do^or^ a Stop was, by his ex- 
prcfs Order, put to the Profecution ; agreeably to the 
noble and generous Maxim he had laid down, that 
during his Reign^ there Jhould be m Per/ecution for 
Confcience fake. 

He met with injurious Treatment from fome, who 
denied the Truth of C hr if i unity ; which he could no 
Other way account for, than from the Zeal he had 
(hewn in its Defence : While others, on the contrary, 
were offended at the Refpeft with which he had treated 
fome Perfons, who were thought to make light of the 
Gofpel or deny fome of its dilHngui/hing Tenets, 
becaufe he faw in them {ome amiable Qualities, ef- 
teemed them valuable Members of Society, or had 
commended their Writings, as containing many Things 
excellent and calculated for Ufefulnefs.— But, ftrange 
as it may feem, the worft Treatment he received, and 
which continued longeft, was from fame of his Bre • 
thren in the Minijhy \ which I believe arofe partly 
from hence, that he fet them a Pattern of Diligence 
and AAivity, which they were not difpofed to imi- 
tate * ; but principally from this Circumftance, that 
he was not of their Party, or would not run all their 
Lengths in oppofing anrd judging others. Many Con^ 
tro'verfes concerning fome chrilHan Dodlrines, had 


• * It hath been obfer/ed, that it is fomewhat natural for Clergy- 

* meftf to be more eafily irritable at fuch of their Brethren, as rife 

* above them, in apparent Concern for Religion and Zeal for pro- 

* moting it, than at thofe who fall below them. The firft are a 

* Reproach to their own Condudl and CharaAer ; the other are a 

* Foil to it. So that every one, who efpoufes any bold or vigorous 

* Meafure, may lay his Account with a fenuble Cohincfs, even 

* from fich of his Brcthm as are in the next immediate Dc;^rce 

* bciow him.' Dr. V/itlcrJpcon % Eliays. Vol. II. p. 254. 

^ea. 7. 9f t>r. DaDDRiDGiB. ^15 

been warmly agitated; and there had been feveral 
Divifions in dijfenting Congregations arifmg from dif- 
ferent Sentiments about them. It is no wonder that 
each Party Ihould be folicitous to number a Perfon 
of fo much Learning, Piety and Reputation, among 
their Adherents. But he chofe not to be diflihguiihed 
by any Party-name, and to keep as clear as poffible 
from any in^vidious Diftindion. He thought it his Duty 
to go as far as he honeftly could with both Sides, 
and endeavour to bring them nearer to one another 
in chrtftian Affe&ion^ if he could not unite them in 
Sentiments. He was defirous to become all Things to 
all Meny as far as, with a good Confcience towards 
God, he could; to commend what was good in each 
Party, and to keep-up a Friendfliip with the moll 
valuable and moderate Perfons of it. He imagined 
himfelf fully juftified in this Condudl, by the Beha* 
vionr of our hlejfed Lord and his Apoftlesy and by the 
prudential and pacific Maxims of the 'Ne^jo Teftament. 
His Sentiments on this Head, as he hath publifh^d 
them to the World, deferve, in this Cohnedlion, a 
peculiar Regard. * When a fierce and haughty Senfc 

* of Liberty is the reigning, darling Charader of 

* Miniflers, and a Determination to fuhmit in no- 

* thing, to oblige in nothing ; as the firft Elements of 
« the chriftian Temper fecm as yet to be unknown, 

* there is great Reafon to believe, that the Dodtrinea 

* and Precepts of the Gofpel will not, cannot, be 
"• fuccefsfully taught *. Again, * Let none of us 

* be difpofed to di/pute, merely for the fake of difpu- 
"* ting; nor unnecefTarily oppofe the Judgment and 
** Tafte of our Brethren, whether out of an AfFefta- 

* tiou 
♦ Faoiily-cxpofitor, Vol, III* p* 454». 

2l6 Memoirs of the Life Ch. 8. 

* tion of Singularity or Spirit of Contention ; but let 

* us rather labour, fo far as with a fafe Confcience 

* wc caiii to keep the Unity of the Spirit in the Bond 

* of Peace. Let us avoid, as much as poffible, a 

* Party-fpiritj and not be fond of lifting ourfelves 

* under the Name of this or that Man, how wife, how 

* good, how great foever. Neither Luther^ nor Cai- 

* 'vint nor even Peter nor Paul were crucifed for us, 

* nor were we baptized into any of their Names. 

* Happy is he^ who being himfelf an Example of 

* yielding^ fo far as he confcientioufly can, and of not 

* taking upon him to cenfure others, where he can- 

* not yi'jld to tliera, fhall dsi his Part towards ce- 

* menting, in the Bonds of holy Love, all the Chil- 

* drcn of God and the Members of Chrilt. How 
^ anfi^ccefsfttl fo-ever his Efforts may be, amidil that 

* angry and contentious, that ignorant and bigotted 

* Croud, who mifcall themfelves Chriftians^ or by 

* whatever reproachful and fufpicious Names his 

* Moderation may be ftigmatized, his divine Matter 

* will neither fail to coniider it in its true Light, 

* nor to honour it with proportionable Tokens of 

* his Acceptance and Favour. Lo^ve is the firfl and 

* greateft of his Commandments ; and after all the 

* Clamour, which hath been made about Notions 

* and Forms^ he who pradlifeth and teacheth Lo^e 

* bed, fhall be greateft in the Kingdom of Heaven*,^ 
It may at firft feem flrange, that a Perfon who pro- 
fefled, and, I am well perfuaded, always afted agree- 
ably to thefe Sentiments, fhould be reproached ; and 
the rather, as he was an avowed Enemy to all pious 
Frauds^ as they have been called, and thought (to 

♦ Family-expofitor, Vol, IV, p. 219. 

5e&. 7. tfDr. Doddridge. 217 

life his own Words) * that they ought to be hiflfed 
* out of the World with juft Abhorrence.' Thofe> 
who knew him, faw that he was neither fond of 
Money Jior Po-wtr. He was not influenced by a worldly 
Spirit ; having refufed much more confiderable Offers 
in the Eftahli/hmenty than ever could be made him 
among the Diputers, He was not rafli, hally and 
over-bearing, which leads many Perfons into an /«- 
conjtftent and diJhonourahU Conduct; and then into 
DouhU'dealing to vindicate or palliate it. On the 
contrary, he acknowledged that he had fometimes 
been retrained from exerting himfelf, as he might 
have done, to ferve the Caufe of Religion, by an 
Excefs of Caution, and a Fearfulnefs of offending 
and incurring Cenfure. This be intimates in thefe 
lively Expreffions in a familiar Letter to a Friend ; 
The Apprehenfions of wife and good Men are fo 
different, that I am fometimes confounded amidft 
the Variety of their Opinions and Counfels ; and 
often think of the grey-headed Man and his two 
Wives. But if I err, I would chufe to do it on the 
Side of Modefty and Caution^ as one who is more 
afraid of doing wrong, than of not doing right. But 
when the World is to be remarkaWy reformed, God 
will raife up fome bolder Spirits, who will work like 
your London Fire-men ; and I pray God it may not be 
amidft Smoke and Flames and Ruin.* He always 
treated others, even thofe from whom he differed^ with 
Civility, Candour and Tendemefs; as appears from his 
Writings, and equally from his private Converfe. It was 
therefore natural for him to cxpedl, that he fhould ef- 
cape unjuft Cenfures and opprobrious Refleflionsfrom his 
Brethren. But toaPerfon, who knows the World, hath 
^ read 

:Si9 Xfemirs if th Life Cli. 8/ 

•read any Thing of the Hiilory of the Churchy or ot>- 

ferved the Nature and Efeds of moft religious Contro- 

veriiesy it will not appear ibange, that the moil amiable 

Virtue of Moderation ihould be reckoned a great Fault, 

4ind a Care not to run the Lengths of any Partj ihould 

expofe a Man to the Refentment and Cenfure both of 

that Party and its oppofite. ' He found by dear Ex- 

-• pericnce (as Mr, Pope exprefleth it) that he lived 

^ in an Age, in which it was criminal to be modt- 

■^ rate**^ Some charged him with being too loofe in 

his Sentiments ; others with being toojiriii. * The 

* high Cal'viuifts (to ufe his own Words) on this Side, 
^ and fome of the i^riends of Liberty and Catholi* 
•* cifmj as by a ftrange Catachrefis they call them- 
*• felves, on the other',' cenfured him. He was repre- 
iented by the Bigots on both Sides as a Trimmat* 
and a Double-dealer, So have many of the grcateft 
Eminence for Wifdom, Holinefs and Zeal been repre- 
fented t &nd he ufed to take Comfort in this, that he 
was no worfe treated, than thofe four excellent Di^ 
wineij whofe Writings, above all others, he admired^ 
the Arch-bifhops Leighton and Tillotfon^ Mr. Baxter 
,and Dr. Watts. ^ tconfefs {iaith the lift of thefe) when 

* Si Pariy-f irit juns high* among the diii'erent Seds 
^ of Religion, or the different Divifions of Mankind, 

< this moft amiable Virtue of Moderation is called by 

* the fcandalous Names of Indifference^ Luke-warmnejs 

* or Trimming ; and it fuftains a World of Reproaches 
'* from both the quarrelling Parties. Moderation, tho* 

< it is the bleifed Principle which awakens and ailifts 

* Men to become Peace-makers^ yet at the fame time, 
'« when it enters into the Battle to divide the Con- 

* tenders 
♦ JP^'« Worlw, Vol. VII, p. ao6u 

^ tenders, it receives ah unkind Stroke from either 

* Side.* Dr. Doddridge endeavoured to ad up to that 
Charafter, which his affectionate Friend and Fellow- 
Aifferer had defcribed in the fame Difcourfe. * When 

* any Seft of Chrifiians feems to be Carried away with 

* the furious Torrent of fomc prevailing Notions, or 

* fome unneceffary Pradiccs ; fome fpecial Superftiti- 

* on, or a contentious Spirit, the moderate Mzn tries to 

* fhew, how much of Truth and Goodnefs may . be 

* found among each Party, where all agree to hold 

* Chrift Jefusj the Head ; tho* he dares not renounce a 

* Grain of Truth or neeeffary Duty for the Sake of 

* Peace, and he would contend earneftlyy where Provi- 

* dence calls him, for the ejfential Articles of Faith, 

* which were once delivered to the Saints, Sec*.* He faw 
and lamented the fad Deviation of many Miniflers 
from, wliat he thought, important Truths of the Gofpel ; 
infifting upon them much lefs, than they fhould have 
done ; or in fuch a Manner, as if they were making 
Conceffions to an Adverfary, rather than opening tucir 
Hearts to their Hearers upon a Fa'vourite-fuhjeS, He 
faw Perfons refining upon a plain Gofpel, till it was 
almoft evaporated and loft ; and therefore he was the 
more ftrenuous in the Support of its vital Truths. 

* I hope (faith he, in a Sermon before an AJfemhly of 

* Minivers J we ihall never praAife fo dangerous a 

* Complaifance to the Unhelievers of the prefent Age, 
^ as to nvave the Gofpel, that we may accommodate 

* ourfelves to their Tafte ; which if we do, we may 

* indeed preferve the Name of Virtue, but I fear we 

* (hall deftroy the Thing itfelf 5 lofe it in our Congre^ 

* gations, and probably in our Hearts too : For I con- 

L 2 * Ms 

^mati Sennons. Vol. II. S. aS* 

TE20 Memoirs cf the Life Ch> S. 

'* fefs it fecms to me much jnore probable, that -the 
^ Dodrines of natural Kc\i^oii aloae ihould be blef- 

* fed, as the Means of reforming Heathensy who never 

* heard of Chrifiianity^ than that they ihould have 
< mach YMtQi upon thofe, who, under the Profeffion 

* of it, flight its moft glorious Peculiarities \ as if the 

* Religion of Jefus were a mere Incumbrance, which, 
'* while we own it to be true, we might nevertheldfs 

* forget, without great Danger or much Inconveni- 

* ence.* 

In a Letter to one of his younger Brethren, he thus 
exprefleth himfelf upon this Subjed; * Indeed the 

* Gofpel is a great Things or it is nothing. I am 

* more and more convinced of xh& Importance of 

* keeping to the good old evangelical and experimental 

* Way of preaching; and look upon mod of the neiu- 

* fajhioned Divinity, of which fome Pj^rfons, in dif- 

* ierent Extremes, arefo fond, as a Kind of Rockery y 
■* which bodes ill to the Heakh of the Soul, and of 

* the Church in general. You 4cnow -how cautious I 

* am of troubling the Church of Chri^ with Dif- 

* putes ; but my Faith in the Doctrines I preach, is 
■^ imore and more confirmed by fludying the Scrip- 

* tures, by Experience and Obfervation. What I 

* have wrote concerning them proceeds not from any 
^ Sournefs of Temper, or any Want of Charity for, 

* or Love to, Perfons of a different Opinion ; tho* 

* fome of them have, as you well know, laid me un- 

* der ftrong Temptations to it, by exercifing as little 

* Charity towards me, as if there had been no com* 

* mon Bond of Chriftianity or even Humanity to unite 
'« us.' For fuch a Regard to the peculiar Do^rines 


« Sennons and TnStn. Vol I. p. i«9. 

Sfcflr 7. of^br, DoDDRiDcr. *2r 

of the Gofpcl in his Preaching and Writings he wasr. 
much cenfured ; and * neither his Moderation and^- , 

* other perfonal Virtues, nor all his Zeal for the Ser- 

* vice of the common Caufe of Chriftians^ Proteftanti 

* or Dijfentersy could (heltcr him from^ the affedted' 

* Contempt and fevere Reproaches of foroe angry Pep- 

* pic, who, amidft all their Profeffions of the moft* 

* unhounded Charity, thought his an excepted Cafe, or 

* chofe rather to be injurious to him, than confillenr 

* with themfelves *.' Many Inftances in which he ' 
was treated in this Manner might be mentioned : 
But as I know he forgave them, I hope his Friends, 
who were acquainted with thern^ have done, the fame. 
It will- be- more for the Reader^s Edification, to fee 
how he expreffed himfdf on thefe Occaiions, both as- 
to the Foundation of the Ccnfurcs pafTed' upon him,, 
and t\iG Frame of his Spirit under them, in fome Let- 
ters to his intimate Friends, and in his own privatc 
Refleftions, of which I will give a faithful Extradt. 

One of his Friends had informed him, that he had* 
been charged with Injincerity ; cfpecially in.ufing fome- 
particular Pkrafes in his Writings, in a Spnfe dif- 
ferent from that in which he himfelf underftood them, . 
in order to pleafe a Party* To this he anfwerejth ; 

* My Confcience doth not tell mc» that I am at all 
' to blame on the Head you mention. I write for 

< the Public (as I would alfo do in every private 

* Correfpondence) as in the Preftnce of God, and 

* in the Views of his Judgment. I would not pur- 

* chafe that Phantom, Popularity^ which is often 

* owing to the \t,rf worft Part of a Man's Charafter- 

< or Performances, by any Compliances beneath the. 

* Sermons and Tracts, Vol. L p. iif. 

222 Mmoirs of thi Life Ck..8. 

* Dignity of a chriftian Minifter\ an Office^ of which 

* I think fo highly, as to be deeply fenlible how 

* unworthy I am to bear it. On the other Hand^ I 

* do indeed defire to give as little Offence, as I 
« honeilly can ; and I have high Authorities for it : 

* And tho' I am, and always declare that I am, in 

* my Judgment, greatly againft the Impofition of 

* human Phra/es^ yet, as fome can hardly be avoided 

* on one hand or the other, I chufe to adopt and ufe 
' fome that are ambigaous, in what I take to be* a 

* fair Senfe, tho' not the only Senfe they might bear ; 

* and by declaring it, to endeavour to fix a good Idea 
' to them, rather than abiblutely to declare againfl> 

* or even totally to difufe, them. Others, wider by 
' far in their Sentiments than I, are indulged in 

* this, and even applauded for it : I have the Misfor^ 

* tune (I cannot ufe the Word more properly) to be 
^ cBndemned, ^I do indeed believe, that it is gene^- 

* rally thought by that Part of the World, which 

* fome in Jeft, and fome in fober Sadnefs, are ready 

* to charge with heretical Ptavity^ that I approach 

* much nearer to their Sentiments, than I really do : 
' And perhaps three Caufes have concurred to lead 

* them into that Apprehenfion.— 'A general Conceit, 

* tliat their Notions are fo felfe'vident^ that none but 
' an extremely weak or ignorant Man (which they 
" pay mc the Compliment of fuppoiing that I am not, 

* tho' they afterwards fully balance the Account) can 

* poffibly be of a different Opinion.— —^ome Hints, 

* which I may perhaps have xlropped between the 

* the Years 1723 and 1730 or thereabouts, when \ 

* was really more inclined to fome of their Senti* 

* ments than I now am ; and my hearing them af- 


Scd. 7. of Dr. Doddridge, 223.1 

* fert fome of them patiently In a mixed Company^ 

* when I have not been in a Humour to difpute. The^ 
^ friendly Manner in which I have converfed with, 

* and fpoken of, fome of thofe obnoxious Gentlemen^. 

* and the Honour I have done publicly and privatc- 

* ly to thofe Writings, in which I think they have- 

* deferved well of Chrifiianity in general, tho' I m*ay 

* have thought them allayed with fome conflderable 

* Mixture of Error, may have conduced further to 

* lead them to a Conclufion, that I was much more 

* of their Mind in fome difputahle Cafes, than L 

* really am. My great Care not to judge others and 

* my ufing at different Times, different Phrafes,. 

* which have appeared to me perfcftly confiftent^. 

* tho* others may have apprehended the contrary,, 

* may alfo have contributed to produce the fame Ef^ 

* fed. But on the whole, I know afTuredly, that I 
' have not on any Occaiion belied the real SetUimefitM 

* of my Heart ; and that by my neceflary Caution 

* on this Head, I have loft many Friends, whom I 

* could eafily have kept, and whom I fpeculatively^ 

* knew the Way of cementing to me, much to my 

* own fecular Advantage ; tho' I could ijot go to the. 

* Price of it, when that Price was only a few am- 

* biguous Words. This, Sir^ may give you a gene- 

* ral View of the Matter ; but if it occurs to you 

* to mention any particular Phrafes and Modes o£ 
. ♦ Expreflion, charged with the Evils, of which this 

* Condefcenfion is faid to be produ6Uve, I Ihall open 

* my Heart about them with the utmoft Freedom ; 

* as I know nothing in my Purpofes or Views, which 

* I would not wifh you thoroughly to underftand;, 

* and if I cannot vindicate fach Phrafes, I will for 

L 4 Mhe 

Z2^ Mmst>s cftie Lift Ck. 8. 

* :)ip fatisre lay them afide. I fpcak upon this Head, 

* mithout any Referve, or any Regret, as a Man that 

* b inwardly eafy, and, being found, c&n bear hand- 

* ling ; and you art perfectly welcome to fhew this 

* Letter to whom yon pleafe.' ^To another Friend, 

who had informed him of fome Reports he had heard 
to the Difad vantage of his Character, he thus writes ; 

* I wifli every one, whofe Friendfhip is worth pre- 

* ferving, would give me fuch an Opportunity as you 
« have done, of explaining myfelf freely, with Re- 
' gard to thofe Things, which have been fo unjuflly 

* aggravated^ My Righteonfhefs is in it ; and I am 
> fully perfuaded, that what I have done in the various 

* Circumflances, in which my ConduA hath been 

< arraigned, would be found at leaft the pardonable 

* lufirmttiis of an honeft Man, who fears God and 
' loves all Mankind ; and who meant heartily well 

* to the Perfons, who thought them(elves moil injured 

* by him, in what he did, or did not do, in Relation 

* to them. It is a great Comfort, that Innocence 

* can make its Appeal to God, as St. Paul fo often 

* doth, when Malice or Prejudice or Miftake^ which 

* lail I believe more frequently to have been the Cafe 

< with Regard to me, lays to its Charge Things, 
' which he would nOt deliberately do to favc his Life. 

* The Refle(5lions which have been thrown upon me, 
' as a Double-dealer and an inconjlftent Man, have of- 

* ten put me upon looking inivardy and upon fub- 
» mitting myfelf to the Scrutiny of the all-fearching 

* Eyey in my moft ferious and folemn Moments. I 

* have, I thank God, a conftant Senfe of the gene- 
' ral Uprightnefs of my Heart before Him ; and can 

* fay, with that good Man, of whofe Afflidtions God 

* hath 

SeA. 7y of Dr. Doddridge. 225 

' liatk caufed me in this Inilance to partake. Thou 

* ino-wefty that I am not wicked. Religion is with me 

* an inward Thing; and if it were not, it could i 
' not have fupported me, as it hath done, in the 
« neareft Views of the divine Tribunal. Were my 
« ^worldly Ihtereft the Principle upon which I ' a6led» 
' I ihould have conformed long fince and fhquld do it 

* immediately; and you are no Stranger to fome. 
'Offers that have been made me. You know the 

* Warmth and Tendernefs of my Temper, and how 

* liable it is to Itrong Impreffions. You alfo know 

* the great Multiplicity of my Affairs ; the Ha^e 

* with which I am frequently obliged to write, with- 

* out taking Copies of my Letters : And when thefe 

* Things come to be laid together, I cannot pre- 

* tend to fay, that I have always adted with that 

* perfeSi Confiftencyy which I could have wifhed. Pcr- 

* haps few Men can fay it. My Views of the 

* fame Perfon, and of the fame Things, may alfo 

* have altered. But upon the whole, fo far as I can 

* judge and recolleft, I have generally given but very 

* little Caufe for the Refledions^ Which have been 

* cafl upon me; nor have I ever, in any Inflance 

* that I know of, aded a Part, which my Confcience 

* hath condemned as infincerey or that it fhould after- 
« wards on Refleflion upbraid me with, as dijhonefi. 

* But I may, thro* an excefHve Tendernefs of dif- 

* pleafing, have left Meji of different Opinions more 
' Room to think me in their Sentiments, by my not 

* oppofing them, than I ought to have done. I may 
« likewife in many Inftanccs have k^n^ or thought I 
« have feen. Things not to be inconjiftenty which 

* warm Men on one Side the CJueflion and the other, 

^ 5 ' have 

226 Memoirs of the Life Ch. 8« 

^?e thoQght to be fo : And it is poffible too, that in 
fome of thefe Cafes, they may have thought rights tho' 
I believe in more, they have been on both Sides 
twrong. I may have had more real Efteem and Love 
for Perfons, in very different Views and Interefls, 
:than they (knowing the Narrowne/s of their owii 
Hearts in thefe Inftances) could eaiily imagine to be 
fmcere ; and among thefe have been fome of the Me^ 
thodifts. Beiides all which, a Difpoiition to ufe fome 
Forms oi compliment al ExpreJJionsy eipeciallyin young- 
er Life, and to tell Perfons the good Things I thought 
of them and their Performances, may have cxpofed 
me to Cenfure ; tho' I may tr4ily fay, I have always 
inwardly thought what I faid : For my Mind has 
never been in fuch a State, but that I muil have felt 
a fenfible and memorable Horror for doing otherwife. 
Thefe Things may have given Advantages againft me. 
The vafl Variety of public AflFairs, in which I have 
been concerned; which, with all my Tendernefs, and 
a Deiire, as far as I honeftly might, to pleafe every 
one, I could not manage without difpleafing feme,, 
hath increafed the Number of thofe, who are oiren- 
ded with me. The Acquaintance, and for a while 
Friendfhip, which I have had with fome Perfons of 
the l^aityy who have proved treacherous and infamous 
Perfons, hath been a further Snare ; as the Friend- 
(hip of had Men always is. My refuiing to be blind- 
ly the ^aol of a Party y and to go plumb into all their 
Meafures, hath difobliged no fmall Number. When 
all thefe Things come to be traced in their feveral 
Streams and Combinations (together with what I 
have faid of my own acknowledged Infirmities, of 
which I am truly fenfible) they will account for this 
f range PhcejQomenop, at which you are furprized. I 

* h^vc 

Se6W 7* ^Z)r, DoDDRiDas. 22^- 

< all this while retained the Efteem and Fiiendihip 

* of feveral Perfons of great Worth, by whom I have 

< b^en moft intimately known for many Years. I wiU 
' tell you, in Confidence, that thefe Afperfions are a 

* Crofsy which God hath enabled me to bear witji 

* a chriftian Temper ; and He has really given ;aie 
/ a Heart to pray^ in the moft affedionate Manner 

* and every Day, for my Slanderers ; and confcien- 

* tioufly to abftain from faying many Things, whi(^ 

* I could have faid, to the Difadvantage of many of * 
« their Charadlers. The(b Things may perhaps be 

* permitted, that I may not be too much exalted by the 
« unreafonable and extravagant Applaufes, I ha^e 

* fometimes met with. I have a Perfuaiion in my 

* own Heart, that if God continue my Life a few 

* Years, many of thefe Things will die. I fhall be 

* made more cautious by them and more humbly • 
« feek that Wifdom from God, which is neceflary tp- 

* cut-off Occajion from fome who fpitefully feefc it. 

* I ihall alfo, while they continue, have Opportuni- 

* ties of exerciiing feveral Graces of the chriftian 

* Temper, which tho* concealed from Jiumian Eyes,. 

* have their Value in the Sight of God. And I may 

* be made more defirous of leaving a World, where 

* I meet with fo much Unkindnefs, for that, whefe 

* Love will be perfeded. I do, in the mean-time, 

* empower and defire you, when you hear any Thing 

* to the Difadvantage of my CharaAer, to tell the 

* Reporters^ that I am not afraid that any Part of 

* my Condud fhould be canvaffed^ if they will fairly 

* hear my own Account of it, and prepare them- 

* felves to pardon fome Infirmities, which an honeft 

* M^n, with my frank Temper and various Affairs, 

h 6 * « may 

*12S Memoirs of thi life CI1/&. 

^ may fall into ; but if tbey will condemn me unheard, 

* I mud appeal to a higher tribunal: And in the 
' mean-time» I will in the general appeal to thofe» 
' who have long and intimately known me, and on 

* whofe Sincerity, I could venture my Life. ^Whilc 

* I am oonfcious to myfelf that I a£t upon chriftian 

* Motives, I make little of the Cenfures of Men ; 

* but X would avoid unnecejfary Offence. In the midft 

* of all, my Soul dwells at Ea/e in GOD, and I 
'find unutterable Pleafure in a Conqueil obtained 

* over thpfe Re/entments, which are ready to rife on. 

* fuch Occafions, but which, I can truly fay, are^ 
" crucified on the Crofs of Chrifi. God is teaching me 
:* good Leifons, and exercifing my Graces (alas ! too 
t* low and feeble in Proportion to fo much Cultiva- 
•* tion) by fuch Things as thefe ; and I defire to adore 

* his Wifdom and blefs his Name in all. I am feek- 
*"• ing for Opportunities to overcome E'uil ivith Good, 

* —In the Midft of this Agitation, I thank God 

* that I can fay. It is not a very great Thing to me 
' (if I cannot fay fo chearfully as I ought, that it is 

* a: ^ery Jmall one) to he judged of Man's yudgment, 

* The Day of the Lord is at Hand. I had rather fuffer 

* mcny of thefe Injuries than offer One, It is my 

* Defire to behave under them, as becometh a Chrif 

* iian and to be made more watchful by them. Let 

* but my Heart be with God ; the Viiits of his Grace 
^ made tome, and the Profpe6l of Glory prefented 

* to my believing Eyes, fo as to engage my more 
^ conflant Purfuit ; let but my Temper be becoming a 

* cariftian and minifterial Profeffion ; and I hope other 
^ Things will imprefs me little. ^I am a weak 

md finfut Creature, but one who fincerely believes 
- * the 

Seft. y. •/ Dr. Doddridcb. izf 

* the Gofpel ; who could defire to fpread the Savour 
^ of it, if poifible, over all the World, and to bring 

* the Power of it into every Heart, that it may grow 

* humble and pure, benevolent and upright; and 

* who heartily wiihet every Thing oppofite to thft 
< Gofpel, might fall, nt hy Might or Power^ hut iy 

* the Spirit of the Lord. Nor am I much concerned^ 

* any further than the Honour of my Mafier u in- 

* terefted in it, whether I go thro* evil Report or 
' good Report. If any think me a Deceiver ^ Go» 
' knows / am true. If any wiih that I were mnknonAmf 

* I blefs God, I have Reaibn to believe that I am 

* 'well known to not a few, by Tokens which will 

* never be forgotten.* In fome of his private Re- 
flections, he faith ; * Thefe are the Favours of my 

* God to me the laft Year: And may I not aifi> 

* reckon in the Number of them, the Oppofition I 
' have met with, I think undefervedly, for Things 
' 'well intended^ and, I believe, for bearing a faithful 
' Teflimony to the Truths of the Gofpel, which hath 
' occafioned me many Enemies, and will, I doubt 

* not, prove an Occaiion oi verifying my Mafler'% 

* Words, Great is your Reivard in Heaven. ^ ■ T hefe 
are fome of his Sentiments on the Refledions thrown 
upon his Charadler and Defigns ; and who-ever at- 
tends to the Account he gives of his Temper, and fio* 
finefs, will eafily fee how Malice^ Prejudice or Ignd* 
ranee might graft Afperfions upon them. 

He had likewife fome Enemies from his ovjn Houfi^ 
hold. It will not be wondered at, that a Pcrfbn who 
had educated about t'wo hundred young Men, fhould 
meet with a few in that Number, who behaved ill, 
and requited him Evil for Good. Some of them 


^3^ Mimoirs of the Life Ch. 8. 

proved wicked; and he humbly acknowledged be- 
fore God in his private Refledions pn fuch a pain- 
fol Circumilance, * That by a fal/e Complaifance he 
' loft mach of his Authority over them ; in confe- 
^ quence of which they grew woHe, and he was 

* obliged to expel them.* As toothers of them, he 
was not fo well fatisfied of their real Piety, and 
being hearty in underuking the >»/>^m/i/ Work, as 
to be able with a good Confcience to recommend 
them. Some of them had embraced Tenets, which 
he knew would render them unacceptable to moil dif 

fenting Churches ; and therefore he could not recom- 
mend them to fome, where they would have chofen 
to fettle. Being therefore carried away with the 
Warmth of their Paffions, and that Pride and Impa- 
tience of Controul, which is fo often found in Youth, 
they charged their Tutor with treating them unkind- 
ly, tho' they were on many Accounts under great 
Obligations to him, and fet themfelves to mifrepre- 
fent his Charadler. Thus he laments his own Cafe; 
« Some have thought themfelves injured, becaufe I 

* cannot oblige Ihem, at the Expence of my Confci- 
■ ence, by granting them Teftimonials^ which I know 

* they do not deferve; or by helping them into Set- 
■* tiements, which would be unhappy to themfelves 

* and the Congregations, which refer their Cafe to 

* my Advice. For this Reafon, imaginary Injuries, 
^ never complained of to me, were talked over and 

* aggravated. My Conduct was continually watch- 

* ed over for evil : My Writings, Lectures, Sermons, 

* Letters, Words, every Thing, were compared to 

* find out imaginary Inconjiftencies^ and to charge 
\< them, as Initances of Diihonefly, Partiality, and 

* what. 

Seft, 7. of "Dk Doddridge* 231 

« wliat not? When they went abroad they talked of 
» thdfe Things ; and there were thofe in both Ex* 
« tremesf who were ready to lay hold on any Story 
« to my Difadvantage. But this is my Comfort, 
« that moft of thofe, who have been my Pupils^ are 

* my cordial and afFedionate Friends : * And I find all 

* the^ tendereft and moft grateful Frieiidihip from 

* thofe how under my Care. I am more and more 

* confirmed in the Judgment I paffed on thofe, who 
« are fetting out in the Church ; and am convinced 
' that the Part I have adbed, in the Difference I have 

* made between them, hath been approved in the 
' Sight of Himy to whom my final Account is foon 

* to^ be rendered. In the mean-time, the longer I 

* live, the lefs I am inclined to enter into Debates^ 

* which I have neither Time nor Heart for; and 

* perhaps have been too indolent in tracing out in- 
« jurious Reports and too dilatory in making Remon« 

* ftrances for ill Ufage. I have generally chofen the 

* fhorter Way ; heartily to forgive and pray for^ thofe, 

* from whom I have apprehended that I have receiv- 

* ed the moft injurious Treatment ; and to endeavour 
' to live in fuch a Manner, that they, who intimate- 
^ ly know me, may not lightly believe Rumours to 

* my Difadvantage. Methinks the Lovers of Man* 

* kindy and the Lovers of Chriftianity too, ihould 

* pardon each other fome little Miftakes in Ccmdu<fl, 

* and fhould put the gentlejl., not the harjheft Con- 

* ftrudions upon Things which may wear a dubious 
« Afpeft. I will endeavour to bear thcfe Things, as 

* a Burden., which Providence is pleafed to lay in 

. « my Way. I will remember him^ who bore, in all . 
« Refpe^ts, infinitely worfc Ufage for me ; and will 

* com- 

ts% Memoirs of thi Life Ch. 8, 

* comfort myfelf with looking forward to tjxat Day^ 

* when every Calumny will be wiped-oflF; when Omni-' 

* fcience will atteft, as it certainly will> the Integrity of 

* my Condufl, and when thofe evil Principles, whic]^ 

* may in fome Degree, and at fome Times^ leaver 

* the Minds of good Men, will be all purged away ^' 
——With Regard to thofe of his Pupils, whp occsl; 
.£oned the foregoing Refledipns, I have great Reafo^ 
to believe, that further Knowledge of the World and 
themfelves, convinced them, that, they had adle^ 
wrong. I afluredly know, that fome of them deeply 
repented of it afterwards ; and particularly One^ whp 
a little before his Death, wrote his Tutor a moft pa- 
thetic and friendly Letter, ii^ which he largely con- 
feffed his .own Guilt ; laid open to him many of the 
ily Arts, which had been ufed to hurt Jiis CharaQer^ 
and, with all the Marks of Humility, Penitence and 
AfFeftion, earneftly defired his Forgivenefs and his 
Prayers *. I 

. * It may not be amlfs to take Notice of an Afperfiony which was 
thrown on the Do^or, a little b^ore his Death j as if he had afled 
unfaithfully in the Guardianfhip of Mifs Ekim, Daughter of Tbomflt 
EkinSy Efq j of Cbefier on the JVater^ in .Nortbamptonjbire, one of hie 
Majefiy*s Jufilces of the Peace and the Poiior*& intimate Friend: 
Xfpecially as I have heard, that it had fpread itfelf as far as New^ 
Enghndy where the Falfhood of fuch a Charge could not fo eafily be 
detedled. It will be a fufficient Anfwer to fuch a Calumny to iay, 
that the young Lady> at the Do6h>rs Deceafe, was fo fen£hle of bis 
Integrity, that at her Requeft, being then eighteen Years of Age, the 
Lord Chancellor Hardiu'tcke appointed the DoEtor% Widow Guardian 
in his ftead ; that on her Attainment of her Age of twenty 'one 
Years, tl\e whole Account of her Eftate was carefUlly examined 'by 
her and met with her entire Approbation. This Lady is fmce mar- 
ried to the reveiiend Dr. yamcs ^tonheufe^ a Gentleman of ft handfcme 
paternal Eftate, formerly a Phyii<;iaji of great Emiaence at Nwrtbanp* 

Seft. ^^ of br, D o D D R I D (J ir.' A5 jf 

I have been larger upon this Part of the Do^or^s 
Charader than was, perhaps, neceflary to illuftratd 
and vindicate it : ^ut probably fome yet living may 
entertain Prejudices againft him and againft his Wri- 
tings in Confequence thereof. I was therefore willing 
to fet it in its true Light ; and to exhibit a noble 
Pattern of a chriftian Behaviour, under fuch Re- 
proaches and Slanders, as many good and ufeful 
Men are yet fufFering by, and the beft, perhaps, moft. 

I (hall only add, that he praAifed the Advice which 
he gave to others in fuch Circumftances, and did not 
^ fuiFer himfelf to be interrupted in his generous, 
' worthy Courfe by the little Attacks of Envy and 

* Calumny, which he met with in it. He was ftill 

* attenti've to the general Good, and fteadily fe/olute 

* In his Endeavours to promote it ; and he left it to 
» Providence to guard or to refcue his Charadler from 

* the bafe Afladts of Malice and Fallhood, which^ 

* he had obferved and experienced, will often, with- 

* out a Perfon's Labour, confute themfel'ves ^ and heap 

* upon the Authors greater Shame, or, if they are 

* inacceffible to that, greater Infamy, than his Ha- 

* manity would allow him to wifh them f .' 


toTtf and now Lcfhirer of ^l-Saints, in Brifiol: And it is at their 
united Requeft I add, that they are fenftble of their Obligations to 
the DoBovy and his Lady, for the Fidelity, Prudence and Ftiendihip 
difcovered by them in the Difcharge of their Truft, and that they re- 
tain the higheft Veneration for the DoElor% Memory. . Thofe who 
were beft acquainted with the whole Affair, were fo far from thinking 
that his Conduft ftood in Need of any Defence^ that they coniidered 
both his undertaking the Truft, amidft his various other Cares, and 
the Manner in which he difcharged it, efpecially in the Education of 
his Ward^ as a ftriking Inftance of his Probity, Friend/hip and B^ 

f Rife and Progrefs^ &c» Ch« 28. § 9. 

#34 Memoirs •/ the Life Clu 8« 


Wi Piety towards GODy and his Devotion, as the 
Sup^ ort of that 9 and every other Virtue. 

IT may truly be faid of Dr. Doddridge ^ as it was 
of Socrates^ that his Life was a Life of Prayer *. 
We have already feen the Care he took to maintain 
ft devout Spirit, and live near to God in early Life. 
He hld-on this religious Courfe, and grrw ftronger 
mnd ftronger even to the laft. He made Confdence 
of prefenting ferious Addrefles to God every Morn- 
ing and E'ueningt whatever his Bufinefs and Avoca- 
tions were, and often employed fome Moments in 
the middle of the Day in the fame Manner. That 
his Devotions might be more regular, copious and 
advantageous, and his Mind be kept in a devout 
Frame thro* the Day, he laid down a Plan for this 
Purpofe, which I have Reafon to believe he often re* 
viewed in a Morning, as it always lay upon his Defk f ; 

• Max, Tyr. Diis. 30. 

f Ai this niay b^ ufcful to fericas Perfons, cfpecially Miniftcrs^ 
who ought to be Men of eminent Devotion and HoKncfs, I will 
hcie infcrt it, in his own concifc Manner. ' Every Morning, rifing 

• and drcfling, meditate — • on Lord'^s Day, the Concerns of the 

• Church in general Monday, Rules for my own Conduft— - 

« Tmjdt^, the Cafe of my Friends ff^ednefday. Mercies received 

• •'^^Tbur/day, the Concerns of the Congregation -—^ Fr/<%, 

4 evan* 

Se£l. i. ef Dr* Doddhidoe. 25^; 

juid from thence it appears what Pains he took to 
keep up the Life and Ardour of Religion in his Soul. 
He was careful that his /rfi l*houghts in the Morning 
and Uft in the Evening, Aould, in a fpecial Manner, 
be confecrated to God* According to his Exhorta* 


evangelical Views — 5!tff«r<iiy, my Relations^— —each Day re- 
member fpecial Hints then pr^y, renew ny Covenant ivitb 

GOD, read the Scriptures, Jing a Pfalm larger Devotion, re- 
verential J prepared for ; Thoughts guarded in it j refleftcd upon 
afterwards.— —5»^ff(/5 of the Day ; feafonable, with good Inten- 
tions and Difpatcii. Recreations, moderate, well defigned, 

■ F rwidcnces, merciful\ thankful for Rcafon, Senfes, Health, 
Eafe, Food, Raiment, Sleep, Friends, Life, Liberty, Safety, Ac- 
ceptance, Succcfs.— — 4?^/<ffw^ K-wfl/*} God's Hand, Defignj 
fubmit in all Things, great and fmall $ furrender all Comforts to 
him. ■ ■ ■ ^temptations, forefeen, obferved, reiifted) Prefence of 
Gon, Chrift, Angels and Men; remembered for Caution. —— 
Grace, Depcndance upon it, earneAly (ought, to awaken holy Af- 
fcftions, throV Chrift, by the Spirit, freqqent Ejaculations,— —^.^ 
Thoughts during Intervals, a general Command pra^ifed \ Subjects 
of them, Moming-fcripture ; the laft, the nekt. Sermon. ■> 
Difcourfe, innocent, ufeful, provided fou^—^'^Evangelicai yUewt i 
blefs God for Chrift and the Spirit ; daily exercife Faith in Chrift^ 
as Teacher, Atonement, Interceilbr, Governor, Example, Strength, 
Guardian, Foreranner. AvoiJ "ExctCs, Imprudence, Formali- 
ty in Prayers and Praifes, efpecially at Meals. ^Repeat at 

above, in the Evening, and add Self-examination. Have I atten- 
ded to proper Bufincls, Improved Sermoni or other Writings, watch* 

ed over Pupils? Aflc the Profperity of the Academy, Con- 

gregation, our Country j Reformation advanced | thy Kiogdom 

come, -yMj delations, Minifter, Tutor, Doroeftk, Writer, 

Friend, Vifitant, Correfpondcnt. ^Lift of Friends to b# partMU. 

lady prayed for. Perions in the Congregation, acrording Uf iii^it 

Circumftances, uncottverted, awakened, aliMaftd, •M«imattm^aUi^, 

the various affliaed. RemmlMr the Not^ <^ UA \^4'% Unf, 

M morandutn, there nwft b« M Iti^Mfimtm i/( ^1 fi^ 

^3^ Mmoirt of ih Life • Chi 9; 

tions to others *, he felefted fome one Fer/e of Scrips 
ture every Morning, to treafore up in ■ his Mind, re- 
folving to think of that at any time, when he was at a 
Lofs for Matter of pioas Rcfledlion in any Interrals of 
Leifare. He found this as d Spring, from whence 
many profitable and delightful Thoughts arofe, whick 
he might not before fee in that Connexion and Force. 
It furnifhed him with Matter for devout Ejaculation^ 
and prevented his Thoughts from being at the Mercy 
of thofe various Trifles, which otherwife intruded 
upon him. He thought it of great Importance, and 
found it of much Advantage, to renfw his Co<venant 
with God, and make a frefh and ifolemn Dedication 
of himfelf, his Capacities, Time and Strength to his 
Service, every Morning ; and efpecially to fpend every 
■Lord's Day-morning in devotional Exercifes, as the 
beft Preparative for the public Services of the Day;. 
He efteemed devout Meditation an important Part of a 
Chriftian's Duty, an excellent Means of fitting the 
Heart for Prayer, and an Exercife, which afforded 
great Pleafure. * Oh, faith lie^ how much delightful 

* Enjoyment of God have I loft, by neglefting oc- 

* cafional Meditation V He reckoned a ferious dili- 
gent Care in the Performance of fecret Prayer y an 
Evidence and Support of real Religion ; and ftrongly 


* vious to any remarkable Succefi ; and great Diligence in Prayei^ 

* and ftrift WatchfiilneTs over my own Soul, previous to any great 

* and habitual Enlargement; and deep Humiliation muft preceede 

* both. When the Ground is thus prepared, great and good Fruit 

* may arife from finall Seeds. 1 find it never well in Family- 

* ivorjbipy when it is not fo xnfecret j never well alfroad, when it 

* is not fo at i)ome\ nor on common Piiys,. when not fo on the 

* LordW The better I pray, the better I ftudy, &c. 

* Rife- and Progreis. Ch. 19. § x8« 

recommended it to others, as a moft powerful Inten-- 
tt<ve to every Duty, and the bell Relief under the 
Fatigues and AffliAions of Life. Thus he addrefled 
one of his Brethren ; * That Miniiler hath great Rea- 

* fon to fufpedl the Integrity of his own Hearf,. who 

* can pray with fome Copioufnefs, Affedlion and 
V Pleafure ivith others^ and in fecret can only And 
« in his Heart to run over a few hafty, inattentive and 

* cuftomary Words, in fuch a Manner, as he would 

* be' afliamed to do, if any one of his Fellow-crea* 

* tures was prefent. Guard againfl this, and efpe- 

* cially in the Evenings when the Fatigue, arifing 

* from the Labours of the Day, may expofe yoa to 
^ particular Danger of it. As Prayer is the Food and' 

* Breath of all practical Religion, fo fecret Prayer in 

* particular is of vaft Importance : Infomuch that I 

* verily believe, that if a Man were to keep a parti- 

* cular and accurate Journal of his own Heai*t, l)ut 

* for one Month, he would find as real and exa'ift a 

* Correipondence between the Temper of his Sotfl at 

* theSeafons of fecret Devotion, and in other Parts of 

* his Life, as we find between the -Changes of the 

* Barometer and the Weather *.'* He often lamented 
the Tendency, which the Variety of his Cares, tho* 
moil important in themfelves, had, to make him lefs 
ferious, copious and fervent in fecret Prayer, than he 
ihould have been. Thus he exprefled himfelf to his 
Friends ; '* -I am often mindful of you in my Prayers; 
"• tbo' alas ! J have fo many Hurries of Bufinefs and 
•* -Interruptions, and fometimes find fo much Indifpo- 

* fition in my own Heart for the Excrcifes of De^uo- 
'*'tion, and my Thoughts fo much diffipated by the 

* Cumber 

« Qiargc in Tra^s. Vol, 11, p, 7, 

23* Memoirs of the Life Clu 8> 

« Cumher of many Things, that truly, my Prayers zrt 

* to be little accounted of. But die lefs capable I 

* am of praying as I could wiih, for my Friends and 

* myfelf, the more need I have of their Remem* 

* brance. My great De£re, even when I am at the 
^ worfl, is, that I may glorify God and promote the 

* great Purpofcs of Religion. For that, I am honeffc- 

* ly labouring, tho* amidft many Infirmities ; and I* 

* hope not entirely in vain / * My Weight of 

* Bufinefs does, in fome Meafure, rob me of the 

* greateft Trcafure I have in the World ; I mean the 

* Hours I would wifh to fpend in /ecret Devotion ; 

* without which there is no Sweetnefs, no Calm and 

* Screnit)' of Mind, and therefore very little Capa* 

* city for managing Bufinefs. For fo it is, tho* it 
' may feem a Riddle, that when I pray and meditate 

* moft, I work moft.*— In all his Addrefles to God, 
he was large in Praije and Thankfgi'ving ; efleeming 
it a proper Expreflion of Gratitude to God, a neceA 
fary and delightful Duty on other Accounts, and 
the Means of promoting habitual Chearfulnefs of 

Mind. He carefully nuatched the Frame of his 

own Heart, and recorded the moft important Particu- 
lars relating to it, that they might guide, warn, or 
encourage him for the future.. It has been already 
obferved, that he began to keep a Diary of his Life, 
when he v^^ls fourteeu Years of Age: In this he noted 
the Bufinefs he had difpatched; the Temper and 
Workings of his Mind, in the various Labours and 
Occurrencies of the Day, and particularly in his 
A^ of Devotion at home and abroad ; what he had 
learned in reading, Converfarion, or by his own Re- 
flections ; any remarkable Providence;* rei c^ng to 


^eft. 8* of Dr. Doddridge* 239 

himfelf^ his Friends or others, or to the Church of 
•God. But in hts latter Years, when nothing 00 
curred, that deferved to be recorded, he contented 
himfelf with fome f articular Marksy by which he 
could afterwards obferve, what was the Frame of his 
Spirit, how he had performed his Devotions and (pent 
iiis Days. By this Method very little Time was cm^ 
ployed in making the particular Marks, and the End of 
a Diary was fuffidently anfwercd.-— — The Warmth and 
Affeaion of his natural Temper rendered fuch Watch- 
fulnefs particularly neceflary to Jiim, efpecially in 
^is Youth. Many Days of Humiliation and Devotion 
he employed in that Period to fubdue and regulate 

his Pailions, in which he happily fucceeded. ^Whea 

he found his Heart enlarged and warmed with de^ 
ATOUt Meditation on divine Subje«5b, he fometimes 
committed his Thoughts to ivritingf and perufed 
thofe Meditations for his own InllrucUon and Com* 
fort, at Times when he found his Thoughts ramb- 
ling and confufed. Several Specimens of this Kind 
the World hath already feen in his Ri/e and Progrefi 
4if Religion* 

He was a careful Oh/erver of the Providences of 
GOD to himfelf, his Family, Friends, and Country. 
He kept a Regijier o£ the moft remarkable Interpofi- 
tions of Providence in iiis Favour* In this are re- 
corded fome iignal Deliverances in his Childhood 
and Youth; the Recovery of himfelf, his Wife, Chil- 
dren, and Bricnds from threatening Diforders^ and the 
Prefcrvadon of bis Limbs and Life in many hazar- 
«dous Circumflances. He takes particular Notice of 
the Goodnefs of God to him, in preferving him from 
Harm, when, oa Uxe Day of tiie Coronation of King 


84^ Memoirs of the Life Ch, 8* 

George II, he plunged Jiimfclf into unnece/Tary Dan* 
ger, by going among the Mob to fee the Proceflion, 
and was thrown down from a Scaffold among the 
Horfe-Guards.—^The Deliverance of his Houfe from 
being deftroyed by Fire hath been taken Notice of in 
the Preface to the ^ixth Volume of the Family-ex^ 
pofior ; concerning which he writes ; * Well may it 

* be faid. Is not this a Brand plucked out of the $urn^ 

* ing? A Fire was kindled among my Papers, which 

* endangered the utter Ruin of my Affairs. Seve- 
« ral Sermons, Papers, and Books were utterly con- 

* fumed. Every Thing elfe in my Study, and per- 

* haps the whole Houfe, had foon followed it, had 

* it not been for the Glance of an Eye, by which ain 

* oppofite Neighbour difcovered it. This gave me an 
« Opportunity of refcuing my Books of Accounts 
« with my Pupils and my Ward, one Manufcript- 

* volume of my Fatnily-expojitor (of which, there 

< was not a Leaf unburnt, nor a Line deftroyed, 

* which had not been tranfcribed) and the reft of 

< the Original. The Danger was fo extreme, that 

* one Quarter of an Hour, if the Houfe had been 

* faved, had . almoft undone me. I defire to leave 

* it upon Record, that I now have received this 

* ivenderful Mercy from the Lord, and would confi- 

* der it as an Engagement to devote all I have to him 

* with greater Zeal.' This Regifter he reviewed on 
Days of extraordinary Devotion to preferve his Gra- 
titude and increafe his Activity in the Service of 

QoD. He traced all the Kindnefs of his. Friends 

to him, and all the Concern for the Support of Re- 
ligion, which he obferved in them or others, to 
the Hand of GO Dy who put fuch Things into their 


Hearts, tte likewife acknowledged it in his afflic- 
tive Events, in the Death of his Friends, the Attacks 
made upon his Reputation, and his Difappointment 
in fome of his Schemes of Ufefulnefs : And his frc^ 
quent Language was, * My God is humbling mc> 
« and I need it ; Oh, that it may quicken me like- 

« wife I* ^It was cuftomary with him, when he 

recorded any important and mftrudlive Occurrencey 
to add what LeJ/ons it was adapted to teach and he 
was defirous to learn from it ; that when he review- 
cd it afterwards, his Attention to thofc Inftrudlions 
might be renewed, if the Imprcffion, which the Oc- 
currence made at the Time, ihould be worn-off. 
Many Inftances of this prudent Care might be given* 
The following Extraft from his Papers may ferve as 
a Specimen. * Falling into Converfation with fome 

* Perfons of Rank, who appeared to be j^rofane and 
^ earthly, it imprinted on my Mind, and may I ever 

* retain it, a deep Senfe of the Vanity of Life, when 

* not governed by Religion. I heartily pitied them ; 

* and was truly fenfible of my Obligations to God, 

* who has in fome meafure formed me to fweeter 

* Pleafures and nobler Expedlations.' The Affair of 
Connell mentioned SeSl. IV. is another remarkable 
Inftance of the fame Kind. 

He had a high Idea of the Efficacy of Prayer. He 
had feen fo many glorious Eifeds following it, when 
there was little Hope from human Wifdom and Power 
alone ; he had read fo many 'welUattefted Inftancesy 
in which God had conferred fingular Honour and 
Favours upon his praying Servants, and found his own 
Spirit fo much improved and animated by Devo- 
tion, that he refolved to continue inftant in trayer. 
M I 

341 Mm»irs of the Life Ch. 8. 

I have Reafon to believe, from fome Hints in his 
J^iaiy, that befides his ftated Devotions, he feldom 
iet himfelf to ftudy, compofe, or write Letters of 
Importance, without previous Prayer. Before he went 
to vi£t Perfons, whom he fufpeded to be in an un- 
•converted State, who were dangepoufly ill, in fpiri- 
tual Dillrefs, or mourning the Death of their Friends, 
he ajked Wifdam of GOD to conduct his Converfa* 
tion and Prayers with them, in the mod ufeful Man* 
ner. It was obferved above, that in early Life, before 
lie went Journiesy he fpent fome time in ferious Reflec* 
dons, on the various Scenes, Labours, Temptations and 
Dangers, thro' which he was likely to pafs, and Spread 
them before the Lord ; and after his Return, reviewed 
the feveral Stages and Events of his Joumies with fait* 
able Devotion. To this may be added, that when he 
travelled with any of his Pupils y or intimate Friends, he 
v^as folicitous that his Converfation with them might 
be edifying. He endeavoured to lead them into pious^ 
ufeful Reiledlions on the various Obje^s and Occur- 
rencies of their Journey. To prevent the Stagnation of 
good Difcourfe, each of them mentioned fome Text of 
Scripture at their Entrance on every particular Stage, 
which was to be the Subject of their Meditation and 
Difcourfe by the Way. Once, before he entered on 
a long Journey of feveral Weeks, he drew up a fhort 
Plariy how a Journey might be religioufly conducted ; 
and communicated it to his Fellow-travellers. Thus 
was he defirous to lead them forward with him in his 
Journey to the heavenly World. I t hath Ukewife 
been obferved above, that he kept the Returns of his 
Birth-dqyy and Neto Year^s-day with peculiar Solem- 
nity ; and I will now infert fome Specimens of his 
JlQfledions and Hefolutions on thofeDays. 

Seft. 8. •/* Dr, Doddridge, 445 

* June 269 1728, Since God hath been pleafed to 

* fpare my Life, and bring me to another remarkable 

* Period of it, I do hereby, with the greateft Solem- 

* nity, I. Acknowledge his Goodnefs in continuing 
*. it to me. It hath been conduced and fuppor^ed 

* by wonderful Mercy ; and I leave it upon Record 
« to his Glory, that hitherto t/ie Lordy my GODy hath 

* helped me. 2. I confcfs my Guilt and Unworthi- 

* nefs, which I have been recolledling and lamen- 

* ting before him, and humbly caft myfelf on his^ 

* forgiving Mercy, and on the powerful Mediation 

* of my blefled Redeemer, as the only Things, which 

* can give me Foundation of Hope. 3. I would 

* thankfully and chearfully renew the Dedication of 

* myfelf to his Service, and would humbly refolve, 

* by his gracious Affiftance, to fpend the next Year 

* of my Life in more ardent Devotion, in more im- 

* portant and refolute Studies, in more vigorous At- 

* tempts for public Ufefulnefs, than I have ever yet 

* known. 4. I humbly refer to him the Difpofal of 

* all Events ; particularly to determine a$ to the Con- 
« tinuance of my Life. I think, if I have any Reafon 

* to defirc it may be lengthened out, next to fecuring 

* brighter Evidences of my Title to eternal Glory 

* by my faithful Obedience, it is, that I may^be 

* able to do good in the World. O my God, ac- 

* cept of my Humiliations and my Vows. Grant 

* me thy favourable Prefence in Life and Death, and 

* chufe for me what Thou pleafeft ; for I am fully de- 

* termined, that, from this Time forward, I will have 

* no Will of my own in Oppoiition to thine.* 

On another of thefe Days, having laid down a Plan 

of ^tudy^ Bufine/s and Imprcvement of Timty he adds, 

M 2 • I 

344 fiemoirs of the Life Ch.*8^ 

* I am far from imagining, that by fuch a Manner 

* of fpcnding my Time, attended with the moft di- 

* ligent Care to avoid all Kinds of Evil, both of 

* Fleih and Spirit, I can recommend myfelf to the 

* divine Favour, and procure the Pardon of my Sins, 

* without the Mercy of God and the Blood of the 
■*■ 'Redeemer ; but by fuch a Conduct I hope I may 

* glorify Him, promote my Ufefulnefs in Life and fo 

* fecure the Tranquillity of my own Soul ; and, if I 

* am enabled to do this, I think I need not be \tr^ 

* folicitous about any Events of Life which may be- 
^ fall me ; but may chearfully refign myfelf to that 
' gracious Providence, which I have found hitherto 

* fo ready to take Care of me. O Goj>, Thou arc 

* Witneffi, this Day is Witnefs, and this Paper is Wit- 

< nefs, that I am heartily grieved for all the In- 
^ fiances, in which I have offended Thee, and that 
•* it is my fincere Defire to return to Thee, in the 
-* Way of Repentance, Faith and holy Obedience. 

* May I be kept near to Thee, from the Beginning 

* of the Year, to the End thereof, if thy Providence' 

< fees fit to continue my Life ! May I from this re- 

* markable Day date the -moft happy Change in my 

* Temper and Behaviour, that 4 may be as a^ve in 
"* theBufinefs of Life, as I have been negligent and 

* remifs; and do as rauch-te pleafe and *ferve Thee, 

* as I have in Time paft, done to ofFend'Thee ! Or 
^ if I. die, may \ -die ^b the Lord y and get above this 
< Body of Sin and Death, which has long given me 
^ fuch painful Exercife r 

His Refleftions on another Birth-day ^xt thefe-; 

* Having, thro' amazing Mercy, compleated another 

* Xear of my Life, I have been recoUecling the.Good- 


Seft. 8. »f 'Dr. Doddridge. 245 

« nefs of my God to me. How (hall I excite, how; 

* fhall I exprefs, the Senfe I ought to hav^ of it ? 
^ Blefled, for ever bicfled, be the Name of the Lord! 

* In his Name luould I rejoice all the Day long^ and 

* fet up my Banners with unutterable Pleafure, I 

* have been praiiing him, and would praife him, 

* that he hath made me a Man^ a Chriftian^ a. Mi- 

* ni^ery z Tutor, smJuthor; and hath heaped num- 

* berlefs Bleffings upon me under thefe Charadters, 

* and as a Hufiandy a Father, and a Friend alfo. Late 

* Mercies, by no means to be forgotten, are, great- 

* Afliftance in my Miniftry, wonderful Communica- 

* tions of Light and Love to my Soul, cfpecially ia 

* fome Inftances of fccret Meditation ; carrying me 

* on thus far with my Family-expofitor \ raifing up 

* fome hopeful Youths, who are now juft appearing 

* in the World ; adding to me the Friendfhip of fome 

* excellent Pcrfons, and giving me to fee the Profpe- 

* rity of his Gofpel, in fome remai*kable Inftanc^s, 

* both at home and abroad. Thefe Things impreft 
*- my Heart. Oh, may th^y melt it more and more 

* in Love! My God, I own thy Goodnefs. I record 

* it, that I am thine. Thou, that knoweft my Heart, 

* knoweft, that thy Service is the Delight of my 

* Days. Eternal Praifes to thy Name for it! My 

* Times are in thy Hand, To Thee da I chearfully 
« refer it, whether I fhall end the Year now begun, 

* in thy Service on Earth, or in thy Prefence in 
^ Heaven. I leave my Soul with Thee thro* ChriJT^ 

< and having done that, find no Difficulty in commit- 

* ting all my temporal Interefts to Thee, and inmiC» 

< ting Thee with all my relative Coacerns.* 

246" Memoirs 0/ thi Lift Ch. 8. 

• Jan, I, 1726-7. Laft Night I was ferioufly re*» 

* fieding upon the Year which I am come to the 
' Conclufion of; and I now look forward to the Year 

* which I am entered upon. I fee many Neceffities^ 

* which can only be fupplied by divine Bounty; 
' many Duties which I ihall be utterly unabl^ to per* 

* form without the Communications of divine Grace; 
' and many uncertain Events f which I cannot make 

* myfelf eafy about, any other Way than by rcffer- 

* ring them to the divine Care. Nothing therefore 
X can be more reafonable, than to renew the 2>^^/V^7- 

* iion of myfelf to the Service of God this Mom- 

* ing. Accordingly I have done it in fecrct Prayer; 

* and, in order to confirm the Impreffion of it upoa 

* my Heart, I now repeat it by the Writing of my 

* Hand. To Thee, O glorious and eternal God, the 

* Creator, Preferver and Ruler of all ; to Thee, the 

* invariable Father of Lights, and over-flowing Foun-^ 
< tain of all Good, do I devote my unworthy Soul. 
' In Dependence on the Atonement and Interceflion 

* of thy dear Son, and on the powerful Affiilance of 
*^' thine almighty Grace, I humbly " renew my Cove- 
' nant with Thee. / call Thee to record upon my Soul, 

* that I am grieved and afhamed to think how wretch- 
« edly I have been alienated from Thee ; and I do 

* now ferioufly determine, that I will endeavour in 

* every Aftion of Life, to approve myfelf in thy 

* Sight, and to behave as thy faithful Servant, To 

* Thee do I confecrate all that I am and have, all my 

* Time, worldly Pofleffions, the Powers of my Soul 

* and the Members of my Body. And, becaufe it 

* may be of ufe to fpecify fome Particulars compre- 

* hended in this general Engagement, I would efpe- 

* cially 



Seft. 8. ^JDr. Doddridge. 347 

* cially refolve, to be more careful in the Improve-^ 

* ment of my Timey to redeem it from unneceflary 

* Sleep, ufelefs Viiits, impertinent Difcourfe, idle 

* Speculations^ Negligence in Bufinefs, cxceffive Re- 

* creations ; and to watch over my Aftions, Words^ 

* Thoughts and Affections, anfwerably to thefe En* 

* gagements. I will endeavour to conquer Pride in 

* my Heart, and with the moft vigorous Refolution^ 

* reftrain all the Appearances of it. I will endeavour 

* to behave with conftant Kindnefs and Complaifance, 

* Prudence and Gravity. I will labour after greater 

* Ardour in De<votiony and ufe all proper Means to 

* attain it ; efpecially preparing my Heart, praying 

* for the Spirit, keeping up ejaculatory Prayer and 

* uiing the Affiltance of Scripture. I will be Watchful 

* for Opportunities of doing Good both to the Bodies 

* and Souls of my Fellow-creatures, and confider all 

* my Time and worldly Pofleffions as given me prin- 

* cipally for this Purpofe. In Subfervience to thefe 

* general Refolutions, I would particularly engage, 

* to maintain a conftant Dependence on thy Grace 

* and frequent Self-examination ; to record remark- 

* able Appearances, and to recover from the firft De- 

* clenfion. I beg that thy Grace may enable me to 
' fulfill thefe Engagements. All the unknown Events 

* of the Tear^ do I put into thy Hands ; leaving it to 
' Thee to determine, whether I fhall be healthy or- 

* fick, rich or poor, honoured or diihonoured, fur* 

* rounded with Friends or deprived of them ; fuccefs- 

* ful in Bufinefs, or incapable of it, or difappointed 

* in it ; in a Word, whether I fhall live or die : Only 

* let me be thy Servant. Whitherfoever Thou lead- 
< eit, I will follow ; whatfoever Thou ukeft, I will 

M 4 • « refign^ 

^4* Jiemirs tf tht life CIk "S. 

* reiign ; whatfocver Thou laycft upon me, I will pa- 
' ticntly bear. Only let thy Grace he fufficient for 

* me; and then, call me to what Services or Suffer* 
« ings Thou plcafeft.* 

* yan. I, 1727-8. I have been reviewing and rc- 

* ncwing the Surrender I made of myfelf to God. 

* this Day tivel've-month, I have formed my Rules 
' for Devotion, Self-examination and a pious Life itt 
^ a more particular Manner, than I had before done ; 

* and I do by this Writing, folemnly renew my Co* 

* nant with God ; and determine, by his Grace, that 

* I will maintain, as far as poffible, a conftant Senfe 

* of God upon my Soul, from Day, to Day and Hour 
' to Hour ; and that not a Day nor an Hour of this 
^ jTMv Tear (hall be entirely thrown away. I know 

* not what this Year may bring forth. Thou mayeft 

* perhaps remove me to fome Settlement, where I 

* fhall have greater Opportunities of Service ; and 

* to this Profpefl, I would give up all my delight- 
< ful Enjoyments here. On the other Hand, if Thou 
' fhah difappoint any of the Schemes that are or 

* may be formed for this Purpofe, I fhall chearfully 

* continue here, or follow where-ever thy Providence 

* fhall lead ; tho* it be ever fo contrary to my pre- 

* fent Views and Inclinations. Nay, fhouldft Thou 

* fee fit to remove me by Death this Year, as Thou 

* haft many of my Friends the laid, I will by no 

* jpeans difpute thy wife and gracious Difpofal. Be- 

* hold, thy Servant is in thy Hand ; do njoith me as 

* feemeth good in thy Sight. Only fecure me from fal- 

* ling into Sin, and violating my Engagements. Keep 

* me thy faithful Servant, and chufe, as Thou plea- 

♦ fell 

* feft, in what ComiitioHf in what PlaHf in what 

* Worldy I fhaU fcrvc Thee/ 

< Jan. I, i733'4. I took ibiiie Time fiir extriordi- 
' nary Meditation and Fnyer this Day ; in which I 

* endeavoured to confider myfelf at the Steward of 
^ GOD, and (hortly to give «« Account ; the Stibjeft 

< I had been infifting upon in public. I chaiged my* 
' fetf before him, with the many Talemtt I have re* 

< ceived from his Hands, and hamUed myielf before 

* him for the Mifimprovement of them. Particu- 

* larly, the Powers of my Soul ; tliat my Vnderftandinf^ 

* hath been no more caltivated, no more employed 

* in the Contemplation of the higheft and nobleft 

* OhjeGts ; that my Memory hath been ftortd with (b 
« many Trifles; that my AffeSlions have been fiX^d 
^ too fondly upon Things feen and temporal, but 

< cold and dead to my Father and Gon^ to my dear 

* Redeemer and to that eternal State oi Glory, which 

* is fo well worthy my moft ardent and vigorous Pur- 
^ fuit; that my Confcience hath been no more reve- 

* renced and confulted, as the Vicegerent of Goir, 
^ and' that the Didatcs of it have been in fo many 

* Inilances over-borne. ^As to my bodily Poivert, 

* I humbled myfelf before God, that my Senfes have 

* not been more the Means of leading me to admire 

* that God, who formed the Organs in fo fsrprising 
' a Manner and hath fo ' uitably adapted them to 

* the external Objeds, with which I am furroundcd ; 

* that my Eyes and Ears, my Hands and ¥ttt have 

* been no more employed for him ; efpecially that 

* my Tongue hath been fo often iilent, when his Glory 

* and the InftruAion of others have been coacerned. 

< — ,^-^As to my Pojjejponsy I lamented that they have 

Ms • po 

25^ Memoirs of the Lift Ck. S. 

* no more regarded as coming from Goo, nor more 

* carefully employed for his Honour and Service : 

* And as to my Influence and Authority o'uer others 9 

* that I have not duly improved it for his Glory and 

* their Benefit. ^I lamented the Mifpence of jwjr 

' Time^ and Negledl of many extraordinary as well 

* as common Advantages of doing and receiving 

* Good. ^I owned the divine Goodnefs in many 

* merciful Providences and Vifits of his Grace ; and 

* that, notwithdanding my Defe6b, I had a comfor- 

* table Refledion on many Days and many Duties^ 

* in which I hope he accepted my Labours. It is 

* my Dcfire to return to him from my Wanderings, 

* and to give myfelf more faithfully to his Service. 

* The Communion I have had with him this Day, 

* in reading, fecret Prayer and other Duties, cfpe- 

* cially in public Worfhip, is a Token for good that 

* I ftiall do fo ; as fuch I accept it, and humbly adore 

* the Name of God for it.* 

* Jan, I, 1743-4. My Soul was early employed 

* this Morning in Afpirations after God. I reckon- 

* ed up, as well as I was able, the temporal Mercies 

* he bellowed upon me the lall Year. In the Lift 

* oi fpiritual Mercies, I reviewed Opportunities for 

* religious Improvement, growing Love to God, Sub- 

* miffion to his Will, a more profperous State of Soul 
« than hath commonly been known by me in ioimtT 

* Years ; and an Indifference to all worldly Views, 

* when compared with thofe, of building up the Church 

* and glorifying the Name of God in it. In refleding 

* on the Returns I had made to God the laft Year, I 

* found Caafe for Humiliation, efpecially in three 

* Refpeds J that Con verfation had been no better im- 

* proved; 

Sed. 8. ff l^r. DoDOKiDGB. 251 

* proved ; that I had not been more diligent in vifit* 
' ing and infpe^Ung my Flock, and that I had not 

* been more exadl in Evening-devotions. I alfo found 

* Reafon to blame myfelf for too long an Interrup- 

* tion of religious Inftrudions to my Children zxJL 
< Pupils : Yet I was perhaps, in no former Year, 

* more frequent with Regard to fome of thefe Du- 
« ties. I ftill want, greatly want, much more of 

* the Love of God in my Heart to reftify thefe 
« Things'. 

* Jan, I, 1746-7. Having been ferioufly reviewing 

* the Events of the laft Year, my Mercies, Afliidli- 

* ons, SuccefTes, Difappointments and Infirmities, I 

* am now laying a Scheme of Bufinefs for the next 

* Year. I defire to form all my Schemes with an 

* humble Senfe of the great Uncertainty of Life, of 

* my Dependence upon God, and with Refignation 

* to his Will, to cut fliort the Refidue of my Days, 

* whenever it (hall feem meet to his infinite Wif- 

* dom. Only I defire, that, while I am continued, I 

* may be found fo doingy employed as the Purpofts 

* of his Glory and my own Ufefulnefs ihall require. 

* Thefe are the Projects I form : I form them 

* for God. May he mercifully forgive my former 

* Trifling ! May he gracioufly accept my finc^re Pur« 

* pofes for his Service ; and whenever he is pleafed 

* to take me away, may he raife up fome more 

* valuable Inftruments, for the Honour of his Name 

* and Gofpel among us, who may out-do my Schemes, 

* as much as they have too frequently done vay Exe- 

* cution.' 

In the Account given above of his Settlement at 

. Northamptony the Manner in which he propofed to 

. . , M 6 keep 

1$2 Memoirt of th Life Ck, 8; 

keep private Days of Fafting^ Humiliation and Prajier 
waf mentioned. He chofe thofe Days for that Par* 
pofey which were fet apart for his devotional LeSures^ 
and which his tupiU employed in the like ExercifeSr 
I £nd him often lamenting, how much he was in- 
terrupted in his Converfe with God on thofe Days ; 
and fo many Cares and Avocations broke-in upon 
them, that he could not purfue his Plan fb conflant- 
ly and regularly as he intended. But, looking upon 
thofe Cares as a Reafon why he ihould contrive, if 
pofliblc, to be more intent and large in devotional 
Excrcifcs, efpecially as they too much hindered him 
in his daily Devotions, he determined, in the latter 
Years of his Life, to fpend a confiderablc Part of 
thofe Days in the Vejlry of his Meeting-place ; as he 
could there be free from Interruption and'ufe his 
Voice without Inconvenience.' How his Time and 
Thoughts were employed there, the Reader will fee 
by fome Extrafts from his own Accounts of it. I 
ihall beg Leave firft to introduce one inftru«5live Me- 
moir, which confirms the Reafon given for his Atten- 
tion to thofe Exercifes. 

• March 4, 1748-9. A Variety of Event?, which 

• have lately happened, hath been the Means of 

• throwing me very much off my Guard and pre- 
^ venting that ^e f government and Enjoyment of GODy 

• which I have frequently maintained, and in which 

• I have been much happier than I now am. I have 

• perceived the fenfible Withdrawings of the Spirit 

• of God from me, owing to much Company, which 

• broke*in upon my Morning and Eviening-devotions, 
« and brought upon me a Habit of trifling \ fo that 

• I have felt little of lively Devotion, and been de- 


Sed. 8. of Dr. Doddridcc. %^ 

* ftaivc in fome Parts of paftoral Duty. Mjr Heait 

* fmote me for this in the Morning ; and I determine 

< ed to keep fome particular Hints of its Frame, that 

< I may judge how I proceed. My firft Reiblationy 

* in order to mend it, was to carry it diredly to the 

< Throne of Grace^ to complain of it there, and im** 

* plore divine Influences, to corred what is amifs and 

* keep it better for the future. I begged to be led 

* into the Caufe of my Decleniions ; and I left the 

* Matter with the Lord to quicken me and comfort 

* me in his own Seafon; and in the mean Time 

* exprefled my Deiire of waiting, tho' in the Icaft 

oyful Frame, till he (hall be pleafed to return ; 

* only defiring that I might wait in the Pofture of 

* Service y and that, if I ihould enjoy ever (o little, 

* I might do all in my Power for my God. My Care- 

* leiTnefs in Self-examination was an Evil, which 

* alfo occurred to me in Refledion. I formed fome 

* good Refolutions with Regard to thefe Particulars. 

* But ^hen I confider how many of my good Refolu- 

* tions have, as it were^ died in embryo, I have been 

* full of Fear, left thefe fhould do fo too. To pre- 

* vent this, I would renew them in the divine 

* Strength, and in that Strength would puih them 

* forward as faft as I can ; remembering that a Man 

* of forty feven is to count upon very little Time 

* before him. On the whole, it hath appeared to 

* me, upon the moft attentive Survey, that I do in- 

* deed lo<ue the Lord Jefus Chrift in Sincerity, and that 
« my Soul is fofe for Eternity, Ihould I be ever fo 

* fuddenly furprifed into it : But that there is much 

< to be lamented and much to be correded, or I ihall 

< jofe much of that Reward, which I might elfe have 

154 Mm^n tf the Lift Clu S. 

* obtiuiiedy and mocfa of that Bkfing opoa my £n- 

< dearonn to do good» which I might die hame cx« 

• peAed : That if I ihould go on to trifle widi the 

< blefled God» as in fome Inflances I have done, par- 

< ticoiariy by pntting-off fome Services, to which he 

* calls mcy on (light Pretences ; and indnlging to fo 

• much Idlenefs and Irreiblntion with Regard to the 

* Evening and its Devotions, I may probably be 

* chaftened and wounded in the tendereft Part.' 

• JuMi 2, 1750. After my devotionai LeSure I re- 

< tired to the Fiftry a^d endeavoured to prepare 

* my Soul for the Work before me. I eamefUy im« 

• plored divine Affiftance : Then reviewed my late 

* Conduct and ftrugglcd hard to humble myfelf deep- 
« ly before Goo, which, blefled be his Name, I did. 

* I reviewed the Dealings of God with me, confeiTed 

* my Sins before him, earneftly defired the warmer 

* Excrcifes of divine Love ; renewed, with great Sin- 
« ccrity, the entire Surrender of myfelf to God, and 

• thought with unutterable Delight on the Counter- 

• pnrt of the Covenant, that he is my GO D\ re- 

• folvcd in his Strength rather to die, than to deal 

• unfaithfully with him. Neither Life nor even Hea- 

• vcu appeared drfirable, but as for his Sake, to ferve 

• ttnd enjoy him. I read fome Paflages of Scripture, 
« efjH^cirtlly the latter End of Romans viii. and feme 

• devout Hymns* I then prayed for temporal and (pi* 

* ritual Blelfings for myfelf; and made earneft Inter- 

* eellion for my dear Flock, for each of my Children, 
« Pupils and felcd Friends by Name. I alfo inter- 

• ceded with growing Fervour, for the Propagation 

• t^f the Gofpel abroad, and the Advancement of it 

* in my own Country, I then fpent fome time in 

* pro^ 

Se£t. 8. if Dr* Do d d r i d c e. S 255 

* projcfting further Schemes for the diviae Honour. 

• A Storm of Thunder rifing, I had feme delightful 

* Views in reading P/alm xxix. I then fet jmyfelf to 

* a folcmn A&, of Thankfgiving, with which I cott* 
< eluded thefe retired Devotions. And I muft record 
** it, to the Honour of divine Grace, that I never en- 
^ joyed more of God in my whole Life, than in the 
« Compafs of thefe ^ve Hours. Oh, how wanting 

* have I been to myfelf that I have no more fought 

* fuch Fea/s as thefe ! Cares lay in Ambuih for me 

* at home, from which, I had great Reafon to rejoice 
« that I had fo long efcaped.' 

September i, 1750. I had long expefled and wiflied 

* for this Day, hoping for much Pleafure and Advan- 

* tage from it. I purfued my former Plan, and found' 

* a delightful Mixture of Gratitude and Humility in 

* my Heart. I renewed my Covenant with God, 

* thro' the Blood of his Son; rejoiced in it, and en- 

* deavoured to imprefs my Soul with this Thought, 

* that it was thro' the Efficacy of Chrifi^s Blood, that 

* this blefled Privilege was allowed me. I was em- 

* ployed near an Hour in praying for the Intereft of 

* Religion in the World, and a Bleffing on our own 

* Land, lamenting the Sins of the Public with fome 

* AfFeAion, and praying with fome Zeal for the avert- 

* ingdeferved Judgments, and the Revival of Religion. 

* I blefs God,- that this Day hath been obferved. 

* The Work in which I have been employed, and 

* the Goodnefs of God in fo remarkably manifeft- 

* ing himfelf to me, and making me fo happy, do 

* certainly greatly increafe my Engagements to holy 

* Diligence in my Walk with God and minifteriai 

* Duties, in the Care of my People and Pupils, my 

' Children 

256' Memirs of the Life Ch^ ^ 

* Children and Servants ; nor will my Crie» for hii 
«-4ioly Spirit be vain.* 

« Oaoler f^y 1750. With great Relifh did I think of 

* this Day before its Approach. It was late before I 
« reached my Afylum^ the Vefiry. In purfuing my Plan, 
^ I reviewed the Memoranda of the laft Month and 

* faw much Caufe for Thankfgiving and to mingle Hu« 

* miliation with it ; Thankfgiving, cfpecially for Affi- 
' fiance in my public Labours, which, thro' Grace, have 

* been this Month animated and pleafant : But I had 

< Reafon to be humbled, that I had difpatched much lefs 

< Bufinefs in my Study, than I (hould have done ; and 

* that chere had been too great a Negled of the private 

* Cai-e of my Congregation. For this I humbled my- 

< felf before God, while I acknowledged his Mercy.. 

* I found particular Reafon to praife him for fome 

* Favours to me with Regard to the Academy and 

* Congregation ; the Profpe6t of Succefs in fome of my 

* Schemes for his Glory ; the Rife of the Society for 

* promoting religious Knovjledge among the Poor^ and 

* the Prevention of fome Party-fchemes from taking 

* Place. During thefe Exercifes, I felt a holy Joy in 

* GoD in the Views of Heaven, and Hope of ap- 

* pearing with Acceptance in the Prefence of my 

* Judge at laft. I fpent a whole Hour in the de- 

* lightful Exercife of Inter cejjion 5 with great Ferven- 

* cy pouring out my Soul before God, for the World 

< and the Church ; lofing what was particular in what 

< was general, upon truly chriftian and catholic Prin- 

* ciples, God is Witnefs. Beforcl entered oa what 

* was peculiar to the Defign of the Day, I fet myfelf 

* to contemplate the Sufferings of Chrift^ I had a 

* delightful Survey of them, and was enabled to re- 

* joice in his Triumph and Glory, and anew to de- 

^ toto 

StSt. fr. ^f^*"' Doddridge. z^f 

* vote myfelf to him, as not my own, but hough 

* nvith a Price. I found my Heart inflamed with an 
' earneft Defire of aSiing for this Saviour, and afked 

* of God Wifdom and Refolution for this Purpofe. 

* In the clofe, I was taken up with admiring and 

* adoring redeeming Love, and in blefling God for 

* that Communion, which I had this Day enjoyed 

* with him. He hath been with me of a Truth ; 

* he hath heard the Language of my Heart as well aa 
' my Voice ; and I leave it upon Record, that I have 

* a chearful Expectation of his Blefling, and hope to 

* have new Matter of Praife, as to Manifeftation of 

* divine Love to my Soul and miniflerial Succefs, 

* before another of thefe Days returns. I faw with 

* Regret my Time for this Exercife was ended : I left 

* the Feaft with an Appetite, and my Soul faid, // ir 
« good to be here. Blejfed be the Lord G O D of Ifraeh 
'^ from henceforth^ even for ever ! Amen. 

* May 4, 1 75 1. My Heart was, I trufl, upright with 
' God in all the Duties of the Morning both in 

* Secret and in the Family. In my Retirement at 

* the Vejiry^ I made it my flrfl Buflnefs to pour out 

* my Soul before God, which I did with great Free- 
' dom and Enlargement, ardently longing for more 

* of his Spirit to fandify and qgicken me. I devoted 

* myfelf to God in my various Relations, with warm 

* Refolutions for his Service, and laid all my Views 

* and Comforts at his Feet. What was moft parti- 

* cular in the Exercifes of this Day was, that upon 

* reviewing fome Accounts of the Temper of my 

* Mind many Years ago, I obferved and refleded 

* upon the fad, inconftant State in which it was for 

* fome time in my Youth. I confeflTed thofe parti- 

* cular 

258 Mmoirs rf the Life Ch. 9« 

* cular Sins and all my Sins, with very low and aba- 

* fing Thoughts of myfclf. I did in feme meafore 

* abhor myfelf and repent ^ as in Duft and AJhes. And 
^ being filled with Shame and Confufion of Face on 

* Account of them, I took fome Time to humble 

* myfelf more folemnly before God for them ; in- 
^ treating his Mercy to pardon what is paft, and the 

* fanftifying Influence of his Grace more fully to re- 

* new my Soul; befeeching the Lord, not to blaft 

* my Labours on Account of them, as I have deferyed ; 

* praying that I may bear them in Remembrance 

* while I live, in every future Circumftance of Life. 

* I was much afTefted to think, that, notwith^nd-^ 
^ ing them, God Aiould honour me as an Inflrument 

* of fo much Ufefulnefs. Among other Mercies, I 

* thankfully acknowledged divine Goodnefs, that I 

* had been enabled fo faithfully to execute that Part 

* of my Scheme, of vifiting Families and converiing 

* with them on religious Subjects; and prayed for 

* every Family and Perfon I had vifited with this View, 

* as their Circumftances required. I then formed fome 

* Purpofes for ferving God and promoting his Glory, 

* which I turned into Prayers, aflcing of him Pru- 
' dence and Refolution to fulfill them. I particular- 

* \y alked for myfelf more of the Spirit of Prayer, 

* and a Heart more devoted to God than ever. I 

* was fo delighted with my Nearnefs to God that I 

* was loth to break-off. I was comforted in the Re- 

* view of my Work, that my Prayers had been 

* folemn, fincere and deliberate j tho' not attended 

* with fuch a Fervour of Spirit, thro' the whole Ex* 

* ercife, as I have fometimes felt at thefe Seafons. 

* I left the Place with a chearful Pcrfiiafion, that my 

• Prajrers 

8e6l. S. rf Dr. Do]5d ridge. 259 

* Prayers were heard, and that I fhall fee the Out- 

* goings of my G D and my King in his San^uary, 

* Adored be the condefcending God, who gave mc 

* fuch a Meeting in them ! Oh, ^when fhall I come 

* and appear before him again ?' 

I will only add . another Specimen ; which may be 
ferviceable to the devout and lively ChrifHan^ by 
Shewing him, that fuch delightful Intercourfe with 
Heaven is not always to be expefted, even when the 
greateft Care is taken to fecure it ; but that neceffary 
worldly Buiinefs, bodily Diforders, or growing Infir* 
mities may interrupt or lefTen it. 

* June I, 175 1. Having had more than ordinary* 

* Work fome paft Days, and being extremely low, 
'my Devotions were this Day ftrangely mingled, 

* and fadly interrupted ; and upon the whole, it was 

* the moil uncomfortable Day of this Kind, that I 
'ever fpent : So that in reflefting upon it, I was 

* tempted to think, that my Time would have been 

* more profitably employed in the ufual Bufinefs of 

* the Family 2in^ Academy y than in this Retirement. 

* I was fearful i that my Deadtiefs this Day might be 

* owing to the. divine Difpleafure againft me, for 

* having been more diffipated and negligent than 

* ufual, in my Devotion and Conduft. Truly, fecret 

* Devotion hath fufFered a great deal, amidft the many 

* Cares and Hurries, the unfeafonable Hours, the 

* Viiits and Company of late Days. It feemed jiifl: 

* in God to difappoint my Expectations from this 

* Day, that I may learn Caution for the future, cfpe- 

* cially in the Scenes thro* which I am going to pafs 
< in my intended Journey. My Thoughts were more 

* diftralted and wandering than I ever before experi- 

* ence4 

•6o Memoirs of the life Ch. %. 

* cnced on thofc Days. I had many Mercies to aflc 

* for myfelf, and for others, particularly for my 

* Pupils J who are going out into the Church: Yet I 

* felt a Barrcnnefs and Deadnefs of Heart, as if all 
' thefe Things were nothing to me. My Thanks- 

* givin^^s and Interceflions were really fo unlike thofc 

* I have fometimes offered, with all my Heart and 

* all my Soul, that I hardly know how to call them 

* Prayers. I hope and believe, upon the whole, that 

* this was chiefly owing to the Weaknefs of my 

* Frame and the Dejedion of my Spirits. Never- 

* thelefs I thought it my Duty to lament my Indiipo- 

* fition for Devotion and to flruggle with it, which 

* I did for a long Time ; and at length the Duties of 

* this Retirement concluded with a bright Hour^ when 

* committing my Family, Academy and Church to 

* God, and interceding for my Friends and the Pub- 

* lie. My Prayers were warm and lively, and they 

* will not be vain. Having reviewed the Memo- 

* rauda of feveral of thefe Scafons for the laft Year, 
' I find, upon the whole, fo much Caufe for Thanks 

* fulnefs, that I purpofe by divine Grace to continue 

* this Pradlice, as long, as I have Life, Health and 
' Ability.* 

Such Pains did Dr. Doddridge take to keep up an 
habitual ^Qwk of God, to maintain and increafe the 
Ardour of Religion in his Heart 5 and to furniih him- 
felf, by thefe devout Exercifes, with Spirit and Refo- 
lution to go thro' the important and arduous Labours 
of his Station, which otherwife he could not have 
done ! It is probable that fome may treat fuch Exercifes 
Bs thefe with Contempt^ and think his Time was very 
11 employed in them. I lament the Stupidity and 


Seft. i. of Dr. fib DD RID of* 261 

Wretchednefs of fuch Perfons ; and could wifh, by 
any Thing that hath been here faid, to awaken thofej 
%vho caft off Fear and reftrain Prayer before GOD, 
Others, who do not entirely negleft Devotion, may 
think fo much Time fpent in it unnecejfary y and that 
fuch Exercifes are burthenfome and uncomfortable. But 
hB found them delightful and animating ; and I am 
pferfuaded every ferious Chrifttan^ who hath made the 
Experiment, and taken due Pains to engage the Heart, 
jiath found them fo too. Beiides his Refledtions up^ 
on them, mentioned above, I will add his public 
Teftimony to the Pleafure of them. * The Experi- 
^ ence of many Years of my Life hath eftablifhed me 

* in a Pcrfuafion, that one Day fpent in a devout 

* religious Manner, is preferable to 'whole Years of 
"* Seniuality and the Negledt of Religion. The moft 

« cotifiderable Enjoyments, which I expeft or defire, 

* in the remaining Days of my Pilgrimage on Earth, 

* arc fuch, as I have diredled you to feek in keligion. 

* Such Love to God, fuch conftant Activity in his 

* Service, fuch pleafurable Views of what lies be- 

* yond the Grave, appear to me, God is my Wit- 

* nefs, a Felicity iofinitely beyond any Thing elfe, 
. * which can offer itfelf to our AfFeftions and Pur- 

'* 'fuits : And I would not, for ten thoufand Worlds, 

* Tefign my Share in them, or confent even to the 

* -^ufpenjion of the Delights, which they afford, dur- 

* ing the Remainder of my Abode here*.' T here 
is nothing!. more defire by this Work, and efpecially 
4>y the View which hath been given of Dr. Doddridge's 

Piety, than to excite in the Hearts of my Readers ^ 
and efpecially Minifters^ a more diligent Application 

• RiTc and Progrefs* Ch. 30. § i. 

^2 Memirs ofihe Life Ch. .{. 

to devcitonal Exerci/eSf and greater Life and Fervency 
in them ; and with this View will recommend to 
their Attention the following PafTage from the judici- 
ous Dr. DuchaPs Sermons. After obferving, that 
Prayer and other Exercifes of Devotion are required, 
not on Account of any Advantages God can be fup- 
pofed to receive from them, but to excite in us wor- 
thy and good AfFedions, he add ; * Now, tho* this 
« is indeed very true, yet Confequences have been 

* drawn from it, that are very falfe; particularly, 

* that the whole of Religion, that is, of real Worth, 

* confifts in Probity of Mind, in good Difpofitions 

* and Behaviour towards our Neighbour i and that 

* where thefe are found, religious Exercifes are veiy 
< little, if at all, ufeful ; and that a conftant and fe- 

* rious Application to them is really fuperftitious. As 
-• the natural Effed of this Way of Thinking, a very 
« wide Difference may be difcerned between our Tafli 

* and Way, and that of our Predecejfors. A great 

* Part of their religious Bufinefs lay in the Labours 

* of the Clofi^t and in a folicitous Attendance upon 
« other religious Services ; whereas ive have learned 

* to be very indifferent as to thefe Things, and eafy 

* in the Negleft of them. But if we will think 

* juftly on this Subied, we ihall find an extreme De- 

* fed on our Side, Do but confider how natural it 

* is to pay the utmoft Veneration to the divine Being, 

* and to take all proper Occafions of exprefling it. 

* Is not this what we owe him ? Is it not at leaft as juft 
' and equal as to pay Regard to diftinguiflied Worth 

* in our Fellow-creatures ? And will not that Senfe of 

* Worth, and that Affe^^on, which determine us to 

* this, as naturally determine us to pay the utmoft 

* Re. 

Sc£l. 8. «/*i>^« Doddridge. 263 

* Regard to that Being, whofe Worth and Excellencies 

* are quite peerlefs, and to do him the utmoft Honour, 

* &c.*. 

But Dr. Doddridge* % Devotion and Piety was not 
confined to his fecret Retirements ; it was manifefted 
thro' every Day, and appeared in his Intercour/es ivitk 
Men, Befides having his Hours and Plan for devout 
Retirement, to which he kept as ftridly and ileadily 
as poflible, he endeavoured to carry a devout Temper 
with him into the Worlds and was lifting up his 
Heart to God in thofe little Vacancies of Time, 
which often hang on the Hands of the bufieft of 
Mankind, but might this Way be profitably employ- 
ed. In his daily Coffver/e there was a Savour of Re- 
ligion. In his Leftures of Philo/ophyy Hiftoryj Anato^ 
my^ &c. he took Occafion to graft fome religious In* 
flruflions on what he had been illuftrating, that he 
might raife the Minds of his Pupils to God and 
Heaven. The chriftian Friend and Minifter appeared 
in his Vijtts. He took Care to drop fome ufeful 
Hints of Reproof, Advice or Encouragement, fuited 
to particular Cafes, where the Converfation did not 
turn on Subjedls diredly religious. He had Refolu- 
tion to reprove in a gentle but efFeftual Manner, 
profane or licentious Words fpoken by Perfons of 
Rank and Fortune, and had the happy Art of com- 
plementing them upon fome good Quality they pof- 
fefled, while he reproved their Irregularities ; and by 
this Means prevented their (hewing any Refentment. 
He knew how by an angry Countenance to drive anuay 
a Backbiting Tongue^ when he could not, from per* 

fonal Knowledge, confute the Slander. ^He often 

^concluded his common Vifits to his Friends with 

• DmcM*^ P, Serm. Vol, II. No. U, p, 50, 51, 

2^4- Memoirs of the Life Ck. tm 

Prayer, This was comfortable and advantageous to 
them ; directed them how to fait their Prayers to the 
particular Circumftances of their refpedive Families, 
and gave him an Opportunity of fuggefting, in a 
powerful but inoffenfivc Manner, fome Refledlions, 
which it might be needful for them to attend to, ac- 
cording to their particular Conditions and Charadiers* 
When he went with a more direft Intention to con- 
verfe with Families, upon their religious Concerns^ he 
Coniidered how he might moft eafily and naturally 
introduce the Subjeft; how public Occurrences, 
which were the Topic of general Converfation, might 
fumifli him with an Opportunity of leading their 
Thoughts to God and Religion. I find in his Pa« 
pers, many Hints of the Manner in which he would 
addrefs particular Perfons ; and Lifts of thofe, td 
whom fuch and fuch particular AddrefTes (hould be 
made. So much Prudence and Caution was mingled 
with his pious Concern for their Benefit, that his 
End might not be defeated, nor his Good e<vil Jpoken 

of! The fame pious Spirit appeared in his Cor- 

re/pondence with his Friends. In fliort Letters upon 
Bufinefs, he often inferted fomething that might lead 
their Thoughts inward, imprefs them with fome reli- 
gious Sentiment and increafe their Zeal. He thought 
no Opportunity was to be loft of attempting this, 
and his large Correfpondence furniftied him with 
many. He unbofomed his Soul to his particular 
Friends with great Freedom and Copioufnefs ; and 
I am perfuaded, they efteem his Letters 2l moft valua- 
ble Treafure : In order that they may be more gene- 
rally ufeful, I have made fo many Extracts from thofe, 
to which I could have Accefs. 


StJa. 8. c/'Dr. DoDDRiDC^E. 265 

The following Letter to one of his Friends in 1728 
appears deferving of Notice, as a Specimen of the 
Method which lie took to promote Religion in their 
Hearts ; and as a Hint to my Readers^ how they hiay 
improve their Correfpondencc to the beft Purpofes. 
His Friend had complained of his Negledl of Wri- 
ting; to whichheanfwers; « My Negligence in Wri- 
« ting was certainly a Fault ; but, to fpeak very 
« freely to a Friend from whom I affed to conceal 

< nothing, doth not a Fault of a like Nature prevail 
« in us both, with Regard to other Inftances of much 

* greater ImporUncc? ^We feel a very fenfiblc 

* Concern, when we have failed in any Expreffions 

* of Refped to a human Friend : But is there not an 

* invifible Friend^ who deferves infinitely better of 
« us both, than we of each other, or than others of 

* us ? And yet Him of all others we are moft ready 

< to forget. Is not He, every Day and every Mo- 

* jnent, reminding us of his AfFedtion and Care by 

< a rich Variety of Favours, which furround us \ And 

* yet hath He not Reafon to complain, that our 

* Hearts are eftranged from Him? Believe me, my 

* Friend, when I think of ffty Propenfity to forget 

* and ofFend God, all the Inilances of Negligence, 

* which others can charge me with, are as nothing ; 

* and I am almoft aihamed of that Regret, which 

* might otherwife appear reafonable and decent.— 

* Tell me freely ; am I not opening your Heart as 

* well as my own ? I hope and believe that yeu find 
' a more abiding Senfe of the divine Pr^ence, and 

* that a Principle of holy Gratitude and Love governs 

* morc in your Soul than in mine: But is there 
*not yet fome Room for Complaint ? Wc will not 

N • dwell 

^tS6 JUm9irs •fiilu Life Clk S. 

* dwell on the QaefHon : It is -much more impdrttnt 
^ to confider, how we may correA an Irregularity of 

* Temper, which we. are AOt fo ignorant as not to 
^ fee, nor fo ftupid as not to lament. It is a long Time 
^ that we have fpent in blaming oarfelves; let us 
** immediately endeavtHir to rdinniy left ovrLamenta* 
"* tions and Acknowledgements lerve only to reader 

* us fo much the more criminal. I am well award 
^ that this unhappy Principle of -Indiffkrence to GOD 

* is implanted fo deeply in our degenerate Hearts, 
^ that nothing but a divine Power is able to eradi- 
•* cate it : But let us make the Attempt, and fee how 

* far the Spirit of God will enable us to execute 
** the Kefolution, wihich himft^f hath inured. Is it 

* not poffible, by die Bleffing of Goo on proper At- 

* tempts, that we may, in a fhort Time, make it at 
■-* natural and habitud to our Thoughts to center in 
■* GOD, and thcftedeewur and the important /^0^r/ 
■* of eternal Glory, as ever we have found them to 

* center XMi a Favourite- creature ? At leaft, let us not 

* conclude the contrary, till we have tried : And can 

* we fay that we have ever yet tried ? That we have 
^ had the Refolution, for one fingle Week, \o exert 

* the utmofl Command over our Thoughts to fix them 
'* upon divine Qbjedls ? I have tried for a Day or 
^ two with encouraging Succefs ; but never yet had 
"*■ the Cpnftancyjto hold out for a Week. ^As this 

* Evening concludes one Q[uartcr of the Year, I have 

* devoted it to the Review ^f my own Temper and 

* Condudt. I find that numberlefs Evils which have 

* furrounded me, may be.traced up to this unhappy 
^ Source, the Forgetfulnefs of GOD* I therefore de- 
-* .tcrmine, by divine Afliftanqe, to attempt the Re- 

* formatioo 

Seft. .8. of 2V. Dt) D D R I D c B. 267 

* formation of the reft, by bending my moft refolute 
" Oppoiition againft this. I communicate thefe Re> 

* fledtions to you, to engage the Affiftance of your 

* Prayers, and to recooMneiid it to you to make the 
« like Attempt/ 

The grand Principle, that animated him to ^1 thefe 
Exerci&s, Labours and Services wa$ Lm've ; Love to 
GODy and Chrifty and Mankind. The following Ex- 
trafts from fome Letters to his Friends will confirm 
this. * I blefs God, I feel more and more of the 

* Power of his Love in my Heart, and I long for the 

* Converiion of Souls more fenfibly than for any 

* Thing beiides. Methinks I could not only labour, 

* T)ut die, for it . with Pleafure. TJ^^ ^**^^ ^f Chrifi 

* conftrains «r^.*— * I feel the Love of God in Chrift 

* fhed abroad in my Heart. Strive earncftly in your 

* Prayers for me, that it may be continued and in- 

* created; that^ie.may ever dwell in my Soul, con- 

* fccrate all its Powers and engage all its Services ; 

< that I mny be fitted for the whole of his Will ; in 

* Afflidion or Profperity, in Life or Death, in Time 

* or Eternity. I want above all Things in the World, 

* to be brought to a greater Nearnefs to God, and to 
.* walk more conftantly and clofely with Him.' 

* Oh, could I fpend more of my Time in catechizing 

< Children, in exhorting Heads of Families and ad- 

* drefling to young People j and more in meditating 

* on the Things of God in my Retirement, without 
^ Books, without Papers, under a deeper and more 

* afFefting Senfe of God, and receiving vital Com- 

* munications of Grace and Strength immediately 

* from Him, methinks, I (hould be happy. But I 
« am fadly incumbered. If God .,^ath ever made 

N 2 •me 

•286 ifemirs tf iht tifk ^t^h. i^« 

"* me ufefiil to yon, give him the Glory. I am one 

* of the leaft of his Children, and yet a Child ; and 
' that is my daily Joy. Indeed I feel my Love to 

'^ Him increafe : I draggle forwards toward Him, and 

* look at Him, as it were, fomctimes with Tears of 
^ Love, when in the midft of the Harriet of Life, I 
-* cannot fpeak to Him otherwife than by aa ^00^ 

O* flS^'^* Jl?*'^* Jff'*'^ ♦ ^f'*^ 
C H A F. DC. 


His laft Sickness and Death. 

[ T is an Obfervation of SoIcwmm^ iktX tk 
Path of the Jujt is as the Jhining Lights thai 
, - . Jhintth more and more to the perfeS Dttf* 
itL)80J(jBl This was eminently verified in the Sub- 
je£t of thefe Papers. We have feen with what pecu* 
liar and unwearied Dilig^ence he applied himfelf, efpc- 
cially daring his laft Years, to converfc with God, 
to improve his Graces, to ferve his Fellow-chriftians 
And train-up his Soul for the Work and Felicity of 
Heaven: And we are now to take a View off the hap- 
py Effed of this pious Care and Diligence, in the 
Peace of Mind and holy Joy, wliich fhed a diftia^ 
cuilhed Luftre on the concluding Scenes of hi« Life. 

In December 1750, he went to St. Albans ^ to preadi 
a Fun^ral-fermon for his Friend and Father Dr. Sit- 
,1^ QlarL In that Journey he unhappily .contraQed 

Cb. 9. of I>r. DODDRLDO.l. 2691 

a. Cold, which hang upon him thro* the R/smaindei:. 
of the Winter. On the Advance of the Springy it con- 
fiderably abated, but returned again with great Vio-. 
lence in the Summer* His Phyficians and Friends 
adviied him to lay-afide his public Work for a while, 
and apply himfelf entirely to the UTe of proper Me- 
dicines and Excrcife for the Removal of his Com- 
plaint. But he could not be perfuaded to comply 
with the former Part of their AdviQe, To be ufelefs 
was worfe than Death to him. ^ While he thought 
there was no immediate Danger, he could not he pr,e- 
veiled upon to decline or lefTen his delightful Work, 
a;id was particularly deiirou^ to complete his /'«/»//y-* 
expofitor. His Correfpondents, and Friends at home, 
plainly obferved his great Improvement in Spirituali- 
ty and a heavenly Temper, the nearer he approached, 
to his DifTolution. He feemed to be got above the> 
World; his AfFedlions were more flrongly than ever 
iet upon Heaven, and he was daily breathing after* 
Immortality. In fome Letters to his Friends, about- 
thisTime, he thus exprefleth himfelf ; * I blefs God» 
« Earth is lefs and lefs to me ; and I (hall be very 

* glad to have done with it once for all, as foon as it 

* fhall pleafe my Mailer to give me Leave. Yet for Him 

* I would live and labour ; and I hope, if fucji wer©- 
< his Will, fufFer too.' « I thank God, that Ido- 

* indeed feel my AiFe^ion to this vanilhing World; 
<. dying and vanifhing every Day. I have long fince 

* 'weighed it in the Balances and found it wanting ; and 
^ my Heart and Hopes are alove. Fain would I attain 
«. more lively Views of Glory. Fain would I feel^ 
'.more powerful Attradions towards that World; 

* where you aadi, thro' Grace, ihaU foon be;. and 

N 3 « itt 

tj^ Memoirs tf th Lift CI. 9*. 

* in the mean Time would be exerting myfelf -more 
''and more»' to people that blefled, but negleded 

* Region.'——* I am now intent upon having fome- 
' thing done among the Dijftnters^ in a more public 

< Manner, for pr^agattng the Go/pel abroad, which 

* lies near my Heart. I wiih to live to fee this De- 

* fign brought into Execution, at leaft into fome For- 
' wardnefs \ and then I ihould die the more chear- 
' fiilly. Should God fpare my Life, many Oppor- 
^ tunities of doing good in this Refped may ariie : 

* But ta depart and he nvith Chrift is far, far, infi- 

* nitely, better. I defire the Prayers of my Friends 

* in my prefent Circumftances. I remember them in 

* my poor Way : But alas ! what with my Infirmi- 

* ties, and what with the Hurries to which I am 
' here [in Lo7idon\ peculiarly obnoxioos, and the many 

* Affairs and Interruptions, which are prefling upon 

* me, my praying Time is fadly contraded. O that 

* I had Wings like a Dove ! You know whither they 

* would carry me. I feel nothing in myfelf at pre- 
' fent, that fhould give me Reafon to apprehend im- 

* mediate Danger,. But the Obftinacy of my Cough 

* and Pronenefs to return. upon every little Provoca- 

< tion, gives me feme Alarm. Go on to pray for 

* mty. that my Heart may be fixed upon God ; that 

* every Motion and every Word may be direfted by 

* Love to Him and Zeal for his Glory; and leave 

* me with Him, as chcarfully as I leave myfelf. He 

< will do well with his Servant according to his 

* Word. Not a Sparro-tv falleth to the Growtd ^with^ 
' out him ; and, tho' I am indeed, I think, le/s than 

* the leaft of all Saints, I am neverthelefs of more 

* Value than many Sparrows* May you increafe, while 

• I 

Ch. 9. 6f I>r. DoDDRiDcr. tjji 

* I decreafe ; and fhine many Years as a bright Star 

* in the Redcenner's Hand^ when I iun fet !* ' 

He began his laft Will thui-; * Whereas it is cuf- 
< tomary on thefe Occaiions to begin with commend* 

* ing the Soul into the Hands of God thrO' Chrift^ 

* I do it; not in mere Form, but with Sincerity and! 
« Joy; efteeriling it my greateft Happinefs, that I 

* am taught and encouraged to do it, by that glori' 

* ous Go/pely which, having moft affuredly believed, 

* I have fpent my Life in preaching to others; and 

* which I efteem an infinitely greater Treafure than 

* all my little worldly Store, or Pofleffions ten thou- 

* fand Times greater than mine.* 

The laft Time he adminiftered the Lord^s Suppeif^ 
to his Congregation at 'Northampton^ was on 'Jjune z, 
I'l^iy after having preached, from Hehrc'-ws xii. 2j.. 
Te are come^^o the general AJfemhlj^ and Church of 
the Fitft'harn^ wuhich are ^written in Hea^ven^ l£c». At 
the Conclufion of that Service, he mentioned, . witk 
Marks of uncommon Pleafure, that Vii8w of Chrift^, 
given in the Re'uelation^ as holding the Stan in^ his* 
right-^hand^ and 'walking among the Candltfiicks ; cx- 
preffing his Authority over Minifter« and Churches, 
his Right to difpofe of them as he pleafeth, and the 
Care he taketh of them. He dropped fome Hints 
of his own approaching Diflblution, and fpoke of 
taking Leave of them with the greateft Tenderncfs 
and AfFedlion.— — After^ this he fpent fome Weeks, 
in London^ and the Hurries and Labours he went tliro' 
there, contributed to increafe his Diforder. 

Immediately after his Return from London^ on July 

14, 17^1, notwithftanding the eameft Entreaties of 

his Fciendsy he was determined to addrefs his be- 

N 4 loved. 

»7» Mtmdfs tf th Ufi CIi. g. 

toved Flock once more from the Pulpit. His Dif- 
coarfe was well adapted to be, as he imagined it pro- 
bably might be (and as indeed it i»oved) a Fart" 
iveil'/ermon. His Subjed was, « Romans xlv. 8. For 

* nuhether ivi livt, nut iivi unt§ $hi Lord$ and whether 

* *we die, nve die unto the Lord: ^whether nve live thert^ 

* fore or die, *we are the hordes. From whence he 
^ ihcwed, Firfty That it is eflential to the Charader 
« of true ChriiHans to be devoted to Chrtjt in Life 

* and Death ; — to live to him, as his Property, re- 
' deemed ones and Servants,— to feek his Glory and 

* the Advancement of his Kingdom. It is peculiarly 

* the Duty of chriftian Minifters to live thus ; — to 

< dired their Hearers to Chrift as the Foundation of 

< their Hope— engage them to live by Faith in him — 

* and promote the great End of his Undertaking and 

* Love.— They are alfo devoted to Chrift in Death \ 

* as — they are iincerely willing to die for Chrift, if, 

< in the Courfe of Providence, they (hould be called 

< to it — as they are defirons, that Chrift may be ho- 

* noured by their dying Behaviour,— -recommending 

* him to thofe that are about them, — and folemnly 

* refigning their own Souls into his Hands. He 

' fhewed. Secondly^ That it is the Happinefs of true 

* Chriftians to be the Care of Chrift in Life and 

* Death. — r-He will prolong their Lives and con- 

* tinue their Ufefulnefs, as long as he fees it good ; — '' 

* he will alfo take Care of them in Death, — adjuft- 
^ ing the Circumftances of it, fo as to fubferve the 

* Purpofcs of his Glory — ^granting them all neceffary 

* Supports in Death — and after that, giving them 
' eternal Life and raifing them up at the laft Day. 

< w— From hence he inferred^ that it is of the great- 


Ch. 9* ^Z)r. DoDDirtDOB. 275 

• ell Importance for all to enquire, whether this„ he. 

• their CharaAcr ;— and that it becomes true. ChriC 

• tiani to maintain a noble Indifference with Regard:* 
< to Life or Death.' I mention thefc. Hints, th^t 
the Reader may perceive, what was theEramcL of hil 
Mind under his Decay, and how.d^firous he was tQ^ 
bear his Teftimony, even to. the laft, to the Honour 
of his Mafter, and to promote the Zeal and Confo- 
lation of his Fellowrfcrvants, and particularly his^ 

The laft public Service, in which he was engaged, 
was at the Ordination of the Reverend Mr. Adams at 
Bevadley, in Worcefterfliircy July 18. His pale Coun- 
tenance and languid trembling Voice, fhewed, how 
unfit he was for the Service at that Time : But he 
had promifed his Affiftance fome Weeks before, and 
was unwilling to be abfent or unemployed on fo 
folemn and edifying an Occafion. Thus he wrote to 
a Friend concerning his intended Journey thither ; * I 

* am at prefent much indifpofed. My Cough con* 

* tinues, and where it may end, God only knows. I 
« will however ftruggle hard to come to Befwdhy^ 

* that I may be fitter to ferve Chri/, if I live, or to 
« go and enjoy him, if I die. I can write but little ; 

* help me with your Prayers. My Unworthinefs is 
' greater even than my Weaknefs, tho* that be great. 

* Here is my Comfort, the Strength of Chrift may 
« perhaps be made ferfeSi in Weaknefs, ^--^ — From 
Benudley he went to Shrew/bury, where he fpent fevo- 
ral Weeks, for the Convenience of Air, Exercifci, 
and an entire Recefs from Bufinefs and Company ; 
and by this he feemcd a little recruited. While he 
was there, in this languilhing State, he received ciarvy 

N 5 Letters 

274 Memoirs of the Lift Ch. 9. 

Letters from his Priendsy expreffing their high Edeem 
and Affedlion for him, . deep Concern for his threat- 
ning ninefsy and aiTaring him of their earneft Pray- 
ers for his Recovery. I venture to infert one at large 
from the Reverend Mr. yohn Barhr, late Minifler of 
the Goipel in Loudo/if as I imagine every pious, ten- 
der-hearted Reader will be pleafed with it. * Lejpng" 

* hanty Neal and Barker^ arc too nearly interefted in 
^ that precious Life, which now appears in Danger 

* of being cut-ofF in the midft of its Days, to hear 

* of its Wafte and Languifhing without great Con- 

* cern arid fervent Prayer to God. How your Letter 
^ aifefled my Heart in public, your Friends are Wit- 
« nefs : But what I feh for my dear Brother and the 

* Minifters and Churches of Chrift, God and my- 

* felf only know. I will not now fay. Why did you 

* fpend fo faft ? Why did you not (pare yourfelf a 
' little fooner ? I will rather heartily thank you, that 

/-* you ufe all the Means yon can to repair your 

* Frame, and reftore and prolong your Ufefulnefs. It 
■ is the fcindeft Thing you can do, and the higheft 

* Inftance of Friend/hip you can now Ihew us ; and I 

* acknowledge your Goodnefs to us in this point 

* with Tears of Joy. Confent and chufe to ftay 

* with us a while longer, my dear Friend, if it pleafe 

* GoD. This is not only needful to Northampton zni 
' its adjacent Towns and Villages, but defirable to 
••us all, and beneficial to our whole Intereft. Stay, 

* Doddridge, O, ftay and flrengthcn our Hands, whofe 

* Shadows- grow long. Fifty is hut the, Height of 
^Vigour, Ufefulnefs and Honour. Don't take Leave 

* abruptly. Providence hath not direfled thee yet, 

* on whom to drop $hji Mantle. WJio ifhall inftru£t 

• our 

Ch. 9. ef T>r. Doodridcs. 275- 

< our Youthy fill oar vacant Churches ; animate our 

* AfTodations, and difufe a Spirit of Piety, Modera- 

* tion. Candour and Charity thro* our Villages and 

* Churches ; and a Spirit of Prayer and Supplication. 

* into our Towns and Cities, when thou art removed 
'-* from us? Efpecially, who fhall unfold the y^fi/' 
\ OracUsf teach us the Meaning and Ufe of our 
"* Biblest refcue us from the Bondage of Syjiems, 

* Party-opinions, empty, ufelefs Speculations, and- 
^ faihionable Forms and Phrafes ; and point out to us- 

* the iimple, intelligible, coniiftent, uniform Religi* 

* on of our Lord and Saviour ? Who fhall— But I 
^ am filenced by the Voice of him, who fays, * Shall- 
•* / not d» nuhat I nmll <with my own T Is it not my 
^* Prerogative to take and leave, as feemeth me 
■«* good ? I demand the Liberty of difpofing of my. 
<* own Servants at my own Pleafur^. He hath la- 
<< boured more abundantly. His Times are in my 
" Hand. He hath not flept as do others. He hath 
** rifen to nobler Heights than Things below. He 
** hopes to inherit Glory. He hath laboured for 
" that, which endureth $0 eternal Life; Labour, 
*• which the more it abounds, the more it exalts and 
" magnifies its Objeft, and the more efFedlually an- 
•** fwers and fecures its End.— -It is yours to wait 
<* and truft, — ^mine to difpofe and govern. — On Me 
" be the Care of Miniftcrs and Churches. — With 
" Me is the Refidue of the Spirit. — ^Both the Vineyard 
*• and the Labourers are Mine. — I fct them to work, 
" and when I pleafe, I call them and give them 

" their Hire.' With thefc Thoughts my Paffions 

« fubfide, — my Mind is foftened and fatisfied, — ^I re- 
« fign thee, myfelf and all, to God, faying. Thy 

N 6 * mil 

^76 Mmun rfthi Life Ch. 9. 

* WiU hi done! ^Bat now for the Wings of Faith 

< and Contemplation. Let me take thy Hand, tnf 
' dear Brother^ and walk a Turn or two in yonder 

* fpacioas Regions. Yes, it is fo : We read it in the 

* Book of God, that Word of Truth and Go/pel of 

* our SaJvation^^tYiZt as in Adam all die^ e'ven fo in 
** Chrifl fholl all Be made ali've* The one ruined his 

* Pofterity hy Sin ; the other raifed his Seed to Im- 
' mortality. This poifoned the Dart and inflamed 

* the Wound of Death j but Jefus Chrift redeemeth 

< us from this Captivity. See, thou chriilian Mini- 
^ fter, thou Friend of my Bofom and faithful Servant 

* of God, fee the important Period, when the fuc- 
'' priiing Signs and defcending Inhabitants of Heaven, 

* proclaim the fecond Coming of our divine Saviour ! 

* The Heavens open and difclofe his iiadiant Glory. 

* — Hear the awakening Trump. — See, the Dead in 

* Chrift arife glorious and immortal — cleave Corrupi- 
' tion, Weaknefs and Difhonour behind them^ and 
/ behold their Lord and Head feated on his Throne 
« of judgment, attended and furrounded with the 

* Minifters of his Power and Pleafure, and ihining 

* in all the Fulnefs of celellial Glory ; — and not only 

* fee but ihare his ViAory and Luflre, — ^partake of 

* his Image and Influence^ And behold the demolifli* 

* ed Fabric reared again, ftately and ornamented — 
^ (hining and iUuftrious — ^permanent and durable — to 

' * demon ftrate haw entirely Death is vanquifhed, all 

* its Ruins repaired; and what was once Meat for 

* Worms is now a Companion of Jngels : For when 
« this corruptible Jiiall have put on Incorruption^ and 

* this mcrtal: Imfncrtnlityy every Eye will be faftened 

* on the mighty Conqueror, and every Voice and 

• Harp 

Ch. 9* £/• Dr. DoDDRXOOEr z'jf 

* Harp be tuned for that tranfporting Song, O Deat/i, 

< ivhere is thy Sthg? O Grave, 'where is thy Viaory F 

* Yes, Doddridgey it is fo. The Fruit of our Re- 
« decmcr's Sufferings and Viftory is the entire and 
« eternal Deftrudion of Sin and Death. And is it not 
« a glorious Deftrudiion ? A moil blefled Ruin I No 

< Enemy fo formidable — no Tyranny {q b£ttei>— no 

* Fetters fo heavy and galling — no Prifon (b dark 

* and difmal — ^but they are vanquiflied and difarmed ; 

* — the unerring Dart is blunted and broken — the 

* Prifon pulled down and rafcd. Our Lord is rifen, 

« as the Firft'fruits of them that Jlept, How 

« glad ihould I be to hear, that God is pleafed to 

* prolong thy Life on Earth, to declare theie glorious 

* Truths and teach us to improve them I In this, 
« your Friends with you, and Many more in every 

* Place, join, and make it our common Petition to 

* the great Difpofer of all Events. Ufe every means 
« you can for the Recovery of your Health, for the 

* fake of your Friends, among whom is your faith-^ 

* ful and affeilionate^ J. Barker.* The Do^or^zs 

fo affedled and melted into Tears of Gratitude and 
Joy, with the Friendjhip this Letter expreffed, and 
the divine Con/olationsy which it adminillered, that I 
was apprehenfive his tender Frame would have funk 
under it. 

As the Autumn advanced, his Phyficians judged it 
proper for him to try the Waters of Brifiol\ and ac- 
cordingly he went thither in Auguft. Upon his Ar- 
rival there, a worthy Clergyman of the eftablijhed 
Churchy with whom he had only a flight Acquain- 
tance, entertained him in the moil hofpitable Man- 
ner and with a fraternal Afi^edk)n, till he could be 


278 Memoirs ofth Life Ch. 9» 

accommodated with a Lodging near the Wells. The 
then BUhop oiWorcefter^ Dr. Maddox^ paid him a 
friendly Vifit, and» in the moft obliging Manner, of- 
fered to convey him to the Wells in his Chariot, at 
the ftated Times of drinking the Water. His Phy- 
ficians at Briftol gave him little Hope from the Wa- 
ter ; and he received their Report of the great Hazard 
of his Cafe, which he defired them faithfully to give 
him, with that Fortitude, Refignation and Chearfal- 
nefs, which never forfook him to the laft, in any 
Place, or on any Occafion. He here met with fome 
of his Friends, who were defirous to do all in their 
Power to teftify their Regard for him ; and he receiv- 
^ unexpedled Affiftance and Offers of Service, from 
Inany Perfons entirely Strangers to him, and from 
fome too, who had entertained Prejudices againft 
him. They joined to exprefs their high Senfe of his 
Worth and the Importance of his Life ; and their 
Company and Affiftance were very feafonable to him 
in a ftrange Place and in his affli^ed Condition. 
Another Circumftance, that contributed greatly 
to his Comfort was, that Providence direfted him to 
a Lodging in a Family, where he was treated with 
uncommon Civility, and a Refpeft and Tendemefs, 
like that of a Friend^ rather than a Stranger, Thus 
he writes from thence ; * I have experienced fincc I 

* came hither, this Day in particular, the kind In- 

* terpofition of Providence in raifing me up fome very 

* generous Friends in a Place, where I expefted to 

* be a perfeft Stranger ; efpecially a worthy Noble- 

* man, who as kindly interefls himfelf about my 

* Health, as if he had been long' my intimate Friend. 

* I am conflantly attended by an excellent PhyJUian^ 

, * who 

Ch. 9. ef Dr.. Doddridge. 279 

» who is now become, thro* the divine Goodnefs, to 

« which I would trace up all fuch Events^ an afFefti- 

• onate Friend ; and I Save the occafional Advice of 
« others ; and they have all afted with the greateft 

* Generofity as well as Tendemefs ; pcrforrriing every 

* friendly Office in their Power with much Concern 

• and Afliduity.' 

While he continued at BriftoU A)me of the princi- 
pal Perfons of his Congregation came to vifit him» 
with an AfFeftion not to be expreffed ; they brought 
him an AfTurance of the highefl Efteem and tender 
Sympathy of his People and Friends at home, and in* 
formed him that Prayer was made by that Church 
for him three E^ueuings in every Week ; and rfiat fome 
other Churches were engaged in the fame Work on 
his Account. This afforded him great Satisfadlion 
and Refrefhment. He knew their Prayers would not 
be, upon the whole, vain ; tho' he confidered his own 
Cafe as defperate, and faid, that unlefs God fhould 
interpofe in fuch an extraordinary Manner, as he had 
no Reafon to exped, he could not long continue ia 
the Land of the Living. He afcribed, to the EfHcacy 
of the Prayers of his Friends, the Compofure and Joy 
he felt in his own Soul, and the Prefervation of his 
Wife's Health amidft inceflant Fatigue and Concern, 
which he acknowledged as a Angular Blefling. But 
while the oufward Man was fo feniibly decaying^ that 
he ufed to fay to his Friends, * / die daily^* yet the 
iniuard Man 'was renewed Day by Day. The Warmth 
of his Devotion, Zeal and Friendfhip was maintained 
and increafed. His Phyficians had diredled him to 
fpeak and write as little as poffible; but he could 
not fatisfy himfelf without fometimes writing a fevyr 


l8o Memoirs tf the Life- Qh. 94 

lines to Ibme of his Friends, to whom he could write 
in Short-hand withoat mnch Fatigne : And the Frame 
of his Hearty in the Views of Death, will appear by 
thefe Extrafts from them. * I blefs God, I have the 

* powerful Supports of Chriftianity ; nor is it any 

* Grievance of iteart to me, bat on the contrary, an 

* anfpeakable Pleafure, that I have fpent my Life 
' among the PrQUftant-diffenters^ and facrified to Ho« 

* nour. Liberty and Confcience, thofe Confideradons, 

* which Perfons devoted to Avarice and Ambition 
« think great and irrcfilliblc.' To a Friend, at whofe 
Houfe he had fpent fome Weeks, he thus writes ; * I 
' thank you for all the tender and affedionate Friend- 

* (hip, which attended me, while I was with you, 
< at home and abroad, to the Throne of Grace and 

* e\'cry where elfc : I ihall never forget it ; my God 

* will never forget it. He will be in a fuperior De- 
« grec mindful of yur Tears* May He reward you by 
^ richer and more abundant Communications of hi« 

* Spirit, give you every Thing that can conduce to 
« your earthly Happinefs, and efpecially all that can 
« anticipate that of Heaven 1 Be aflured, I will takje 

* every Precaution to live; and the rather, that I 

* may, as far as in me lies, comfort and chear your 

* Heart. I fee indeed no Hope of my Recovery ; 

* yet my Heart rejoiceth in my God and in my Savi- 

* our ; and I call him, under this Failure of every 

* Thing elfe, its Strength and e^ver lofting Portion^ I 

* mull now thank you for your Heart-reviving Let- 

* tor, to ftrcngthen my Faith, to comfort my Soul 

* and aflift in /-wallinvrng up Death in Victory^ God 

* hath indeed been wonderfully good to me. Bait I 

* am /.;/} than the leaf of his Mercies ; lefs than the 

* Icaft 

Ch. 9. f>f I>r. DoDDRiDcr^ zi\ 

* Icaft Hope of his Children, Adored be his Grace^ 

* for whatever it hath wrought by me ! And hleffed 

* be you of the Lord, for the ilrong Confolations yoa 
' have been the Inibument of adminiflering I Let vaft 

* deiire you to write again, and pour out your Heart 

* freely, with all its flrong, cordial Sentiments of 

* Chriftianlty. Nothing will give me greater Joy* 

* What a Friend will you be in Heaven I How glad 

* fliall I be to 'welc$me you there, after a long, a 

* glorious Courfe of Service, to increafe the Luftre of 

* your Crown ! May you long fhine, like a Sun up- 

* on the Earth, with your Light, Warmth and Influ- 

* ence, when there remain not any united Particles 

* of that poor, wafting, finking Frame, which enables 

* this immortal Spirit to call itfelf, your Friend ixh 

* everlafting Bonds ! P. D,* 

As his Strength daily decrenfed, he was advifed^ 
as the laft Refort in fo threatening a Diforder, to le-* 
move to a nvarmer Climate for the Winter. Thus he 
writes to a Friend ; * I have now an Affair to men- 

* tion to you, concerning which I deiire your feriou* 

* Thoughts and earneft Prayers for divine DiredipD. 

* My Phyficians and other Friends here, are ajl of 

* Opinion, that there is one Expedient, which may 

* probably be of much greater and more lafting Effi- 

* cacy than the BriftoU^aters ; and that is, a Change 

* of Climate and fpending the Winter in a warmer 

* Country : And they all advife me to go to Lijbon* 

* My Wife will attend me with all heroic Refolution. 

* A Thoufand Objeftions and Fears arife. May I 

* know the Will of God, and the Call of Duty l» 
——A Friend, that went to vifit him, juft before he 
left BriftoU wrote to a near Relation this Account df 


2St MiMotff o/th Lift Ch. 9* 

the State of his Healtht and fome Expreffions that 
dropped firom hiniy during the Vifit ; which, with the 
Afliftance of fome others then prefent, he recolleded 
and wrote down, as foon as they returned. * He 

< coughs much, is hoarfe, fpeaks inwardly with a 

* low Voice. He is affeded with the Lofs of his 

* Voice, being defirous to preach Chrift and fpeak 

< for him, while he lives. He is preparing for a 

* Journey, thro' Roads rendered exceedingly bad by 
' much Wet, to embark at Falm$uth, My Soul, 

* faith he, is ^vigorous and htalthy, notwithflanding 
' the haflening Decay of this frail and tottering Body. 

* It is not for the Lore of Sun-fhine or the Variety of 

* Meats, that I defire Life, but if it pleafe God,, 
*.that I may render him a little more Service* It is^ 

* a hleffed Thing to live above the Fear of Death,, 

* and I praife God; I fear it not. The Means I am^ 
*- about purfuing to fave Life, fo far as I am folely 

* concerned, are, to my Apprehenfion, worfe than 

* Death. My profufe Night-fweats are very weaken- 

* ing to my emaciated Frame : But the moft diflref^ 

* fing Nights to this frail Body have been as the Be^ 

* ginning of Hea-ven to my Soul. God hath, as it 

* were, let Heaven down upon me in thofe Nights 

* of Weaknefs and Waking. I am not fufFered once 

< to lofe my Hope. My Confidence is, not that I 

* have lived fuch or fuch a Life, or ferved God in this 

< or the other Manner : I know of no Prayer I ever 
*- offered, no Service I ever performed, but there has 

* been fuch a Mixture of what was wrong in it, that 

* inftead of recommending me to the Favour of God, 

* I needed hi? Pardon, thro* Qhrifl, for the fame. 

* Yet 

* Yet He hath enabled me in Smctrity to ferve him. 
« Popular Applaufe was not the Thing I fought. If I 

* might be honoured to do good, and my heavenly 

* Father might fee his poor Child attempting^ tho* 

* feebly and imperfeftly, to {erft. him, and meet 

* with his approving Eye and commending Sentence, 

* Well-done^ good and faithful Servant^ — ^this my Soul 

* regarded and was mod folicitous for. I have no 

* Hope in what I have been or done. Yet I am full 

* of Confidence : And this is my Confidence ; there 

* is « Hope fet before me : I have fled, I flill fy for 

* Refuge to that Hope. In Him I trufl ; in Him I 

* hzve frong Confolation, and fhall afTuredly ie ac- 

* cepted in this belo'ved of my Soul. The Spirit of 

* Adoption is given me, enabling me to cry, Abba^ Fa- 

* ther» I have no Doubt of my being a Child of 

* God, and that Life and Death, and all my prefent 

* Exercifes, are diredled in Mercy, by my adored 

* heavenly Father.' 

While he wa: deliberating on the Scheme of going 
to liijhoi^y his prindpal Objedlion to it was, the great 
Expence, that muft necelTarily attend it. He doubt- 
ed in his own Mind, whether, with fo very precari- 
ous a Hope of its being beneficial to him, he fhould 
purfue it ; when his Family, which, in Cafe of his 
Deceafe, would be hut flenderly provided for, would 
fuffer fo much by the Expence of his Foyage. It will, 
I hope, appear to tvtry confiderate Reader^ a glorioua 
Circumftance in the Dolor's Life, that it was facri« 
ficed to the generous, difmterefted Service of his great 
Mader, and Benevolence to Mankind ; that, with the 
Advantages of a Genius and Qualificationsi equal to 


^84 Memtirt 9/ th L^ Ch. ^. 

the higheft Advancement in die Eftahhflmunt^ and 
i»^ilhoat beii^g chargeable wuh Want of C£conoiiiy». 
\klt (hoold find himfelf under the painful Neceffity of 
prefenring the little Remainder of his Life, by an 
^xpenccy difproportionate to the Provifion made for 
his Family, dear to him as his own Life. He jufl 
hinted this Circumftance to a Clergyman of the Church 
tf England^ (who, tho' he had no previous Acqnain-w 
tance with lum, behaved in the moft kind and ref-^ 
pe£tful Manner to him at Briftol,) as the principal 
ReaTon why he demurred about the Voyage, which 
his Phyficians and Friends fo warmly urged. This 
worthy and benevolent Man, without the Dolor's 
Knowledge, took an Opportunity to exprefs before a 
Loiiy of confiderable Fortune, who was a Dtffknter^ his 
Elleem and Refpeft for the DoHor^ and the great Con- 
cern it gave him, that a Perfon, who did fo much 
Honour to Chriftianity and the dijfenting Intereft in 
particular, and who (as he was pleafed to exprefs 
hirafelf ) *• if his Confcience had not prevented, might 
* have been in one of the firll Dignities of theii; 
f Church,' ihould, on Account of his Circumftances, 
be difcouraged from taking a Step, on which perhaps 
his Life depended : And he added, that he thought 
it would be an everlafting Reproach to the 'O'tjfenters^ 
as a Body, if they who knew of his Circumftances, did 
not take fome immediate and vigorous Methods to 
remove his Difficulty. This Gentleman had no fooner 
given the Hint, and fet a handfome Precedent, than 
it was chearfully purfued ; and the Generofity of the 
Do^or'i Friends there and in other Places, who knew 
of his Enptbarraflment, equalled his Wants and warm- 

Ch. 9. rf)>r. i>oi>l>iLib'bE. iS^ 

eft Wiihcs. This feafonabk and imciq>eded Soppff 
was gready enliasced to lum, and the Hand of Pro- 
▼idcnce appeared more evident in it, as it was pro- 
cmed bj fo mnihoMght-ef an ImfirumeKt^ and withont has 
<mrc I>efire or Knowledge. A Friend in Lvudw, wbo 
liad for many Years generonfiy managed his (bull 
teaqxnal Concerns*, thus wrote to him opon this 
Occ^on ; ' Yoor Friends kere will think there is 
' Caofe either to blame themlehres, or yon, if the 

* Expence of yoor preient Expedition \io onavoids- 

* able as k feems to be) Aoald oeate jon, an Honr't 
' 'UneafineG. Many of them, yon are ien£Ue, de- 

* fire to be ranked amoiig tht Di/cifUt of Chrift ; 

* and it exceeds not the Hmuli^ He hath preferibed 
' to the meaneft of them, to aim at a Share in a Pr9» 

* fhe^s liewiard. Isiead of ^Uing what yon hare 

< in the Ptmdf, I bdiere I IbaH be able, thro* the 
^ Benevolence of yonr Friend^ to add to u, after 

* hairing decayed the Expmce of yovr Voyage. Be- 
« fides this, yon go with a foU Gak^/ Fn^^; anil 

* tmft we Ihall ftaad ready, ai it were, on the Shore, 

* to recetve yon back with Shouu of Fraiie : Bat 

* it becomes as al^ to be prepared f<fr a more aw- 
^ fal Event. O Str, the Time u hailening, when 

< dieie fFoff tf the Lordf which are now lb nniearck- 

* able, fiiall appear to have been masked oat by die 

* Coonieif di-infonu WitiUmn ; and we, who may be 

* left Umgek to lean opon and (uyfon one anxher 

< by turns, in this weary IjuA^ fhaU ix oar Feet ok 
"• thofe ereHaHing Hilh, whe«r orr joys Ihall sewr 
' leave 04, nor o<ir Vi^^Mr tYcr fciii ui/ Tlie Do&or 
was fo aii«led wiiJ* the eattra^iai^arr ILiudxjci* «t 

9 J^ l4r Mr. /»'*:«. Ai^ 

286 Mmmn §f th lift Ch. 9, 

his PriencU, and his Gfatitude to Heaven was fb. iat 
tenfcy that it was too much for his weakened Frame, 
overwhelmed his Spirits, and he could never fpeak 
of it» bat with Raptures of Joy and Thankfiiliiefs. 
He thus writes to one of his Friends «pon this 
Oc^ion ; ' It would amaae you, were I to enumerate 
' the Appearance of divine Providence for us, in 

* raifing up for us many moft affectionate Friends, 

* who have multiplied the Inibmces of their Civility, 

* Hofpitality and Liberality, in a Manner that ha« 

* been to me quite wonderfuL This is a great £n* 

* oouragcment to me to follow, where iuch a God 
' feems evidently to lead, tho' it be into a temporary 

* Exile. Who would not trull and hope in him ?'• 
— -^And to another ; * I will freely acknowledge to 

* you, I •am not PhiUfophr enough not to be grieved 
« to think, how much of the little Proviiion I had 
' made for my Family muft be funk by my Vtyage :• 

* and tho' I know how little this, in comparifbny 

< afFefls t/um,' it toucheth me not the lefs. But I 

* were the moft inexcufeable Wretch on Earth, if I 
« could not truft my experienced, almighty Friend, 

* to take Care of me and\nine ; efpecially after fome 

* late Inftances of his aftoniihing Goodnefs, in railings 

< me up Friends, and truly, important ones, whofe 

* Names a Month ago were unknown to me.' — Many 
other kind Providences attended him at Briftol and 
in the View of his intended Journey, which I mull 
not particularly enumerate: But cannot omit, that 
a Sew ant in the Family > where he lodged, offered" 
herfelf to attend him to Lijhon on w^vf reafonable 
Terms ; whereas other infirm Perfons, intending the 


Ch. 9. •fJ>r. BoBDklDCE. 28? 

fame Voyage, had foond it very difficult to procure 
one, even hy very large Offers ; and that the learned 
Dr. Warburt4>ni now Bifhop ^ Gloucefttry who hof- 
noured him with his f riendihip, in the raoft obliging 
Manner procured an Order from the Poft-Officc to 
the Manager of the Packet-beats at Baknoi$tkf to ^r<- 
ni(h kim with the beft Accommodations for his 

During the BoSiw/^^ Absence from home, and ufing 
the prefcribed Means for the Reftoration of his 
Health, he often mentioned it to his Friends as a 
fingulat Happinefs, that God had given him an Af- 
Jfftant*^ to whom he could diearfully confign the 
Care of his Aiademj^ and Cwgregation^ and (as he 
cxprefTeth it in a Letter to a Friend from Brtftol) 

* whofe great Prudence and wife Difpofition of Af*- 

* fairs made him quite* eafy as to both.' 

It may anfwer xny hading T>ejign^ befoi-e I proceed in 
the Narrative^ to obferve, that during all his Fatigue 
of travelling, we'arifome Nights, and Weeks of lan- 
guifhing. Patience had its perfeft Work. No <:om- 
plaining Word was uttered by him; no Mark of 
-an uneafy difcontented Mind feen in him. A heaven- 
ly Calm dwelt in his Breaft. He feemed continually 
pleafed and chearful ; expreflbd in obliging Terms his 
Thankfulnefs to the meaneft Servant, that (hewed 
him any Kindnefs or gave him any Affiilance, and 
dropped fome pious Hints, that might be ferviceable 


* The Reverend Mt, Sbmuel Clark^ (Son of Dr. dark of St, 
^A&aftt) now Minifter of a Congregation in Birmingham^ to whom 
il take this Opportunity of acknowledging xnyfelf much obliged 
for xonfiderajjle AiMancc in this Work. 

t%t Memtdrs jd/ the life ek. '^ 

to th«n in their beft Interefts. No one, how eve^ 
fond of Life, could be more pandually ohfer<vant of 
the Regimen prefcribed to him : And in this he 
aded from a Principle of Duty, and a Convidioa 
that in paft Indances he had been too regardlefs of his 
Life and Health. He acknowledged this to a young 
Minifter of a tender Conftitutioni with whom he had 
an Interview at Brifiol\ and earneftly recommended 
to him the Care of his own Health, in order to pro- 
long his Ufcfulncfs. The moft painful Circnmltance 
in all his Illnefs was, that« as faking was hurtful 
to him, his Phyficians had forbid him Corrver/atioH. 
He fubmitccd as much as poflible to this ^ece of 
^elf-dc nial, and fcldom opened his Lips, but to ex- 
prefs his Gratitude and AfFeddon to his Friends, and 
his Thankfulnefs to his heavenly Father, for all thofe 
BleiTings, with which he was fo richly fumiihed both 
for Body and Soul. He never, in his moft painful 
and declining State, exprefled any Regret^ but what 
arofe from that generous Ardour, which filled his 
Soul, and the ftrong Defire he felt to teftify, by 
longer and more diiUngui(hed Services, his Gratitude 
and Love to his divine Mailer. In this View he would 
fometimes exprefs his Defires of the Recovery of his 
Health ; but thefe Defires were bounded by the meek- 
efl and molt entire Submiflion to the divine Will. 
When his Friends reminded him of his Fidelityy Di- 
ligence and Zeal in his Matter's Service, e^ven to his 
Ponjoer^ and, as he then felt and they faw, beyond 
his Foxvevy he ufed tg reply, * I am nothing; all 
* is to be afcribed to the free Grace of God.' He. 
often told th»m, that he could not be fufficiently 



Ch. 9% ^Z)a DODDRIDGl. 2^9 

thankful for the Honour and Happinefs God had 
conferred upon him, in that he had been enabled 
fincerely to endeavour, tho' very imperfeftly, to do 
him and his glorious Caufe fome little Service in 
the World; diat this, when compared with his de- 
lightful Hopes of that future eternal Reward, with 
which he had been (6 often animated and cheared, 
filled him with fuch a Senfe of his infinite Obligations 
to his heavenly Father, and to the dying Love of his 
bleffed Redeemer, that all he had done, or ever could 
do, to ferve his Caufe in the World, appeared to him 
as nothing, yea, le/s than nothing. Nor did the mean- 
eft and moft ufelefs Chriflian^ with greater Humility 
renounce all Self-dtpemUnce and tytry Shadow of 
Merit. He often profeiTed, that his only Hope and 
joyful £xpe6lation of Pardon and Acceptance were 
iibfolutely founded on the Mercy of God, thro' jhc 
Merits and Ihterceffion of his Redeemer ; — that it was 
ar great Satisfadion to him to reflefl, that, thro' the 
nuhole Cour/e of his Miniftry^ it had been his conftant 
Concern to direct and recommend his Hearers to this 
only Foundation, on which, he then felt, he could fo 
fafely and joyfully truft his own Soul. He often pro- 
feffed his cordial Belief of the Truth, Importance 
and Excellency of thofc Dodrines, which it had been 
the Bufinefs and Delight of his Life to explain, il- 
luftrate and enforce : And it was his fervent Prayer, 
that God would, by his Spirit, lead the Minds of 
Minifters into a juft Knowledge of them; and give 
their Eyes to fee, and their Hearts to feel, their Rea- 
lity, Power and Sweetnefs, in the fame Manner as ht 
did. What Doctrines he referred to, his Writings 

#9^ Memoirs of th Lift Ch. $. 

fafficiently fhew.' B ut it is time to retain to the 

He left Briftolf Sept. 17M, and after a fatigumg 
Journey of ten Days, occaiioned partly by the Bad- 
nefs of the Seafon and Roads, and partly by his great 
Weaknefs, he arrived at Falmouth in CormvalL There 
he was received in the kindefl Manner by Dr. ^umer^ 
to whom he had been recommended by his Phyfici- 
ans at Briftol and Bath i In his Houfe he was gene- 
Touily entertained while he continued there, and he 
alfo recommended him to the Care of his Nephew 
Dr. CantJej^ at Lifion. His moft painful and threat'- 
ning Symptons had been fufpended during his Journey 
and Stay at Falmouth, but returned with greater Vio- 
lence the Night before* he failed: So that Mrs« 
Doddridge thought it neceiTary to propoie, that he 
fhould either return home^ or flay a while longer 
there ; to which, having fome Hope from a Change 
of Climate, he returned this fhort Anfwer, ^ The Die 
* is caft, and I chufc to go.* It fhewed no fmalt De- 
gree of Faith and Courage in him to venture, amidit 
fuch Weaknefs and thro' fo many Perils, on fuch a 
Voyage; efpecially into fo bigotted a Country as 
Portugal ; where, if his Profeffion were known, and 
his Writings had been feen, hy any of the Rontifh 
Priefts (as they probably might, being in feveral 
Hands at Lijbon) it might have been attended with 
deplorable Confequences to him and his Friends. In 
this Undertaking, he aded by the unanimous Advice 
of the moft competent Judges; he had earneflly 
fought the DireAion of Providence, was determined 
^ all Adventures to follow it ; and he entertained 


Ch. 9* ff Dr. Doddridge. 291 

fome feeble Hope of its EiEcacy. He thus exprefleth 
himfelf in a Letter to a Friend from Falmouth ; * I 

* am upon the whole, better than could be expedled 

* after fuch a Journey. Let us thank God and take 

* Courage. We may yet know many chearful Days. 

* We fhall at leafl know (why do I fay, at haft?) 

* one joyful one, which fhall be eternal.^ After having 
written to another of his Correfpondents from thence, 
upon neceffary Buiinefs, he adds ; * I have trefpafTed 

* a great deal on your Time and a little on my own 

* Strength. I fay, a little ; itit when writing to fuch 

* a Friend, as I feem lefs abfent from him, it gives 

* me new Spirits and foothes my Mind agreeably. 

* Oh, when ihall we meet in that Worldy where we 

* (hall have nothing to lamfent, and nothing to fear, 

* for ourfelves or each other, or any dear to us ! Let 

* us think of this, as a momentary State, and afpire 

* more ardently after the Bleffings of that. If I fur- 

* vive my Voyage, a Line fhall tell you how I bear 

* it. If not, all will be well ; and (as good Mr. Honjue 

* fays) I hope I fhall embrace the Wave, that, when 

* I intended Lijbon, fhould land me in Heaven. I 

* am more afraid of doing what- is wrong, than of 

* ^vVrg*.'— — Much Civility was fhewn him at Fal'- 
mouth by feveral Perfons, to whom his Friends had 
wrot« for that Purpofe. He parted from them with 
the utmofl Gratitude and Tendernefs, and went on 
board, the Packet on Monday ^ September 30///. As its 
Captain did not go this Voyage, he had the Con- 
venience of his Cabin, which was a peculiar Comfort 
and Advantage to him in his declining State. 

O z No 

2$t Memtn §f ^e tt/g Gh. g. 

JNo fooner had the Veflel failed, tmt Ihe new and 
•*wondepful Scene which opened upon kiih^ the foft Ait 
•and the'ffefh Breezes of the Sea, gave him new Life 
and Spirits. The Sea-ficknefs^ which almoft in€apa»> 
•citated his Wife -and Servant from giving him anj 
Attendance and. Affiftance, was fo favourable to him^ 
that he needed themlerfs than before. The Captain's 
Cabin was to him a 'Brthel^ as the Houfi of GOD^ 
-and theGate-of Heaiveti. Oi'here, in an eaiy Chairi 
4ie generally fat the greatelLEart<of the Day. He fe* 
veral Times faid to Mrs.: Doddridge, * I cannot ex- 
'** prefs to you what a Morning I. have 4ad : Such de- 
^ lightish and tranLfjporting Views of rthe heavenly 

* World, is ^any^Father "now indulging me with, as 

* no Words -ran exprefs.' There appeared >foch fa* 
cred Gratitude and Joy in his Countenance, as often 
reminded her of thofe lines in one of. his .J^tmu^ 
No. 71. 

ITAtM Death o*er Naiun'/hall prinunU 
jAnd all its Po<wWs of Language fail, 
Joy thro* my fwimming Eyes fliall hreaky 
jind mean 4he Thanks I cannot fpeak. 

The Veflel was unhappily becalmed fome Days in the 
Bay of Bi/cay ; and die Weather proved {o intenfly 
hot, that his > colliquative Sweats returned, attended 
.^ith fuch Faintncfs, as 'threatened .his fpeedy Di/Tolu- 
tion. But Providence yet lengthened out the feeble 
Thread of Life. When the Veffel came to the de- 
sired Haixen^ and was waiting fpr the ufual Cercmo- 
*jiies before it could enter, the Finenefs of the Day, 

Ch. 9« ^ Dr. D o D D R I D 6 B. 2931 

the Sbftnefs of the Air, and the delightful Profpefts. 
that furrounded him, gave him a frefh Flow of 
Strength and Spirits. He went on Deck and ilaid 
about two Hours, which afforded him fuch fenfible- 
RefreQimcnt, as raifcd a flattering Hope of his Re- 
cewry.- He landed at Lt/ton^ on hordes Day, 

Odobtr 13M. The next Day he wrote to his Aifillant 
at Nortliampton, and gave him a fhort Account of his. 
Voyage, the magnificent Appearance of Lijbon from 
the Sea, and what he obfervcd in paffing thro' it; 
which fhewed the Compofure and Chearfulnefs of his 
Mind : And, after mentioning his great Wealinefs 
and Danger, he adds; * Neverthelefs, I blefs God,^ 

* the mod undiflurbed Serenity continues in my^ 

* Mind, and my Strength holds Proportion ta my 

* Day. I fHU hope and trufl in God and joyfully 

* acquiefce in all He a»ay do with me. When you 

* fee my dear Friends of the Congregation, inform 

* them of my^ Circumilances, and aflure them, that 

* I chearfully fubmit myfelf to God. If I defire Life 

* may be reftored, it is chiefly, that it may be employ- 

* ed in ferving CArifi among them ; and that I am 

* enabled by Faith to look upon Death, as an Enemy 

* that /hall he deftroyed\ and can chearfully leave my 

* dear Mrs. Doddridge a Widow in this flrange Land, 

* if fuch be the Appointment of our heavenly Father* 

* I hope I have done my Duty, and the Lord do, 

* as feemeth good in his Sight J* 

At Lijhon he was kindly received and entertained at 

the Houfe of Mr. Da<vid King, an Englijh Merchant. 

His Mother was one of the Doer's Congregation at 

Northampton ; and he had now an Opf>ortunity, Mich 

O 3 he 

294 Memoirs cf tht Life Ch. 9. 

he little expeded, but chearfully embraced, of re* 
paying the many Services, which tlie Do3or had done 
tor his Relations at Northampton, In this worthy Fa- 
mily he found the moft cordial Friendj(hip» and every 
de/irable Accommodation to alleviate his Difbrder. 
Here he met with Dr. ff'atts^ Treatifc on the Hap-' 
pinefs of feparate Spirits^ and told his Wife, with the 
greateft Joy, that he had unexpeftedly found that 
bleffcd Book ; and in reading that Book, Dr. fFatts* 
Hymns, and efpecially the f acred Volume^ he ufed to 
employ himfelf, as much as his Strength would ad- 
mit. Still his Mind enjoyed a delightful Calm, full ' 
of Joy and Thankfulncfs, which was often expreffed 
by his Words and always by his Looks. Here he 
found a Family related to Mrs. Doddridgey and other 
kind Friends, who, having heard of his Charadier and 
received Letters of Recommendation, fent, unknown 
to him, by his Friends m England^ fhewed him all 
the Civility in their Power, and Teemed to flrive 
who fhould difcover the moft arduous and tender 
Regard. Their Company gave him Pleafure, tho' 
mingled with this painful Circumflance, that he could 
not converfe with them, as he would have done. The 
Reverend Mr. Williamfony then Chaplain to the Bri^ 
tif/i Fadory there, often viiited him, with the Tem- 
per and Behaviour of the Gentleman, the Chriftian 
and the Minifter. About a Week after his Arrival, 
on Monday, O^ober 2iy?, he was removed into the 
Country, a few Miles from Lijbon, by the Advice of 
his Phyfician Dr. Cantley, who generoufly attended 
him, and refufed the ufual Fees. The rainy Seafon, 
which in that Climate ufually.fets-in about the End 


Ch. 9- ©/* Dr. Doddridge. ^95- 

of 03oher9 coming on with uncommon Violence^ 
cut-ofF every Hope his Friends had entertained from 
Air and Exercife ; and by the Manner in which it af- 
fefted him, feemed the appointed Inftrument of Pro- 
vidence to cut Ihort his few remaining Days. On 
Thurfdayj OSober z\thy a coUiquati've Diarrhcea feized 
him, and foon exhaufted his little Strength. This 
Night, which feemed the laft of rational Life, his. 
Mind continued in the fame Vigour, Calmnefs and 
Joy, which it had felt and exprefled during his 
whole Illnefs. Mrs. Doddridge ftill attended him i 
aad he faid to her, that he had been making it hi& 
humble and earneft Requeft, that God would fup- 
port and comfort her ; — that it had been his Defire^ 
if it were the divine Will, to ftay a little longer 
upon Earth to promote the Honour and Intereft of 
his beloved Lord and Mafter ; but now, the only Pain 
he felt in the Thought of dying was, his Fear of that 
Diftrefs and Grief, which would come upon h^r ia 
Cafe of his Removal. After a ihort Paufc, he added, 

* but I am fure my heavenly Father will be with you. 

* ^It is a Joy to me to thi«k, how many Friends 

* and Comforts you are returning to. So fure am I 

* that God will be with you and comfort you, that I 

* think my Death will be a greater Bleffing to you, 

* than ever my Life hath been.' He deiired her to 
remember him in the moft alFedUonate Manner to his 
dear Children, his Flock and all his Friends ; and tell 
them of the Gratitude his Heart felt, and the Blef- 
lings he wifhed for them all, on Account of their 
Kindnefs and Goodnefs to him ; nor was the Family, 
where he lodged, nor even his own Servant, forgot- 

O 4 ten 

296 Memoirs tf th$ Lifi Ck. 9. 

ten in thefe Expreflions of his pioas Benevolence. 
Many devout Sentiments and Afpirations he uttered ; 
but her Heart was too much affeded with his ap- 
proaching Change, to be able to recoUeft them. 
After lying flill fome time, and being fuppofed aHeep, 
he told her, he had been renewing his Covenant- en^ 
gagements with God; and tho' he had not felt all 
that Delight and Joy, which he had fo often done, 
yet he was fure the Lord was his GODy and he 
had a chearful, well-grounded Hope, thro' the Re- 
deemer, of being received to his everlafting Mercy* 
He lay in a gentle Dofe the following Day, and con- 
tinued fo till about an Hour before he died ; when 
in his lail Struggle, he appeared refUefs, fetched fe- 
veral deep Sighs, and quickly after obtained his Re- 
leafe from the Burthen of the Flefh, on Saturday , 
OSloher zbth^ O. S. about three tl* Clock in the Morn- 
ing: His Soul mounting to that Felicity, to which 
he had been long afpiring ; and the Profpeft of which 
had given him fuch ftrong Confolation, during his 
Illncfs and Decay. The Concern and Tears of his 
Friends there, and even their Servants, upon this 
Event, manifefled their Senfe of his Worth and of 

the Greatnefs of the public Lofs. ^It was a Cir- 

cumflance, which afforded much Satisfadion to Mrs. 
Doddridge and her L(/^o«- friends, that he was not 
molelled in thefe laft Scenes, as they feared a Perfon 
of his Profeffion and Character would have been, by 
liny officious and bigotted Priefls of the Church of 
Rome ; who, it is well known, are fond of intruding 
on fuch Occafions, and have been the Means of 
adding to the Dillrefs of many proteftant Families in 


Ch. 9. rf'Dr. DoDDRiDCB* 297 

Lijbon^ and its Environs, daring the Sicknefs, and 

at the Death, of their Relations. ^When his Body 

was opened, as by his own Deiire it was, his Lungs, 
were found in fo ulcerated a State, that it appearedf 
wonderful to the Phyjician^ that both fpeaking and 
breathing were not more difficult and painful to him, 
and that he fufFered fo little acute Pain to the laft. 
In both Refpe6ts his Friends obferved and acknow- 
ledged the Loving- kindnefs of God to him and them. 
He had often exprelTed his Deiire of being buried in 
his Meeting-place at Northampton^ with his Children 
and fo many of his People and Friends ; but du- 
ring his Illnefs he {poke of it as a Matter quite in- 
difF<^rent to him, and defired to be buried, where- 
ever he fhould die ; as he would not increafe the 
Diftrefs of his affiifled Confort. As it was found 
upon Enquiry, that removing the Body to England 
would have been attended with a very great Expence, 
it was judged moft prudent to decline it. According- 
ly his Remains were interred in the burying Ground 
belonging to the Briti/h FaSory at Lifion^ with as 
much Decency and Refpeft, as Circumftances and the 
Place would admit. Moft of the Gentlemen of the 
FaSiory attended his Funeral, and did him Honour 
at his Death. On the following Lord^s Day, Mr. IFil^ 
liamfon-t their Chaplain, preached a Funeral-fermon for 
him, from I Timothy iv. 8. Godline/s is profitable 
unto all Things, halving Promife of the Life that now 
is, and of that luhich is to come^ He gave him a 
high and honourable Character, founded on what he 
had heard from many, of his Worthy and feen of 
it, during the Opportunities he had had of conver- 
fing with him, A handfome Monument was ereded 
O5 \o 

29S Mmoirs Lipf Ch. 9. 

to his Menoiy in his Meeting-place at Northampton^ 
at the Expence of the Congregation (who alfo made a 
generous Prefent to his JViilow after her Return) and 
the following Epitaph was infcribed upon it, drawn 
up by his much-efteemed Friend Gilbert Weft^ Efq; 
and L. L. D. 

To the Memory of 


Twenty-one Years Paftor of this Church, 

Dircdlor of a flourifhing Academy, 

And Author of many excellent Writings ; 

By which 

His pious, benevolent, and indefatigable Zeal 

To make Men wife, good and happy 

Will far better be made known. 

And perpetuated much longer. 

Than by this obfcure and perifhable Marble ; 

The humble Monument, not of his Praife, 

But of their Efteem, AfFedion and Regret, 

Who knew him, lov'd him and lament him ; 

And who are defirous of recording. 

In this Infcription, 

Their friendly but faithful Teftimony 

To the many amiable and chriftian Virtues, 

That adorned his more private Charader; 

By which, tho' dead, he yet fpeaketh. 

And, Hill prefent in Remembrance, 

Forcibly, tho' filently, admonifheth. 

His once beloved and ever-grateful Flock. 

He was born June 26, 1702, 

And ciied Odober 26, I75i> 

Aged 50. 


Ch. 9# C^ZV/DODD RIDGE. 299 

Tho' Mrs. Doddridge returned without a Friend and 
in thefe deftitute and melancholy Circumftances, yet 
flic preferved the Fortitude and Serenity of her Mind ; 
and was, thro' the Voyage and upon her Return to 
her Family, ftrengthened and fupported beyond what 
could have been expedled. Her Friends could not 
but fee and adore, that kind Providence, which fuftain- 
ed her amidft the exceflive Fatigue, Anxiety and 
Diftrefs, which thefe Scenes, efpecially the laft, oc- 
cafioned. She yet lives, to bear Witnefs to the 
Power, Faithfulnefs and Goodnefs of God in car- 
rying her thro* them all, and hearing the many 
Prayers of her beloved Companion and his many 

Friends for her. ^It wis an Addition to her Lofs of 

him^ tho' almoft funk in the Greatne/s of that, that, 

by his dying abroad, (he loft a confiderable Annuity 9 

which he had provided for her in Cafe of Widonv^ 

hood; and to which fhe would otherwife have been 

entitled. It was happy that he never knew this 

would be the Confequence, or it would have in- 

creafed his Embarrafment. Upon her Return, a Sub" 

fcription was opened for her, chiefly in London, and 

in a great Meafure condufted by thsit generous Friend, 

mentioned above as managing the Dolor's temporal 

Concerns, and who hath iince diftinguiflied hiftifelf ' 

by all the Offices of the wifeft and moft<ifFe£lionate 

Friendfhip for his Family. This Sub/criftion met 

with all deiirable Encouragement, and the whole a- 

mounted to a Sum, which more than indemnified . 

her for the Lofs of her Annuity.' Befides this, fhe 

received feveral other handfome Prefents, fent as 

Subfcriptions to the Family-expojitor, from Perfons of 

Rank, both among the Clergy and Laity of the 

O 6 Ejia- 

joo Mimoirs of the Life Cfa. 9. 

Eftahliflunent. The generous and obliging Manner, 
in which this whole Affair was managed, the great 
Honour which it reflefted on the Dodor*s Memory,, 
as well as (o fignal an Interpofition of Providence 
for the better Support of his Family, could not fail 
of giving her the moft feniible Pleafure and Comfort 
under her Affliftion ; and it is never recolledled by 
her, but with Sentiments of the warmeft Gratitude^ 
N or can I fatisfy myfelf to conceal the Kind- 
nefs of his Brethren in the Neighbourhood of North-' 
amftou^ and thofe of his Pupils^ who had entered 
upon the Minifhy, who fupplied his Congregation, 
during his Abfence and for half a Year after his 
Death, that the Salary might be continued to his 
Family for that Time. 

His Pupils remained together, till the next Vaca^ 
tion, when the Academy was removed to Daventry^ 
near Northampton ; where it fdll continues, in a very 
fiouriihing State, under the Care of the Reverend 
Mr. Caleb u^'worthy whom the Do^or had, in his 
Will, exprefsly recommended as a proper Perfon to 
fncceed him in the Care of it, and (as he there 
exprefled it) * perpetuate thofe Schemes which I had 
^ formed for the public Service, the Succefs of 
< which is far dearer to me than my Life.' His 
'Worthy Succeflbr hath been inftrumental in training- 
up many young Minifters, who have done Honour 
to their Tutor, and proved very acceptable and ufe- 
ful to the Congregations, over which they have been 
called to prefide. • 

Soon after the Dodlor's Death, a Poem to his Me- 
mory was publiQied by one of his Pupils, which met 
with good Acceptance in the World. I have his 


Ch. 9* fif Dr. DoDDViitiGt. 301 

Confent to republiih it at the clofe of this Work, 
and I hope it will be efteemed an agreeable Part of it. 

Dr. Doddridge was rather above the middle Stature, 
extremely thin and flender; and there appeared a 
remarkable Sprightlinefs and Vivacity in his Coun- 
tenance and Manner, when engaged in Converfati- 
on, as well as in the Pulpit, which commanded a 
general Attention.— -He left four Children ; a Son, 
who is an Attorney at Law, and three Daughters % 
the eldeft married to Mr. Humphreys^ an Attorney in 
Tewkjhury^ Gloucefierjhire \ the others fingle. And 
may they inherit all their Father's Virtues, axKl the 
many Bleffings which he befought for them ! 

Thus have I endeavoured, in the beft Manner I 
was able, to give the Public an Account of thofe 
Circumftances in Dr. Doddridg^s Life, Temper and 
Charadter, which appeared to me moft important and 
inftruflive. I have, in the Preface to this Work, 
anticipated fome Things, which might properly have 
been added as the Conclufion of the whole. I fhall 
therefore content myfelf with expreffing my chear- 
ful Hope, that my Readers are deeply fenfiblc how 
excellent and honourable fuch a Life, as the DoSior 
led, muft be in itfelf ; and what conftant SatisfaAion 
and Pleafure he muft have enjoyed, from fuch a 
Courfe of uniform, aftive Services for the Honour 
of his Lord and the Intereft of Religion, and from f 
the Succefs which attended them ; efpecially from the 
Profpedl of that glorious Reward, which was laid- up 
for him in Heaven : And I hope they will be excited 
and animated, by this Conviftion, to emulate his Ex- 
cellencies and follow his Steps, as far as their refpec- 
tive Abilities, Stations and Circumftances in Life will 


jox hbmirs $f fhi Lifit iffc. Ch. 9. 

admit. I moft heartily wi(h them this Felicity : And 
I doubt not, but if they already poflefs it or are 
afpiring to it, they will join with me in intreating 
th Lord of the Uarveft to fend forth more fuch faith- 
ful Labourers into his Haruefl^ and to pour out more 
of the fame Spirit on thofe who are already em^ 
ployed in it. It comforteth me, upon a Review of 
this Work, that I have, thro' the whole of it, fin- 
cerely confnlted the Glory of God, the Advance* 
ment of real Religion, and the beft Interefts of my 
Fellow-chriiUans, efpecially my Brethren in the Mini-^ 
ftry; and that « it is the Happinefs of great Wifdom 

* and Goodnefs (I had almoft faid, it is a Part of 
' its Reward) to be entertained and edified by the 

* Writings of thofe, who are much its Inferiors, and 
^ moft readily \o exercife an Indulgence, which it- 

* felf leaft needs.' 


( 303 ) 

P O E M 

To the Memory of the late Reverend 

p. D O D D R I D G E, JD. D. 

' \ 

LONG have the Mufes feen their facred Layt 
Debased, and mourn'd their proftituted Praiie* 
While fervile Bards profane their hcav'niy Flame 
To give Ambition** Fools and Madmen Fame ; 
While round the Tyrant's Brows, in Gore embru*d> 
Their vreeping Laurels blulh with Orphan's Blood j 
Neglefled Virtue's humble Hero dies. 
The Friend of Man, the Fav'ritc of the Skiety 
With not a Bard the fatal Blow to monmp 
And not a Bay to fhade his hallow'd Uro. - 
O would their raptur'd Sons exalt their Art, 
' To touch, in Virtue's Caufe, the gen'rous Heart, 
And pay to Worth their tributary Praife, 
DoDDRiDGi, thy Name fliould grace their nobleft Lays \ 
For thee would warble ev'ry Verfe divine. 
And ev'ry Voice, and ev'ry Lyre, be tbine^ 
When Comets fhoot their wild eccentric Fire, 
We dread their Progrefs, and with Pain admire | 
^Vhen Liglitnings flaih along the livid Sky, 
Trembling we gaze, and, while they (bine, we dlej 
Ev'n fuch are Heroes, by juft Hcav'n defign'^ 
To fcofuge the guilty Madnefs of Mankind. 
Virtues like thine, ferene as vernal Day, 
pour on the World a mild and healing Ray % 
They charm, wi«h modeft Majefty, the Sight, . 
Chcar the fad Soul of Care, and beam around Delight* 


( 304 ) 

O Eftr-hoiMNirMy Efcr-dear^ Adieu ! 
How many tender Names are loft in you ? 
Friend! Father! tuter ! in whoie ample Mini 
All the ten thooiand Streams of Science join*d« 
If tfident Prayers, if flowing Sorrows Aed 
In all the Bitteme& of Soul, could plead. 
Our Pray'rs, Bleft Doooii»gb, had reven'd thy Doom, 
And Tears of Thoufands wept thee from the Tomb. 
How Dute the Mufic of that charming Tongue, 
On which ib oft our rapt Attendon hung ! 
Where*s now the vivid Wity ^ pleafing Art, 
The Force of Reaibn, and the friendly Heart, 
Whofe temper'd Pow*rs infbrmM the fodal Feaft, 
And gave the Mmd a more refin*d Repaft ? 
Who to the Temple of eternal Truth 
Shall guide with fkilfal Care our wandering Youth ; 
0*er darken*d Science ihed unclouded Day, 
And ftrew with flow*ry Sweets her thorny Way > 

QgenchM is our Prophet* % Firej thofe Lips no more 

Religion^s pure and (acred Treafures poor. 
To holy Raptures wake the languid Frame, 
And thro* the Breaft diflfiiie cdeftial Flame. 
No more o'er guilty Minds he (bakes the Rod, 
ArmM with the Terrors of his awful Goo ; 
While chill'd with Horror ftarts the confcious Soul, 
And hears appaU'd th' avengmg Thunders roll. 
Sees vifionary Lightnings round her glow. 
And trembles o*er the Gulf, that burns below. 

Angpls that from their fphery Thrones defccnd 
To guide the meek, the friendlefs to befriend. 
To warm with holy Flames the pious Breaft^ 
And lull the Cares of Innocence to Reft, 
Oft faw thee emulate their gcn'rous Part, 
To turn to Piety the wandering Heart 5 
Unwearied, ftedfaft, bold, in Virtue's Caufe, 
And by Example bed enforce her Lawsj 
Ardent to fuccour Want, confole Diftrefsj 
Thy WiOi, thy Labour, thy Delight to blfcfsj 


( 305 ) 

And from their Stations lookM with Pleafare Sowa 
On Worthy allied £> nearly to their own* 

Her Bays each Science fcatters on thy Bier; 
Bach fodal Virtue drops the friendly Tear } 
Beneath a mouldering Templets awful Shades 
Among the folemn nodding Ruins laid, 
ReUgion weeps 5 her Bofom fwellM with Care 
Heaves the fad Sigh, half yidding to Despair t 
But chearful Faith fuihuns her drooping Head, 
And whifper? Comfort to the fainting Maid. 
But ah ! what Pow'r of Language can exprefi 
Thy widow'd Confort^s Woe ? What keen Diftrefs 
Tore all her Hcart-ftrings, when thy trembling Sight 
SnatchM a fond, Farcw^U-glance, and closM in Night? 
When the felt Pulfc, that at her Touch before 
Beat with a fuller Tide, now throbb'd no more ? 
In foreign Lands abandoned, and alone. 
She heard a darling Hufband's parting Groan 5 
No Children there receivM his laft Command, 
Wept round the Couch and kifs'd his dying Handj 
No fad Domejiic bore the fable Bier j 
No mournful Pu^il pourM the tender Tear j 
No foothing Friend to minifter Relief, 
And by dividing mitigate her Grief: 
She folitary brooded o*er her Care, 
Her only Refuge placM in Heavn and Frayer^ 
And when her native Coantr}' to regain. 
She meafur'J back the wide-extended Main, 
As the fleet Veflel flew before the Wind, 
How many a melting Look fhe ttim*d behind ! 
How, till in undiftihguifli'd Vapour lofl, 
Ciught each faint Glimpfe of the receding Coaft, 
Where now, for ever from her Eyes remov*d. 
Lie the bleft Relicks of the Man (he lovM ! 
That dear fad Sight fhe never more muft view. 
Her longing Eyes have look'd their laft Adieu t 
That dear fad Sight (he wi(hes now in yain^ 
While Ocean rolls unnumbcfM Wjiv^ between. 


I 3o6 y 

Yet curb die fond Exceflb of thy Grief, 
And in Rtligim Ml a foxe Relief. 
IfctT'o, giadoos ftiUy oat real Bills befriends^ 
Is kind alike in what he takes, or lends ; 
To Him indiilseot, ihatchM the Saint on higb» 
ApprovM mature for Glory and the Sky ; 
To lUe indulgent^ gave to tafte df Woe, 
And copioiif bid the Streams of Sorrow flow. 
To Diake the gen*rous Seeds of Virtue ihoot. 
And feed and ripen her immortal Fruit. 
Thus mfking down the Skies, the kindly Rains 
Give Beauty to the Groves and Plenty to the Plains. 

Dertfay not to hun a Mcflenger of Woe, 
Shook hit grim Horrors from his gloomy Brow; 
And thro* his moumful Vales and Caves of Night 
Attendant Faitb diffiisM a heav*nly Light ; 
She bid in Vifion to his ravidfd Eyes 
A thoulai^ fliining Scenes of Glory rife ; 
The flaming Guards, refulgent from afar ; 
The fiery Courfers, and the golden Car. 
Think, that you fee the radiant Prophet ibas 
To thofe bleA Regions, where he fighs no more; 
Where led in Triumph to the Star-crownM Throne, 
Religion fmiling hails her favVite Son ; 
Bids the victorious Garland grace his Brows,. 
While Heav*n re-ecchos round the loud Applaufe, 
Then flop the Tear, nor forrow for the BJeft, 
But with his fair Example fire thy Bread : 
His Worth flill Hves; that living Worth regard. 
And with like Virtue feek the fame Reward. 

Thrice happy Spirit! while you praife above 
A fmiling God, and fing a Saviour's Love, 
Before the Throne with bending Cherubs fland. 
Or bum a Seraph *midft the flame-rob* d Band ; 
Or the great Parent tracing thro' the Sky 
From World to World, from Sphere to Sphere you fly. 


( 367 ) 

And vnxh exalted Thoughts and Pow'rt refin*d| 

Swell the wide Circuit of th* expanding Mind j 

O, if ftill confcious of our Blifi or Woe, 

You look with kind Regard on ought below. 

Be thou my Genius ! Thy propitious Aid 

Spread, Guardian- Angel, round my favour'd Head* 

May tlie gnat Purpofe, may the Glow divine. 

That warm'd thy Bofom, now infpirit minei 

To imitate my God, to blefs Mankind 

The fweet and fov*reign Pallion of my Mind ! 

Be fuch thy Praife ! Be fuch my glorious Aim I 

Till my Soul, kindled at fo fair a Flame, 

And wing'd for Blifs and Heav*n, like tkine fluU lift 

To join her Kindred-Angels in the Skies* 

BOOKS written by the late Rivereni 

N.B. Thofc marked with • arc now reprinted in 
Three neat Pocket Volumes, i2mo. Price 9/. bonnd^ 

1. ^T^EN Sermons on the Power and Grace of 
JL Chrifty and on the Evidences of his glorious 
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2. Sermons to young Perfons. The 4th Edit. i/. 6d. 

3» Sermons on the religious Education of Children. 
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4. Free Thoughts on the moft probable Means of 
reviving the Diflenting Intereft. * 

5. The Care of the Soul the one Thing needful. * 

6. The Abfurdity and Iniquity of Perfecution for 
Confcience-fake, in all its Kinds and Degrees. * 

7. Submiflion to Providence in the Death of Chil- 
dren: A Sermon preached at Nurthamfton, Oaober 

8. The Temper and Conduft of the primitive Mi- 
nifters of the Gofpel ill unrated. An Ordination Ser- 
mon. • 

9. Praflical Refleftions on the Charafler and Tran- 
flation of Enoch : A Sermon on the Death of the Rev.. 
Mr. JoAn Norris, * 

10. A Sermon preached at Wellingborough^ No^. 9, 
1738, on account of a dreadful Fire there. • 

11. The Neceifity of a general Reformation, in or- 
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12. An Oration at the Grave of the Reverend Mr, 
John Neivman, 

13. The Scripture Do£lrine of Salvation by Grace 
thro' Faith, illuftrated and improved in two Sernjons.* 

14. Praftical Difcourfes on Regeneration. The 
third Edition, in i2mo, 2/. 6 J. ;5vo, j/. 

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15. The Evil and Danger of ncglefting the Sonls 
of Men. A Sermon preached at a Meeting of Mini- 
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16. A Charge delivered at the Ordination of the 
Rev. Mr. John Jennings^ at St. Infes, in Huntingdon'- 
Jhire. ♦ 

17. An Anfwcr to a Pamphlet, entitled, Chriftianity 
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in Favour of a Defign to ere£t an Infirmary there. * 

21. A Funeral Sermon, occasioned by the Death of 
the Rev. Mr. Shepherd^ preached at Northampton^ May 
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Rev. Mr. Abraham Tourer, at Nolr<wichf June 20, 174c.* 

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24. Some remarkable Pa/Tages in the Life of the 
►^Hon. Col. James Gardiner, who was flain at the Bat- 
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25. A 


Fi.T*;l7, en lie iEpcnan: 5ibjei cf Fizulj-r^llxi- 

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T'tjlk:-: ; tr> -si'-ica u aii-^gif, A Sksrcii cf zzjt A-rr-- 
rr. :--.:* hv ;. jiica cza: of ciic 0-1/ aiij ce bci prr^-iL * 

2-. .'•. ••;rj;-;t:, preachfd 12 yirrham^zit. A's^-.l zr, 
:- i.;, ; '::«ir.g she Day ^pcLiied :':r a TtzjtTiL Tz-izk:- 
;;;iv:r.g, oa accuan.: of the Peac^ ».i:i /"-irj- izd 

2il, Chrii's InTiadoc. A Scrsijz prracied as 
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at 'ialitf* s-Hr^Zj Juguji 20, 1749- Pcbliihcd en Oc- 
caflon cf the Alarm by the feconi SKcck cf an Eanh- 
qcakcy March S, 1749-5-. With a Prcf-« rclar.-^ 
to that awfal Event. * 

30. Chnilian Candour and Ucanimicv cared, illaf- 
trated and nrged. A Sermon preached at a Meedng 
of Miniftcrj at Creatcuy in NcrtkampTTn/'ure, jar.-^srj 
lit 1750. * 

31. A Funeral Sermon, for the late Rev. S^.-n.^! 
Clark f D. D. preached at ^/. ^/^j»/, Z)irc-. 16, 1750.* 

^2. Hvmns founded on varicus Texti in ihc Hciv 
Scriptures. The third Edition. Price i--. dd, 

33. The Family Expofitor ; or, a Parar:hr:Lfe and 
Vcr fion of the New Teilament ; with Ncrsi, and a 
Practical Improvement of each Section, in ilx \'o- 
lumci. Quarto. Price 4/. 10/. 

34. A Courfc of Lectures on the principal Siibjeits 
in Pneumatology, Ethics and Divinity, with Rc-fe- 
rcncc'> to the mofl confiderable Authors on each Sub- 
ject. Quarto. Price 16/. 


Books publijhed by the Rev. Mr. Orton* 

I. /TpHE Chriftian's Triumph over Death. A Ser- 
JL mon occafioned by the Death of the Rev. 
P/;/7/> DoddrUgey D. D. • 

2. Noah's Faith and Obedience to Divine Warn- 
ings, and his Prefprvation from the Deluge, confidered 
and improved. A Faft-Sermon. Price 6d. 

3. Three Difcourfes on Eternity, and the Impor- 
tance and Advantages of looking-at eternal Things. 
The third Edition. Price 6d. 

N. B. The/e Difcourfes are alfo puhlijhed in the Welch 
Language, Price 6d, 

4. An Account of the Life and Death of the Rev. 
Mr. Philif Henry. The fourth Edition. Price 2/. 6d. 

5. A Catechifm, or Summary of Doctrinal and 
Pradlical Religion. Part i . The Evidences and Doo- 
trines of Chriftianity. 2. The Divine Virtues. 3. 
The Social Virtues. 4. The Human 'Virtues. 5. The 
general Properties and Perfedlion of Holinefs. 6. Of 
Repentance. 7. Motives to Religion. 8. A general 
Application to Youth. With a Preface^ fhewing the 
Importance and Advantage of a Religious Education ; 
recommended to the ferious Perufal of all Heads of 
Families, and young Perfons. Price i /, 


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